Dina Lidia Bongers (born 1861)

ADVERTISEMENT BY ANCESTRY.COM

Summary

Dina Lidia Bongers’s biography is built and maintained by people like you. Create an online profile of Dina so that her life is remembered forever. If any factual information is incorrect, please edit Dina’s biography.

Dina Lidia Bongers Biography & Family History

This genealogy profile is dedicated to the life and ancestry of Dina Lidia Bongers and her immediate Bongers family. Add to Dina Lidia Bongers's genealogy page to share your memories & historical research with her family and other genealogy hobbyists.

Birth


Noordwijk, Holland Netherlands

Death

We don't have a death date or location. Is Dina still alive? Add death date or mark Dina as alive.

Cause of death

There is no cause of death listed for Dina.

Burial / Funeral

Do you know the final resting place - gravesite in a cemetery or location of cremation - of Dina Lidia Bongers? Add burial and funeral information.

Obituary

Last Known Residence

Leiden, Holland Netherlands

Average Age

Life Expectancy

Family

Parent: Barend Bongers
Mother: Anna Elisabeth Bordewijk

Education

Did Dina finish grade school, get a GED, go to high school, get a college degree or masters? What schools or universities did Dina attend? Add education.

Professions

koetsier

Military Service

It is unknown if Dina Lidia Bongers is a military veteran.

Middle name

Lidia

Maiden name

Unknown. Add maiden name

Surnames

Ethnicity

Unknown. Add Dina's ethnicity.

Nationality

Unknown. Add Dina's nationality.

Religion

Unknown. Was Dina a religious woman? Add Dina’s religion

Gender

Female

Family Photos

Pictures really do say a thousand words. Add photos of Dina during various points of her life.

Timeline

Want to know what happened during Dina Lidia Bongers's life? Enter her date of birth or date of death and you can see a timeline of events during her lifetime.

In 1888, Irishman John Robert Gregg published a pamphlet in the U.S., teaching his first version of shorthand - Gregg shorthand. When he improved on the first version and published it 5 years later, Gregg shorthand became popular.

In 1938, on October 30th, a Sunday, The Mercury Theatre on the Air broadcast Orson Welles' special Halloween show The War of the World's. A clever take on H.G. Wells' novel, the show began with simulated "breaking news" of an invasion by Martians. Because of the realistic nature of the "news," there was a public outcry the next day, calling for regulation by the FCC. Although the current story is that many were fooled and panicked, in reality very few people were fooled. But the show made Orson Welles' career.

In 1941, on June 25th, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 8802, prohibiting racial discrimination in the defense industry. EO 8802 was the first federal action to prohibit employment discrimination - without prejudice as to "race, creed, color, or national origin" - in the U.S. Civil Rights groups had planned a march on Washington D.C. to protest for equal rights but with the signing of the Order, they canceled the March.

In 1954, from April 22 through June 17th, the Army v. McCarthy hearings were held. The U.S. Army accused Roy Cohn (chief counsel to Senator McCarthy and later trusted mentor of Donald Trump) of blackmail. McCarthy and Cohn accused the U.S. Army of harboring communists. The Army allegations were found to be true. The U.S. Senate later censured McCarthy.

In 1970, on May 4th, four students at Kent State University in Ohio were shot and killed by National Guardsmen. The students were at a peaceful demonstration protesting the invasion of Cambodia by US forces. There had been precedent for the killing of American college students. The previous year, on May 15th, Alameda County Sheriffs used shotguns against U.C. Berkeley students at a protest for People's Park. One student died, one was blinded, 128 were injured.

Dina Lidia Bongers Family Tree

Who was Dina’s parents? Did she get married and did they have children? Share Dina’s family tree to share her legacy and genealogy pedigree.

You can add or remove people from Dina's family tree by clicking here.

Obituary

This obit of Dina Lidia Bongers is updated by the community. Edit this biography to contribute to her obituary. Include details such as cemetery, burial, newspaper obituary and grave or marker inscription if available.

