Hargrave Family History & Genealogy

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Bev Gillihan Capt. Willis HARGRAVE's Company
We, the undersigned, being formed into a company of mounted volunteers, under the command of Willis HARGRAVE, as Captain, tender to your Excellency our services, to perform a tour of duty against the Indians on the frontiers of Illinois Territory, and hold ourselves in readiness to march at a minute's warning to any point you may direct.
Hargrave, Hezekiah
Hezekiah Hargrave was a Revolutionary War Soldier. He served in the 4th South Carolina Regiment under George Washington.
His service record was taken from Colonial & State Records, Vol. 16, Private 1085 - 10th Reg. Brevards Co. - 1782. 18 Months service
Hezekiah is buried in Warrick County, Indiana at Gray's Chapel Cemetery. This line is DAR proved.
Annuttaliga DAR members have established their direct descent from the following patriot:

John Robert Hargrave, Sr.
was born November 23, 1755 in, South Carolina
died October 30, 1834 in , Union County, ILL.
1832, Filed for Rev War Pension in Jonesboro, Union Co., Illinois.
Military service: Rev War - 1775 to 1782- NC and SC. He enlisted in 1776 for two and one half months with Capt. Dennis Haukins, and Col. Daniel Horry. Then, in 1780, he enlisted for ten months with Capt. Thomas Hemphill and Col. Francis Locke. In 1781 he enlisted for six months with Capt. Francis Boykin and Col. Charles Middleton. He was in the battles of Ramsour's Mill and Eutaw Springs. He came to Union County, Illinois in 1809 and was pensioned.
Buried in Union County, Illinois, Anna Cemetery

Declaration for Revolutionary War Pension of John Hargrave, Sr.
State of Illinois
Union County Declaration in order to obtain
the benefit of an Act of Congress dated June 7th 1832 On this 20th day of October 1832 personally appeared in open court before the Hon. Tho. C. Browne, Judge of the circuit court of Union County now sitting, John Hargrave resident of said county and state, aged 77 years on the 23rd Nov. next being born in 1755, having now no record of his age, who, being sworn according to law, doth on his oath make the following declaration, in order to obtain the benefits of an Act of Congress dated June 7th 1832. That he entered the service of the United States under the following named officers & served as herein stated: This applicant states that he was born in South Carolina near the state line of N&S Carolina in 1755 where he lived until he volunteered in the service of his country in '75. That sometime in the summer of 1775 when the Tories arose in the back part of the state there was a call for men & that he volunteered under one Capt. Dennis Hawkins & One Col. Daniel Horry, and stood in readiness for service at a minutes warning, being called minute men. That sometime in the following summer '76 he was ordered to march to Wilmington but before they reached Wilmington they met an army under the command of Gen. Lee marching southward which, when they had joined it, received an express to turn it's course immediately for Charleston as it was expected that the British Fleet would attempt to land, that when he arrived at Charleston the fleet of the enemy was anchored in what was then called the five fathom hole. That he was one of 500 volunteers placed on Sullivan's Island or Fort Moultrie, to watch the British & prevent them from landing. That after the British left he was discharged and was about returning home, when some man offered him the usual wages to take his place which he accepted & served something like a month, having served before but about 6 or 7 weeks. That after this he did no more service until the year '80 except having removed to the frontier part of the state he and others had to defend themselves against Indians, Cherokees. He further states that in June of the year '80 he again volunteered under one Capt. Thomas Hemphill & Col. Francis Lock, for the purpose of fighting the Tories who were very numerous. That having got together about 400 they heard that the Tories had taken Maj. (then) Edward Hampton & John Russell Lieut. & had condemned them to be hanged, but that they, having determined to rescue them, met the Tories 1400 or 1500 in number at a place Called Ramsour's Mill & defeating them took all their baggage & made something like 100 of them prisoners as well as he recollects. That he continued in this kind of service off & on til '81 probably in the month of April when he again volunteered under one Francis Boykin as Capt. & Col. Charles Middleton for ten months as horsemen or mounted men. That he marched under these officers to Fort Granby on the Congeree River which they took from the British Tories. That in this manner he was engaged for some time in taking several other Forts on the same river such as Fort Mott on the same river & Orange Fort on the Edisto River. In this manner were they employed through the summer until September probably the 9th he was at the battle of the Eutaw Springs Gen. Greene being the chief commander. That they drove the British from their camp about three quarters of a mile when they were met by a reinforcement when they turned the game upon us and we were in turn forced to retreat & they again occupied the original battle ground. That after this battle was over sometime in the October following after having been in this service about six months, he hired a substitute, obtained a discharge & returned home. He further states this to have been the last of his service. That he continued to live in N&S Carolina until the year '97 when he removed to Kentucky, Logan Cty. where he lived until 1809 when he came to Union County, Illinois where he has resided ever since & now resides. That before he left South Carolina his house was burned, he rather thinks by a Tory & all his discharges were thus destroyed. He further states that he has no documentary evidence & that he knows of no person whose testimony he can procure, who can testify to his services. That he hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to pension or annuity except the present & declares that his name is not on the pension roll of the Agency of any state.
Sworn to the day & year aforesaid
John Hargrave
10th Regiment--Illinois State Milita
Robert Hargrave
ENLISTED: 27 Nov 1821
Union County ILLINOIS in the Mexican War
Co F of the 2nd Regiment mustered on 13 July 1846 and discharged on 10 aug 1847
Sgt Abram Hargrave
Hargrave, Alfred J., Pvt, Co. L
Hargrave, Harvey L., Sgt, Co. L
Hargrave, Hezekiah A., Pvt, Co. L
Hargrave, John Howard, Cpl, Co. L
48th Illinois Infantry Company H
2/19/64 PVT MUSTERED OUT 8/15/65
8/14/62 PVT MUSTERED OUT 8/15/65
HARGRAVE, THOMAS - Age, 25 years. Enlisted, July 28, 1861, at Newburgh, to serve 3 years; mustered in as private, Co. B, August 16, 1861; wounded, May 31, 1862, at Fair Oaks, Va.; discharged for wounds, February 16, 1863.

Hargrave, Andrew J
11th Regiment, Illinois Infantry

Hargrave, Andrew J.
109th Regiment, Illinois Infantry

Hargrave, Charles P.
6th Regiment, Illinois Cavalry

Hargrave, Ebenezer B.
3rd Regiment, Illinois Cavalry

Hargrave, George W.
120th Regiment, Illinois Infantry

Hargrave, George W.
1st Regiment, Illinois Cavalry

Hargrave, Hezekiah
48th Regiment, Illinois Infantry

Hargrave, James S
12th Regiment, Illinois Cavalry

Hargrave, John
12th Regiment, Illinois Infantry

Hargrave, John W.
149th Regiment, Illinois Infantry (1 year, 1865)

Hargrave, Joseph
91st Regiment, Illinois Infantry

Hargrave, Levi
11th Regiment, Illinois Cavalry

Hargrave, Levi
7th Regiment, Illinois Cavalry

Hargrave, Philip
109th Regiment, Illinois Infantry

Hargrave, Samuel
1st Regiment, Illinois Cavalry

Hargrave, Samuel
48th Regiment, Illinois Infantry

Hargrave, William
141st Regiment, Illinois Infantry (100 days, 1864)
NOTE: William Hargrave was born in Beech Ridge Quebec, south of Montreal in 1844. He moved with his father Andrew and Mother Margaret Lawson to Illinois in 1855. He worked on their farm until the fall of 1864, when he enlisted in the Union Army served in Company F of the 141st Illinois Infantry until discharged in 1865. He was as a coal miner in Kentucky and Illinois and worked in the gold mines of Colorado until cripled by a fall in a mine shaft. He went to New Mexico in 1883, where he was involved in sheep ranching. He retired to San Diego, California in 1889. He later entered the National Military Home at Sawtelle, Los Angeles, California where he lived until his death in 1940.
William Hargrave (1844-1940), Los Angeles National Cemetery,
Section 72, Row 1, Infantry, Upright Section.

Hargrave, William C
111th Regiment, Illinois Infantry

Hargrave, Willis
48th Regiment, Illinois Infantry

Hargrave, Willis B.
3rd Regiment, Illinois Cavalry
Hargrave, Charles F.
12th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry

Hargrave, F.C.
21st Regiment, Kentucky Infantry

Hargrave, Frank
2nd Regiment, Kentucky Infantry

Hargrave, Henry
2nd Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry

Hargrave, Thomas
48th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
Hargrave, Alexander
9th Regiment, Indiana Cavalry

Hargrave, Flavius A.
17th Regiment, Indiana Infantry

Hargrave, George W.
115th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (6 months, 1863-4)

Hargrave, George W.
43rd Regiment, Indiana Infantry

Hargrave, Henry B.
86th Regiment, Indiana Infantry

Hargrave, John P.
17th Regiment, Indiana Infantry

Hargrave, John W.
133rd Regiment, Indiana Infantry (100 days, 1864)

Hargrave, John W.
72nd Regiment, Indiana Infantry

Hargrave, John W.
55th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (3 months, 1862)

Hargrave, L. Q.
143rd Regiment, Indiana Infantry

Hargrave, L. Q.
152nd Regiment, Indiana Infantry

Hargrave, Lemuel R.
58th Regiment, Indiana Infantry

Hargrave, Middleton H.
8th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery

