Brieba's family Coat of Arms is of Logroño, La Rioja, Spain which was enacted in Asturias, a small northwestern Catholic Iberian kingdom, who initiated the Reconquista (the "reconquest") soon after the Islamic conquest in the 8th century to rid Spain of the muslim/moorish invaders.
The Reconquista began with the Battle of Covadonga, in which a Visigothic élite, led by Pelagius, defeated an Islamic army and established his authority over a region in the north of the peninsula, the Kingdom of Asturias.
Brieba's are historically linked to Alfonso I (1073/1074 – 8 September 1134), the Battler or the Warrior, king of Aragon and Navarre, grandiose Emperor of Spain, who was a passionate fighting-man who fought twenty-nine battles against Christians and Moors, earning their sobriquet in the Reconquista with military successes in the middle Ebro, where they conquered Zaragoza in 1118 and took Ejea, Tudela, Calatayud, Borja, Tarazona, Daroca, and Monreal del Campo.
Alfonso the Battler died after an unsuccessful battle with the Muslims at the Battle of Fraga.Brieba's maintain the nobility title "Grande" of the Iberian high aristocracy; literally "Great, Grand", used by Spanish nobility by extension of land owning, long-time resident in an area, freedom from taxation, immunity from arrest—as they were the major justice officers in their regions, and in certain cases, the right to renounce their allegiance and to make war on the king. Being a grandee formerly implied certain privileges, notably that of the ancient uses of remaining covered or seated in the presence of royalty.
The Grandes de España (Grandees of Spain) are divided into three classes:Brieba's remained those who spoke to the king and received his reply with their heads covered. Addressed by the king as mi Primo (my cousin). Grandees are entitled to the style of 'Most Excellent Lord' or 'His Excellency'.
The name Brieva can be divided in two to understand it's meaning.
Brie is a soft cow's milk cheese named after Brie, the French region from which it originated (roughly corresponding to the modern département of Seine-et-Marne) but the word itself means "Exalted".
The Spanish word "va" = "IS GOING (to)
The Battle of Brienne was fought on January 29, 1814, and resulted in the victory of Emperor Napoleon I's French forces over the Russian and Prussian forces commanded by the Prussian Generalfeldmarschall Prince von Blücher.
The battle followed on the heels of reverses suffered by the French in both 1812, which had gutted the strength of the French, and 1813, where they fought against the Sixth Coalition. The Sixth Coalition had intentions of deposing Napoleon, dissolving the First French Empire and restoring the Bourbon monarchy to France.
It was in this battle that an unknown contingent of Basques fought and secured Napolean's victory in return to be left alone.
Brienne is of French origin and means "strong, honorable"
The Basque race is of unknown origin inhabiting the Basque provinces and other parts of Spain in the neighborhood of the Pyrenees, and part of the department of Basses-Pyrénées, France. The language of the Basques is suppose to represent the tongue of the ancient Iberians, the primitive inhabitants of Spain. No connection between it and any other language has as yet been made out. Like the tongues of America, it is highly polysynthetic. It is supposed to represent the tongue of a race existing in southwestern Europe before the immigration of the Indo-European tribes, therefore, to understand the true meaning of the name Brieva is not possible.
Nationality & Ethnicity
The last name Brieba is from the Basque region of Spain and France. Brieba is a misspelling which first occurred on 5/15/1895 when Eduard Brieba, who along with 68 passengers on board the ship, Seguranca, enroute to Mexico had stopped by Ellis Island where custom officials misspelled the actual name which is Brieva, mispronouncing the 'v' as 'b'.
Brieva is a municipality located in the province of Segovia, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 71 inhabitants. These are among the most isolated of Basques which had defeated and chased the Moors out of Spain to Jerez de la Frontera across the Rock of Gibraltar back to the african continent, during the Reconquista 'Reconquest'. The Recapturing, is a centuries-long period in the Middle Ages in which several Christian kingdoms succeeded in conquering the Iberian Peninsula from the Islamic kingdoms collectively known as Al-Andalus.
Today.. the Sovereign Military Order of Teutonic Knights Templar of Gibraltar is based on this movement.
The Basques may not be who we think they are
Basque is not related to any other language in the world; it is a linguistic isolate. There have been attempts to connect Basque languages to others, specifically japanese.
So where did Basque come from? A common assumption is that Basque is the autochthonous speech of the Iberian peninsula, perhaps related to the pre-Latin dialects extent to the south and east of the peninsula (the Romans arrived on the scene at a time when Spain was also partially dominated by Celtic tribes). Many go further and assert that the Basques are the pure descendants of the first modern humans to arrive on the European continent, heirs of the Cro-Magnums.
In terms of historical genetics these assumptions result in the Basque population be used as a “reference” for the indigenous component of the European ancestry which reaches back to the Last Glacial Maximum, and expanded from the Iberian refugium after the ice retreated.
One of reasons for the assumption of Basque antiquity & purity are genetic peculiarities of the Basques. Foremost among them is that the Basque seem to have the highest frequency of Rh- in the world, primarily because of the high frequency of the null allele within the population (it is a recessively expressed trait). Rh- is very rare outside of Europe, but its frequency exhibits a west-east gradient even within the continent. It has been suggested that the mixing of Rh- and Rh+ blood groups reflects the mixing of hunter-gatherers and farmers in after the Ice Age. The Basque region was cordoned off. The blood group was widely collected in the early 20th century. Because of the early knowledge of this heritable trait you have a lot of weird anthropological theories which hinge around blood group genetics having emerged in the early 20th century.