There is no listed cause of death for Dina. She was born on September 4, 1861 in Noordwijk, Holland , Netherlands. Dina Lidia Bongers was born to Barend Bongers and Anna Elisabeth Bordewijk, and we currently have no other siblings in her family tree. We know that Dina Lidia Bongers had been residing in Leiden, Holland Netherlands.

Memories

What do you remember about Dina Lidia Bongers? Share your memories of special moments and stories you have heard about her. Or just leave a comment to show the world that Dina is remembered.

Write a comment

Other Records of Dina Lidia Bongers

ADVERTISEMENT BY ANCESTRY.COM

Session

View session

Bot? yes
Not logged in. (Login modal)
IP 54.161.116.225 United States (US) change

User Agent: CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/)

Mobile device? No

Environment

Environment: Production (live data)
Server: web5-2
Site: us
Cache default: memcache

Clear typeahead

$_COOKIE · $_SERVER

Active Splits

You can change your experiment groups as an admin/developer, and they will persist even if you switch to a regular user account.

Ancestry/MyHeritage: Mobile
split
Ancestry/MyHeritage: Surname
split
Affiliates
split
Archives/Ancestry
split
Requests 0.165737 s
3,952.4609 kB
Benchmark Min Max Average Total
"person/dina-lidia-bongers/191847265" (1)
0.116962 s
0.116962 s
0.116962 s
0.116962 s
2,873.9141 kB
2,873.9141 kB
2,873.9141 kB
2,873.9141 kB
"api/person/191847265" « "person/dina-lidia-bongers/191847265" (1)
0.006189 s
0.006189 s
0.006189 s
0.006189 s
468.0938 kB
468.0938 kB
468.0938 kB
468.0938 kB
"api/surname/bongers" « "person/dina-lidia-bongers/191847265" (1)
0.005422 s
0.005422 s
0.005422 s
0.005422 s
142.4297 kB
142.4297 kB
142.4297 kB
142.4297 kB
"api/person/191847265/photos" « "person/dina-lidia-bongers/191847265" (1)
0.002398 s
0.002398 s
0.002398 s
0.002398 s
52.0781 kB
52.0781 kB
52.0781 kB
52.0781 kB
"api/photos" « "api/person/191847265/photos" (1)
0.001204 s
0.001204 s
0.001204 s
0.001204 s
46.7891 kB
46.7891 kB
46.7891 kB
46.7891 kB
"api/discussion/person/191847265" « "person/dina-lidia-bongers/191847265" (1)
0.001133 s
0.001133 s
0.001133 s
0.001133 s
40.6484 kB
40.6484 kB
40.6484 kB
40.6484 kB
"api/users" « "api/discussion/person/191847265" (1)
0.000224 s
0.000224 s
0.000224 s
0.000224 s
20.3594 kB
20.3594 kB
20.3594 kB
20.3594 kB
"api/people" « "person/dina-lidia-bongers/191847265" (2)
0.002505 s
0.023156 s
0.012830 s
0.025661 s
41.4219 kB
169.2969 kB
105.3594 kB
210.7188 kB
"api/person/191847265/surnames" « "person/dina-lidia-bongers/191847265" (1)
0.002997 s
0.002997 s
0.002997 s
0.002997 s
35.7813 kB
35.7813 kB
35.7813 kB
35.7813 kB
"api/historicalevents" « "person/dina-lidia-bongers/191847265" (5)
0.000785 s
0.000929 s
0.000859 s
0.004295 s
13.3438 kB
25.9609 kB
17.8594 kB
89.2969 kB
Afapi 0.046533 s
878.9922 kB
Benchmark Min Max Average Total
GET person/191847265 (1)
0.005580 s
0.005580 s
0.005580 s
0.005580 s
408.8516 kB
408.8516 kB
408.8516 kB
408.8516 kB
GET surname/bongers (1)
0.005114 s
0.005114 s
0.005114 s
