Lorenzo A Brieba & Matthew D Wehausen
Photo (1987 circa) courtesy of the documentary "War Was Were We Where" by Colonel Lorenzo A Brieba, Commander, Special Forces Reinforcement, 13th Group S/G "Inoiz Negoziatzeko" BEFORE THE STORM Mat ... show more
Photo (1987 circa) courtesy of the documentary "War Was Were We Where" by Colonel Lorenzo A Brieba, Commander, Special Forces Reinforcement, 13th Group S/G "Inoiz Negoziatzeko"
BEFORE THE STORM
Matthew D Wehausen (r) M60 Gunner with the enigmatic, Lorenzo Brieba, (l) M203 Grenadier, in the now deactivated Rapid Deployment Force (RDF) of the 18th Airborne Corps, Headquarters Platoon Company C 3/19th Infantry 'Rock of Chicamangua' 24th Division, 'First to Fight', LRRP (Long Range Reconnaissance Patrol), in a rare covert special ops photo wearing 'opposing force' battle fatigues during desert warfare training, prior to storming into history during General Barry McCaffrey's command of the 24th Infantry Division (Mechanized) 'Operation Desert Storm' conducted the "left hook" attack 370 km into Iraq, in one of the boldest military maneuvers ever undertaken, leading to decisive battle victory in the First Gulf War in the largest air assault in Army history, putting troops in place for the final battler of the war.
In a strange turn of events and unclear statements by the Pentagon.. it appears that Company C 3/19th Infantry could have been hit by a Tomahawk missile fired by the US Navy's battleship, USS Wisconsin (BB-64), in an incident of friendly fire costing Wehausen an eye. The attack would also wound Sgt. Ken Kozakiewicz, and Cpl. Mike Tsangarakis and kill Pvt. Andy Alaniz in what would become one of the most famous photos of the war and 1991.
The USS Wisconsin (BB-64), was an Iowa-class battleship, and had been first launched on 7 December 1943 (the second anniversary of the Pearl Harbor raid). Decades later as part of President Ronald Reagan's Navy Secretary John F. Lehman's effort to create a "600-ship Navy" the Wisconsin was reactivated 1 August 1986. It had relieved the USS Missouri on 6 February 1991 during the Persian Gulf War, answering her first combat call for gunfire support since the Korean War March 1952. Wisconsin had also fired the last naval gunfire support mission of the Persian Gulf War, and was thus the final battleship in world history to see action. During the eight months Wisconsin spent in the Persian Gulf she launched 24 Tomahawk cruise missiles. Since all four remaining battleships were decommissioned and stricken following the Gulf War, this would be the last time that United States battleships actively participated in a war.
Another explanation later on which included interviews with soldiers involved in the battle and a review of Army inquiries, memorandums and other government documents reveal costly mistakes amid the chaos of war is based on journalist, Tim Graham, of the Buffalo News who wrote that the Jalibah Airfield mission was to be yet another display of American force.
U.S. soldiers were anxious about sweeping Jalibah Airfield, overmatched as it was. More than 1,000 dug-in members of Saddam’s elite Republican Guard loomed ahead. They were respected professional soldiers with at least 20 tanks and 60 air-defense guns. The Americans were exhausted.
Much of the mighty 24th Infantry’s time was spent traversing the bleak desert in their Bradley Fighting Vehicles from Kuwait into Iraq and toward the Euphrates River Valley – with Jalibah Airfield now in their cross hairs.
Along the way, they dealt with zero visibility, rain, dust and shamal winds of 50 mph. A post-battle Army memorandum stated “soldiers had been on the move almost continuously for previous 63 hours during the drive to the Euphrates River Valley.”
In the Euphrates Valley on Feb. 27, the date President George H.W. Bush set for the Persian Gulf War cease-fire, the allied forces already had chased Saddam Hussein’s forces from Kuwait but the 24th Mechanized had one more job to do. Hussein’s elite Republican Guard was dug in at Jalibah Airfield in Iraq. They needed to be cleared out and their equipment destroyed.
It is believed that 3rd Battalion 69th Armor Regiment fired between eight and 16 armor-piercing, 120 mm sabot rounds on the Bradleys. Sabot rounds are made with depleted uranium, a substance 2ø times denser than steel and with a radioactive component.
Tsangarakis’ vehicle was struck first. A missile entered through the Bradley’s ramp in the back, took off two soldiers’ legs at the knee, detonated a portable anti-tank weapon that took off another soldier’s leg and whistled straight through the vehicle’s left wall.
Tsangarakis suffered flash burns on his face. He blacked out for a few minutes, regaining consciousness to the sight of black smoke and the smell of burnt flesh. Looking to his right he could see this guy freaking out, screaming so loud. He then noticed Sgt. Anthony Walker’s missing a leg, standing up on the other leg. He looked down at the leg that was missing and just shook his head.
Alaniz wanted to stop his Bradley and help but his commander feared that whoever targeted the first Bradley was locked on and would fire again. The commander ordered Alaniz to keep driving toward the airfield. The sabot ripped through the right side of Alaniz’s vehicle, just below the turret. The missile avoided the other seven soldiers in the Bradley but flew right through the driver’s compartment and cut Alaniz in half.
Kozakiewicz’s Bradley was the only vehicle hit twice, but miraculously the only one without a death.
The second round missed Kozakiewicz by six inches. The wounded soldiers were shuttled off to a collection point, where helicopters would take them to a MASH unit.
“It was like a scene out of a horror movie,” Tsangarakis said. “There were three legs in there, chunks of human flesh everywhere.”
Kozakiewicz had a broken left wrist. He remembers trying to calm down Sgt. Matt Wehausen, a gunner in Alaniz’s vehicle.
Wehausen’s right eye was gone because he was looking through a sight at the time of the blast.
Medics escorted Kozakiewicz and Tsangarakis into the evacuation helicopter.
” Kozakiewicz and Tsangarakis were dazed. They were done with the Middle East and finally headed home. But before the helicopter lifted off, the body bag was loaded on board. Kozakiewicz was surprised. The medic leaning into the helicopter on the right side of the photo handed an ID card to the medic right behind Kozakiewicz, who demanded to see it. The medic refused to show him at first, but Kozakiewicz was firm. “I had to know,” Kozakiewicz said. “I just had to know.” He and Alaniz were buddies. They were roommates for a while at Fort Stewart. Kozakiewicz knew Alaniz was excited about becoming a father. Kozakiewicz returned the ID card to the medic, gazed out the right side of the helicopter and cried.
Four years after she lost her husband, Private Andy Alaniz in Iraq, Catherine Alaniz moved with her parents to Oklahoma City, where her father, a U.S. Customs Service agent was killed by Timothy McVeigh in the Oklahoma City bombing. McVeigh drove a Bradley Military Vehicle in Operation Desert Storm, just like Andy Alaniz did.
Of the 148 U.S. troops who died in battle, 24% were killed by friendly fire but many more who survived the war could not survive civilian life or the VA.
Regardless the approach of the 3/19th Infantry 80 kilometers from the Baghdad capital confirmed the possible total defeat of Saddam Hussein but was stalled due to the lack of C Co. and the infamous 'stab in the back' by the Bush administration not initiating "Operation Desert Sword".
