Lorenzo Brieba 'Deterrence Force' (Xenophon of the Anabasis)

“Out of every 100 men, 10 shouldn’t even be there, 80 are just targets, 9 are the real fighters, and we are lucky to have them, for they make the battle. Ah, but the one, one is a warrior, and he will bring the others back”

Lorenzo Brieba somewhere between Tagum & Zamboanga Philippines September 2013, from the documentary “War Was Where We Were”.

In a desperate attempt it was believed Brieba commanded the non-existing 13th Special Forces Reinforcement Group (Black Light), during the relay from Phitsanulok to Zamboanga to Davao to Tagum to counter-attack the reproach of the New People’s Army (NPA) just moments after battling the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) in Zamboanga.


The New People's Army (NPA) is the armed wing of the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP), estimated by the C.I.A. as having 6,000 to 10,000 strong members. It was formed and founded by Filipino hero, Bernabe Buscayno, aka “Kumander Dante" on March 29, 1969. It was ‘Commander Dante and his fighters who joined forces with Jose Maria Sison, founder of the Communist Party of the Philippines on December 26, 1968. Buscayno's group officially became the New People's Army (NPA) on March 29, 1969. The Maoist NPA conducts armed guerrilla struggle based on the strategical line of a protracted 'people's war'.

The NPA is designated a Foreign Terrorist Organization by the U.S. State Department and terrorist group by the EU Common Foreign and Security Policy. The Government of the Philippines, however, had delisted the NPA as a terrorist organization in 2011 and has resumed preliminary peace talks pending formal negotiations with the NPA's parent political organization, the CPP. There have been reports that special units of the People’s Liberation Army of the People’s Republic of China have been shipping arms to the NPA. There was an unknown source of supply of Type 56 Assault Rifles to the NPA linked to this entity.

On 27 May 2013, the NPA ambushed a truck in Allacapan, Cagayan, transporting an elite police commando unit, by first detonating a roadside bomb and then opening fire. The attack killed 7 police commandos and wounded 8. The attack came shortly after the government suspended all peace talks with the NPA, following the rebels refusal to accept an "immediate ceasefire".

On September 9, 2013 when a Rogue MNLF Elements (RME) under the Sulu State Revolutionary Command (SSRC) led by Ustadz Habier Malik & Khaid Ajibon attempted to raise a flag of the self-proclaimed Bangsamoro Republik at Zamboanga City Hall, which had earlier declared it’s independence on August 12, 2013 in Talipao, Sulu, an armed conflict in Zamboanga City, Philippines, between the forces of the Republic of the Philippines and this faction of the Moro National Liberation Front, erupted into an armed incursion, described as a "standoff", a "siege", and a "humanitarian crisis", and was met by the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) and the Philippine National Police (PNP), which sought to free hostages and expel the MNLF from the city. The standoff degenerated into urban warfare and brought parts of the city under a standstill for days.

The clashes caused the displacement of more than 100,000 people, the occupation of several villages by the MNLF, the deaths of several civilians, the closure of the Zamboanga International Airport, and the slowdown of economic activity in the city.

The beginning of the end of the Zamboanga City crisis or Battle of Zamboanga was initiated when ‘Code 24’ was verbally delivered to Colonel Brieba during a discreet meeting in Arlington Virginia. Brieba had been an expert in 'MOUT' (Military Operations in Urban Terrain) and was currently covering the Thailand Red Shirt issue in Bangkok for the last three years as the Covert Commander & National Advisor of Special Operations in South East Asia.

Brieba entered the Philippines operating under an umbrella organization using ‘L.B. - Ace Enterprises’ and ‘Lorenzo’ shipping containers for cover and concealment of supplies. After the ‘sequester’ under the Obama administration during Sep 2013 the situation in the Philippines became tight. Lack of resources and personnel made the situation there more volatile. Brieba under his GHOST image hand-delivered the SPECTER “Deterrence Team’ (a Black Light Unit) previously positioned in Phitsanulok Thailand to Davao Philippines overnight and within four days planned and took back the town of Zamboanga in what would become known as the ‘Zamboanga City Crisis’ against the Moro National Liberation Front, rescuing all hostages.
He immediately headed to the town of Tagum where he was notified that about 30 elements of the NPA had been spotted entering the village and upon arrival counter-attacked the ambush which had wounded 5 filipino soldiers in a road side bombing, capturing what was believed to be a Chinese made AK47 assault rifle.
He rallied troops for a possible counter-attack from all sides, from all sources, and maintained the line while securing almost 300 prisoners from both engagements for interrogation between the different locals.

Brieba continued the chase deep into the jungles of Samal for 3 days where he located certain remnants and negotiated a peace based on an amnesty that would cover the crime of rebellion and all other crimes "in pursuit of political beliefs," but not including crimes against chastity, rape, torture, kidnapping for ransom, use, and trafficking of illegal drugs, and other crimes for personal ends and violations of international law or convention and protocols even if alleged to have been committed in pursuit of political beliefs.

On September 28, the government declared the end of military operations in Zamboanga City, unfortunately Commander Malik, the leader of the MNLF forces, escaped and remains at large.