0.005114 s
120.3906 kB
120.3906 kB
120.3906 kB
120.3906 kB
GET person/191847265/photos (1)
0.002243 s
0.002243 s
0.002243 s
0.002243 s
45.5859 kB
45.5859 kB
45.5859 kB
45.5859 kB
GET photos (1)
0.000988 s
0.000988 s
0.000988 s
0.000988 s
20.8828 kB
20.8828 kB
20.8828 kB
20.8828 kB
GET discussion/person/191847265 (1)
0.000944 s
0.000944 s
0.000944 s
0.000944 s
22.0078 kB
22.0078 kB
22.0078 kB
22.0078 kB
GET users (1)
0.000019 s
0.000019 s
0.000019 s
0.000019 s
2.2656 kB
2.2656 kB
2.2656 kB
2.2656 kB
GET people (2)
0.002312 s
0.023001 s
0.012656 s
0.025313 s
21.4766 kB
162.8594 kB
92.1680 kB
184.3359 kB
GET person/191847265/surnames (1)
0.002837 s
0.002837 s
0.002837 s
0.002837 s
29.2891 kB
29.2891 kB
29.2891 kB
29.2891 kB
GET historicalevents (5)
0.000641 s
0.000765 s
0.000699 s
0.003495 s
6.8594 kB
12.1250 kB
9.0766 kB
45.3828 kB
Database (connect) 0.000554 s
0.8125 kB
Benchmark Min Max Average Total
Set "" (1)
0.000554 s
0.000554 s
0.000554 s
0.000554 s
0.8125 kB
0.8125 kB
0.8125 kB
0.8125 kB
Database (default) 0.066547 s
18.5938 kB
Benchmark Min Max Average Total
SELECT * FROM "person" WHERE "id" = '191847265' -- simplemodel person (3)
0.000547 s
0.002499 s
0.001207 s
0.003622 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
2.1094 kB
SELECT "id" FROM "surname" WHERE "safename" = 'bongers' -- simplemodel::_pkey_lookup surname (2)
0.000460 s
0.001470 s
0.000965 s
0.001930 s
0.7031 kB
0.7656 kB
0.7344 kB
1.4688 kB
SELECT * FROM "surname" WHERE "id" = '195967' -- simplemodel surname (1)
0.000590 s
0.000590 s
0.000590 s
0.000590 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT "photo"."id" FROM "photo_surname" INNER JOIN "photo" ON ("photo_surname"."photo_id" = "photo"."id") WHERE "photo_surname"."surname_id" = '195967' AND "photo"."status_id" = 1 ORDER BY "photo"."id" ASC LIMIT 1 (1)
0.000758 s
0.000758 s
0.000758 s
0.000758 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT * FROM "name" WHERE "id" = '55037571' -- simplemodel name (2)
0.000439 s
0.001677 s
0.001058 s
0.002116 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
1.4063 kB
SELECT "photo".* FROM "photo" JOIN "photo_person" AS "p" ON ("photo"."id" = "p"."photo_id") WHERE "photo"."status_id" = 1 AND "p"."person_id" = '191847265' ORDER BY "photo"."id" DESC LIMIT 15 (1)
0.000754 s
0.000754 s
0.000754 s
0.000754 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT * FROM "discussion_post" WHERE "thread_id" = 'person/191847265' AND "status_id" = 1 (1)
0.000523 s
0.000523 s
0.000523 s
0.000523 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT "relationship".* FROM "relationship_person" JOIN "relationship" ON ("relationship_person"."relationship_id" = "relationship"."id") WHERE "relationship_person"."person_id" = '191847265' (1)
0.003280 s
0.003280 s
0.003280 s
0.003280 s
0.9531 kB
0.9531 kB
0.9531 kB
0.9531 kB
SELECT * FROM "relationship_person" WHERE "relationship_id" IN (18313551) (1)
0.002856 s
0.002856 s
0.002856 s