Hargrave, Nicholas
58th Regiment, Indiana Infantry

Hargrave, Rich
143rd Regiment, Indiana Infantry

Hargrave, Richard
152nd Regiment, Indiana Infantry

Hargrave, Richard W.
17th Regiment, Indiana Infantry

Hargrave, Samuel H.
80th Regiment, Indiana Infantry

Hargrave, Sanford L.
10th Regiment, Indiana Cavalry

Hargrave, Thomas J.
42nd Regiment, Indiana Infantry

Hargrave, William
86th Regiment, Indiana Infantry

Hargrave, William H.
78th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (60 days, 1862)

Hargrave, William J.
136th Regiment, Indiana Infantry (100 days, 1864)

Hargrave, William P.
91st Regiment, Indiana Infantry
William Allen Hargrave, born January 08, 1831 in, Indiana; died August 31, 1861 in Lexington, Kentucky (killed in Civil War).
The last men called to service; Captain BOULTINGHOUSE's Company
Pvt John Hargrave SC
Cont'l 16 Jul 1833 AGE: 78


Michael Hargrave, Revolutionary War Pension Affidavit:
Hargrave, Michael (Hargrove) Pen.178 1786-1814
Soldier-4th Virginia Regiment
Widow: Ann Southampton County
I do with the advice of the Council hereby certify that Ann Hargrove widow of
Michael Hargrove who was a private in the 4th Virginia Regiment and died in the
service of the United States, is entitled to the sum of six pounds yearly; which
allowance is to commence the first day of January 1787. Given under my hand as
Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia, at Richmond, this 5th of December
T. Meriwether Signed: Edm. Randolph

This may certifie that Ann Hargrove, widow of Michael Hargrove dec'd, is an inhabitant of this County and she is in possession of a small house and a few acres of land. It is said by her neighbours she is very poor, she has no child living with her but ____ is able to work for a livelihood. Given under my hand this 13th day of November 1786.
Signatures unreadable.
Certified by James Wood, Jas. Monroe, Jno.
Tyler, William Cabell, Governors for her continuance of list of pensions.
I do with the advice of the Council hereby certify that Ann Hargrove widow of Michael Hargrove who was a private in the 4th Virginia Regiment and died in the service of the United States, is entitled to the sum of six pounds yearly; which allowance is to commence the first day of January 1790. Given under my hand as Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia, at Richmond, this 3rd of July 1793.
T. Meriwether Signed: Henry Lee
Oct 19, 2005 · Reply
Bev Gillihan James Dyer Hargraves
Co. H Pvt/Pvt
Enlisted 13 Jun 1862 in Johnson County, Arkansas. Present through Feb 1864. Previously served as 1st Lieutenant Company F, 10th Arkansas Militia Infantry. Born 1 Apr 1842 in Johnson County, Arkansas. Died 28 Mar 1899 at Baird, , Texas. Buried in Ballinger, Runnels County, Texas.

DATE OF DEATH: 04/29/1865
DATE OF DEATH: 01/18/1865
DATE OF DEATH: 08/20/1916
DATE OF DEATH: 07/11/1863
DATE OF DEATH: 03/19/1902
J. N. Hargraves Co. H Pvt/Pvt
Enlisted 13 Jun 1862 in Johnson County, Arkansas. Present through Jun 1863.
Thaddeus Hargraves Co. H Pvt/Pvt
Enlisted 13 Jun 1862 in Johnson County, Arkansas. Discharged 15 Aug 1862. Age listed as 27 on 1860 Johnson County Census. Born in Tennessee. Died 13 Oct 1893. Widow Rose Ann
Hardgraves filed Pension Application (19758) 12 Aug 1913 from Johnson County.
Birth: 8 JAN 1831 in Boonville, Warrick County, Indiana
Death: 31 AUG 1861 in Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky (killed in Civil War)
Father: Eldred Glenn Hargrave b: 13 DEC 1806 in Kentucky
Mother: Nancy May Morgan b: 18 OCT 1810 in Logan Co., Kentucky
Marriage 1 Mary Jane Cloud b: 1832 in Tennessee
Married: 15 OCT 1850 in , Hopkins County, Texas
Joseph Hargrave b: BEF. 1862
James Franklin Hargrave b: BEF. 1862
Elizabeth Hargrave b: BEF. 1862
Lou B. Hargrave b: 4 DEC 1858 in Sulphur Bluff, Hopkins County, Texas
Amanda Hargrave b: ABT. 1853
Perry Hargrave b: 1852
Edwin Hargrave b: 1856
Francis Hargrave b: 1856

Hargrave, Alfred J., Pvt, Co. L
Birth: 30 OCT 1833 in Boonville, Warrick County, Indiana
Death: 9 JUL 1909 in Nelta, Hopkins County, TX.
Burial: McFall Cemetery, Nelta, Hopkins County
Father: Eldred Glenn Hargrave b: 13 DEC 1806 in Kentucky
Mother: Nancy May Morgan b: 18 OCT 1810 in , Logan Co., KY.
Marriage 1 Harriet Barclay b: 12 DEC 1828 in Missouri
Married: 21 NOV 1850 in , Hopkins County, Texas

Hargrave, Harvey L., Sgt, Co. L
Birth: 10 MAR 1839 in Boonville, Warrick Co. Indiana
Death: 31 DEC 1919 in Near Nelta, Hopkins County, Texas
Father: Eldred Glenn Hargrave b: 13 DEC 1806 in , , Kentucky
Mother: Nancy May Morgan b: 18 OCT 1810 in , Logan Co., Kentucky
Marriage 1 Martha Harriett Bartlett b: 15 JUL 1837 in , Pike Co., Missouri
Married: 10 MAY 1855 in , Hopkins County, Texas

Hargrave, Hezekiah A., Pvt, Co. L

48th Illinois Infantry Company H
DATE & RANK: 2/19/64 PVT

Hargrave, John Howard, Cpl, Co. L
NOTE: John Howard Hargrave
Birth: 13 JUL 1840 in Boonville, Warrick County, Indiana
Death: 23 JUL 1920
Burial: Sulpher Bluff Cemetery
Marriage 1 Lydia Huskey b: ABT. 1840
Married: 13 JUL 1865 in , Hopkins County, Texas

48th Illinois Infantry Company H
8/14/62 PVT

48th Illinois Infantry Company H

HARGRAVE, THOMAS - Age, 25 years. Enlisted, July 28, 1861, at Newburgh, to serve 3 years; mustered in as private, Co. B, August 16, 1861; wounded, May 31, 1862, at Fair Oaks, Va.; discharged for wounds, February 16, 1863.

Hargrave, H. A.: age Unk, b. abt. Unk, Pvt., in Hopkins Co. Beat No. 6, 9th Brigade, Texas Militia.
Hargrave, H. L.: age Unk, b. abt. Unk, Pvt., in Hopkins Co. Beat No. 6, 9th Brigade, Texas Militia.
Hargrave, Harvey H.: age Unk, b. abt. Unk, Capt., in Co. A, 9th Brigade, Texas State Troops.
Hargrave, John: age Unk, b. abt. Unk, Pvt., in Hopkins Co. Beat No. 6, 9th Brigade, Texas Militia.
Hargrave, J. J.
Belmont unassigned USCT Private

Hargrave, Jeremiah
Fayette 5/H USCT Private
DIED: 1-19-1913

Hargrave, William H.
Clinton 55/C Mass. Inf. Private Ohio
DIED: 7-28-1909
HARGRAVE, James - Company D, Private,
Enlisted 6/9/61 at Fort Smith, AR
Hargrave, William
55 company Co. C
Wilmington Farmer 22
Enlisted: May 21, 1863

Rank: Private
Conflict: Civil War
Side: Union
Organization: Enrolled Missouri Militia
Name of Unit: 65th Regiment E.M.M.
Company: K

Rank: Private
Conflict: Civil War
Side: Union
Organization: Enrolled Missouri Militia
Name of Unit: 86th Regiment E.M.M.
Company: F

Name: Hargrave, J. F.
Rank: Private
Conflict: Civil War
Side: Confederate
Name of Unit: 16th Missouri

Name: Hargrave, J. F.
Rank: Assistant Surgeon
Conflict: Civil War
Side: Confederate
Type of Unit: Artillery
Name of Unit: 1st Field Battery Missouri Light Artillery

Rank: Private
Conflict: Civil War
Side: Union
Organization: Provisional Enrolled Missouri Militia
Name of Unit: 4th Regiment Provisional E.M.M.
Company: K

Rank: Private
Conflict: Civil War
Side: Union
Organization: Enrolled Missouri Militia
Name of Unit: 65th Regiment E.M.M.
Company: K

Rank: Private
Conflict: Civil War
Side: Union
Organization: Provisional Enrolled Missouri Militia
Name of Unit: 4th Regiment Provisional E.M.M.
Company: K

Rank: Private
Conflict: Civil War
Side: Union
Organization: Enrolled Missouri Militia
Name of Unit: 65th Regiment E.M.M.
Company: K

Name: Hargrave, M. F.
Rank: Private
Conflict: Civil War
Side: Confederate

Rank: Private
Conflict: Civil War
Side: Union
Type of Unit:
Organization: Home Guards
Name of Unit: Putnam County Home Guards

Rank: Private
Conflict: Civil War
Side: Union
Organization: Provisional Enrolled Missouri Militia
Name of Unit: 7th Regiment Provisional E.M.M.
Company: C

Rank: Private
Conflict: Civil War
Side: Union
Organization: Enrolled Missouri Militia
Name of Unit: 62nd Regiment E.M.M.
Company: H

Name: Hargraves, G. W.
Rank: Private
Conflict: Civil War
Side: Confederate
Type of Unit: Infantry
Name of Unit: 9th Missouri Infantry
Company: B

Name: Hargraves, Henry C.
Rank: Private
Conflict: Civil War
Side: Confederate

Rank: 1st Sergeant
Conflict: Civil War
Side: Union
Organization: Provisional Enrolled Missouri Militia
Name of Unit: 7th Regiment Provisional E.M.M.
Company: K

Name: Hargraves, S. W.
Conflict: Civil War
Side: Confederate
Type of Unit: Cavalry
Name of Unit: 10th Missouri Cavalry

Am looking for death date, and burial site of Christopher C. Hargraves, son of of Abraham. b. 1842 m Ellen Roberts, Private in Company C. 50th Regiment Ga Volunteer Infantry, Army of Northern VA, CSA, Coffee County GA, Coffee Co. Guards. Enlisted Mar 4, 1862, Captured at Boonsboro, MD, Sept 15, 1862. Sent from Fort Delaware, Del to /Aiken;s Landing, Va. for exchange oct 2, 1862. Roll for Feb 28, 1865. last on file, shows him absent without leave since oct. 2, 1864 (Roster of the Confederate Soldiers of Ga 1861-1865 Vol 5, Henderson
Oct 19, 2005 · Reply
Bev Gillihan Hargraves, Elbert E.