This ruse de guerre would lead to an Iraq Part II a little more than a decade later under the Son but it did confirm the superiority of US soldiers, weaponry, and equipment which led to the fall of the Soviet Union. The Gulf War Part I ended on February 28, 1991. The USSR was declared officially dissolved on December 25, 1991 and it was the bloodiest unit in American Military History who accomplished this and no one knew it.
In the book, “Triumph Without Victory:
The Unreported History of the Persian Gulf War,” U.S. News and World Report noted the 24th Infantry Division had more firepower than Gen. George S. Patton’s Third Army in World War II.
According to the textbook "US Special Forces" MBI Publishing Company 1999:
"Very little is known about Ranger participation in Desert Storm. Delta company of the 4th Ranger Training Battalion sent a squad to train members of the 24th Infantry Division mechanized to carry out long-range surveillance LRS operations in the desert. One incident proved the effectiveness of the training. Two teams in surveillance holes about 125 miles behind enemy lines the second day of the ground war spotted a squad of Iraqi soldiers with an armored reconnaissance vehicle approaching. For forty-five minutes the Iraqis surveyed the area, coming as close as ten feet to the camouflaged holes. The LRS teams were not detected and the Iraqis moved on".
Hollywood eventually created an American action-drama television series called "The Unit" that focused on a top-secret military unit modeled after the real-life U.S. Army special operations unit commonly known as 'Delta Force'.
The series originally aired on CBS from March 7, 2006 to May 10, 2009.
Unit members wore the shoulder sleeve insignia of the inactivated 24th Infantry Division on their Class A uniforms, as well as the shoulder crest of the 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment, "Strike Hold", currently part of the 1st ABCT of the 82nd Airborne Division.
In later episodes, Unit members are shown as wearing the United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) patch on their Class A uniforms.
Another interesting detail on the discreet 24th Infantry Division lost to history deals with the Kennedy Assassination.
In March 1963, Lee Harvey Oswald purchased a 6.5 mm caliber Carcano rifle by mail-order, using the alias "A. Hidell" which could have stood for 'A. Hitler', as well as a .38 Smith & Wesson Model 10 revolver by the same method.
The Warren Commission concluded that on April 10, 1963, Oswald attempted to kill retired U.S. Major General Edwin Walker, firing his rifle at Walker through a window, from less than 100 feet away, as Walker sat at a desk in his home; the bullet struck the window-frame and Walker's only injuries were bullet fragments to the forearm. (The United States House Select Committee on Assassinations stated that the "evidence strongly suggested" that Oswald carried out the shooting.)
General Walker was an outspoken anti-communist, segregationist, and member of the John Birch Society.
Walker resigned his commission in 1959, but Eisenhower refused to accept his resignation and gave Walker a new command over the 24th Infantry Division in Augsburg, Germany. Walker either again resigned his commission or had been relieved of his command of the 24th Division of the U.S. Army in West Germany for distributing right-wing literature to his troops or for violating the Hatch Act by attempting to direct the votes of his troops. In 1961 after being publicly and formally admonished by President John F. Kennedy for calling Eleanor Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman "pink" in print Kennedy accepted his resignation.
Walker's later actions in opposition to racial integration at the University of Mississippi led to his arrest on insurrection, seditious conspiracy, and other charges. He was temporarily held in a mental institution on orders from President Kennedy's brother, Attorney General Robert Kennedy, but a grand jury refused to indict him.
Marina Oswald testified that her husband told her that he traveled by bus to General Walker's house and shot at Walker with his rifle. She said that Oswald considered Walker to be the leader of a "fascist organization." A note Oswald left for Marina on the night of the attempt, telling her what to do if he did not return, was not found until ten days after the Kennedy assassination.
Before the Kennedy assassination, Dallas police had no suspects in the Walker shooting, but Oswald's involvement was suspected within hours of his arrest following the assassination. The Walker bullet was too damaged to run conclusive ballistics studies on it, but neutron activation analysis later showed that it was "extremely likely" that it was made by the same manufacturer and for the same rifle make as the two bullets which later struck Kennedy.
General Walker died on Halloween October 31, 1993..shortly afterwards in the fall of 1994, Iraq again threatened the Kuwaiti border, and two brigades from the 24th Infantry Division returned to southwest Asia from their home station at Fort Stewart Georgia.
Fort Stewart Georgia is named after Daniel Stewart (December 20, 1761 – May 27, 1829) an American politician and brigadier general in the Georgia Militia. He joined the militia in 1776 and served during the American Revolutionary War and the War of 1812.
In 1785, Daniel Stewart married Sarah Susannah Oswald (November 2, 1770 – December 25, 1807), a daughter of Joseph Oswald, Jr. (1740–1785) and Ann Carter (1744–1809).
She bore Daniel a daughter named, Martha P. "Patsy" Stewart (March 15, 1799 — October 30, 1864).
Patsy would go on to marry Major James Stephens Bulloch (1793—1849).
Patsy's children with Bulloch included socialite Martha Stewart "Mittie" Bulloch (1835—1884).
Mittie was the parent of President Theodore "T.R." Roosevelt, Jr. (1858—1919) and socialite Elliott Bulloch Roosevelt (1860—1894).
Elliott and socialite Anna Rebecca Hall (1863—1892) were the parents of First Lady Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (1884—1962).
Sarah Oswald’s brother Thomas Hepworth Oswald (1760 – November 26, 1790) was the patrilineal great-great-grandfather of assassin Lee Harvey Oswald (1939–1963).
The US Army's 24th Infantry Division should not be confused with the 24th Infantry Division 'Pinerolo', a mechanized infantry division of the Italian Army during World War II.
In 1934 the Italian division gained the name 'Gran Sasso' and were forthwith known as 24th Infantry Division Gran Sasso.
In 1935 the division was sent to Eritrea and participated in the Second Italo-Abyssinian War. The division operated in the Tigray Region and fought in the Battle of Shire.
In 1940 the Pinerolo took part in the Italian invasion of France.
In January 1941 the division arrived in Albania to stabilize the crumbling Italian front during the Greek counteroffensive in the Greco-Italian War.
On 18 January 1941 the division was in Berat and entered the approaching front near Këlcyrë. The division fought defensive battles for the next month ending with the defense of Tepelenë.
The division participated in the Italian Spring Offensive, and participated in a small offensive towards Ohrid in Macedonia during the German-led Invasion of Yugoslavia.
In June 1941 the division transferred to Larissa in Thessaly to suppress the growing Greek Resistance. During it's time in Thessaly the Pinerolo division committed the Domenikon Massacre against Greek civilians. The division continued on anti-partisan duty until the Armistice between Italy and Allied armed forces of 8 September 1943.
In the confusion after the armistice the division was the only one in continental Greece to refuse German demands to surrender. While the Piemonte, Forlì, Modena, Casale and Cagliari divisions surrendered to the inferior German forces the Pinerolo defended Larissa against German attacks and then retired towards the Pindus mountain range where it joined the Greek People's Liberation Army in fighting the Germans.
It was the 24th Infantry Division that prevented a ground assault against the Campo Imperatore hotel where Benito Mussolini was being held captive. The mission was deemed impractical since there were no roads leading to the mountaintop and an infantry assault up the mountain top would probably be detected early enough to give Mussolini's guards time to evacuate him.