0.002856 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT "id", "name", "first_name", "gender", "date_death", "status_id" FROM "person" WHERE "id" IN ('191847265', '191847266', '191847267') (1)
0.001086 s
0.001086 s
0.001086 s
0.001086 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT "source_id", "ref_key" FROM "person_source" WHERE "person_id" = '191847265' -- Source::person() (1)
0.001650 s
0.001650 s
0.001650 s
0.001650 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT "id" FROM "person" WHERE "name_id" = '55037571' AND "id" > '191847265' AND "status_id" = 1 ORDER BY "id" DESC LIMIT 20 -- bio: other people by name (1)
0.001223 s
0.001223 s
0.001223 s
0.001223 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT "person_id" FROM "surname_person" WHERE "surname_id" = '195967' AND "person_id" > '191847265' ORDER BY "person_id" ASC LIMIT 20 -- bio: other people by surname (1)
0.001245 s
0.001245 s
0.001245 s
0.001245 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT "id" FROM "person" WHERE "id" > '191847265' AND "status_id" = 1 ORDER BY "id" ASC LIMIT 20 -- bio: other people by id (1)
0.027565 s
0.027565 s
0.027565 s
0.027565 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT "id", "name", "date_birth", "date_death", "location_birth", "location_current", "location_death", "status_id" FROM "person" WHERE "id" IN ('191847266', '191847869', '191847870', '191847875', '191847876', '191911637', '191954309', '192221501', '191847740', '191848947', '191849891', '191850674', '191850804', '191851198', '191851202', '191851372', '191851383', '191851505', '191851549', '191851551', '191851688', '191851740', '191851764', '191851813', '191851873', '191851880', '191852078', '191852131') (1)
0.012837 s
0.012837 s
0.012837 s
0.012837 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT "year" FROM "historical_event" ORDER BY "year" ASC LIMIT 1 (1)
0.000649 s
0.000649 s
0.000649 s
0.000649 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT "year" FROM "historical_event" ORDER BY "year" DESC LIMIT 1 (1)
0.000790 s
0.000790 s
0.000790 s
0.000790 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT * FROM "historical_event" WHERE "year" IN ('1954') ORDER BY "year" ASC (1)
0.000565 s
0.000565 s
0.000565 s
0.000565 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT * FROM "historical_event" WHERE "year" IN ('1970') ORDER BY "year" ASC (1)
0.000611 s
0.000611 s
0.000611 s
0.000611 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT * FROM "historical_event" WHERE "year" IN ('1938') ORDER BY "year" ASC (1)
0.000659 s
0.000659 s
0.000659 s
0.000659 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT * FROM "historical_event" WHERE "year" IN ('1941') ORDER BY "year" ASC (1)
0.000557 s
0.000557 s
0.000557 s
0.000557 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT * FROM "historical_event" WHERE "year" IN ('1888') ORDER BY "year" ASC (1)
0.000681 s
0.000681 s
0.000681 s
0.000681 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
Afapi::after 0.000365 s
37.6563 kB
Benchmark Min Max Average Total
GET person/191847265 (1)
0.000105 s
0.000105 s