Hargrave, Richard King

Hargrave, William W.
Remarks decorations
Branch Army
Hometown Newburgh
Oct 19, 2005 · Reply

English: habitational names from any of a number of places called Hargrave or Hargreave, of which there are examples in Cheshire, Northamptonshire, and Suffolk; all are named with Old English har ‘gray’ or hara ‘hare’ + graf ‘grove’ or græfe ‘thicket’.

MY Direct Descendants of William Hargrave, Sr b. abt 1730

1 Hargrave, William, Sr b: Abt. 1730 in England d: Deceased in North or South Carolina or Alabama ??? Alias: John or Robert or Samuel or
Henry plus Hargrove or Hartgrave or Hargraves or etc?
Military service: William Hargrave of N.C., Ensign 10th North Carolina, 16th January, 1778; transferred to 1st North Carolina, 1st June 1778; Lieutenant, 30th Mar, 1780; taken prisoner at Charleston, 12th May 1780; exchanged 14th Jun 1781; retired 1st January, 1783; Ours ?? Individual Note: Some researchers think that the Hargrave folk in North America in mid-1700's were overwhelmingly pacifist Quakers. This Hargrave family of soldiers does not fit the pacifist paradigm at all! Immigration: A soldier named William Hargrave apparently came to Georgia with the Br. 25th Regmt. of Foot Inf. The unit was apparently disbanded 29 May 1749. Did he remain in North America ???
Namesake: Not sure of his parents, grandparents, descendents or ancestors.

+Bishop, Unknown b: Abt. 1733 m: Abt. 1754 in South Carolina or ?? d:
Deceased Alias: Elizabeth or Mary or Nancy or Sarah or Butler or Baker or
Brown or ??? Individual Note: Not sure of her parents, grandparents, or
other ancestors.
NOTE: WHO IS......?
JOHN HARGRAVE was born 23 Nov., 1755 in South Carolina. He enlisted in 1776 for two and one half months with Capt. Dennis Haukins, and Col. Daniel Horry. Then, in 1780, he enlisted for ten months with Capt. Thomas Hemphill and Col. Francis Locke. In 1781 he enlisted for six months with Capt. Francis Boykin and Col. Charles Middleton. He was in the battles of Ramsour's Mill and Eutaw Springs. He came to Union County, Illinois in 1809 and was pensioned.

8. ME

1.John Hargrave Sr b: 23 NOV 1755 in South Carolina
"near the state line of N&S Carolina"
Death: 30 OCT 1834 in , Union County, Illinois
1832 Filed for Revolutionary War Pension in Jonesboro, Union Co., Illinois
Anna Cem. or McClure/Frick Cem., Jonesboro, Union Co., Illinois
Marriage 1 Kathryn McNeal b: 1755 in South Carolina
Married: 1785 in South Carolina
2. William Hargrave Jr b: 1758 in , , North Carolina
PER ROOTSWEB MESSAGE BOARD: Son William is the fellow who was held for ransom by the Spanish in Cuba for five years.
3. Samuel Hargrave b: 1760 in , , North Carolina ???
Death: 13 OCT 1847 in , Butler Co., Kentucky
Burial: , Butler Co., Kentucky
Military Service: Is this the Samuel Hargrave who served in the Revolutionary War??
Marriage 1 Elizabeth Martha Tiney b: ABT. 1760 in , Brunswick Co., North Carolina. Married: ABT. 1774 in , Brunswick Co., North Carolina
4.Hezekiah Hargrave b: 1762 in North Carolina
Military Service: Served in Revolutionary War in North Carolina and other locations. Did not live long enough to file Rev War Pension application in 1832. Burial: Wesley Chapel Cem. near Boonville, Warrick Co., Indiana
Probate: 19 Oct 1827, Will: 14 Oct 1827
Marriage; Susannah McMurtray b: 1767 in , Bedford Co., Virginia
Married: 30 DEC 1785 in , Rutherford Co., North Carolina
5.Willis Hargrave b: 1764 in North or South Carolina ???
6.James Hargrave b: ABT. 1765
7.Mary Hargrave b: ABT. 1766
MARRIED: Solomon Sessions
8.Seth Hargrave b: 1769 in South Carolina
9.Joseph Hargrave b: ABT. 1772
10.Henry Hargrave b: ABT. 1774
11.Hugh Hargrave b: ABT. 1776
12.Charles Hargrave b: ABT. 1778

Gallatin County, IL ~1850~ Federal Census
Hargrave Hezekiah-51-M-Farmer-Ky
Hargrave Caroline (FINDLEY)-48-F-Penn
Hargrave Leonard D.-18-M-Laborer-Ill
Hargrave Sarah-15-F-Ill
Hargrave Emily-12-F-Ill
Hargrave Lorenzo-1-Il
Hargrave Lucy Ann-7-F-Ill
NOTE: HEZEKIAH & CAROLINE: Married: 29 FEB 1820 in White Co., Illinois
FROM BETTYE PURCELL: Nicholas was a millwright.
~1880~ United States Census
Census Place District 112, Somerset, Saline, Illinois
Birth Year: 1797
Birthplace: KY
Age: 83
Occupation: Home
Marital Status W
Race W
Head of Household D. L. GRIMES
Relation Other (FATHER IN-LAW OF D. L. GRIMES)
D. L. GRIMES -Self-M-Male-W-57-IN-Farmer-MA-NY
Mary J. GRIMES-Wife-M-Female -W-42-IN-Keeps House-MD-VA
THIS IS Dorastus L GRIMES, Birth: Feb 1823 in Indiana, Death: 18 Feb 1883 in Saline Co., Ill. Dorastus lived in Saline Co. about 30 yrs. & d. in Somerset Precinct. He suffered several weeks from an attack of fever. Bur. in Capt Roark's farm. He was member of 6th Ill. Cavalry & most of the time in Co. K. He was Republican. Was merchant in Whitesville, but after the service, farmed & was very successful. Bur. in Mountain Twp., Saline Co., Ill. HE MARRIED: Emily B HARGARVE, 5 Jan 1855 in Saline Co., Ill.
Descendants of Seth Hargrave

b: 1769-South Carolina -d: 1820, Posey Co. Indiana
+BROWN, Sarah-b: Abt. 1770 Virginia- m: June 11, 1794, Logan Co., Kentucky
"1796-1813 Bought and sold land in Berry Tract on Big Middy Creek, Logan County, Kentucky. 1813 moved to Indiana Territory, Posey County, Point Twp. 1817 Moved to White County, Illinois."
Individual Note FROM BEVARD HARGRAVE: Not sure of his parents, grandparents, or other ancestors.
Children of SETH HARGRAVE and SARAH BROWN are:

2- WILLIS HARGRAVE, b. Abt. 1795, Logan Co., Kentucky; d. November 19, 1874; m. RACHEL COX, Abt. 1815; b. Abt. 1795; Married: ABT. 1815

2- JAMES HARGRAVE, b. Abt. 1796, Logan Co., Kentucky; d. Deceased; m. PATIENCE JANESSON, February 18, 1817, Madison Co., Illinois; b. Abt. 1796, Mississippi

2- THOMAS D. HARGRAVE was born Abt. 1797 in Logan Co., Kentucky, and died April 27, 1874 in Putnam Co., Missouri. He married CELIA FRENCH December 26, 1816 in Posey Co., Indiana, daughter of MOSES FRENCH and JOSEPHINE UNKNOWN. She was born Abt. 1798 in Kentucky, and died 1850 in Putnam Co. Missouri.
JAMES HARGRAVE, b. 1821, Indiana; d. Deceased.

AIDELINIA TRALONA HARGRAVE, b. March 05, 1822, Bourbon Co., Kentucky or Indiana; d. February 07, 1905, Kingsville, Johnson Co., Missouri.
Marriage 1 Solomon T. Hobbs b: 3 MAR 1817 in Haycraft Fort, Severns Co., Kentucky.

MARTHA T. HARGRAVE, b. 1827, Indiana; d. Deceased; m. UNKNOWN MOCK, Abt. 1848; b. Abt. 1825; d. Deceased. Marriage 1 Unknown Mock b: ABT. 1825
Married: ABT. 1848

MARCUS A. HARGRAVE, SR, b. 1833, Illinois; d. Abt. 1890, Putnam Co Missouri. He married MARY ANN UNKNOWN Abt. 1855. She was born Abt. 1839 in West Virginia, and died Abt. 1906 in Putnam Co. Missouri.