It was the bulk of the Italian 24th Infantry Division Pinerolo located only 12km away in L'Aquila which posed a threat to the raiding force if the element of surprise was lost or if they dallied too long at Gran Sasso...
therefore on 12 September 1943, Otto Skorzeny, who was selected personally by Hitler and Ernst Kaltenbrunner to carry out the mission, joined the team of Fallschirmjäger (German Air Force Paratroopers) to rescue Mussolini in a high-risk glider mission. The commandos landed their DFS 230 gliders onto the mountain. The Fallschirmjäger and Skorzeny's special troopers his Special Forces (SS-Sonderverband z. b. V. "Friedenthal") then overwhelmed Mussolini's captors (200 well-equipped Carabinieri guards) without a single shot being fired, this was also due to the fact that General Soleti of Polizia, who flew in with Skorzeny, told them to stand down or be executed for treason. Skorzeny attacked the radio operator and his equipment, then he formally greeted Mussolini with "Duce, the Führer has sent me to set you free!" to which Mussolini replied "I knew that my friend would not forsake me!"
Otto Skorzeny gained a large amount of success from this mission; he received a promotion to Sturmbannführer, the award of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and fame that led to his "most dangerous man in Europe" image. Winston Churchill himself described the mission as "one of great daring."
The Campo Imperatore Hotel still exists today. It maintains Mussolini's bedroom just as it was when he left it, with the same furnishings but the remnants of the division were repatriated to Italy in March 1945.
After the war on 15 April 1952 the Italian Army raised the Pinerolo Infantry Division again, however on 1 September 1962 the division was reduced to brigade and it has been active as such since then.
Unlike the Italian 24th Infantry, the U.S. Army's 24th Infantry Division, as part of the Army's reduction to a ten-division force, was inactivated on 15 February 1996 and reflagged to become the 3rd Infantry Division. It's three brigades were reflagged as 3rd Infantry Division brigades.
In it's final battle as the U.S. Army's 24th Infantry Division, it's fate, closely resembled the British 24th Regiment of Foot, who on the night of January 22, 1897, fewer than 150 men of the British Army mission, stationed at Rorke's Drift South Africa were attacked by nearly 4,000 Zulu warriors.
24th as a number takes it place in history as a somewhat cursed figure as it took Marco Polo 24 years to travel across asia and made it as far as Chengdu China and back to Venice.
In Beijing Marco Polo met Kublai Khan and like Alexander the Great before him sailed home instead, only to find Venice at war with Genoa; Marco was imprisoned, and dictated his stories to a cellmate (Rustichello da Pisa). Marco Polo died in 1324 and was buried in San Lorenzo to fulfill the prophecies of 1964.
The 24th Infantry Division was eventually deactivated for the last time on 1 August 2006 at Fort Riley.
Though it was inactivated, the division was identified as the third highest priority inactive division in the United States Army Center of Military History's lineage scheme due to its numerous accolades and long history.
All of the division's flags and heraldic items were moved to the National Infantry Museum at Fort Benning, Georgia.
Should the U.S. Army decide to activate more divisions in the future, the center will most likely suggest the first new division be the 24th Infantry Division, however, the 19th Infantry Regiment ("Rock of Chickamauga") is today the United States Army infantry regiment which is assigned to the US Army Training and Doctrine Command, with the assignment of conducting Basic and Advanced Infantry Training.
Ironically, Brieba's former training brigade, A-6-1, 'Alpha Tigers' Sand Hill Fort Benning, was renamed the '19th Infantry'.
Furthermore.. today the original location for the headquarters of the former 3/19 Infantry in Fort Stewart has been replaced by the 1/64 Armor which replaced the 3/69 Armor in name only.
The Lewis Galoob Toys, Inc. a toy company headquartered in South San Francisco, California, in 1954 before it was purchased by Hasbro for $220 million in 1999, was the third largest toymaker in the United States.
In 1998 it produced a line of 6 inch action figures titled "BATTLE SQUADS ASSAULT FORCE of the 24TH INFANTRY DIVISION Persian Gulf" which included characters such as Cpl. Frank "Sharky" Forrester M60 Machine Gunner, Pvt. Ray "Sting Ray" Wilson Stinger Missile (SAM), Pfc. Joe "Odd Ball" Ross M16 Assault Rifle, Pvt. Tony "Buzz Saw" Martin M249 (SAW), Staff Sergeant Howard "Ricochet" Ryan M16 w/ M203, and Pvt. Jim "Crosshairs" Phillips Sniper.
Another toy company, Unimax, and their line of 'Forces of Valor' produced a Bradley Fighting Vehicle M2A2 of the US 24th Infantry Division (Mechanized) scaled at 1:32 based on the Liberation of Kuwait Campaign 1991 and a squad of soldiers from the 24th I.D. in a defensive fighting position.
In reality, seven years after Desert Storm, Sgt. Matthew D Wehausen passed away on July 8, 1998 at the age of 30. Details to the cause of death remain vague.
Though Brieba served with distinction and was decorated by the 3/19 Infantry, Brieba had a personal distain for the battalion due to it's racist nature from the lower to upper echelons.
Stationed in Georgia most of the men of the 24th Division disliked hispanics, Roman Catholics, and northerners, especially New Yorkers, nicknamed 'Damn Yankees'.
The majority of the men within the 3/19th were southern baptists with little tolerance towards education and Darwinism. Even most of the Negros within the unit were typical 'Uncle Tom' types, with disregard towards their own self respect, who followed in the footsteps of the white majority to avoid conflict, although most of the whites were composed of the descendants of their ancestor's former slave masters.
To Brieba the destruction of the 3/19 Inf during Desert Storm by friendly fire was poetic justice and a rapid response to his prayer requests regarding his anxiousness for vengeance.
It was from these backgrounds that Lorenzo Brieba developed the isolated modern day 'Long-Range Penetration Group', known as G.H.O.S.T.S., a special operations unit, consisting of one to thirteen men, capable of probing long distances behind enemy lines while conducting reconnaissance and sabotage missions, and seizure of strategic locations as the primary objectives far away from direct contact with friendly forces.
Since modern warfare had advanced with the usage of satellites, guided missiles, aerial monitoring systems, etc.. Brieba would lay forward the preparations needed in order to operate solo undetected, as his distrust for large formations and columns of men and machine proved correct.
'G.H.O.S.T.S.' plural is thought to stand for 'Guerrilla Hagiarchy Operatives ~ Sabotage Terrorism Surveillance' or 'Seizure' (GHO - Global Hallucinatory Operators) but for reasons of speculation it cannot be clarified due to it's complexity and secretive benign nature but a 'G.H.O.S.T.' singular is identified as a 'Global Humanitarian Operative - Special Tactics'.
Brieba, a professional soldier with eccentric behavior, was an experienced desert warfare expert and explorer who had his 'LRDG' trained in desert driving, navigation by sun and stars, as well as compass, and knowing the terrain. He was supplied by all the equipment that his trucks could carry.
Sometime between May 15, 1988 till February 15, 1989, he would be among the last special operatives in Afghanistan during the Soviet troop withdrawal under the last Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev in what was called Operation Cyclone, the code name for the United States Central Intelligence Agency program to arm and finance the Afghan mujahideen prior to and during the Soviet war in Afghanistan, 1979 to 1989.