0.000105 s
0.000105 s
11.6563 kB
11.6563 kB
11.6563 kB
11.6563 kB
GET surname/bongers (1)
0.000021 s
0.000021 s
0.000021 s
0.000021 s
1.9609 kB
1.9609 kB
1.9609 kB
1.9609 kB
GET photos (1)
0.000020 s
0.000020 s
0.000020 s
0.000020 s
1.9688 kB
1.9688 kB
1.9688 kB
1.9688 kB
GET person/191847265/photos (1)
0.000017 s
0.000017 s
0.000017 s
0.000017 s
1.9531 kB
1.9531 kB
1.9531 kB
1.9531 kB
GET users (1)
0.000020 s
0.000020 s
0.000020 s
0.000020 s
1.9688 kB
1.9688 kB
1.9688 kB
1.9688 kB
GET discussion/person/191847265 (1)
0.000017 s
0.000017 s
0.000017 s
0.000017 s
1.9531 kB
1.9531 kB
1.9531 kB
1.9531 kB
GET people (2)
0.000020 s
0.000021 s
0.000021 s
0.000041 s
1.9688 kB
1.9688 kB
1.9688 kB
3.9375 kB
GET person/191847265/surnames (1)
0.000021 s
0.000021 s
0.000021 s
0.000021 s
1.9531 kB
1.9531 kB
1.9531 kB
1.9531 kB
GET historicalevents (5)
0.000019 s
0.000024 s
0.000021 s
0.000103 s
1.9609 kB
2.4609 kB
2.0609 kB
10.3047 kB
Cache (memcache) 0.005821 s
287.2500 kB
Benchmark Min Max Average Total
Get "surname_195967 v18-1" (2)
0.000348 s
0.001131 s
0.000739 s
0.001479 s
5.6328 kB
34.8438 kB
20.2383 kB
40.4766 kB
Set "surname_195967 v18-1" for 0s (1)
0.000360 s
0.000360 s
0.000360 s
0.000360 s
1.4297 kB
1.4297 kB
1.4297 kB
1.4297 kB
Get "AFAPI_Controller_Person::related_surnames(191847265) surname_list 2013-11-12 22:56:09" (1)
0.000316 s
0.000316 s
0.000316 s
0.000316 s
0.3828 kB
0.3828 kB
0.3828 kB
0.3828 kB
Set "AFAPI_Controller_Person::related_surnames(191847265) surname_list 2013-11-12 22:56:09" for 86400s (1)
0.000374 s
0.000374 s
0.000374 s
0.000374 s
0.7188 kB
0.7188 kB
0.7188 kB
0.7188 kB
Get "source::person(191847265)" (1)
0.000304 s
0.000304 s
0.000304 s
0.000304 s
0.4453 kB
0.4453 kB
0.4453 kB
0.4453 kB
Set "source::person(191847265)" for 3600s (1)
0.000332 s
0.000332 s
0.000332 s
0.000332 s
0.4297 kB
0.4297 kB
0.4297 kB
0.4297 kB
Get "Source::_sources_from_cache v3" (1)
0.000432 s
0.000432 s
0.000432 s
0.000432 s
41.6719 kB
41.6719 kB
41.6719 kB
41.6719 kB
Get "surname_stats_195967 v3-1" (1)
0.000402 s
0.000402 s
0.000402 s
0.000402 s
6.3359 kB
6.3359 kB
6.3359 kB
6.3359 kB
Get "assets_manifest" (1)
0.001058 s
0.001058 s
0.001058 s
0.001058 s
172.8750 kB
172.8750 kB
172.8750 kB
172.8750 kB
Get "geolocator.lookup.54.161.116.225" (1)
0.000344 s
0.000344 s
0.000344 s
0.000344 s
1.1250 kB
1.1250 kB
1.1250 kB
1.1250 kB
Get "experiments.10" (1)
0.000421 s
0.000421 s
0.000421 s
0.000421 s
21.3594 kB
21.3594 kB
21.3594 kB
21.3594 kB
Get api/photos 0.000890 s
15.0781 kB
Benchmark Min Max Average Total
db query (1)
0.000842 s
0.000842 s
0.000842 s
0.000842 s
1.9453 kB
1.9453 kB
1.9453 kB
1.9453 kB
to reps (1)
0.000048 s
0.000048 s
0.000048 s
0.000048 s
13.1328 kB
13.1328 kB
13.1328 kB
13.1328 kB
Autorender 0.013039 s
1,060.1875 kB
Benchmark Min Max Average Total
site/person/index (1)
0.014977 s
0.014977 s
0.014977 s
0.014977 s
1,126.5078 kB
1,126.5078 kB
1,126.5078 kB
1,126.5078 kB
View::render 0.010732 s
434.1797 kB
Benchmark Min Max Average Total
private/application/views/templates/shared/google_analytics.php (1)