In 2014, Lieutenant Colonel Ramon Zagala, then speaking for the Armed Forces of the Philippines said "[the communist rebels-NPA] have lost their ideological mooring and now engaged in extortion [activities]" when it was confirmed that the NPA collected "revolutionary taxes" in areas where it operated mostly from businesses including mining and logging operations - especially foreign owned enterprises that provided employment to the people with the belief that crippling the country's economy would give favor for a revolution to occur.
The Communist Party of the Philippines refers to the NPA as "the tax enforcement agency of the people’s revolutionary government".

In 2013, the CIA had estimated the strength of the NPA between 6,000 to 10,000. In 2014, the Armed Forces of the Philippines estimated their strength at 4,000. SPECTER had performed what the US military and it’s allies could not do under the Obama Administration.

“The Philippines Campaign” would be one of the last missions performed by Col Brieba and his clandestine ‘Black Light’ group were he would be deemed the greatest of living covert operatives in US history, retiring undefeated, considering the odds, and continuous ‘stab in the back’ from the US political spectrum and New World Order throughout the decades.

Pertaining to these objectives, Brieba made a statement to government officials upon his return to Alexandria during a ceremony were no medals were awarded, nor written recognition acknowledged, titled:
“iam redit et Virgo, redeunt Saturnia regna” (And now justice returns, honored rules return);

A year before I was born in 1963, Colonel James Nicholas "Nick" Rowe, then a First Lieutenant, was sent to the Republic of Vietnam as Executive Officer of Detachment A-23, 5th Special Forces Group. On October 29, 1963, after only three months in-country, Rowe was captured by Viet Cong elements along with Congressional Medal of Honor winner, Captain Humberto "Rocky" R. Versace, and Sergeant Daniel L. Pitzer.

Separated from other POWs, Rowe spent 62 months in captivity with only brief encounters with fellow American POWs. Rowe was held in the U Minh Forest, better known as the "Forest of Darkness," in extreme southern Vietnam.
During most of his five years in captivity Rowe was held in a cage. He managed to escape on December 31, 1968, after overpowering his guard.
He was picked up by a UH-1 helicopter, becoming one out of only thirty-four American prisoners of war to escape captivity during the Vietnam War.

In 1974 he retired from the US Army and decided to become a politician. He failed.

In 1981, Rowe was recalled to active duty as a lieutenant colonel to design and build a course based upon his experience as a POW.

He is credited with developing the rigorous Survival, Evasion, Resistance and Escape (SERE) training program and the U.S. military doctrine which institutionalizes these techniques and principles to be followed by captured personnel.

Survival, Evasion, Resistance, and Escape (SERE) is now a requirement for graduation from the U.S. Army Special Forces Qualification Course. SERE is taught at the Colonel James "Nick" Rowe Training compound at Camp Mackall, North Carolina.

Camp Mackall, is named in honor of a Private ‘no class’ John Thomas Mackall, who was wounded in an attack on his first mission, by French Vichy aircraft during Operation Torch. Evacuated from the North Africa scene, Mackall, died at a British hospital in Gibraltar.

Camp Mackall is now the setting for the primary training of the U.S. Army Special Forces. Inside the camp is the Resistance Training Laboratory.
The Colonel James "Nick" Rowe Training Compound there hosts the SERE, SFAS, & Q Course etc.. The obstacle course at the camp, arguably the hardest obstacle course in the U.S. Army, is nick-named the "Nasty Nick" in honor of Rowe.

In 1987 Colonel Rowe was assigned as Chief of the Army division of the Joint U.S. Military Advisory Group. He was providing counter-insurgency training for the Armed Forces of the Philippines working closely with the CIA and intelligence organizations of the Republic of the Philippines, involved in it’s decade-long program to penetrate the New People's Army (NPA), the communist insurgency that had threatened to overthrow the Philippines' government.

Like Nick Rowe, Staff Sergeant Barry Sadler was another Special Forces soldier who had fought in Viet Nam. He became famous for creating “The Ballad of the Green Beret”. He wrote a series of books based on Casca, the Roman Centurion, believed to have speared Jesus Christ while crucified on the cross. From this act, Casca, would become immortal after staining himself with the blood of Christ, cursed to live a soldier’s life till the Second Coming, meanwhile gets to participates in future history’s greatest battles.

Rowe like SSG Barry Sadler, were larger than life ‘Green Berets’ figures in the US Army Special Forces Hollywood branch. Both would survive Viet Nam but would be killed in the 80’s just like Disco.

By February 1989, Colonel Rowe had claimed to have obtained intelligence information that the communists were planning a major terrorist act. He warned Washington that a high-profile figure was about to be assassinated and that he himself was 2nd or 3rd on the assassination list.

At around 0700 hrs of 21 APR 1989, like clockwork, as he was being driven to work at the Joint U.S. Military Advisory Group headquarters in an armored limousine, Colonel Rowe's vehicle was hit by gunfire from a .45 caliber pistol and an M16 rifle near the corner of Tomas Morato Street and Timog Avenue in Quezon City.
Twenty-one shots hit the vehicle. It was claimed that one round entered through an unarmored portion of the vehicle frame and struck Colonel Rowe in the head, killing him instantly, while chauffeur Joaquin Vinuy was wounded.