Basques are a cultural isolate, and, according to mainly allele frequencies of classical polymorphisms, also a genetic isolate. Basque-vs-non-Basque differences, as well as the European HGDP sample. They limited it to 109 SNPs which were the most informative out of the hundreds of thousands on the chip. There is no real difference between Basques and non-Basques. One thing to remember is that it’s rather well attested that the Basque dialects were more widespread in the early historical period than they are today, so there are many Spanish speaking residents of Navarre and French Gascons who are almost certainly descendants of Basque speakers. Nonetheless, there’s a sharp bifurcation that you’d expect from the total national samples which might point to a cryptic Basque & non-Basque genetic chasm.
Because of ancient DNA extraction the historical genetic history of Europe is in flux right now. Uniparental haplogroups which in the early aughts were presumed to be relics of the hunter-gatherer substrate may not be that at all. The new research on R1b suggesting that it originated in Anatolia, and its high frequency in the Basques also puts into doubt the idea that the Basques are pure descendants of Paleolithic Europeans.
Why did people think that the Basque were so special?
Mostly because their language is special. It is non-Indo-European. It seems that at the time of the Roman conquest much of Spain, especially away from the coastal Mediterranean fringe, was undergoing a process of Celticization. Eventually Indo-Europeanization was completed by the Romans through the spread of Latin. But, the loci of Roman cultural expansion were colonies which were concentrated along the coastal regions of the Mediterranean. Iberia which faced the ocean was a marginal frontier where Latinization seems to have proceeded rather slowly and fitfully until the Western Empire collapsed. With the re-barbarization of inland and Atlantic Iberia the Basques managed to carve out a niche for themselves as forceful actors (they famously harried the troops of Charlemagne as they returned to France after their expedition in northern Iberia).
Behind mountains on the fringes of Europe and against the ocean the Basques evaded Indo-Europeanization. There are plenty of candidates for non-Indo-European languages across Europe, generally known from isolated inscriptions, but whatever the truth of it is seems that in the few thousand years before Christ Indo-European dialects spread across most of the continent. Only in Iberia did the process occur late enough so we catch glimmers of it in the textual record. It may be that the Finnic people of northeast Europe are also pre-Indo-European, preserved by the peculiar ecology of their region (the other model is that the Finns are themselves newcomers who pushed along the Arctic fringe from the Urals) American Basques are very proud of their distinctive heritage. It is notable that none of them identify as Latino or Hispanic, or claim Spanish heritage. They are most definitely Basque, which are different. Latinos or Hispanics can be Whites, Asians, Blacks , Natives, Middle Eastern, Pacific Islanders or of mixed heritages thanks to massive immigrations from many countries. The countries in Latin America have similar backgrounds because they were colonies of Spain (except Brazil), but every one of them has a distinct history that makes the different cultures unique. The argument about “what is a hispanic” is kind of moronic since the group was pretty much invented by the racist us census in 1970, but it can, or can’t, include people whose origins are from Espana. The only question is where the third branch of the Uralic family, the Samoyedic languages, sits: just outside Finno-Ugric (the current mainstream view) or just inside (in which case the term is redundant with Uralic). The current reconstructions of Proto-Finno-Ugric and of Proto-Uralic are very similar, which makes some linguists wonder. Writing is about 5000 years old, and history depends on writing, so before about 3-4000 BC was all prehistory, and prehistory extends to much more recent times in much of the work. Cave paintings are unquestionably human, and they go back 30,000 years. So that means that since then we have 5,000 years of history and 25,000 years of prehistory, 5x as much. It is often assumed that illiterate peoples (without history) also were without history in the sense of change (static, timeless, etc.) There’s no reason for this. It’s just an opportunistic methodological assumption made to keep people from wasting time thinking about things there’s no evidence for. It has little or no empirical content. We know that the Bantus, the Malays, the Turks, and the Western Europeans have moved long distances in historical times. Maybe the Basques did too, in prehistory. All we really know is that they were there before the Celts. Picking it up from the other end, besides the Basques., the Lapps, the Sardinians, and the Icelanders as the most genetically distinct European peoples. The Basques seem to be an ancient survival, the Lapps are either a survival or migrants from a nearby area, the Sardinians are a combination of an ancient survival and the island effect. But the unique Icelandic gene pool was created by processes we know of historically (island effect and founder effect) during a period of only 1000 years. Is it so hard to see where the Basques are from? Basques could be culturally isolated and genetically integrated at the same time. The recent studies that say the Irish and the British are – genetically – one people. How does that work? Geographic proximity means intermarriages will happen, but the culture has some reinforcing effects which quiet the influence of outsider parents. That leaves the question of their origins still wide open. A PCA graph showing a clean separation between French and Spanish Basques is very counter-intuitive. Basque people straddle the Pyrenees mountains. In linguistics there has been so much speculation about the Basques that it’s become a standing joke. There’s probably been some decent work done, but most of it is haphazard and amateurish. The latest proof that the Basque is related to Iberian / Etruscan / Pictish / Sumerian / Minoan / Tibetan / Isthmus Zapotec / Martia and discovery that Basque is the secret key to understanding the Ogam inscriptions / the Phaistos disc / the Easter Island carvings / the Egyptian Book of the Dead / the Qabbala / the prophecies of Nostradamus are comical. The Basque is the ancestral language of all humankind, a remnant of the speech of lost Atlantis, the language of the vanished civilization of Antarctica, evidence of visitors from Proxima Centauri. 109 “highly informative” SNPs out of hundreds of thousands is combining some genuinely different ones with others that are just the tail of random statistical noise in a small sample. The geographic distribution of Celtic cultures in the NW corner of Spain, NW France, W/N in UK shows that previous cultures survival is more likely when defended by mountains and the sea.
These are the earliest records we have of the Brieba family.