Operation Cyclone had been one of the longest and most expensive covert CIA operations ever undertaken; funding began with $20–$30 million per year in 1980 to $630 million per year in 1987. Funding continued after 1989 as the Mujahideen battled the forces of Mohammad Najibullah's PDPA during the Civil war in Afghanistan (1989–1992).
Brieba's 'Ghost' unit was named as a derivative of Khost, a city in eastern Afghanistan.
Soon after the invasion of Afghanistan by Soviet troops, Afghan guerillas took control of the only land route between Khost and Gardez, effectively putting a stop to the Soviet advance.
During the Soviet war in Afghanistan, Khost was the object of a siege which lasted for more than eight years.
Khost Airfield, with it's 9,000-foot runway, served as a base for helicopter operations for the Soviet military.
The assault by the Soviets on the Zhawar Kili Cave complex, using Khost Airfield as an initial staging ground, inserted troops into the combat zone.
With two recently introduced combat aircraft, the Su-25 ground-attack jet and the Mi-24 attack helicopter, the Soviets had aircraft that were impervious to Mujahideen attacks, as both aircraft were armored to withstand even large calibre machine gun fire. Through most of the war, the Soviets were able to control the skies and fly at will.
In September 1988, Soviet MiG-23 fighters shot down one Pakistani F-16 and two Iranian AH-1J Cobra, who intruded in Afghan airspace.
Through an increasing project of military assistance via the CIA, the USA started to supply the Mujahideen with it's man-portable anti-aircraft missile system called the Stinger. The US supplied at least 250 launcher systems and at least 500 individual Stinger missiles to the Mujahideen as well as the training needed to operate the system.
The introduction of the Stinger changed the battlefield from the Soviet aircraft being the hunter to being the hunted. The SU 25 and Mi 24 were particularly vulnerable as they tended to fly low and remain for awhile within the range of the Stinger missile.
An average lost of more than one aircraft per day after the Stinger was introduced to the war.
Brieba compared this to the rate of B-52s shot down by North Vietnamese forces using Surface to Air Missiles (SAM) as told to Brieba by General GIAP during his visit to Viet Nam in 2000 to celebrate the 25 year anniversary of 'The American War' (Vietnam War). GIAP had referred Brieba to read the book by Lieutenant General Hoàng Văn Thái titled “How North Vietnam Won the War”. Thai was the most senior North Vietnamese Officer in South Vietnam during the Tết Offensive and Chief of Staff in the Battle of Điện Biên Phủ. It was his 2nd Corps (Hương Giang Corps) first organized in 1974 during the Vietnam War, that had a major role in the Ho Chi Minh Campaign that ended the war.
US Congressman Charlie Wilson had been instrumental in funding the Stinger and many Western military analysts credit the introduction of the Stinger as the turning point in the war with it's killing ratio of 70% which included over 350 aircraft and helicopters downed in the last two years of the war.
The 2011 Wall Street Journal article celebrated the Stinger as "The Missile that Made History." "Game Changer" and "Stinger Effect" were also utilized as terms.
The effect of the Stinger was notable...but much to his dismay, Brieba, had longed to down a Mikoyan MiG-29 jet fighter. The MiG-29 was developed as an air superiority fighter along with the Sukhoi Su-27, to counter new American fighters such as the McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle, and the General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon. The MiG-29 had entered service with the Soviet Air Force in 1983 and Brieba had much success in knocking it out in simulations using the Field Handling Trainer (FHT) M60, Training Set Guided Missile M134, the MTS Moving Target Simulator M87A1, and the Beseler Cue/See.
Brieba, however, is credited with shooting down a Su-25 strike jet and killing it's pilot on 07 January 1989 during his birthday, January 6, Eastern Time New York.
On 2 February 1989 – Ground Hog Day, Brieba predicted a short winter by shooting down a Mi-24 assault helicopter, killing the crew.
The Mi-24 (Hind) was a large helicopter gunship and attack helicopter and low-capacity troop transport called the "flying tank" by Soviet pilots and nicknamed the "Crocodile".
Brieba reclaimed his grandfather's nickname "The Endangered Cuban Crocodile" based on this.
The escalating cost of aircraft losses became an additional drain and many analysts believe the unsustainable aircraft losses caused by the Stinger missile was the primary catalyst to cause the Soviet Union to withdraw from the war.
In order to ensure a safe passage the Soviets had negotiated ceasefires with local mujahideen commanders, so the withdrawal was generally executed peacefully, except for Operation "Typhoon".
The first half of the Soviet contingent was withdrawn from May 15 to August 16, 1988 and the second from November 15 to February 15, 1989.
In the last phase, Soviet troops prepared and executed their withdrawal from Afghanistan. They limited offensive operations.
The agreement on withdrawal held, and on February 15, 1989, the last Soviet troops departed on schedule from Afghanistan.
The one exception was Operation Magistral, a successful sweep that cleared the road between Gardez and Khost. This operation allowed the Soviets to symbolically end their presence with a victory.
During the Soviet-Afghan War, the Sino-Soviet split, strained relations between China and Soviet Russia resulting in border clashes and mutual backing for the opponent's enemies.
China and Afghanistan had neutral relations with each other during the King's rule but when the pro-Soviet Afghan Communists seized power in Afghanistan in 1978, relations between China and the Afghan communists quickly turned hostile.
The Afghan pro-Soviet communists supported China's enemies in Vietnam.
China responded by supporting the Afghan mujahideen and accelerating their military presence near Afghanistan in Xinjiang.
China acquired military equipment from the USA to defend itself from Soviet attack.
The Chinese People's Liberation Army trained and supported the Afghan mujahideen.
The training camps were moved from Pakistan into China.
Anti-aircraft missiles, rocket launchers, and firearms, were given to the mujahideen by the Chinese.
Chinese military advisors and army troops were present with the Mujahideen.
The Soviets pulled many of their troops out of Mongolia in 1987 where they were also having a far easier time than in Afghanistan and restrained the Vietnamese invasion of Kampuchea to the point of an all out withdrawal in 1988.
Gorbachev regarded confrontation with China and military build up on the border as one of Brezhnev's biggest mistakes.
Beijing had stipulated that a normalization of relations would have to wait until Moscow withdrew it's army from Afghanistan and it would take until 1989 for the first Sino-Soviet summit in 30 years to take place.
This mass withdrawal of Soviet forces from contested areas shows that the Soviet government's decision to leave Afghanistan was based on a general change over in Soviet foreign policy as well.
At the same time, Gorbachev also pressured his Cuban allies in Angola to scale down activities and withdraw even though Soviet allies were faring somewhat better there.
Angola, like most African countries, became constituted as a nation through colonial intervention.
In Angola's case, it's colonial power – Portugal – was present and active in the territory, one way or another, for over four centuries.
This major civil conflict in the African state began in 1975 and continued with some interludes until 2002. The war began immediately after Angola became independent from Portugal in November 1975. Prior to this, a decolonization conflict, the Angolan War of Independence (1961–74), had taken place.
The following civil war was essentially a power struggle between two former liberation movements, the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA).