Whether or not Rowe had been frequenting prostitution establishments beforehand as opposed to dedicating himself to the intelligence genre then perhaps these premonitions would not have occurred.
The truth to the fact that all weapons used in this attack were ‘american made’ and whether the head wound was actually an executioner style delivered round is of question here.

It would be years later that the New People's Army claimed responsibility for this assassination. Filipino nationals Juanito T. Itaas (principal) and Donato B. Continente (accomplice) were convicted by a Philippine court and sentenced to 16 years imprisonment.
Continente was shortly released in 1995 under an amnesty program of the Philippine government.

Previous to Rowe's execution, SSG Barry Sadler himself was shot in the head in Guatemala City on September 8, 1988, during a strange turn of events…a taxi cab robbery gone array.
Sadler sustained brain damage and upon being released from the hospital was reported missing till he was found dead at his mother’s home in Murfreesboro Tennessee.

Prior to the incident that led to his death, SSG Sadler had shot and killed an unarmed man named Lee Emerson Bellamy. Sadler had been previously accused and confronted by Bellamy several times. Bellamy who had been a song writer as well, accused Sadler of having a relationship with his wife. Sadler’s prison sentence was eventually commuted as the court ruled the killing was in self-defense.

Like Tiberius before them, stepson of Augustus, uncle of Claudius, and great-grand uncle of Nero, Tiberius was one of Rome's greatest generals, conqueror of Pannonia, Dalmatia, Raetia, and Germania, but he too would become to be remembered as a dark, reclusive, and sombre figure who never really desired to be emperor, but called "the gloomiest of men" by Pliny the Elder.

After the death of Tiberius’ son, Drusus Julius Caesar, he became more reclusive and aloof. Against better judgment, Tiberius exiled himself from Rome and left administration largely in the hands of his unscrupulous Praetorian Prefects Lucius Aelius Sejanus and Quintus Naevius Sutorius Macro. It was during the government of Tiberius that in the Roman province of Judea, Jesus Christ was crucified by Pontius Pilate.

Tiberius' grand-nephew and adopted grandson, the perverted Caligula, succeeded Tiberius upon his death. This is how it is to be for Washington’s New World but with Barry Sadler singing along the Kumbaya phrase of the Green Berets..

Is there any dignity from a man who was once severely wounded in the knee by a feces-covered punji stick while on a patrol in the Central Highlands southeast of Pleiku, Viet Nam. Barry Sadler already had dysentery at the moment. While recuperating, he promised himself that if he successfully recovered from the infection, he would give away the rights to a song he was then helping to write. Is the fate of a feces-covered punji stick the authenticity of "The Ballad of the Green Berets"?

Is there any stability to the mind of a man who had been kept in cage for almost five years. I should think not. We do not know much about his captivity except what he told us. There was a dark side to him. One must commit themselves violently as if there wasn’t something else there. Must there be.. Does one escape from heaven or depart hell when kindly asked to leave. Colonel Rowe was killed by a street gang in the Philippines called the Alex Boncayao Brigade.

A training facility at the US Army Intelligence Center and School at Fort Huachuca, Arizona would be named in honor of Nick Rowe, as well as a dedicated building of the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) in Charlottesville Virginia. An office facility, the Rowe Building, of the Joint United States Military Assistance Group in the Philippines, US Embassy, Manila, is also named in his honor as well as the Colonel James N. "Nick" Rowe Memorial, located in Veteran's Memorial Park in Union Beach, New Jersey, dedicated October 9, 2004, by classmates from the West Point Class of 1960 like Major General Ted Crowley and attendees like Ross Perot.

I do not care for the SERE’s course. It is not necessary and a waste of time and resources over nothing worth learning.
Time should be averted to learning the ‘Arts of War’.. altering it’s rules.. it’s various maneuvers.. mastering different techniques and developing complex methods of unique in-fighting… hand to hand.. metal on meat.. the spirit of the bayonet.. bushido.. and in proper enemy identification. In this you will never find yourself in the need to be captured alive nor cherish the thought of it…

“Never Negotiate” is the training doctrine of a SPECTER GHOST which is why the US military has evolved into a failure. Soldiers have become police men and there is nothing worst in a society than a law enforcer. It is proof that the government has failed it’s people.

I did not return to the Philippines to fight communism or terrorism. We have that here in an unlimited supply in the USSA.

On Sept. 29, 2009, in an isolated stretch of a coconut tree-line dirt road in Indanan, Philippines, Sgt. 1st Class Christopher Shaw & Staff Sgt. Jack Martin III of JBLM's 1st Special Forces Group and two Filipino marines were wounded in an attack.
Not even a gun battle ensued after a powerful land mine blast caused their passing Humvee to flip over, killing the Americans and wounding the Filipino troops who came under attack while en route to deliver food and other supplies to U.S. Seabees helping construct a school building and dig a water well for poor villagers of Kagay village in Indanan, a hilly farming town where militants belonging to the Moro National Liberation Front and the smaller but more violent Abu Sayyaf have had an active presence.