0.000017 s
0.000017 s
0.000017 s
0.000017 s
0.8516 kB
0.8516 kB
0.8516 kB
0.8516 kB
private/application/views/site/ads/dfp.php (9)
0.000021 s
0.000042 s
0.000027 s
0.000246 s
0.6563 kB
0.7969 kB
0.6771 kB
6.0938 kB
private/modules/clientmessage/views/clientmessage/html.php (1)
0.000012 s
0.000012 s
0.000012 s
0.000012 s
0.7656 kB
0.7656 kB
0.7656 kB
0.7656 kB
private/application/views/site/person/index/description-text.php (1)
0.000201 s
0.000201 s
0.000201 s
0.000201 s
3.8594 kB
3.8594 kB
3.8594 kB
3.8594 kB
private/application/views/site/ads/affiliates/person/records-list.php (2)
0.000174 s
0.000601 s
0.000387 s
0.000775 s
3.2813 kB
10.8359 kB
7.0586 kB
14.1172 kB
private/application/views/site/ads/affiliates/person/records-inline.php (2)
0.000014 s
0.000019 s
0.000016 s
0.000033 s
0.5703 kB
0.7344 kB
0.6523 kB
1.3047 kB
private/application/views/shared/familytree/relationships.php (1)
0.000267 s
0.000267 s
0.000267 s
0.000267 s
11.5938 kB
11.5938 kB
11.5938 kB
11.5938 kB
private/application/views/shared/familytree/parents.php (1)
0.000229 s
0.000229 s
0.000229 s
0.000229 s
10.2344 kB
10.2344 kB
10.2344 kB
10.2344 kB
private/application/views/shared/familytree/person.php (3)
0.000021 s
0.000028 s
0.000024 s
0.000071 s
1.0000 kB
1.1484 kB
1.0938 kB
3.2813 kB
private/application/views/shared/familytree/person-mobile.php (2)
0.000012 s
0.000015 s
0.000014 s
0.000027 s
0.7031 kB
0.8359 kB
0.7695 kB
1.5391 kB
private/modules/afapi/views/afapi/discussion/form-row.php (1)
0.000356 s
0.000356 s
0.000356 s
0.000356 s
4.0469 kB
4.0469 kB
4.0469 kB
4.0469 kB
private/modules/afapi/views/afapi/discussion/form.php (1)
0.000015 s
0.000015 s
0.000015 s
0.000015 s
1.0625 kB
1.0625 kB
1.0625 kB
1.0625 kB
private/modules/afapi/views/afapi/discussion/posts.php (1)
0.000021 s
0.000021 s
0.000021 s
0.000021 s
0.7188 kB
0.7188 kB
0.7188 kB
0.7188 kB
private/application/views/site/ads/ancestry/surname-widget.php (1)
0.000044 s
0.000044 s
0.000044 s
0.000044 s
1.2031 kB
1.2031 kB
1.2031 kB
1.2031 kB
private/application/views/site/shared/social_links.php (1)
0.000014 s
0.000014 s
0.000014 s
0.000014 s
1.2109 kB
1.2109 kB
1.2109 kB
1.2109 kB
private/application/views/dev/panel.php (1)
0.006687 s
0.006687 s
0.006687 s
0.006687 s
300.6406 kB
300.6406 kB
300.6406 kB
300.6406 kB
private/application/views/dev/panel/session.php (1)
0.003303 s
0.003303 s
0.003303 s
0.003303 s
20.4375 kB
20.4375 kB
20.4375 kB
20.4375 kB
private/application/views/dev/panel/experiments.php (1)
0.000071 s
0.000071 s
0.000071 s
0.000071 s
4.6563 kB
4.6563 kB
4.6563 kB
4.6563 kB
private/system/views/profiler/stats.php (1)
0.002829 s
0.002829 s
0.002829 s
0.002829 s
220.1875 kB
220.1875 kB
220.1875 kB
220.1875 kB
Application Execution (173) 0.020905 s 0.321223 s 0.085787 s 0.122702 s
2,057.2969 kB 4,529.9141 kB 3,316.7422 kB 3,724.9922 kB

Refresh Hearts Stats

This refresh heart stats for the day

Registration Tracking

Referrer
Int. Referrer (auth):
People viewed (1): 191847265 clear
Surnames viewed (0): clear