At the same time, the war served as a surrogate battleground for the Cold War and large-scale direct and indirect international involvement by opposing powers such as the Soviet Union, Cuba, South Africa and the United States as a major feature of the conflict.
During it's anti-colonial struggle of 1962–74, the MPLA was supported by several African countries, as well as by the Soviet Union. In the decolonization conflict of 1974–75, Cuba became the MPLA's strongest ally, sending significant contingents of combat and support personnel to Angola. This support, as well as that of several other countries of the Eastern Bloc, such as Romania and East Germany.
In 1975 and 1976 most foreign forces, with the exception of Cuba, withdrew. The last elements of the Portuguese military withdrew in 1975 and the South African military withdrew in February 1976, however, Cuba's troop force in Angola increased from 5,500 in December 1975 to 11,000 in February 1976. Sweden provided humanitarian assistance to both the SWAPO and the MPLA in the mid-1970s, and regularly raised the issue of UNITA in political discussions between the two movements.
By the time the MPLA finally achieved victory in 2002, more than 500,000 people had died and over one million had been internally displaced. The war devastated Angola's infrastructure, and severely damaged the nation's public administration, economic enterprises, and religious institutions.
Brieba had made extreme efforts to get himself on the African continent during the Angola Bush Wars, to observe the quick reaction unit of the South West African Territorial Force, particularly 101 Battalion, and 32 Battalion (nicknamed Buffalo Battalion or The Terrible Ones), a special light infantry battalion of the South African Army.
101 Battalion, previously known as the Owambo Battalion was activated as 35 Battalion in 1978, and redesignated 101 Battalion in 1984. It was disbanded upon the independence of Namibia in 1990-91.
32 Battalion had been formed in 1975 consisting of some hardcore remnants from the Viet Nam War.
The unit had been founded in 1975 by Colonel Jan Breytenbach of the South African Special Forces Brigade, and later under the command of Colonels Gert Nel, Deon Ferreira (nickname Falcon) and Eddie Viljoen "Big Daddy".
The men of 32 Battalion who did so much fighting and dying were eventually betrayed when they were disbanded at the spur of the moment on 26 MAR 93.
Brieba found that this resentment caused many of the former soldiers of 32 Battalion to become displaced as mercenaries fighting for any side.
Many members of the unit later helped to found or join private military companies such as Executive Outcomes and Sandline International.
The USA resorted to drastic measures when Cuban troops had control over all southern cities by 1977.
The Cubans had taken over the country and it's troops used flame throwers, bulldozers, and planes with napalm to destroy villages along the Angola-Namibia border. Only women and children passed through this area because MPLA troops had shot all males ten years of age or older to prevent them from joining the opposition. The napalm had killed cattle used to feed government troops and to retaliate against sympathizers.
John Stockwell, the CIA's station chief in Angola, resigned after the invasion, explaining in the April 1977 The Washington Post article "Why I'm Leaving the CIA" that he had warned Secretary of State Henry Kissinger that continued American support for anti-government rebels in Angola could provoke a war with Zaire. He also said that covert Soviet involvement in Angola came after, and in response to, U.S. involvement.
Dick Clark, a Democratic Senator from Iowa, discovered the operation during a fact-finding mission in Africa, but Seymour Hersh, a reporter for The New York Times, revealed it to the public on December 13, 1975. Clark proposed an amendment to the Arms Export Control Act, barring aid to private groups engaged in military or paramilitary operations in Angola.
The Senate passed the bill on December 19, 1975, and the House of Representatives passed the bill on January 27, 1976. Ford signed the bill into law on February 9, 1976.
Even after the Clark Amendment became law, then-Director of Central Intelligence, George H. W. Bush, refused to concede that all U.S. aid to Angola had ceased. Israel stepped in as a proxy arms supplier for South Africa after the Clark Amendment took effect.
Israel and South Africa established a longstanding military alliance, in which Israel provided weapons and training, as well as conducting joint military exercises.
The U.S. government worked with mercenaries such as the French Foreign Legion and fanatic regimes such as Israel and Belgian militaries to beat back the invasion.
Cuba increased it's troop force in Angola from 35,000 in 1982 to 40,000 in 1985.
Romania sent 150 flight instructors and other aviation personnel.
The conflict quickly escalated, with both Washington and Moscow seeing it as a critical strategic conflict in the Cold War.
The Soviet Union gave an additional $1 billion in aid to the MPLA government and Cuba sent an additional 2,000 troops to the 35,000-strong force in Angola to protect Chevron oil platforms in 1986.
The Reagan administration and it's conservative allies worked to expand recognition of Savimbi as a key U.S. ally in an important Cold War struggle.
In January 1986, Reagan invited Savimbi to meet with him at the Whitehouse. Two months later, Reagan announced the delivery of Stinger surface-to-air missiles as part of the $25 million in aid UNITA received from the U.S. government.
Fidel Castro made Crocker's proposal, the withdrawal of foreign troops from Angola and Namibia, a prerequisite to Cuban withdrawal from Angola on September 10.
The South African government agreed to Crocker's terms in principle on March 8. Savimbi proposed a truce regarding the Benguela railway on March 26, saying MPLA trains could pass through as long as an international inspection group monitored trains to prevent their use for counter-insurgency activity. The government did not respond.
In April 1987 Fidel Castro sent Cuba's Fiftieth Brigade to southern Angola, increasing the number of Cuban troops from 12,000 to 15,000. The MPLA and American governments began negotiating in June 1987.
UNITA and South African Defense Forces attacked the MPLA's base at Cuito Cuanavale in Cuando Cubango province from January 13 to March 23, 1988, in the second largest battle in the history of Africa, after the Battle of El Alamein, the largest in sub-Saharan Africa since World War II.
Cuito Cuanavale's importance came not from its size or its wealth but its location. Both sides claimed victory in the ensuing Battle of Cuito Cuanavale.
With that maneuver, Fidel Castro claimed that he increased the cost to South Africa of continuing to fight in Angola and placed Cuba in it's most aggressive combat position of the war, arguing that he was preparing to leave Angola with his opponents on the defensive.
According to the Cubans, the political, economical and technical cost to South Africa of maintaining it's presence in Angola proved too much. Conversely, the South Africans believe they indicated their resolve to the superpowers by preparing a nuclear test that ultimately forced the Cubans into a settlement.
Cuban troops were alleged to have used nerve gas against UNITA troops during the civil war. Belgian criminal toxologist Dr. Aubin Heyndrickx, studied alleged evidence, including samples of war-gas "identification kits" found after the battle at Cuito Cuanavale, claimed that "there is no doubt anymore that the Cubans were using nerve gases against the troops of Mr. Jonas Savimbi."
The Cuban government joined negotiations on January 28, 1988, and all three parties held a round of negotiations on March 9. The South African government joined negotiations on May 3 and the parties met in June and August in New York and Geneva.
All parties agreed to a ceasefire on August 8. Representatives from the governments of Angola, Cuba, and South Africa signed the New York Accords, granting independence to Namibia and ending the direct involvement of foreign troops in the civil war, in New York City on December 22, 1988.
The United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 626 later that day, creating the United Nations Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM), a peacekeeping force.
UNAVEM troops along with Brieba began arriving in Angola in January 1989.