U.S. and Filipino forces appeared to have been lured to pass through the land mine-ridden hinterland at the time by the militants, who resented the construction of school buildings and other projects by outsiders.

U.S. military personnel usually travel by helicopters for safety, since villagers often flew kites, an aviation hazard that prompted the Americans to travel by land.

Before my arrival, long after Magellan was killed in battle in Cebu before me, hundreds of American military personnel have been providing counterterrorism training and advising Filipino troops battling the al-Qaida-linked Abu Sayyaf militants in southern provinces including Sulu since 2002. That year, an American Green Beret was killed by a bomb outside an army camp in southern Zamboanga city in an attack blamed on Abu Sayyaf militants.

JBLM's 1st Special Forces Group has had a continual presence in the country since then but finally on a sunday, June 1, 2014, Philippine police captured a suspected Muslim rebel bomber who allegedly was involved in that 2009 land mine attack that killed the U.S. Army Special Forces soldiers from Joint Base Lewis-McChord and a Filipino marine in a restive southern province.

Miraji Bairulla, a bomb expert for the Moro National Liberation Front rebel group who uses the rebel name "Mahang," did not resist when policemen, backed by Philippine marines, served a warrant for his arrest in the town of Indanan in Sulu province.

Finally in conclusion to fulfill the scriptures predicted in 1964, the Year of the Birth of the Prophet, and the Philippines established as the 64th-largest country in the world, all that can be said was enacted by “my ancestors, such as Juan Sebastián Elcano (1476 – 4 August 1526), a Spanish Basque explorer, who completed the first circumnavigation of the earth, here in the Philippines when Magellan died, and so came I”.

Brieba had been in this situation a hundred times before.. cannibalizing his way through Central/South America to Africa to the Middle East and South East Asia for the past three decades.. A new diversion had started to form with new antagonists.. but he was well prepared for it.

A former silent soldier in his role in hostage rescue dramas, behind the Green Beret/Delta Force aura of unsanctioned rescues from terrorists in the jungle, the president’s man to the rescue.
Beijing eventually needed help in the rescue of it's kidnapped tourist.

A triad is one of many branches of Chinese transnational organized crime organizations based in Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan and also in countries with significant Chinese populations, such as the United States, Canada, Vietnam, Japan, Singapore, Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, the United Kingdom, Belgium, Netherlands, France, Spain, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand.

Snakeheads are Chinese gangs that smuggle people to other countries. They are found in the Fujian region of China and smuggle their customers into wealthier Western countries such as those in Western Europe, North America, Australia, and some nearby wealthier regions such as Taiwan and Japan.

Snakeheads use various methods to get their customers to the West. They may employ the use of stolen or altered passports, improperly obtained visas, and bribes to move people from nation to nation until they arrive at their final destination. They also may use fake business delegations and tour groups as a way of beating immigration controls.

One notable snakehead member was Cheng Chui Ping or "Sister Ping". Cheng Chui Ping, also known as Sister Ping, was born January 9, 1949 in the village of Shengmei in northern Fujian province, China, ran a notorious Chinese human smuggling operation from New York City and Hong Kong from 1984 until 2000, when she was arrested in Hong Kong, extradited back to the United States, and held in U.S. Federal prison in Texas until her death from cancer on April 24, 2014.

Another is Guo Liang Chi, known mainly by his street name of Ah Kay, who was the mastermind of the Golden Venture cargo ship fiasco in 1993 that was financed by Sister Ping. Brieba had encountered and arrested her enforcers and kidnappers in the mid-late 90s in New York.

Sun Yee On, or New Righteousness and Peace Commercial and Industrial Guild, is one of the leading triads in Hong Kong and China. It has more than 55,000 members worldwide. It is also believed to be active in the United Kingdom, the United States, France, Belgium and the Netherlands.

Sun Yee On was founded by Heung Chin, originally from Teochew (Chaozhou), in 1919, who was deported to Taiwan in the early 1950s and continued to lead the organization from there.

The organization is involved in counterfeiting, gambling, narcotics, human trafficking, prostitution, smuggling and extortion.

Mainly through ethnic Chinese diaspora, it is thought to extend to the United States, Canada, Thailand, Australia and Central America.

The triad operates vice establishments in Tsim Sha Tsui, an urban area in southern Kowloon, Hong Kong and Yau Ma Tei, also known as Waterloo, in the south of the Kowloon Peninsula in Hong Kong or at least did in November 2010 when a 29-year-old alleged office-bearer or "red pole" of the triad, named "Sai B" Chan, was arrested for vice offences and money laundering.

Lee Tai-lung Lee, a Sun Yee On boss in Tsim Sha Tsui, was murdered in front of the Kowloon Shangri-La hotel on 4 August 2009.

Following Lee's death, three of his former followers stepped in to defend his lucrative entertainment empire from other triads.

In 2011, Lee's three followers were tracked by 'Ko Tat', another 'red pole fighter' in Wan Chai, who failed to spread his influence across the harbor. Tai Hau, leader of another Sun Yee On faction active in Tuen Mun tried to encroach upon Lee's West Kowloon and Tsim Sha Tsui operations. His attempts were thwarted by an undercover police operation, as a result of which 222 people were arrested in January 2012.

