Letter dictated to Granddauther
John Murphy, the head of the Murphy family in Kentucy was born in North Carolina about 1755 of Irish parentage. On account of the cruelties of a step father, he left his native mountains and vallies and never returned to them He was then about sixteen years old. He joined a company of adventures and set out for the then wilderness of Kentucky. After several weeks of great hardships and dangers from the then savage Indians, they finally arrived in what is now known as the bluegrass region of Kentucky. They were compelled to earn their living by hunting and trapping and all the time at the risk of their lives. He cast his fortune with Daniel Boone, Harod, Simon Kenton and others who entered the country seeking new homes. By this time there was enough in the group that they began to build forts and from settlements. But the Indians were still determined to destroy the "Pale Faces", as they called the white settlers and so they spared neither age or sex. Scenes of blood shed were almost a daily occurrence, and for the next twenty years, it was almost one continual scene of warfare of some kind. John Murphy participated in all of them as these were the ones that finally wrested Kentucky from the hands of the Indians. Some of the battles in which he participated at this time was --Bluelick on August 19, 1782, Chillicothe in 1779, Harmers defeat in September 1790, Arthur St Clair's defeat in November 1790. The Fallen Timbers on August 20, 1794. The troubles with the Indians being at an end in 1795, he then purchased a tract of land on Sugar Creek in Garrard County, one mile above its mouth. About this time he married Mary Yarber, who was born in Halifax County, Virginia, of Welch parents. He remained there for eight or ten years and then purchased a tract of land, one mile east of the mouth of Sugar Creek, which in 1913 and some years later was still occupied by some of his descendents and known as the old Murphy Farm. He spent the rest of his days, dying in 1826. He was laid to rest in what is known as the Old Murphy Cemetery on their farm. His wife died in 1866. Here he raised eleven children that lived to maturity and one, Calvin, died when a baby. The names of the twelve children are: Peggy, James, Elizabeth, Sarah, William, John, Brazilla, Harden, Lucy, Jane, Joseph and Calvin.