Brieba eventually found himself on the African continent during the Angola Bush Wars as an observer.
Unfortunately Brieba found that there were hordes of individuals falsely claiming to have served with 32 Battalion and some created wicked stories.
These individuals shared the common denominator of dishonesty and some even spiced up their true role while serving with or sometimes just being in the vicinity of 32 Battalion in a support or other capacity.
During the course of the Battalion's existence there were many people that passed through it's ranks but only a few actually participated in operations or even less saw any type of action. Regardless it was 32 Battalion that convinced Brieba that it was financially secure and timely feasible to recruit experienced battle-hardened veterans from the pool of former special ops units as opposed to training rare new recruits considering applicants would be properly screened.
It was in the Angola Experience where Brieba first noticed what he believed to be the effects of a Biological Warfare pathogen in the form of the HIV virus which resulted in AIDs related deaths.
Brieba believed the virus was manmade and transmitted to african prostitutes by government officials to infect the Cuban military forces there, similar to the 'wasting disease' contracted by US soldiers during the Viet Nam/American War.
This was biological warfare.. proving the desperate efforts of Post-Vietnam War USA in attempting to win another hopeless confrontation to spread christianity and other worthless anglo-american values against an overwhelming superior moral Cuban force.
Eventually government troops killed Jonas Savimbi on February 22, 2002, in Moxico province. UNITA Vice President António Dembo took over, but died from diabetes 12 days later on March 3, and Secretary-General Paulo Lukamba became UNITA's leader.
After Savimbi's death, the government came to a crossroads over how to proceed. After initially indicating the counter-insurgency might continue, the government announced it would halt all military operations on March 13.
Military commanders for UNITA and the MPLA met in Cassamba had agreed to a cease-fire, however, Carlos Morgado, UNITA's spokesman in Portugal, said the UNITA's Portugal wing had been under the impression General Kamorteiro, the UNITA general who agreed to the ceasefire, had been captured more than a week earlier.
Morgado did say that he had not heard from Angola since Savimbi's death. The military commanders signed a Memorandum of Understanding as an addendum to the Lusaka Protocol in Luena on April 4.
The United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 1404 on April 18, extending the monitoring mechanism of sanctions by six months. Resolutions 1412 and 1432, passed on May 17 and August 15 respectively, suspended the UN travel ban on UNITA officials for 90 days each, finally abolishing the ban through Resolution 1439 on October 18. UNAVEM III, extended an additional two months by Resolution 1439, ended on December 19.
UNITA's new leadership declared the rebel group a political party and officially demobilized its armed forces in August 2002. That same month, the United Nations Security Council replaced the United Nations Office in Angola with the United Nations Mission in Angola, a larger, non-military, political presence.
In 1989, a series of radical political changes occurred in the Eastern Bloc, associated with the break-down of the Eastern Bloc's authoritarian systems and the erosion of political power in the pro-Soviet governments in nearby Poland and Hungary.
After allowing for loopholes, Hungary effectively disabled its' physical border defenses with Austria on 19 AUG 1989 and, in September, 13,000 East German tourists escaped through Hungary to Austria.
Further back on 26 JUN 1963, 22 months after the erection of the Berlin Wall, U.S. President John F. Kennedy visited West-Berlin.
Speaking from a platform erected on the steps of Rathaus Schöneberg for an audience of 450,000 he declared in his Ich bin ein Berliner speech that two thousand years ago, the proudest boast was civis romanus sum "I am a Roman citizen".
The Romans under Augustus began to conquer and defeat the people of Germania Magna in 12 BC, having the Legati (generals) Germanicus and Tiberius leading the Legions. By 6 AD, all of Germania up to the River Elbe was temporarily pacified by the Romans as well as being occupied by them.
In a familiar speech at the Brandenburg Gate commemorating the 750th anniversary of Berlin on 12 JUN 1987, U.S. President Ronald Reagan challenged Mikhail Gorbachev, the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, to tear down the wall as a symbol of increasing freedom in the Eastern Bloc.
On 19 JUL 1988, 16 months before the wall came down, 'the Decadence of Western Civilization', Bruce Springsteen and his E-Street Band, played a live concert in East-Berlin, which was attended by 300,000. East Germany and its FDJ youth organization were worried they were losing an entire generation, by letting Springsteen in, they thought they could improve their sentiment, however, this strategy backfired and only made East Germans revolt for the disasters that Rock and Roll music epitomized.
After several weeks of civil unrest, the East German government announced on 9 NOV 1989 that all GDR citizens could visit West Germany and West Berlin.
Crowds of East Germans crossed and climbed onto the wall.
The physical wall was destroyed in 1990 but little was left at its' original site. Three long sections are still standing. One at the site of the former Gestapo headquarters, halfway between Checkpoint Charlie and Potsdamer Platz. Some other isolated fragments and a few watchtowers also remain in various parts of the city.
The fall of the Berlin Wall paved the way for German reunification, which was formally concluded on 3 OCT 1990 which is a controversial date as to 9 NOV 1989 is the actual date but 9 NOV is also the date of the end of the Revolution of 1848 and the date of the 1918 abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm II and declaration of the Weimar Republic, the first German republic. 9 November is also the anniversary of the 1923 Beer Hall Putsch and the infamous Kristallnacht programs of the Nazis in 1938. Nobel Laureate Elie Wiesel criticized the first euphoria, noting that "they forgot that 9 November has already entered into history—51 years earlier it marked the Kristallnacht." As reunification was not official and complete until 3 OCT, that day was finally chosen as German Unity Day.
The date on which the Wall fell is 9 NOV 1989, but the Wall in its entirety was not torn down immediately. Starting that evening and in the days and weeks that followed, people came to the wall with sledgehammers or otherwise hammers and chisels to chip off souvenirs, demolishing lengthy parts of it in the process and creating several unofficial border crossings. These people were nicknamed "Mauerspechte". It was led by SGT Gary Thornton, nicknamed "The Mortician' who served in the 1/75th Ranger Battalion and was assigned to Brieba's platoon but at the moment was serving with the US Army in Germany.
In some European capitals at the time, there was a deep anxiety over prospects for a reunified Germany. British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher pleaded with Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev not to let the Berlin Wall fall and to do what he could to stop it.
A united Germany would lead to a change to postwar borders and allow that such a development would undermine the security stability of the whole international situation.
The French President François Mitterrand warned Thatcher that a unified Germany could make more ground than Adolf Hitler ever had and that Europe would have to bear the consequences.
The USSR was declared officially dissolved on December 25, 1991.
Brieba and his Ghosts had won the Cold War and no one else knew about it.
Documents later on show the apparition of Brieba making a classified trip to Columbia. It was during this time that Pablo Escobar was on the run as a wanted man. Brieba had been made aware that Delta Force operative, Vega, was on the ground. Brieba departed from Bogota after spending time in Cali, Pereira, and Medellin, just 10 days prior to Escobar being located and assassinated in cold blood on 02 DEC 93.
In 2000 Brieba visited Hong Kong to analysis the 1997 social effects of the 'handover' of the sovereignty of Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to the People's Republic of China. It was during this time that he was impressed with the Chinese Example.