WILLIAM HARGRAVE, b. 1855, Missouri; d. Abt. 1893, Putnam Co., Missouri.
He married (1) NANCY A. BILES Abt. 1877, daughter of ENOS GRAHAM BILES. She was born September 1860 in Missouri. He married (2) LAURA F. UNKNOWN Abt. 1892. She was born Abt. 1860.


MARCUS ALBERT HARGRAVE, b. 1878, Missouri; d. Deceased.

GEORGE W. HARGRAVE, b. 1879, Missouri; d. Deceased.

FRANK HARGRAVE, b. October 08, 1885, Missouri; d. Deceased.

CLARENCE HARGRAVE, b. November 13, 1887, Missouri; d. Deceased.

IDA HARGRAVE, b. September 27, 1889, Missouri; d. Deceased.

FRED HARGRAVE, b. August 29, 1891, Missouri; d. Deceased

NORA HARGRAVE, b. Abt. 1892, Missouri ???; d. Deceased.

EMMA HARGRAVE, b. 1862, Missouri; d. Deceased; m. (1) UNKNOWN HOCK, Abt. 1883; b. Abt. 1860; d. Deceased; m. (2) UNKNOWN BILES, Abt. 1900; b. Abt. 1860

ELLA HARGRAVE, b. 1864, Missouri; d. Deceased; m. UNKNOWN HALE, Abt. 1885; b. Abt. 1864.

JENNIE L. HARGRAVE, b. 1867, Missouri; d. Deceased; m. UNKNOWN HAYS, Abt. 1888; b. Abt. 1867

JOHN W. HARGRAVE, b. 1869, Missouri

MOLLIE HARGRAVE, b. 1875, Missouri

MARCUS A. HARGRAVE, JR, b. 1880, Missouri; d. Abt. 1904, Putnam Co., Missouri.

EMELINE HARGRAVE, b. December 1834. She married (1) ASA LUPTON June 03, 1855 in , Putnam Co., Missouri. He was born 1824 in Ohio. She married (2) UNKNOWN TIPTON Abt. 1880. He was born Abt. 1834.

SETH J. HARGRAVE, b. 1840, Illinois.

NANCY JANE HARGRAVE, b. 1829, Indiana; d. Oregon; m. UNKNOWN WHITAKER, Abt. 1850; b. Abt. 1825.

RACHEL HARGRAVE, b. 1825, Indiana. She married JOHN PARTON Abt. 1841. He was born 1818 in Missouri.
Partin, John
Hargrave, Rachel
20 Jun 1841
Thomas Parton b: 1842 in Missouri
Keziah Parton b: 1845 in Missouri
Othaney Parton b: 1849 in Missouri

MARGARET HARGRAVE, b. 1832, Illinois.

SARAH HARGRAVE, b. Abt. 1834; m. UNKNOWN LEWIS, Abt. 1855; b. Abt. 1834.

2-HARGRAVE, HEZEKIAH-b: Abt. 1798, Logan Co., Kentucky- d: 1883 , White Co., Illinois
+Findley, Caroline-b: Abt. 1798-m: February 29, 1820, White Co Illinois d
Hargrave, Lucy Ann-b: Abt.1845
+Mitchell, William Lee-b: Abt. 1825-m: Abt. 1845
Ethel Mae Mitchell b: ABT. 1850
Hargrave, Sarah b: Abt. 1834 in Illinois
+Flanders, Charles G. b: 1828 in , Gallatin Co., Illinois
m: February 27, 1851 in , Gallatin Co., Illinois
d: 1879 in Gallatin Co., Illinois
Hargrave, Leonard D. b: Abt. 1831 in Illinois
Hargrave, Emily b: Abt. 1837 in Illinois
Hargrave, Lorenzo b: Abt. 1848 in Illinois d: Deceased

2-NANCY HARGRAVE, b. December 24, 1800, Logan Co. Kentucky; d. 1854; m. JOSIAH STEWART, 1818; b. Abt. 1800.

2-ROBERT HARGRAVE, b. Abt. 1804, Logan Co., Kentucky; d. 1873, , White Co., Illinois; m. NANCY UNKNOWN, April 07, 1832, White Co., Illinois; b. Abt. 1804.

2- SARAH HARGRAVE, b. Abt. 1805, Logan Co., Kentucky.

2-MARY ADELINE HARGRAVE, b. Abt. 1806, Logan Co., Kentucky.

2- SETH HARGRAVE, b. Abt. 1808; m. UNKNOWN UNKNOWN, Abt. 1828; b. Abt. 1808.

2- EMMALINE HARGRAVE, b. Abt. 1815, Indiana; d. January 21, 1893, Cameron Parish, Louisiana; m. JOHN WETHERILL SR, October 01, 1832, Posey County, Indiana; b. 1803, Pennsylvania; d. 1876, Louisiana.
Burial: McCall Cemetery, Cameron Parish, LA
Artemissa. HARGRAVE-Wife-M-Female-W-40-IL-Keeps House-NC-NC
Andrew HARGRAVE-Son-S-Male-W-16-IL-Works On Farm-IL-IL
Luella HARGRAVE-Dau-S-Female-W-13-IL-Home-IL-IL
Minnie L. HARGRAVE-Dau-S-Female-W-9-IL-IL-IL
Anna HARGRAVE-Dau-S-Female-W-6-IL-IL-IL

HARGRAVES, Willis d before 1850 (no marker)
NOTE: Father: William Hargrave Sr
b: ABT. 1730 in England
Mother: Unknown Bishop b: ABT. 1733
WILLIS was b: 1764 in, North or South Carolina.
d: 10 AUG 1846 in Equality, Gallatin Co., Illinois.
Military Service: He served during the Blackhawk War. He was a major figure in Galatin, Saline, and White Counties in Illinois; he was one of the signers of the Illinois Constitution; he was commissioner of the salt mines; served in the state legislature.
Marriage: Jane Brown b: ABT. 1770 Married: 2 JUL 1789 in Logan County, KY.
Samuel Hargrave b: 27 MAR 1790 in Logan Co., Kentucky,
Death: 1838 in Illinois
Marriage 1 Lucy Sally Berry b: ABT. 1790
Married: 18 NOV 1823 in , White Co., Illinois

Margaret Hargrave b: 2 DEC 1791 in Logan Co., Kentucky
Marriage 1 James Ratcliff b: ABT. 1791
Married: 24 APR 1808 in , Logan Co., Kentucky
Children: Mary Brown Davidson Ratcliff
b: 8 APR 1809 in Equality, Gallatin Co., Illinois

Seth Hargrave b: 25 JAN 1794 in Logan Co., Kentucky
Death: 17 JUN 1861 in , White Co., Illinois
Marriage; Polly Pomeroy b: ABT. 1794
Married: 23 APR 1818 in , White Co., Illinois
1. Joseph Pomeroy Hargrave b: ABT. 1821 in , White Co., Illinois
Marriage 1 Susan Ann Phipps b: ABT. 1824 in , , Illinois
Married: 11 JUN 1845 in , White Co., Illinois
2. Thomas Hargrave b: 1824 in , White Co., Illinois
3. Margaret R. Hargrave b: ABT. 1828 in White Co., Illinois
4. Ellenore J. Hargrave b: ABT. 1830 in White Co., Illinois
5. Mary Ann Hargrave b: 30 JUN 1833 in White Co., Illinois
Marriage 2 Anna Elizabeth Myers b: 1816 in Columbus, , New York
Married: 10 APR 1834 in , White Co., Illinois
1. Emma Hargrave b: ABT. 1843 in , , Illinois
2. Fannie Anna Hargrave b: FEB 1853 in , White Co., Illinois
3. Willis Hargrave b: 24 MAY 1840 in New Haven, , Illinois
4. Alice Hargrave b: 21 FEB 1843 in Carmi, Illinois
5. Hezekiah Hargrave b: 24 NOV 1845 in Carmi, White Co., Illinois
6. Dolly Jane Hargrave b: ABT. 1848
7. John Hargrave b: ABT. 1851

Nancy Hargrave b: 2 OCT 1796 in Logan Co., Kentucky
Marriage 1 Benjamin White b: ABT. 1796
Married: 25 SEP 1815

George B. Hargrave b: 21 OCT 1797 in Logan Co., Kentucky
Death: DEC 1841 in Equality, Gallatin Co., Illinois
Residence: Moved to Illinois about 1815; also lived in White Co., Illinois
Marriage 1 Lucinda McHenry b: ABT. 1797 in Kentucky
Married: 20 DEC 1819 in White Co., Illinois
Child One Hargrave b: ABT. 1821
Child Two Hargrave b: ABT. 1823
Willis B. Hargrave b: 3 AUG 1825 in Carmi, White Co., Illinois
Child Four Hargrave b: ABT. 1826
Child Five Hargrave b: ABT. 1827
Child Six Hargrave b: ABT. 1828
Child Seven Hargrave b: ABT. 1829
Child Eight Hargrave b: ABT. 1830
H. M. Hargrave b: ABT. 1831
Marriage: 2 Mahulda Ann Bourland
b: 28 FEB 1813 in Hopkins County, Kentucky
Married: 1836
10. John Robinson Hargrave b: 1836
11. James Radcliff Hargrave b: ABT. 1838
12. Ebenezer Benjamin Hargrave b: ABT. 1839
13. Ollie Hargrave b: ABT. 1840
14. Arthur Hargrave b: ABT. 1841