The Organized Crime and Triad Bureau suspected that 'Ko Chun' may be the latest kingpin of Lee's original turf.

On March 22, 2012, police arrested 102 members of Sun Yee On in Shenzhen, China.

The 14K is a Triad group based in Hong Kong but active internationally. It is the second largest Triad group in the world with around 25,000 members split into thirty subgroups.

They are the main rival of the Sun Yee On. The 14K is responsible for large-scale drug trafficking around the world, most of it heroin and opium from China or Southeast Asia. This is their primary business in terms of generating income, but they are also involved in illegal gambling, loan sharking, money laundering, murder, arms trafficking, prostitution, human trafficking, extortion, counterfeiting and, to a lesser extent, home invasion robberies.

The 14K was formed by Kuomintang Lieutenant-General Kot Siu-wong in Guangzhou, China in 1945 as an anti-Communist action group, however, the group relocated to Hong Kong in 1949 when the Kuomintang fled from the Communists following the Chinese Civil War.

Originally there were fourteen members who were part of the Kuomintang, hence the name 14K. However, some say that 14 stands for the road number of a former headquarters and K stands for Kowloon.

Compared with other triad societies, the 14K is one of the largest and most violent Hong Kong-based triad societies, and it’s members appear to be more loosely connected. 14K factional violence is actually out of control because no dragonhead is able to govern all factions of 14K worldwide.

While Hong Kong's 14K triad gang dominates it's traditional areas of operation and has expanded far beyond the former British colony, it’s focus remains Sino-centric.

Hong Kong triads, including the 14K, have also expanded their activities in mainland China; a key motivation for members to cross into China is to avoid police security and anti-gang crackdowns in Hong Kong.

During the 1990s it was the "largest Triad in the world." In 1997, there were a number of gang-related attacks that left 14 people dead.

Under Wan Kuok-koi (nicknamed "Broken Tooth Koi"), the 14K was being challenged by the smaller Shui Fong Triad. The next year, a gunman believed to be connected to the local 14K killed a Portuguese national and wounded another at a sidewalk café in Macau.
In 1999, a Portuguese court convicted 45-year-old mob boss Broken Tooth Koi on various criminal charges and sentenced him to 15 years imprisonment. His 14K gang was suspected of drive-by shootings, car bombings, and attempted assassinations. Seven of his associates received lesser sentences. Since the crackdown in Macau, the 14K triad resurfaced in North American cities such as Los Angeles, San Francisco and Chicago in the United States and Vancouver, Calgary and Toronto, Canada, Sydney Australia, also the UK.
They were kept out of establishing roots in New York by awaiting specialized law enforcement officials.

In August 2008, the 14K was allegedly involved in a high-profile kidnapping of a Chinese family in New Zealand near Papatoetoe, Auckland. The plan was to demand a ransom, but they were found before the money was paid.

The 14K coordinated with Abu Sayyaf in the 2000 Sipadan kidnappings.

Abu Sayyaf is a militant Islamist group based in and around Jolo and Basilan islands in the southwestern part of the Philippines, where for more than four decades, Moro groups have been engaged in an insurgency for an independent province in the country.
The group is considered very violent, and was responsible for the Philippines' worst terrorist attack, the bombing of Superferry 14 in 2004, which killed 116 people.

The name of the group is derived from the Arabic abu ("father of") and sayyaf ("swordsmith").

Since its inception in 1991, the group has carried out bombings, kidnappings, assassinations, and extortion in what they describe as their fight for an independent Islamic province in the Philippines.
They have also been involved in criminal activities, including kidnapping, rape, child sexual assault, drive-by shootings, extortion, and drug trafficking, and the goals of the group "appear to have vacillated over time between criminal objectives and a more ideological intent".

The group has been designated as a terrorist group by the United Nations, Australia, Canada, the UAE, the United Kingdom and the United States.

In 2002, fighting Abu Sayyaf became a mission of the American military's Operation Enduring Freedom and part of the Global War on Terrorism.

Several hundred United States soldiers are stationed in the area to mainly train local forces in counter-terror and counter-guerrilla operations, but as a status of forces agreement and under Philippine law are not allowed to engage in direct combat.

The group was founded by Abdurajik Abubakar Janjalani, and led after his death in 1998 by his younger brother Khadaffy Janjalani who was killed in 2007.

On May 3, 2000, Abu Sayyaf guerillas occupied the Malaysian dive resort island Sipadan and took 21 hostages, including 10 tourists and 11 resort workers – 19 non-Filipino nationals in total. The hostages were taken to an Abu Sayyaf base in Jolo, Sulu.
Two Muslim Malaysians were released soon after, however Abu Sayyaf made various demands for the release of several prisoners, including 1993 World Trade Center bomber Ramzi Yousef and $2.4 million.

In July, a Filipino television evangelist and 12 of his crew offered their help and went as mediators for the relief of other hostages. They, three French television crew members and a German journalist, all visiting Abu Sayyaf on Jolo, were also taken hostage.

Most hostages were released in August and September 2000, partly due to mediation by Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi and an offer of $25 million in "development aid".