During this time period Brieba returns to Viet Nam to follow up on his former commander, LTC Cray's 1993 mission to Vietnam and Laos, to hunt for evidence of American airmen lost during bombing attacks along the famed Ho Chi Minh Trail.
The search was the first time all three countries had worked together on such a mission. 2,248 Americans were still unaccounted for in Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and China.
A team of 11 American specialists and their Vietnamese counterparts operated on the Vietnamese side of the border and 33 Americans and their Lao counterparts on the Laotian side for the operation that ran through Dec. 20.
Lt. Col. John C. Cray, commander of the team investigating in Vietnam claimed that the border trace was not very clearly defined.
Brieba went to the locations where the aircraft crashed or went off the radar, or where the crew was last seen and communicated to villagers who may have been eyewitnesses at the time or who may have information on the aircraft or crew.
FIRST WAR OF THE 21TH CENTURY
Brieba was a 'First Responder" during the 9/11/2001 attacks on the World Trade Center while assigned to the 'Bureau of Criminal Intelligence' and performed rescue operations in the first 24 hours in which he received two citations.
This attack would have a long term effect on future casualties of Brieba's former 42nd Infantry Division, 1/69th Air Defense Artillery (Stinger) Regiment of the New York Army National Guard. Losses for the famous 'Fighting 69th' would include two members killed during rescue operations on the morning of September 11, 1st Lieutenant Gerard Baptiste (FDNY) & Specialist Thomas Jurgens (NYS Courts).
While in Baghdad, 19 members of the regiment were killed in action & over 78 wounded in action during "Operation Wolfhound".
In Afghanistan as part of Task Force Phoenix, attached to the 27th Infantry Brigade Combat Team, in the Hindu Kush, the regiment suffered 4 killed in action.
In Taji, a local sheik assuming the curved Rainbow Division insignia was a Special Forces patch because of their aggressiveness, Brieba's former Captain & Company Commander of the deactivated 1/71st Infantry Battalion, now Battalion Commander of the 69th, Lt. Col. Gregory Slack, explained to the shiek that it "meant they were from New York and eager to avenge the 9/11 attacks".
Many of the soldiers of the 1/69th were remnants from 1/71st when it became disbanded on 31 AUG 1993 as a National Guard unit. Brieba was officially the last acting commander of C Co. 1/71st when CPT Slack prematurely left the unit to obtain an open slot in the 69th.
These men of the former 71st participated in Operation Noble Eagle, Operation Iraqi Freedom, Operation Enduring Freedom, and Operation Orient Shield.
Even back in 1984, the Governor of New York, Mario Cuomo, had already proposed disbanding the 71st to use their armory spaces for civilian purposes so Park Avenue residents could play in-door tennis..
The 71st Infantry Veterans' Association sued the state in court, stating that such realignment would violate state affirmative action guidelines since the 71st Infantry is predominantly black. The 71st received a favorable ruling.
Nicknamed "The American Guard" the regimental crest is a blue shield, edged in gold, charged with gold 'Fasces' with the ax head pointing to the left, supported by two gold crescents. (opposite direction but similar to the Italian fascist symbol).
There was some confusion about the service of the 71st during World War I. MG O'Ryan transferred the rifle companies from the 71st to the 105th Regiment because the 105th had been understrength. This resulted in the 71/105 going to France with the 27th Division. Units of the 27th fought bitter battles at Flander, Passchendaele, and the Hindenburg Line. The colonel of the 71st, Col. Bates and his headquarters personnel became the basis of the 54th Pioneer Infantry Division.
During World War II after the bombing of Pearl Harbor and Invasion of the Phillipines the 71st was sent to Fort Lewis Washington to defend the west coast but when the japanese invaded the Aleutians Islands in Alaska the 1st Battalion was sent and remained there a long time, thus the regiment earned credit for engaging in the war in the Pacific. It arrived in France as part of the 44th Infantry Division and commenced a record of over 200 days of constant combat including the Battle of the Bulge.
When the war ended in Europe the unit was to return to the Pacific but the Atomic Bombs on mainland Japan ended that war. Never the less the 71st has battle streamers for fighting in both the Asiatic-Pacific and European Theater.
Though Brieba at the moment had no choice but to accept an assignment as platoon leader in the '69th' after his 71st Infantry Battalion was disbanded shortly before the 11th Special Forces Group was inactive in 1994, he had a strong distain from the beginning for the 'white' dominated, americanized New York unit composed of germans, irish, italians, and puerto ricans whom he disliked for their racist attitudes and negative reactions against black soldiers, especially from it's commander core who did not appreciate hispanic officers and their latin culture infiltrating their 'great white race'.
Brieba viewed the unit as a private club of unprofessional drunks and yahoos who imposed more of a danger and threat to themselves and society if set loose. A cadre of criminals from the deep NYC ghettos and cowboy red necks and crackers from the outskirts of Long Island, the home of the American BUND (Nazi) party and KKK.
The perfect scenario of 9/11 accordingly enacted this vendetta against the 'Fighting 69' and their demented commander, LTC Gregory Slack as per request from Brieba's prayers as the 24th Infantry Division was dealt before them.
Fate had sealed the destiny of these renegade anglo-american brutes.
However, it was from 'Ground Zero' that Brieba had ideas of deep penetration operations that could be made possible at the time by the advanced improvements in communication devices to include photography, video/audio recording, cellphones, and the internet due to digital technology.
He explained his ideas to many leaders proposing and creating strongholds in enemy territory that would be as effective against the enemy as conventional troops.
In February 2002, Brieba founded and took command of S.P.E.C.T.E.R., acquiring the name from a suggestion and corruption of 'SPECTRE' (SPecial Executive for Counter-intelligence, Terrorism, Revenge and Extortion), the fictional global terrorist supra national organization featured in Ian Fleming's James Bond character novels and films based on and led by evil genius and super-villain Ernst Stavro Blofeld.
The initials of 'SPECTER' are believed to stand for 'Special Protocol Executive ~ Counter-Terrorism/Espionage/Revolution' (SPE - Subversion Parasitism Executives).
SPECTER supported the United States Army Special Operations Groups and Special Operations Command by creating tactical diversions and deceptions similar to the 1,100-man 'Ghost Army' of the United States Army during World War II, officially known as the 23rd Headquarters Special Troops, with it's unique mission within the U.S Army to impersonate other U.S. Army units, to deceive the enemy by putting on a "traveling road show", utilizing sound, fake radio transmissions, and pretence, while operating very close to the front lines. Their mission was kept secret until 1996, and elements of it remain classified. The unit was the subject of a PBS documentary The Ghost Army in 2013.
SPECTER was inspired by President Ronald Reagan's 04 DEC 1981 issuance of Executive Order 12333 on “United States Intelligence Activities.”
Section 2.11 of the order provides: “Prohibition on Assassination. No person employed by or acting on behalf of the United States Government shall engage in, or conspire to engage in, assassination.” Section 2.12 of the order prohibits indirect participation in activities prohibited by the order, stating: “Indirect participation. No agency of the Intelligence Community shall participate in or request any person to undertake activities forbidden by this Order.”