Rachel Hargrave b: 23 OCT 1799 in , Logan Co., Kentucky
Marriage 1 John Allen Richardson b: 1 JAN 1792 in Kentucky
Married: AFT. 1816 in Illinois
NOTE: James Allen Richardson,
Father: Nathaniel Richardson b: ABT. 1760
Mother: Ann Read b: ABT. 1765
born January 1, 1792 in KY; died 1862 in Civil War Camp on Arkansas River; married (1) Mary Eliza Shannon, May 6, 1816 in Frankfort, KY; married (2) Rachel Hargrave Bef. 1823 in IL.
1. Mary Jane Richardson b: ABT. 1820
2. Nathaniel Richardson b: ABT. 1818
3. John Richardson b: ABT. 1822
4. James Richardson b: ABT. 1824
5. Eliza Richardson b: ABT. 1826
6. Edward Richardson b: ABT. 1828
7. Turner Richardson b: ABT. 1830

Lee E. Hargrave b: 16 FEB 1802 in , Logan Co., Kentucky
Marriage 1 Elizabeth Unknown b: ABT. 1802
Married: ABT. 1822
Gallatin County, Illinois 1830 Federal Census
~Hargrave Lee~1 MALE, 20-30

Light Hargrave b: 6 APR 1803 in , Logan Co., Kentucky
Death: 9 APR 1803 in , Logan Co., Kentucky

Jane Hargrave b: 22 OCT 1806 in , Logan Co., Kentucky
Death: 22 OCT 1806 in , Logan Co., Kentucky
HARGRAVE, Willis Brown 1825‑1893
NOTE: b: 3 AUG 1825 in Carmi, White Co., Illinois
wife Sarah Ann CRAW 1831-1888
George 1868-1909 & 2 unmarked graves in iron enclosure
Father: George B. Hargrave b: 21 OCT 1797 in Logan Co., Kentucky
Mother: Lucinda McHenry b: ABT. 1797 in Kentucky
Marriage 1 Sarah A. Craw b: 6 JAN 1831 in , White Co., Illinois
Married: 15 JUN 1848 in , Gallatin Co., Illinois
Alma L. Hargrave b: ABT. 1848
George R. Hargrave b: ABT. 1851

Hargrave, James R. 1827-1905
wife Sarah L. 1832-1875
son Charlie 1853-1858­

HARGRAVE, Lorenzo 1839‑1913,
WIFE Artemissa 1834‑20,
Louella 1866‑50 (DAUGHTER)
son Frank 1887‑66
Aunt Minnie 1870-­ (DAUGHTER)
HARGRAVES Family Cemetery located 1/2 mile E of Pool home on road going N out of Equality. Only 2 markers found and there should have been several from reports. Equality Twp. Section 4, T9S R8E. IS WILLIAM BURIED HERE TOO?

HARGRAVES, Cynthia Ann (Flanders)
d 1855 age 28 yrs.
Mary E. 1839-1857
both were wives of Wm. M. HARGRAVES
NOTE: Per informant John Musgrave 6 Feb 2004, electronic, [external link] Hargrave surname message board:
"William M. Hargrave of Equality purchased the Old Slave House (Hickory Hill) in 1880. His first wife was Cynthia Ann Flanders who was born about 1826 according to the census data. They married on Feb. 6, 1845, according to the Illinois Statewide Marriage Index. They had four children in the 1850 census: George, 4; John, 3; Willis, 1; and Mary E., 1 month. Cynthia presumably died between 1850 and 1852 because on March 29, 1853, he married Sarah E. Christian in Gallatin County. From the 1860 census they had one child still living at home, Alice, 7. None of the children from the first marriage appear in the household. William and Sarah had a second child William H. Hargrave who was born about 1861 who was still living at home in the 1870 and 1880 censuses. Sarah must have died at some point after the 1870 census. On April 4, 1876, William married his third wife Martha A. Kitchener and they had Frederick K. Hargrave, who was born in 1879"

NOTE: ~1850~ U.S. Census • Illinois • Gallatin • Equality
William HARGRAVE 27 farmer, all b IL
Cynthia A 24, George 4, John 3, Willie 1, Mary E 1/12
NOTE: none of these children appear on Gallatin 1880 census

~1860~ > Illinois > GALLATIN > EQUALITY P O
William HARGRAVES 37 farmer, all b IL
Sarah J 24, Alice 7

~1870~ > Illinois > GALLATIN > EQUALITY
HARGRAVE William M 47 farmer, all b IL
Sarah J 41, William 9

1870 > Illinois > GALLATIN > EQUALITY
Series: M593 Roll: 224 Page: 368
Hargrave James 43 family, followed by:
HARGRAVE William M 47 farmer, all b IL
Sarah J 41, William 9
PRATER Putey? 30 black f domestic IL
McKERNAN Thom 15 laborer IL

~1880~ U.S. Federal Census > Illinois > Gallatin > Other Townships > District 18
HARGRAVE William M 56 farm IL KY KY
Martha 30 England Eng Eng
William H 19 IL IL IL

1900 > Illinois > GALLATIN > EQUALITY TWP
Series: T623 Roll: 301 Page: 249
HARGRAVE Martha Dec 1846 53 wid 1/1 Eng Eng Eng pension?
Fred'k K Jul 1879 20 IL IL Eng

Father: Abner FLANDERS b: 22 May 1790 in Concord NH
Mother: Deborah HILL b: 1794 in NY
that Deb's brother Morris Hill's (this is getting tricky) son Benjamin O Hill's widow Eliza Newman remarried Willis B Hargrave, son of Seth (I'm told; unverified for myself). This second set of children for Eliza includes a William Willis Hargrave. The 2 married 1878 and combined familes and made more ...
Wesley Chapel Cemetery:
Warrick Co. Indiana

BORN: 1762
Revolutionary War Soldier. He served in the 4th South Carolina Regiment under George Washington. His service record was taken from Colonial & State Records, Vol. 16, Private 1085 - 10th Reg. Brevards Co. - 1782. 18 Months service.

b: 23 NOV 1864 in New Haven, Gallatin Co. Illinois
d: 24 NOV 1912 in New Haven, Gallatin Co. Illinois
Burial: New Haven, Gallatin Co. Illinois
Father: Willis Hargrave b: 24 MAY 1840 in New Haven, Illinois
Mother: Harriette Garner b: 15 AUG 1843 in Franklin, Tennessee
Marriage 1 Laura V. Blackard b: 27 OCT 1870 in Gallatin Co. Illinois
Married: 8 MAR 1892 in New Haven, Gallatin Co. Illinois
Charles Edward Hargrave b: 8 OCT 1905 in New Haven, Gallatin Co. Illinois
William T. Hargrave b: 13 APR 1892 in New Haven, Gallatin Co. Illinois
Mabel Lee Hargrave b: 27 FEB 1895 in New Haven, Gallatin Co. Illinois
Anna Rhea Hargrave b: 26 MAR 1897 in New Haven, Gallatin Co. Illinois
Roy L. Hargrave b: 21 JUN 1899 in New Haven, Gallatin Co. Illinois
Ted O. Hargrave b: 8 SEP 1901 in New Haven, Gallatin Co. Illinois
Charles Edward Hargrave b: 8 OCT 1906 in New Haven, Gallatin Co. Illinois
Clyde Hargrave b: 8 FEB 1908 in New Haven, Gallatin Co. Illinois
Merle Hargrave b: 25 DEC 1909 in New Haven, Gallatin Co. Illinois
Father: Willis Hargrave b: 1764, North or South Carolina
Mother: Jane Brown b: ABT. 1770
b: 21 OCT 1797 in, Logan Co. Kentucky
d: DEC 1841 in Equality, Gallatin Co. Illinois
b: 26 MAR 1897 in New Haven, Gallatin Co. Illinois
Father: Thomas HARGRAVE b: 23 NOV 1864 in New Haven, Gallatin Co. Illinois
Mother: Laura V. Blackard b: 27 OCT 1870 in Gallatin Co. Illinois
Marriage: R. Clarence Ablett b: ABT. 1895, Married: 12 APR 1926
HARGRAVE, Charles Edward
b: 8 OCT 1905 in New Haven, Gallatin Co. Illinois
d: 1937
b: 8 FEB 1908 in New Haven, Gallatin Co. Illinois
d: 2 JAN 1983
Father: Thomas HARGRAVE b: 23 NOV 1864 in New Haven, Gallatin Co. Illinois
Mother: Laura V. Blackard b: 27 OCT 1870 in Gallatin Co. Illinois
wife Sarah L. 1832-1875
son Charlie 1853-1858­
son of M. Hargrave
S. 1796-1858, wife Martha 1796-1858
Name: Mabel Lee HARGRAVE
Birth: 27 FEB 1895 in New Haven, Gallatin Co. Illinois
Father: Thomas HARGRAVE b: 23 NOV 1864 in New Haven, Gallatin Co. Illinois
Mother: Laura V. Blackard b: 27 OCT 1870 in Gallatin Co. Illinois
Marriage: Charles Blackburn b: ABT. 1895
~1880~ CENSUS:

Isac LAKE Self M Male W 50 IN Farmer PA PA
Caroline LAKE Wife M Female W 53 IN Keeping House KY MS
Mary A. LAKE Dau S Female W 23 IN At Home IN IN
John W. LAKE Son S Male W 18 IN Works On Farm IN IN
George J. LAKE Son S Male W 16 IN Works On Farm IN IN
James HARGRAVE FatherL W Male W 83 KY At Home SC VA
NOTE: THIS IS JAMES HARGRAVE, Birth: ABT. 1796 in Logan Co., Kentucky.
Father: Seth Hargrave b: 1769 in South Carolina
Mother: Sarah Brown b: ABT. 1770 in Virginia
Marriage 1 Patience Janesson b: ABT. 1796 in Mississippi
Married: 18 FEB 1817 in , Madison Co. Illinois

Produced the Certificate that at the Town meeting held at the Courthouse on 4th day of April 1831 there was given 31 votes in favor of incorporating said town and no vote given in opposition thereto. All which we do certify, under our hands this 4th day of April 1831 - And also reported that at an election held at the Court house in town of Equality on Saturday April 9, ­1831 held in conformity with the act aforesaid the following named persons were duly elected Trustees of said Town viz. Willis HARGRAVE, John Siddall, James Caldwell, Joseph L. Reynolds & Leonard White, the four former being sworn by Leonard White and he by James Caldwell, well and truly to discharge their duty as Trustees of Said Town according to their best abilities - Whereupon Willis HARGRAVE was elected President of the board and Allen Redman clerk and John Wood was appointed constable and Allen Redman was appointed Treasurer.