Abu Sayyaf conducted a second raid on the island of Pandanan near Sipadan on September 10 and seized three more Malaysians. The Philippine army launched a major offensive on September 16, 2000, rescuing all remaining hostages, except Filipino dive instructor Roland Ullah. He was eventually freed in 2003.

Abu Sayyaf coordinated with the Chinese 14K Triad gang in carrying out the kidnappings. The 14K Triad has militarily supported Abu Sayyaf.

Warren Richard Rodwell, a former soldier in the Australian Army, and university English teacher, was shot through the right hand when seized from his home at Ipil, Zamboanga Sibugay on the island of Mindanao in the southern Philippines on December 5, 2011 by Abu Sayyaf (ASG) militants.

The ASG threatened to behead Rodwell if the original ransom demand for $US2 million was not paid. Both the Philippine and Australian governments had strict policies of refusing to pay ransoms.
Australia formed a multi-agency task force to assist the Philippine authorities, and liaise with Rodwell's family. A news blackout was imposed. Filipino politicians helped negotiate the release. After the payment of $AUD94,000 for "board and lodging" expenses by his siblings, Rodwell was released 472 days later on March 23, 2013.

The incumbent Australian prime minister praised the Philippines government for securing Rodwell's release. Tribute was also made to Australian officials from the Department of Foreign Affairs, the Australian Federal Police and Defence. Rodwell subsequently returned to Australia.

As part of the 2015 Australia Day Honours, Australian Army Lieutenant Colonel Paul Joseph Barta was awarded the Conspicuous Service Cross (CSC) for outstanding devotion to duty as the Assistant Defence Attaché Manila during the Australian whole of government response to the Rodwell kidnap for ransom (and immediately following, the devastation of Typhoon Haiyan).

At the 2015 Australian Federal Police Foundation Day award ceremony in Canberra, fourteen AFP members received the Commissioners’ Group Citation for Conspicuous Conduct for their work in support of the Philippine National Police and Australian Government efforts to release Australian man Warren Rodwell.

By the end of his 15 months as a hostage in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, Rodwell had lost about 30 kilograms in weight due to starvation, His biography 472 Days Captive of the Abu Sayyaf - The Survival of Australian Warren Rodwell by independent researcher Dr Robert (Bob) East was published by Cambridge Scholars Publishing, United Kingdom (2015).

In popular culture, Blue Mountains (Sydney) techno Cowpunk band Mad Cowboy Disease composed, performed and released Situation Not Normal, a song written by Rodwell, based on his ordeal.

In January 2015, Mindanao Examiner newspaper reported the arrest of Barahama Ali kidnap gang sub-leaders linked to the kidnapping of Warren Rodwell, who was seized by at least 5 gunmen (disguised as policemen), and eventually handed over or sold by the kidnappers to the Abu Sayyaf in Basilan province.

In May 2015, ex-Philippine National Police (PNP) officer Jun A. Malban was arrested in Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia for the crime of "Kidnapping for Ransom" after Rodwell identified him as the negotiator/spokesperson of the Abu Sayyaf Group during his captivity. Further PNP investigation revealed that Malban is the cousin of Abu Sayyaf leaders Khair Mundos and his brother Borhan Mundos. (Both were arrested in 2014). The director of the Anti-Kidnapping Group (AKG) stated that Malban's arrest resulted from close coordination by the PNP, National Bureau of Investigation (Philippines) and Presidential Anti-Organized Crime Commission with the Malaysian counterparts and through Interpol.

In August 2015, Edeliza Sumbahon Ulep, alias Gina Perez, was arrested at Trento, Agusan del Sur during a joint manhunt operation by police and military units. Ulep was tagged as the ransom courier of the Abu Sayyaf bandits in Zamboanga Sibugay in the kidnapping of Rodwell.

On July 23, 2014, Abu Sayyaf leader Isnilon Totoni Hapilon swore an oath of loyalty to Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the leader of ISIL.

In September 2014, the group began kidnapping people to ransom, in the name of ISIL.

As of 2012, the group was estimated to have between 200 and 400 members, down from 1250 in 2000. They use mostly improvised explosive devices, mortars, and automatic rifles.

On November 15, 2013, Abu Sayyaf militants raided a resort on a Malaysian island of Pom Pom in Semporna, Sabah.
Taiwanese citizen Chang An-Wei was abducted by Abu Sayyaf gunmen and taken to the Sulu Archipelago in the southern Philippines on November 15, 2013. Her husband, Hsu Li-Min, was killed.

Gene Yu, a United States Military Academy graduate and former US Army Special Forces captain while visiting Taiwan to promote the Chinese language edition of Yellow Green Beret, Yu learned about the kidnapping. He described his relationship with Chang as "a family friend.”
On the request of the Chang family, Yu went to the Philippines and utilizing his contacts within the Filipino armed forces and through a network of private security contractors, he organized two task forces to find Chang.

Though the Filipino armed forces attempted to stop their soldiers and marines from taking part in the operation, they continued to work with Yu. One of Yu’s former instructors from West Point and fellow Green Beret officer also introduced him to Filipino special operations officers.

