Anne Frank (1929 - 1945)

A photo of Anne Frank
Anne Frank
1929 - 1945
Born
1929
Frankfurt Germany
Death
1945
Bergen-Belson Concentration Camp
Other Names
Annelies Marie Frank
Summary
Anne Frank was born in 1929 at Frankfurt Germany. She is the child of Edith (Hollander) Frank and Otto Heinrich Frank, with sibling Margot. She died in 1945 at Bergen-Belson Concentration Camp at 15 years old.
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Updated: March 12, 2021
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Anne Frank, in full Annelies Marie Frank, (born June 12, 1929, Frankfurt am Main, Germany—died February/March 1945, Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, near Hannover), Jewish girl whose diary of her family’s two years in hiding during the German occupation of the Netherlands became a classic of war literature. Early in the Nazi regime of Adolf Hitler, Anne’s father, Otto Frank (1889–1980), a German businessman, took his wife and two daughters to live in Amsterdam. In 1941, after German forces occupied the Netherlands, Anne was compelled to transfer from a public school to a Jewish one. On June 12, 1942, she received a red-and-white plaid diary for her 13th birthday. That day she began writing in the book: “I hope I will be able to confide everything to you, as I have never been able to confide in anyone, and I hope you will be a great source of comfort and support.” When Anne’s sister, Margot, was faced with deportation (supposedly to a forced-labor camp), the Franks went into hiding on July 6, 1942, in the backroom office and warehouse of Otto Frank’s food-products business. With the aid of a few non-Jewish friends, among them Miep Gies, who smuggled in food and other supplies, the Frank family and four other Jews—Hermann and Auguste van Pels and their son, Peter, and Fritz Pfeffer—lived confined to the “secret annex.” During this time, Anne wrote faithfully in her diary, recounting day-to-day life in hiding, from ordinary annoyances to the fear of capture. She discussed typical adolescent issues as well as her hopes for the future, which included becoming a journalist or a writer. Anne’s last diary entry was written on August 1, 1944. Three days later the annex was discovered by the Gestapo, which was acting on a tip from Dutch informers. The Frank family was transported to Westerbork, a transit camp in the Netherlands, and from there to Auschwitz, in German-occupied Poland, on September 3, 1944, on the last transport to leave Westerbork for Auschwitz. Anne and Margot were transferred to Bergen-Belsen the following month. Anne’s mother died in early January, just before the evacuation of Auschwitz on January 18, 1945. It was established by the Dutch government that both Anne and Margot died in a typhus epidemic in March 1945, only weeks before the liberation of Bergen-Belsen, but scholars in 2015 revealed new research, including analysis of archival data and first-person accounts, indicating that the sisters might have perished in February 1945. Otto Frank was found hospitalized at Auschwitz when it was liberated by Soviet troops on January 27, 1945. Friends who searched the hiding place after the family’s capture later gave Otto Frank the papers left behind by the Gestapo. Among them he found Anne’s diary, which was published as Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl (originally in Dutch, 1947). Precocious in style and insight, it traces her emotional growth amid adversity. In it she wrote, “I still believe, in spite of everything, that people are really good at heart.” The Diary, which has been translated into more than 65 languages, is the most widely read diary of the Holocaust, and Anne is probably the best known of Holocaust victims. The Diary was also made into a play that premiered on Broadway in October 1955, and in 1956 it won both the Tony Award for best play and the Pulitzer Prize for best drama. A film version directed by George Stevens was produced in 1959. The play was controversial: it was challenged by screenwriter Meyer Levin, who wrote an early version of the play (later realized as a 35-minute radio play) and accused Otto Frank and his chosen screenwriters, Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett, of sanitizing and de-Judaizing the story. The play was often performed in high schools throughout the world and was revived (with additions) on Broadway in 1997–98. A new English translation of the Diary, published in 1995, contains material that was edited out of the original version, which makes the revised translation nearly one-third longer than the first. The Frank family’s hiding place on the Prinsengracht, a canal in Amsterdam, became a museum that is consistently among the city’s most-visited tourist sites. Michael Berenbaum The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Academy Award nominations The Diary of Anne Frank FILM BY STEVENS [1959] WRITTEN BY: Lee Pfeiffer The Diary of Anne Frank, American dramatic film, released in 1959, that depicts the story of Anne Frank, a German Jewish teenager who died in a World War II concentration camp and whose diary is arguably the most famous work about the Holocaust. The screenplay was written by Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett, who adapted their Pulitzer Prize-winning play of the same name. The narrative focuses on Anne Frank (played by Millie Perkins) and her family, residents of Amsterdam who go into hiding in 1942, during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. Their hiding space, a secret annex within an office building, is shared by another Jewish family, the Van Daans, and Anne soon becomes close to their son, Peter (Richard Beymer). The confined space of the secret annex causes strain for both families, though, and their morale becomes lower when they receive news of the Nazi concentration camps. Although the families manage to avoid notice during a Gestapo search of the building, tensions remain high over the subsequent months. Meanwhile, Anne finds solace in writing in a diary and is a source of optimism amid the adults’ growing despair. In July 1944, however, the Gestapo finally discover the annex, and Anne and Peter passionately embrace before they meet their fate. Director George Stevens knew well the horrors of the Holocaust, having been among the first to film the atrocities in the death camps at the time of their liberation. Though The Diary of Anne Frank was not a commercial success and the performances were met with mixed reviews, the film was nominated for eight Academy Awards and won three. Among these was a best supporting actress statuette for Shelley Winters as the strident Mrs. Van Daan.
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Biography
Anne Frank
Most commonly known as
Anne Frank
Full name
Annelies Marie Frank
Other names or aliases
Unknown. Did Anne move a lot? Where was her last known location?
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Female
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Anne Frank was born in at Frankfurt Germany
Birth
Anne Frank died in at Bergen-Belson Concentration Camp
Death
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typhus/concentration camp
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German/Dutch