Ordered that Leonard White, James Caldwell & John Siddall be appointed a
committee to draft an ordinance to suppress retailing spirituous liquors on the Sabbath day also to prevent shooting, and running horses in the streets within the bounds of Said Town and to prevent indecent exhibitions of horses within the bounds of Such Town. Ordered meeting adjourned until Friday 15th inst. A. Redman, clerk, Willis HARGRAVE, President.

At a meeting of the President and Trustees of the Town of Equality on Friday the 15th Inst. at the house of Gen. Willis HARGRAVE, Present Willis
HARGRAVE, President, Joseph L. Reynolds, John Siddall, adj. until next day.

Ordered that Giles Taylor work on Jackson St. one mile from Gen.Hargrave's
corner on the Carmi Road and continue the street until it comes in to the
Kaskaskia Road; and he have the following hands to work said road, George W. L. White, John Grant, Joseph E. Watkins, Thomas Smothers, Francis McCardle, John London, Loring Whiting, John J. Porter, Edmund Baker, William Siddall, John Wood, Samuel HARGRAVE, M. C. Willis, Edward Jones, Tyler D. Hewitt, Bennet Jones, James Jones, William J. Gatewood, Gen. HARGRAVE's Bob and Ranzo Tate.

Willis HARGRAVE appointed Supervisor to work Jackson St one mile on Carmi
Road and Jackson St to its intersection with St. Louis road with all hands
on both sides of said street.

At a meeting Sunday May 27, 1832 at James Caldwell's office, Leonard White
was appointed President Pro-Tem. George G. Aydelott was appointed constable.
(Authors note suggests that General HARGRAVE was absent because he had gone to the Blackhawk war as had the former constable John Wood)

April 1, 1833: At this meeting Leonard White was appointed Supervisor to
work Clinton St. one mile from court house on St. Louis Road and he was
allotted the following hands to work with him on road to wit; Israel D.
Towle, John Siddall, Lee HARGRAVE.....

Giles Y. Taylor was appointed supervisor to work Jackson St. one mile on the Carmi road until it intersects the St. Louis Road. The following hands are allotted him to work said road; Willis HARGRAVE, Francis McCardle, William Robinson, Edward Jones, Samuel, (Bob & Carter HARGRAVE......)

April 20, 1835: Trustee election held, elected were Willis

July 11, 1835: At meeting at the house of A. Redman, the clerk presented the resignation of Willis HARGRAVE.

At meeting on July 2, 1838 street and road supervisors were again named
along with hands to work said roads. On road leading from courthouse square (intersection of Jackson & Calhoun Sts.) to bridge on North Fork. R. T. Hopper named sup. with hands Viz. (L. W. HARGRAVE)..........

In getting back to the time of the War of 1812, there were two militia com­panies organized in this area as protection against threatened Indian attacks. They were commanded by Captains Willis HARGRAVE and Thomas E. Craig and each consisted of about 70 men. The fact that so many of their names are unfamiliar is further proof that many young men considered Gallatin County an observation post as well as the gateway to the interior.
Birth: 16 FEB 1802 in Logan Co., Kentucky
Father: Willis Hargrave b: 1764 in North or South Carolina
Mother: Jane Brown b: ABT. 1770
Marriage: Elizabeth Unknown b: ABT. 1802
Married: ABT. 1822
b. Abt. 1834; d. Deceased;
m. UNKNOWN LEWIS, Abt. 1855; b. Abt. 1834
Lewis, Sarah A. 9-6-1857.

Hargrave Delpha 61 F B Ky
Hargrave Elizabeth 18 F B Ill
Hargrave Matilda 25 F B Ill
Hargrave Joanna 1 F M Ill
Hargrave Barney 50 M B Laborer Ky
Hargrave Carter 52 M B Laborer Va
Hargrave Maletna 52 F B Va
Hargrave Martha 54 F N. C.
Hargrave William 20 M Laborer Ill
Hargrave Mary J. 15 F Ill
Hargrave Levi 12 M Ill
Hargrave George 9 M Ill
Flanders Adaliza C. 31 F N. Y.
Flanders Martha H. 11 F Ala
Flanders Harriet L. 7 F Ill
Flanders Nancy Ann 5 F Ill

Marriage: 09 JUN 1846 , Gallatin, Illinois

Marriage: 25 OCT 1839, Gallatin, Illinois

Mexican War 1847
Lawler's Company of Dragoons
Hargrave, Thomas Private

Barney Hargrave, a black who apparently took his name from Willis Hargrave 68, to whom he was indentured August 15, 1818, had been brought into Illinois before 1816. Willis Hargrave was one of the five original lessors 69 of the United States Salines, and used Barney in the operation of the salt works. But Hargrave transferred Barney to one A. G. S. Wright, who in turn transferred him to John Choisser. Barney was induced by some one, whom we do not know, to try his right to freedom, and the right was upheld by the Circuit Court. But John Choisser carried the case to the Supreme Court, where it was heard July, 1835. W. J. Gatewood represented Choisser, the plaintiff, and J. J. Robinson and the famous Henry Eddy represented Hargrave, the defendant. Chief Justice Wilson delivered the Supreme Court's opinion, which upheld the decision of the Circuit Court in favor of Barney Hargrave. The Act of 1807 of the Territorial Legislature concerning the indenturing of black servants in Illinois, was held to be a violation of the Ordinance of 1787, forbidding slavery in the territory, and therefore void. Choisser's title to the Negro was denied. The judgment of the Circuit Court was affirmed, with costs. And a step had been taken toward the complete abolition of Negro servitude in Illinois, and toward the Civil War.
~Hargrave, Willis — of White County, Ill. Delegate to Illinois state constitutional convention White County, 1818. Died in Equality, Gallatin County, Ill.~

GALLATIN 01/06/1876

GALLATIN 03/01/1845

WHITE 09/19/1846

WHITE 06/17/1829

WHITE 11/08/1866

Isaac FINLEY and Polly HARGRAVE, March 17, 1819
THIS IS: Mary D. "Polly" Hargrave, DAUGHTER OF: John Hargrave , Sr AND Kathryn McNeal, Birth: ABT. 1800 in North or South Carolina, Death: 13 SEP 1834 in Union Co,IL. AND Isaac Tinsley b: 1 JUN 1798 in SC. Death: 10 MAY 1882 in Union Co,IL.

THIRD REGIMENT (Consisting of two battalions)
Captain, Willis HARGRAVES
Capt. Willis HARGRAVE's Company
We, the undersigned, being formed into a company of mounted volunteers, under the command of Willis HARGRAVE, as Captain, tender to your Excellency our services, to perform a tour of duty against the Indians on the frontiers of Illinois Territory, and hold ourselves in readiness to march at a minute's warning to any point you may direct

Captain, Willis HARGRAVE
First Lieutenant, Wm. MCHENRY
Second Lieutenant, John GRAVES
Ensign, Thomas BERRY

In another "morning report" dated Oct. 10th 1812, we find "troops under the command of Lieut. Col. WHITESIDE" to have been the companies of Captains N. RAMSEY, Thos. E. CRAIG, Willis HARGRAVE, Absalom COX and James TROUSDALE, with a combined force of 316 men; the staff return on the back of which included, present: one surgeon, on surgeon's mate, one adjutant, one sergeant major, and one judge advocate.
Hargrave Willis B. 25 M Sadler 300 Ill
Hargrave Sarah A. 19 F Ill

Gen. Willis Hargrave, who obtained his title in the Black Hawk war, opened a hotel west of the old courthouse on Jackson Street.


Birth: 1820 or bef in Tioga Co, NY
Death: 1838 - 1845 in Gallatin Co, IL
Marriage: Malenta HARGRAVE
b: 1820 abt in IL
Death: 1860 or bef in Gallatin Co, IL

NOTE: ~1850~ U.S. Census • Illinois • Gallatin • Equality
William HARGRAVE 27 farmer, all b IL
Cynthia A 24, George 4, John 3, Willie 1, Mary E 1/12
William H BLADES 27 farmer KY
Malitna 29 IL Malenta
Aphse? E 1 f, IL aphia?
Aphia BLADES b: 1849 abt in Equality, Gallatin Co, IL

Hargrave Carter 52 M B Laborer Va
Hargrave Maletna 52 F B Va
SL NENE- 05-10S-08E-3- 39.60- .50- 19.80-MALE- 07/27/1833-UNKNOWN
814 017-GALLATIN
Marriage: 14 JUL 1836, Gallatin, Illinois

Maletna Hargrave
Birth: About 1821 Of, Gallatin, Illinois
Marriage: 07 AUG 1845, Gallatin, Illinois
1. Apha E. Blades
Birth: About 1849, Gallatin, Illinois
2. Francis Marion Blades
Birth: 23 DEC 1858 Equality, Gallatin, Illinois
Death: 01 MAR 1928
Burial: Mcleansboro, Hamilton, Illinois

~1860~ > Illinois > WHITE > CARMI P O
Series: M653 Roll: 236 Page: 532
M G McHENRY 52 farmer KY
Loveinda? 51 TN
J W McHENRY 13or23 farmer IL
Hulda M 14, George M 11, Isaiah 14, all b IL
Aphia BLADES 11 IL
Solomon COATS 28 farmer KY
Harot 25 f, William B 3, John W 1, all b IL
Elijah TRAMMEL 55 IL?