Yu's team also opened a line of communication to the militants with regards to their ransom demands. Initially, the Abu Sayyaf group that held Chang asked for millions of dollars, but their monetary demands fluctuated wildly throughout their discussions. Ten days before Chang regained her freedom, Yu posed as a Chinese-speaking doctor during a phone call to the militants. The militants abruptly cut negotiations with the suspicion that Yu was a Taiwanese spy and threatened to kill Evelyn Chang, but two days later, Yu’s team was able to re-open communications under the guise of being a different group of negotiators.

Chang was sold to various subgroups within the Abu Sayyaf organization, complicating the efforts to find her and the ongoing negotiations. Following the conversation Yu had with Chang, he and his team became concerned that she would be moved further up the Abu Sayyaf organization and that action on their part was required. The Filipino members of his team received orders from their chain of command to not get involved. The orders were ignored.

Yu mentioned the groups made up of Filipinos and security contractors were at odds, and he had his doubts whether their actions would be a success. Despite their differences, the groups were able to locate Chang in an Abu Sayyaf jungle base camp in the Southern Philippine island province of Sulu. Yu declines to discuss what followed, but it resulted in a number of Abu Sayyaf members killed.

Chang returned to Taiwan on December 21, 35 days after her ordeal began.

Yu petitioned the Taiwanese government to award it's Medal of Valor to three Filipino soldiers. All three were awarded with the medals and was the first time they were presented to foreign soldiers.

Parallels to the Chang An-wei incident were made to the later kidnapping in April 2014 of Chinese national Gao Huayun and Filipino hotel staffer Marcy Dayawan, kidnapped by gunmen from a diving resort in eastern Borneo, Malaysia April 2014.

The raid was similar to the one that claimed the life of Hsu Li-min, a Taiwanese tourist, in the same district of Malaysia's Sabah state in November 2013.

Brieba was a critic of Yu who was made out to be instrumental in negotiating, locating, and working to free Taiwanese citizen Chang An-wei from Abu Sayyaf militants.

Chang was freed in Sulu Province and returned to Taiwan on December 21 with Filipino special forces and private security contractors in 2013 in an operation that remains shrouded in secrecy to this day.

Brieba pointed out that Gene Yu is the author of the book Yellow Green Beret: Stories of an Asian-American Stumbling Around U.S. Army Special Forces (series)| Yellow Green Beret: Stories of an Asian-American Stumbling Around U.S. Army Special Forces Vols. 1 to 3, under the pen name of Chester Wong, a semi-autobiographical and comedic take on his time in the Green Berets.

Brieba mentions that Yu is also the nephew of corrupt Taiwanese dictator, President Ma Ying-jeou.
Gene Yu was born in Concord, Massachusetts on October 26, 1979 and moved to Northern California in 1988..

Yu matriculated into West Point at 17 and received his commission in June 2001. His first command was as a tank platoon and mortar platoon leader along the demilitarized zone in South Korea. He joined the Special Forces in 2006.

Brieba criticizes Yu during the final stages of Yu's U.S. Army Special Forces Qualification Course in December 2005, when Yu was in the Survival, Evasion, Resistance and Escape (SERE) phase of the program.

In accordance with the requirements of the training. Yu and his classmates were expected to learn to live off the land. In the final days of the evasion portion of the school and motivated by hunger, Yu left the boundaries of the exercise and came upon a group who he convinced to give him a ride to the nearby town of Aberdeen, to a Papa John's Pizza's location he knew he could pay without an actual physical credit card, memorized credit card information and his ID card because he had done it in the past. Yu was later found with the receipt during the resistance phase of the school during a strip search. Yu was initially forced out of the U.S. Army Special Forces Qualification Course, but was later able to repeat the class and receive his Green Beret.

Regardless, Brieba stated that Yu's actions were "Conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman" and under Article 133 he should have been court-martialed.

Yu served 8 years in the military (4 years additionally at West Point) and was awarded with two Bronze Stars and was discharged with rank of captain, although he was selected for early promotion to major.
During his time in the U.S. Army, also served in Iraq, the Philippines, and Okinawa.
Due to the classified nature of his assignments there is little information about his deployments on public record.
During his tours of duty, Yu conducted hostage rescue missions in Baghdad and coordinated 5,000 Filipino marines and soldiers in an attack on an Abu Sayyaf base.

Evelyn Chang's rescue was outsourced to mercenaries.
Chang had been kidnapped by mercenaries along with a couple of Abu Sayyaf operatives to conduct the kidnapping, who were selling her from subgroup to subgroup, back to their strongholds at Jolo and Basilan island area.

Abu Sayyaf is a cellular organization were hostages are transported and sold from "outer groups" toward the "inner" or higher-ranking groups until they reach one that is willing to undertake the risk of sustaining them, and negotiating for a ransom.

In Evelyn Chang's case, she was held by men aged 20 to 40 and in a village, surrounded by their wives, and children. The Abu Sayyaf paid the villagers to keep them quiet, but were other subgroups, who are deep in the jungle, in camps.

It varied on who would end up claiming and be willing to hold onto and invest for ransom or just human shield. Each case was different.

