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James Rutherford Matthewson (1915 - 1974)

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James Rutherford Matthewson
1915 - 1974
Born
1915
Death
1974
Bal, Australia
Last Known Residence
Bal, Australia
Summary
James Rutherford Matthewson was born in 1915. He is the child of Valentine Matthewson and Mary Dowsett Matthewson. He died in 1974 in Bal, Australia at age 59.
Updated: September 4, 2013
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James Rutherford Matthewson
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James Rutherford Matthewson passed away in 1974 in Bal, Australia at age 59. He was born in 1915. He is the child of Valentine Matthewson and Mary Dowsett Matthewson.
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Refresh this page to see various historical events that occurred during James' lifetime.

In 1915, in the year that James Rutherford Matthewson was born, the Germans first used poison gas as a weapon at the second Battle of Ypres during World War I. While noxious gases had been used since ancient times, this was the first use of poisonous gas - in this case, lethal chlorine gas - in modern war. Subsequently, the French and British - as well as the United States when they entered World War 1 - developed and used lethal gas in war.

In 1923, by the time he was only 8 years old, the Teapot Dome scandal became the subject of an investigation by Senator Walsh and severely damaged the reputation of the Harding administration. Secretary of the Interior Albert Bacon Fall was convicted of accepting bribes from oil companies and became the first Cabinet member to go to prison. At the time, the Teapot Dome scandal was seen as "greatest and most sensational scandal in the history of American politics".

In 1940, James was 25 years old when on November 5th, President Franklin Roosevelt was elected to a third term, defeating Wendell Willkie of Indiana (a corporate lawyer). Roosevelt running for a third term was controversial. But the U.S. was emerging from the Great Recession and he promised that he would not involve the country in any foreign war (which of course changed when Japan bombed Pearl Harbor). Roosevelt defeated Willkie in the popular vote by 54.7 to 44.8% and in the Electoral College 449 to 82.

In 1967, when he was 52 years old, on November 7th, President Johnson signed legislation passed by Congress that created the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB), which would later become PBS and NPR. The legislation required CPB to operate with a "strict adherence to objectivity and balance in all programs or series of programs of a controversial nature".

In 1974, in the year of James Rutherford Matthewson's passing, on February 5th, Patty Hearst, age 19 - granddaughter of William Randolph Hearst and daughter of publisher of the San Francisco Examiner Randolph Hearst - was kidnapped by the Symbionese Liberation Army, a left wing terrorist group. She was found, alive, 19 months later.

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