Brieba believed that the assassination attempt of US President Ronald Reagan, on a Monday on 30 MAR 1981, only 69 days into his presidency, created this order, because, Brieba believed that Vice-President George Bush Sr. sought to eliminate Ronald Reagan immediately, early in his presidency, as he and his CIA cohorts did to John F Kennedy when Lyndon B Johnson was Vice-President and his alternative motive to begin a military operations in southeast asia's Viet Nam, Cambodia, and Laos.
The same method was used on a Monday to rattle the public, such as the 'Open-Door Terrorist Policy' which created 9/11 early in President George Bush Jr.'s presidency into a 'Holy War' with no ending, such as 'The 13th Crusades' and entrance into 'Iraq/Gulf War Part II', for 'Texas Oil Gangsters' as was and ever will be.
Other historical inspirations were The Quebec Conference 1943 and keeping in mind General Joseph Stilwell's requests for American infantry to support his Chinese troops in the China Burma India Theater of World War II also inspired the creation of SPECTER.
General George Marshall had sent a telegram to General Stilwell notifying him that America would organize their own Long Range Penetration Force made up of three groups, one from jungle warfare trained troops who were no longer required in Panama, the second from jungle warfare trained troops from Continental American army bases, and the third, experienced jungle fighters from the South Pacific (Admiral Chester Nimitz's troops who had fought on Guadalcanal and the Solomon Islands and General Douglas MacArthur's troops who had fought in New Guinea).
The unit was renamed the 5307th Composite Unit (Provisional) but more popularly known as Merrill's Marauders who carried out operations in Burma in 1944.
After World War II, long range penetration operations were primarily conducted by small units of men often varying in size from five to thirty men.
Most notable influences for SPECTER are the Son Tay Raiders lead by LTC "Bud" Sydnor from Fort Benning and Captain Dick Meadow 21 NOV 1970 who arrived at the Vietnamese prison camp to rescue US Military POWs only to find it vacant;
Charles Beckwith's proposals throughout the '60s for a superbly elite, highly autonomous direct-action unit idea based on the imminent threat of international terrorism thus founding Delta Force in November 1977 as a counter-terrorist unit whose main mission is in hostage rescue, covert operations, and specialized reconnaissance and it's failure in it's first mission – Operation Eagle Claw – to rescue the US hostages in Iran by aircraft crashing in the desert;
The Mayaguez Incident rescue attempt which took place from May 12–15, 1975, and was the last official battle of the Vietnam War where the names of the Americans killed, as well as those of three U.S. Marines who were left behind on the island of Koh Tang after the battle and who were subsequently executed by the Khmer Rouge, are the last names on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial after the merchant ship's crew, whose seizure at sea had prompted the U.S. attack, had been priorly released in good health, unknown to the U.S. Marines or the U.S. command of the operation, before the Marines attacked being the only known engagement between U.S. ground forces and the Khmer Rouge and a failure;
and the Sri Lanka Army long range penetration unit operations during the Sri Lanka Civil War which saw the deadliest terrorist group of Sri Lanka, LTTE, founded by Velupillai Prabhakaran in May 1976, which possessed a sophisticated military, however, it was defeated in May 2009 by Sri Lankan Military.
LTTE had a devilish record of assassinating high-profile Indian and Sri Lankan politicians. Banned by 32 countries across the world, this terrorist group was the main reason behind the Sri Lankan Civil War…this was the only one Terrorist organization who had military tanks, battleships, & warplanes.
Also LTTE was the 1st Terrorist organization to use human-bombs.
LTTE was also the only one Terrorist organization who killed two political leaders in two countries (Ranasinghe Premadasa-President of Sri Lanka in 1994 & Rajiv Gandhi-Prime minister of India in 1991).
LTTE also had a political background locally and internationally. The world's 3rd largest army, India, also couldn't defeat this Terrorist organization, but in 2009 Sri Lankan Military Forces defeated this of the worst Terrorist organizations once called LTTE.
In 2013 SPECTER remained undefeated after a decade of successful 'covert' assignments and 'black ops' missions. This success rate created paranoia within certain government institutions who believed SPECTER had grown too powerful and dangerous, above the law mentality, and could impose a threat from within, if they could not be controlled or manipulated.
In the present era of political correctness, sensitivity training, and liberal domination, SPECTER, was falsely accused of harboring "intellectual elitism" and "bourgeois" tendencies and were denounced as "renegades", "revolutionaries", and "roots radicals". Some labeled them as mercenaries.
They managed to hide their communist connections and convince a closed behind- the-door kangaroo court that they were not "right-wingers". In doing so they did not go to jail, but certain operatives went into hiding instead, realizing that the nation had fallen and was now run by a corrupt circuit of foreigners, traitors, and infiltrators.
Out of these remnants of SPECTER was formed the patriotic "Black Berets" to head the movement's "counter-espionage" efforts, becoming deeply involved in militia and para-military activities.. taking on an active role in activities against imperialism, capitalism, fascism, democracy, socialism, and it's warlords tyrannizing the USSA.
It is easily summed up that the best special forces in the world is one that no one knows exists.. for the whole purpose of having a covert force is for them to remain covert.. not fail.. or fall in a category due to the fact that others know about their existence.. while doing the hardest job in the world out there no one knows about... and that no one will ever know about.
Since it's formations in 1988 & 2002, without question nor incident, Brieba led his Covert 'Black Ops' S.P.E.C.T.E.R./G.H.O.S.T.S. into harm's way in Columbia, Mexico, Cambodia, Viet Nam, Burma, Korea, Thailand, Laos, Philippines, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japan, Germany, Poland, England, France, Belgium, Lichtenstein, Switzerland, Curacao, Egypt, Kazakhstan, Saudi Arabia, United Emigrates, and after receiving multiple service-connected priority disabilities while 'on the line' of duty, he retired from service as an Agent of the State, eventually settling in the People's Republic of China as a Cuban National in exile.
Today E.O. 12333 still remains in effect & the whereabouts of 'The Black Berets' remains unknown as well as their loyalty.
About Lorenzo A Brieba
There are no birth certificates or any type of proof pertaining to the date & place of birth of Lorenzo A Brieba according to several investigations conducted by the FBI. He simply did not exist according to birth records. His origins remain a mystery to include his actual name. All that is known is confirmed by family members who stated he was born in Havana Cuba January 6, 1964 during "The Epiphany of the Lord". He is maternally linked to the 'Miqueli' family (Ashkenazi Jews from Nuremberg Germany 1724 circa), who resided in Sicily & Spain during the 'Converso' & 'Tribunal of the Holy Office of the Inquisition' prior to settling in San Antonio de Los Banos Cuba in 1894. His paternal connection, Brieba, is of the Basque race (Oriental Jews - 13th tribe of Levi), whose language has no identifiable roots.. RH-Negative blood types.. genetically different than all other beings on the planet.. human anomalies & the last remnant of the Atlantean race — the reactivation of the Vril for the dominance of the Teutonic race over all others. The Brieba family originated from the French Basque Northern Country (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) but resided in Logrono & La Coruna Spain. The Town of Brieva Spain, the last vestibule of Cro-Magnum man, is named after them. During WWI, Brieba's great great grandfather, Christopher Brieba was the elder of five brothers of which four were killed in front line battles. As the last surviving member, Christopher, a Utopian, departed europe to settle in La Habana Cuba emulating the Latin Culture. ...more about Lorenzo A Brieba