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Germany and the Netherlands
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Anne Frank passed away in 1945 at Bergen-Belson Concentration Camp at 15 years old. She was born in 1929 at Frankfurt Germany. She is the child of Edith (Hollander) Frank and Otto Heinrich Frank, with sibling Margot.

Refresh this page to see various historical events that occurred during Anne's lifetime.

In 1929, in the year that Anne Frank was born, the St. Valentine's Day Massacre happened on February 14th. In Chicago, seven men from the North Side Irish gang were gunned down by Al Capone's South Side Italian gang at the garage at 2122 North Clark Street. Al Capone was making a successful move to take over Chicago's organized crime. But the St. Valentine's Day massacre also resulted in a public outcry against all gangsters.

In 1930, Anne was merely 1 year old when on August 6th, N.Y. Supreme Court Judge Joseph Crater went through papers in his office, destroyed some of them, withdrew all his money from the bank - $5,150, sold his stock, met friends at a restaurant for dinner and disappeared after getting into a taxi (or walking down the street - his friends' testimony later changed). His disappearance was reported to the police on September 3rd - almost a month later. His wife didn't know what happened, his fellow Justices had no idea, and his mistresses (he had several) said that they didn't know. While his disappearance was front page news, his fate was never discovered and after 40 years the case was closed, still without knowing if Crater was dead or alive.

In 1938, she was just 9 years old when on October 30th, a Sunday, The Mercury Theatre on the Air broadcast Orson Welles' special Halloween show The War of the World's. A clever take on H.G. Wells' novel, the show began with simulated "breaking news" of an invasion by Martians. Because of the realistic nature of the "news," there was a public outcry the next day, calling for regulation by the FCC. Although the current story is that many were fooled and panicked, in reality very few people were fooled. But the show made Orson Welles' career.

In 1945, in the year of Anne Frank's passing, on April 12th, President Roosevelt died of natural causes and Harry S. Truman, his Vice-President, became the 33rd President of the United States.

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Created on Jun 04, 2020 by Daniel Pinna
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