Jack Hardy Taylor (1924 - 1945)

Jack Hardy Taylor
1924 - 1945
updated October 04, 2019
Jack Hardy Taylor was born on June 6, 1924. He was born to Doris (Bates) Taylor. He died on February 28, 1945 at age 20.

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Jack Hardy Taylor Biography

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Most Commonly Known Name

Jack Hardy Taylor

First name

Jack

Middle name

Hardy

Last Name(s)

Nickname(s) or aliases

Gender

Male

Birth

Jack Taylor was born on

Death

Jack Taylor died on

Cause of death

Murdered by German Home Guard after landing his Hawkertyphoon1b in a field due to engine trouble

Burial / Funeral

Reichswald Forest War Cemetery 26. E. 4., in Germany

Obituary

Unknown.

Ethnicity & Lineage

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Nationality & Locations Lived

Unknown.

Religion

Unknown. Was Jack a religious man?

Last Known Residence

Unknown. Did Jack move a lot? Where was his last known location?

Education

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Professions

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Personal Life & Organizations

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Military Service

Service number: 123032
Rank: Flight Lieutenant
Regiment: Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve
Unit/ship/squadron: 182 Sqdn.

On 28 February 1945 at 08.45 am Squadron Leader Slug Murray left from Airfield B78 Eindhoven with six Hawker Typhoon fighter-bombers for an armed reconnaissance flight to the Bremen-Osnabrück area.

Flight Lieutenant Jack Taylor led the Blue section. His number 2 was Warrant Officer Bill Cuthbertson, who’s plane had been shot with in October in the year before in Sevenum NL, but with help from the underground resistance returned with his unit in Eindhoven. During this reconnaissance flight they saw a freight train in the vicinity of Bahnhof Drohne. Two aircraft from the Typhoons group carried out an attack on this train. It was Bill Cuthbertson and Jack Taylor, while the rest of the group gave top cover from. Suddenly there was a call from Jack - "I’ve been hit". - Bill cirled around Jack’s plane to see how his emergency landing would take place, but he too was hit by flak. Both made a successful emergency

landing on the Bohmter Heide and climbed unharmed from their cockpits. Their mates up in the sky also saw from there that the train that had stopped along the main railway line, was equipped with anti-aircraft weapons and that anti-aircraft guns were hidden in the woods around. The unfortunate Bill Cuthbertson and Jack Taylor were captured quite quickly after the crash and disarmed by members of the Volkssturm. They were then taken to Polizeiposten Bohmte, where Volkssturmführer F. König decided to kill both pilots. He and Volkssturm member August Bühning, his brother Friedrich and yet another involved took the two British pilots to a forest near Bohmte and by noon they were murdered with 8 to 12 pistol shots. The bodies of both pilots were thrown into a hastily dug pit and covered with branches. They told the Gendarmeriemeister later that they had shot both pilots during a flight attempt. Jack Taylor and Bill Cuthbertson were later reburied at Neuer Friedhof Lingen. In 1947 they found their permanent resting place at Reichswald Forest War Cemetery in Kleve (D)

The actual perpetrators, Volkssturmführer König and August Bühning were sentenced to death by the British Army Court on 19 December 1945. The judgment for König and for August Bühning was done by hanging both. For Ortsgruppenleiter Friedrich Bühning and the other accomplice, the earlier death sentence was later converted into a life sentence and finally in 1959 to acquittal.

Sources: Book Mayday Mayday Mayday from Hub Groeneveld

Book Typhoon Attack by Norman L.R. Franks

Book Typhoons Wings by Chris Thomas

Book Der Landkreis Wittlage 1933-1972

182 Squadron

R.A.F. Fighter Command.