The connection may be George B. Hargrave who married Lucinda McHenry in White County on December 20, 1819, according to the Illinois Statewide Marriage Index. George B. was the son of Gen. Willis Hargrave (1764-1846). Lucinda's brother was Martin G. McHenry who had married Lucinda B. Stokes on Nov. 16, 1831, in White Co., Illinois. Lucinda's parents were William McHenry and Hanna Ruth Blackford.
I haven't confirmed the parents of William B., Maletna and Mary Hargrave other than that they are most likely siblings. They could easily be the children of Gen. Willis Hargrave. If so, Alphia would have been in the family of her dead uncle's brother-in-law in 1860. She apparently returned to Gallatin County for there is a marriage of an Afehica Blades on Aug. 22, 1869, to John Brown.
Submitter: cally lence ([contact link])
Date: 14 Sep 2000
Hello Looking for any information on the Hargrave family, especially George B. Hargrave and his children, Willis B. and (William M. Hargrave.) They resided near Equality in the early to mid-1800s. Thanks Cally Lence

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ WHO IS:
Marriage: 12 MAY 1853, Gallatin, Illinois
THIS IS Hubbard SHAIN, Birth: 10 JUL 1830 in Gallatin Co., IL, Death: 22 OCT 1856.


Seth Hargrave to Polly Penrose - 23 March 1818.
William Hargrave to Viney Smith - 23 Oct. 1819.
Hezekiah Hargrave to Caroline Findlay - 29 Feb. 1820.
Samuel Hargrave to Sally Berry, Lucy Sally Berry, Birth: ABT. 1790
MARRIED: 18 Nov. 1823.
Malinda Hargrave to Jonathan Yates, Birth: ABT 1810 in North Carolina
Death: AFT 1850, MARRIED: 29 Oct. 1828.
Emily Hargrave to John Ary - 15 June 1829.
Lucinda Hargrave to Thomas J. Sendsey/Lendsey - 12 Sep. 1829.
Enoch B. Hargrave to Cynthia Keener - 27 Aug. 1832.
Robert Hargrave to Niney Hargraves (sic) - 7 April 1832.
Seth Hargrave to Ann Myers - 10 April 1834.

Samuel Hargrave
Birth: 1760 in , , North Carolina ???
Death: 13 OCT 1847 in , Butler Co., Kentucky
Burial: , Butler Co., Kentucky
Military Service: Is this the Samuel Hargrave who served in the Revolutionary War??

Spouse: CYNTHIA KING Marriage 1 Lucy Sally Berry b: ABT. 1790
Married: 18 NOV 1823 in , White Co., Illinois

Birth: 25 FEB 1792 North Carolina
Death: 09 OCT 1871
Spouse: Rebecca Haws
Marriage: 04 OCT 1814 Brush Creek, Wayne, Illinois





MEXICAN WAR: From the 1887 History of Gallatin County
Hargrave, Thomas Private



Birth: ABT. 1839
Father: George B. Hargrave b: 21 OCT 1797 in , Logan Co., Kentucky
Mother: Mahulda Ann Bourland b: 28 FEB 1813 in , Hopkins County, Kentucky


NOTE: COULD BE Hezekiah Hargrave
Birth: 24 NOV 1845 in Carmi, White Co., Illinois
Father: Seth Hargrave b: 25 JAN 1794 in , Logan Co., Kentucky
Mother: Anna Elizabeth Myers b: 1816 in Columbus, , New York








NOTE: Birth: 3 AUG 1825 in Carmi, White Co., Illinois
Death: AFT. 1886
Father: George B. Hargrave b: 21 OCT 1797 in , Logan Co., Kentucky
Mother: Lucinda McHenry b: ABT. 1797 in , , Kentucky











This Willis first enlisted on Sept.12th 1861 and was discharged Dec.31, 1863 then reinlisted June 1,1864 to Dec.17,1864. He was in Andersonville, during that time.
Oct 21, 2005 · Reply
Bev Gillihan John Choisser, plaintiff in error, v. Barney HARGRAVE, defendant in error
1 Ill. 317, December Term, 1836
Error to Gallatin

Negroes - Act of 1807 - Validity of - The act of 1807, of the Territory of Indiana, in relation to the indenturing and registering of negroes and mulattoes, is clearly in violation of the ordinance of 1787, and therefore void.

The constitution of this State confirms only those indentures of negroes and mulattoes that were made in conformity to the act of 1807, of the Territory of Indiana; and one of the essential requisites to the validity of an indenture under that act was, that it be made and entered into within thirty days from the time the negro or mulatto was brought into the Territory.

This cause was heard in the Court below, at the July term, 1835, before the Hon. Alexander F. Grant.

W. J. Gatewood, for the plaintiff in error.

H. Eddy and J. J. Robinson, for the defendant in error.

Wilson, Chief Justice, delivered the opinion of the Court:

This action, for an assault and false imprisonment, was brought by the defendant in error, Barney HARGRAVE, a colored man, against John Choisser (who claimed the defendant in error as an indentured servant,) to try his right to freedom. Upon the trial in the Circuit Court, judgment was rendered in favor of Barney Hargrave, from which judgment Choisser has appealed. The facts in the case, as admitted by the parties, are, that Barney "was brought into the Territory of Illinois at or before 1816, but that he was not indentured or registered until the 15th day of August, 1818" when he was indentured to Willis HARGRAVE, who transferred him to A. G. S. Wight, and he to Choisser. The indentures and subsequent transfers are all in point of form according to the statute of the Territory. The only question is, whether a compliance with the forms prescribed by the statute, does, under the circumstances of this case, give to Choisser a valid title to the services of Barney, according to the tenure of the indentures. By the ordinance of Congress for the government of the Territory north west of the Ohio, passed in 1787, it is declared, "There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in said Territory, otherwise than for the punishment of crimes, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted." Notwithstanding the prohibition of this ordinance, an act of the Territory of Indiana, passed in 1807, and which was continued in force here, provides, "That it shall and may be lawful for any person being the owner or possessor of any negroes or mulattoes, of and above the age of fifteen years, and owing service or labor as slaves in any of the States or Territories of the United States, or for any citizens of the said States or Territories purchasing the same, to bring the said negroes or mulattoes into this Territory," and "The owners or possessors of any negroes or mulattoes, as aforesaid, and bringing the same into this Territory, shall, within thirty days after such removal, go with the same before the clerk of the Court of Common Pleas of the proper county, and in presence of said clerk, etc." The owner and the slave shall agree upon the time the slave shall serve his master, and the clerk shall record such agreement. But if the negro shall refuse to enter into this agreement, then the master is authorized within sixty days to remove him from the Territory. This act of the Territorial legislature, is clearly a violation of the ordinance of Congress of 1787, and consequently void. But by the 3d Section of the 6th Article of the Constitution, it is declared, that "Each and every person who has been bound to service by contract or indenture heretofore existing and in conformity with the provisions of the same, without fraud or collusion, shall be held to a specific performance of their contracts or indentures, and such negroes or mulattoes as have been registered in conformity with the aforesaid laws, shall serve out the time appointed by said laws."

By this provision of the Constitution it is contended that Choisser's title to Barney, as an indentured servant, is recognized and confirmed. But to sustain this position it must appear that the Territorial statute has been complied with. The Constitution confirms only those indentures that were made in conformity to the act of 1807 and one of the essential requisites to the validity of an indenture under that act was, that it be made and entered into within thirty days from the time the negro or mulatto was brought into the Territory. This requirement has not in the present case been complied with. It appears both from the depositions and the admissions of the parties that Barney was brought into the Territory "at or about the year 1816, but that he was not indentured or registered until the 15th of August, 1818," thus leaving an interval of at least eighteen and a half months between the time when he was brought into the Territory and the time when he was indentured. This circumstance is conclusive against the claim of Choisser and no inference in favor of the regularity of the indentures can be drawn from the lapse of time in contradiction to the admitted facts.

The judgment of the Circuit Court is therefore affirmed with costs.