Abu Sayyaf wa always in the business of capturing foreign hostages for cash-flow and “human shields", protection against raids from the Philippine security forces.

The Filipinos conveniently decreed that no foreigner may be wounded or killed as collateral damage during military operations - not a single one - so the Abu Sayyaf kept foreign hostages for long periods of time to prevent raids from Filipino military/police, just all great collateral to have in their camp to prevent military forces from attacking.

Taiwan's media is a circus, refusing to downplay the event - the more attention the media gives, the higher value the Abu Sayyaf will think a hostage is.

Brieba considered Gene Yu to be have been pussyfooting and sugar coating his reputation for entry into the private sector to glamorize his credentials to make up for his failures, under-achievements, and lack of commitment in the Special Forces.
Just another example of all those who seek opportunities to write books in order to get film contracts on such ordeals, so as to benefit financially in a Hollywood style scenario, with no consideration to the real life sacrifices in the loss of innocent & heroic lives.

In reality, Gene Yu, after leaving the military, worked as an equity swaps trader at Credit Suisse in Hong Kong in it's Prime Services Department and with Palantir Technologies in it's Asia-region business development department, based in Singapore.
Yu also worked as Director of Channels at Perx, loyalty-based mobile CRM platform with an automated and targeted marketing messaging system based in Singapore, chaired by Eduardo Saverin, and as Vice President of Corporate Development at migme Limited, a Foxconn-backed social entertainment platform and public company on the Australian Stock Exchange.

He also launched a mixed martial arts apparel company which creates fight gear, jiujitsu gi, and other apparel, FLOW MMA.

Yu partnered with Barron Lau, former CEO of Round5 (the licensee of official UFC and Bruce Lee action figurines) and Carol Chen, an apparel manufacturer for developing designs based in Chinese culture. Former UFC and ONE FC fighter Andy Wang was also recruited to help cultivate MMA fighters in China.
Currently, Yu works as a managing partner at Bond Pacific, a financial investment advisory firm chaired by former HSBC Chairman Sir John Bond based in Hong Kong, specializing in off-market and frontier market deals.

Brieba was all too familiar with the 'hostage grabbing profession' and 'head chopping tactics' of the Philippines. He despised 'glory seekers', politicians, and thugs becoming involved in the 'surgical process'.

Back in 2000, Abu Sayyaf gunmen snatched 21 European tourists and Malaysian and Filipino workers from Malaysia’s Sipadan diving resort and brought them to the southern Philippines, where they eventually were released in exchange for large ransom payments.

Brieba's familiarity with 'The Manila Hostage Crisis' by former Philippine National Police officer Rolando Mendoza hijacking a tourist bus on August 23, 2010, carrying 20 tourists, a tour guide from Hong Kong & 'The Dos Palmas kidnappings' in the southern Philippines with the seizing of twenty hostages from the affluent Dos Palmas Resort on a private island in the Honda Bay, Palawan, by members of Abu Sayyaf on May 27, 200, resulted in the deaths of five of the original hostages, including two American citizens, Guillermo Sobero and Martin Burnham confirmed all this.

22 Filipino soldiers had been killed in attempts to apprehend the captors and free the hostages in the 12 months following the initial hostage taking. An unknown number of captors were also killed by government forces.
The search for the hostages eventually led to a six-month deployment of 1,000 American troops who provided training and high-tech support to the Filipino troops. Fourteen Abu Sayyaf bandits were sentenced to life imprisonment on December 6, 2007 as result of the attacks; four were acquitted. Alhamzer Limbong was later killed in a prison uprising.

On the island of Borneo a Chinese citizen, originally from Guizhou province, Yang Zailin, 34, from the fish farm belonging to a Hong Kong-owned company called Wonderful Terrace, where he worked for 3 years on the east coast of Sabah. was kidnapped by suspected Filipino rebel gunmen armed with American issued M-16 rifles.
The kidnappers who were mainly Muslim from the southern part of the Philippines, fled by boat into international waters after exchanging gunfire with Malaysian security forces.

Early in 2013, Malaysia had established a special security zone along Sabah's maritime border after insurgents from the southern Philippines stormed a village in the eastern district of Lahad Datu.

These latest kidnappings strained diplomatic ties between Malaysia and China, since a Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 carrying 153 Chinese passengers.

So it came as no surprise when two women - a Chinese tourist from Shanghai and a Filipino hotel worker were taken from a diving resort on the coast of Sabah and held for ransom in the province of Sulu in the southern Philippines or when a Taiwanese man died when he and his wife were kidnapped from another Sabah resort by suspected Abu Sayyaf gunmen and held hostage for more than a month on the island of Jolo, also in Sulu province.

China’s consulate in the Malaysian city of Kuching had mobilized staff to deal with the kidnapping and urged local authorities to ensure the safety of Chinese citizens.

Beijing needed results and wanted them fast, so they sent in their best.

To make a special request to the Philippine President to assign the best security unit they have to lead the case would have been a joke and a disaster. If the Philippine government had placed a priority on any case, they would have assigned a police or military special operations unit. Filipinos are highly sensitive to foreign security forces in their territory.

That's not to say that China won't send their operatives in again to "solve" the problem.

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