Commonwealth War Graves Commission

SGLO

Average Age

Life Expectancy

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Jack Hardy Taylor Family Tree

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Jack Hardy Taylor

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Jack's Family Photos

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Jack Taylor Obituary

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Jack Hardy Taylor passed away on February 28, 1945 at 20 years of age. He was buried in Reichswald Forest War Cemetery 26. E. 4., Germany. Jack was born on June 6, 1924. He was born to Doris (Bates) Taylor.
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1924 - 1945 World Events

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In 1924, in the year that Jack Hardy Taylor was born, in May, wealthy college students Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb kidnapped and killed 14 year old Robert Franks "in the interest of science". Leopold and Loeb thought that they were intellectually superior and that they could commit the perfect crime and not be caught. They were brought in for questioning within 8 days and quickly confessed. Clarence Darrow was hired as their defense lawyer, getting them life imprisonment instead of a death sentence. Loeb was eventually killed in prison - Leopold was released after 33 years, dying of a heart attack at age 66.

In 1930, when he was merely 6 years old, as head of the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America, William Hays established a code of decency that outlined what was acceptable in films. The public - and government - had felt that films in the '20's had become increasingly risque and that the behavior of its stars was becoming scandalous. Laws were being passed. In response, the heads of the movie studios adopted a voluntary "code", hoping to head off legislation. The first part of the code prohibited "lowering the moral standards of those who see it", called for depictions of the "correct standards of life", and forbade a picture from showing any sort of ridicule towards a law or "creating sympathy for its violation". The second part dealt with particular behavior in film such as homosexuality, the use of specific curse words, and miscegenation.

In 1938, when he was only 14 years old, on June 25th (a Saturday) the Fair Labor Standards Act was signed into law by President Roosevelt (along with 120 other bills). The Act banned oppressive child labor, set the minimum hourly wage at 25 cents, and established the maximum workweek at 44 hours. It faced a lot of opposition and in fighting for it, Roosevelt said "Do not let any calamity-howling executive with an income of $1,000 a day, ...tell you...that a wage of $11 a week is going to have a disastrous effect on all American industry."

In 1945, in the year of Jack Hardy Taylor's passing, on April 12th, President Franklin D. Roosevelt died of a cerebral hemorrhage in Warm Springs, Georgia. At 1p, he was sitting for a portrait when he complained that he had a "terrific pain" in the back of his head and collapsed. A doctor was summoned and the doctor gave him a shot of adrenaline into his heart. It didn't help and he was pronounced dead at 3:30 p.m. A slow moving train took him back to Washington D.C. while thousands of mourners lined the tracks. He was buried at his home in Hyde Park, New York.

Other Biographies

Other Jack Taylors

around 1920 - Mar 22, 1943
around 1921 - Dec 24, 1940
around 1897 - Nov 21, 1918
around 1922 - Apr 12, 1943
Unknown - Feb 20, 1944
around 1910 - Mar 13, 1945

Other Taylors

around 1910 - Mar 13, 1945
Unknown - Feb 20, 1944
around 1922 - Apr 12, 1943
around 1897 - Nov 21, 1918
around 1921 - Dec 24, 1940
around 1920 - Mar 22, 1943
around 1883 - Aug 10, 1918
around 1891 - Apr 14, 1915
Unknown - Sep 29, 1916
around 1887 - May 22, 1917
around 1891 - Sep 1, 1915
around 1885 - Aug 1, 1917
around 1895 - Oct 13, 1918
around 1889 - May 6, 1917
around 1890 - Sep 21, 1918
around 1889 - Dec 13, 1916
around 1886 - Oct 22, 1918
around 1892 - Mar 28, 1917
around 1895 - Jun 17, 1916
around 1886 - Apr 21, 1915

Other Bios

around 1910 - Mar 13, 1945
Unknown - Feb 20, 1944
around 1922 - Apr 12, 1943
around 1897 - Nov 21, 1918
around 1921 - Dec 24, 1940
around 1920 - Mar 22, 1943
around 1883 - Aug 10, 1918
around 1891 - Apr 14, 1915
Unknown - Sep 29, 1916
around 1887 - May 22, 1917
around 1891 - Sep 1, 1915
around 1885 - Aug 1, 1917
around 1895 - Oct 13, 1918
around 1889 - May 6, 1917
around 1890 - Sep 21, 1918
around 1889 - Dec 13, 1916
around 1886 - Oct 22, 1918
around 1892 - Mar 28, 1917
around 1895 - Jun 17, 1916
around 1886 - Apr 21, 1915
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