Judgment affirmed.
Oct 24, 2005 · Reply

Column Headings

1. name of ward(s)
2. date of birth of ward (when given)
3. estate from which ward is inheriting
4. year guardian was appointed
5. box number containing original records

Hargrave, Jesse 20 Oct. 1876 John C. Ware 1889 575
Arthur 21 May 1878
Nannie 12 May 1881
Della 24 June 1883
Allen C. Hargrave, father and guardian

Hargrave, John W. 15 May 1831 Philip Hargrave 1846 576
Nancy Hargrave 1848 575
Kenneth Hargrave, guardian 1846 and 1848

Hargrave, Matilda Philip Hargrave 1836
(married John Long) (father)
Milletna (dead by 1845)
John Apr. 1831
Thomas Ferrell, guardian (Bk, B pg. 137 Bk. 3 pg. 250, 335)
John Hargrave chose John Long as his guardian in 1845 at court in
Waterloo, Monroe Co., Ill. (Bk. 4 pg. 82, 83)

Hargraves, Robert Robert Hargraves 1873 581
James Morgan, guardian

Hargrave, Andrew Jackson 30 Nov. 1839 Kenneth Hargrave 1857 573
Serena Elizabeth 1 Apr. 1842 Clarissa Hargrave
David Freeze, guardian

Hargraves, Robert Hezekiah Hargraves 1854 581
Sarah J.
James Morgan, guardian

Hargrave, Sarah M, 26 Sep. 1861 Andrew J. Hargrave 1871 596
(deceased soldier)
Lydia L. Tripp,aunt and guardian
Oct 24, 2005 · Reply
Bev Gillihan List of officers and men of the First Wisconsin , engaged In the pursuit and capture of Jefferson Davis.

Henry Harnden, Lieutenant-Colonel.,
O. P. Clinton, Second Lieutenant. Co. B.,
~~~~W. O. Hargrave, Sergeant-Major.~~~~~
James J. Aplin, Private, Company K.
Austin M. Horr, Sergeant, Company A., David N. Bell, Private, Company A., William Billsback, Private. Company A.
Martin M. Coleman, Private, Company A.,
William Dezer, Private, Company A.
John Huntamer, Private, Company A.
Gottlieb Kleinlein, Private, Company A.,
Sidney Leonard, Private, Company A.,
James McStilson Private, Company A.
Geo. W. Silsbee, Private, Company A.,
Christopher Steinbrook, Private, Company A.,
Herbert Shelter, Private, Co. A.
Luther L. Blair, Sergeant, Company B.,
Melvin T. Olin, Sergeant, Company B.
John Clark, Sergeant, Company B.,
Thomas P. Culbertson, Corporal; Company B.,
James H. McCrary, Corporal. Company B.,
Ezra H. Stewart, Corporal, Company B.,
Albert L. Beardsley, Private, Company B.
Oct 25, 2005 · Reply
Bev Gillihan JEAN HARGRAVE. One of the successful business men of Jonesboro, Illinois, belonging to the younger generation, Jean Hargrave, has illustrated in his career the opportunities that are presenting themselves to the youths of today who are possessed of enterprise, have the ability and are not afraid of hard, persistent labor. Mr. Hargrave is at present a member of the well-known mercantile firm of Hargrave & Linneman, whose operations cover the city of Jonesboro and the surrounding country for a radius of some miles, yet but a few short years ago he began his business career on borrowed capital. He was born in Jonesboro, in 1881, and is a son of E. F. and Julia (Hunsaker) Hargrave.

E. F. Hargrave was born in Union county, near Jonesboro, in 1851, and during the greater part of his life was engaged in operating a sawmill. In 1898 he came to Jonesboro and established himself in a mercantile business, which he successfully carried on until 1905, and in that year retired. His wife, who was born south of Jonesboro in 1854, died in July, 1906. Jean Hargrave attended the public schools in the vicinity of his home, and as a young man worked in his father's sawmill, later becoming a clerk in the store at Jonesboro. In 1905, at the time of his father's retirement, he formed a partnership with Frank A. Linneman, and bought the stock and fixtures of his father's place, and they now have a stock of merchandise worth twenty thousand dollars. Mr. Hargrave has been successful because he possessed the courage of his convictions, and when his opportunity came he was quick to recognize it and not hesitant about grasping it. His confidence in the future of Jonesboro and its commercial interests was pronounced, and this confidence has been justified by the development of the prosperous and rapidly growing business of which he is the head. His success, however, has not been a matter of chance, as he is possessed of abilities that would no doubt have enabled him to succeed in whatever line or in whatever locality he found himself.

On January 1, 1905, Mr. Hargrave was united in marriage with Miss Mamie C. Spence, of Anna, Illinois, daughter of J. L. Spence, a brick mason who died in 1908. Mr. and Mrs. Hargrave are members of the Methodist Episcopal church, of which Mr. Hargrave's father is at present acting as deacon. He is a member of the Jonesboro Blue Lodge, No. 111, A. F. & A. M. In political matters he is an adherent of Democratic principles, but he has been too busily engaged with his business interests to enter the political field as an active participant. Mr. Hargrave is known as one of the rising young business men of his locality, and is very popular with all who know him.
Oct 25, 2005 · Reply
Bev Gillihan Hargrave, Carlan E.: T. F./ Catherine Taylor, MW27, 5/13/1885, H-24, 52

Hargrave, Curren E.
Johnson, Anne
May 13, 1885
NOTE: DAUGHTER OF, CHARLES H. JOHNSON & Emaline Hemenway. Ammie was the wife of Rev. Curran E. Hargrave, a clergyman of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

Hargrave, Edward C.
Picker, Cora L.
May 14, 1891

Warrick 8-11-1825

Hargrave, E. C.: William J./ Doby ---, MW25, 5/14/1891, H-24, 142

Hargrave, Ethel: William/ Rose Cherry, FW19, 3/15/1899, H-26, 29

Hargrave, Herbert W.: W. J./ Lou Ann Day, MW22, 8/20/1890, H-24, 130

Warrick 11-4-1824

Dubois 8-10-1848

Posey 11-8-1824


Warrick 5-25-1837

Warrick 11-8-1821

Hargrave, Lafayette: Mile/ Martha Dedman,
MW43, 7/29/1883, H-24, 23

Warrick 2-8-1846

Warrick 12-4-1834

Warrick 12-2-1834

Hargrave, J. H.
McCool, Margaret J.
Nov 23, 1854

Warrick 1-18-1827

Harrison 8-26-1816

Warrick 7-14-1830

Hargrave, James P.
Wilson, Nancy Ann
Feb 21, 1889

Spencer 3-18-1841

Warrick 3-28-1820
Hargrave, John
Hargrave, Elizabeth Day v John -divorce
Hargrave, John

Hargrave, John
Reed, Sally M.
Sep 6, 1846

Hargrave, John B./R.
Woods, Evaline
Aug 18, 1831

Hargrave, Lafayette
Alexander, Emily L.
Jul 29, 1883

Hargrave, Lewis Jackson
McCool, Elizabeth Agnes
Sep 2, 1847

Hargrave, Miles B.
Webb, Elizabeth
Nov 18, 1829

Hargrave, Milton/ Middleton H.
Bosley, Laura
Nov 5, 1843

Hargrave, Robert
Smith, Sisera B.
Jul 19, 1836

Hargrave, Seth
Leach, Sally
Jul 26, 1825

Hargrave, William
Campbell, Lettis
Jan 31, 1815

Hargrave, William J.
Day, Luan
Jun 8, 1854

Hargrave, William J.
Chapman, Elvira E.
Feb 4, 1878

Hargrave, William J.
Crosley, Margaret S.
Oct 17, 1897

Hargrave, William Jasper
Dimmett, Mary O.
Jan 10, 1887

Hargrave, William W.
Cherry, Rosey B.
Jun 8, 1878

WILLIAM HEATH was born May 20, 1820. He married LUCINDA HARGRAVE August 29, 1847 in Warrrick County IN, daughter of SETH HARGRAVE and SARAH LEACH. She was born October 12, 1829, and died Abt. 1851.

Hargrave, Lafayette: Mile/ Martha Dedman, MW43, 7/29/1883, H-24, 23

Hargrave, Will W.: Joseph/ --- ay, MW40, 10/17/1897, H-26, 14

MYRTLE AGNES WEST, b. December 20, 1886, Indiana; d. December 13, Indiana; m. JACOB T. HARGRAVE, December 23, 1914, Warrick County, Indiana; b. December 24, 1883, Indiana; d. October 04, 1966, Indiana.

MAY, 4, 1897, H-6, 19

MAR, 25, 1891, H-4, 12

DEC, 12, 1891, H-4, 23

SEP, 30, 1892, H-4, 35

MAR, 6, 1891, H-4, 12

MAY, 26, 1907, H-9, 23

JUL, 16, 1902, H-7, 49

HARGRAVE, ---, L, ---, COOK, MW
APR, 19, 1892, H-4, 28


JAN, 28, 1890, H-3, 33

SEP, 22, 1908, CH-1, 4





HARGRAVE, ANNIE, F, W, 42, Jan 26, 1902, Warrick, Boonville, H-20, 38, 4308

HARGRAVE, DARWIN, M, W, 23, Jun 15, 1909, Warrick, Warrick, H-21, 19, 4308

HARGRAVE, DORA M, F, W, 29, Nov 20, 1913, Warrick, Boonville, CH-2, 21, 4308

HARGRAVE, ELIZABETH, F, W, 75, Aug 10, 1900, Warrick, Newburgh, H-20, 15, 4308

HARGRAVE, ELIZABETH A, F, W, 75, Aug 10, 1900, Warrick, Newburgh, CH-2, 21, 4308

HARGRAVE, FRANK M, M, W, 32, Nov 17, 1918, Warrick, Boon Twp., H-20, 76, 4308

HARGRAVE, JACOB, M, W, 70, Feb 17, 1905, Warrick, Boon Twp., H-20, 46, 4308

HARGRAVE, LEWIS, M, W, 71, Oct 4, 1899, Warrick, Newburgh, H-20, 1, 4308

HARGRAVE, LOUIS, M, W, 71, Oct 4, 1899, Warrick, Newburgh, H-14, 47, 4308

HARGRAVE, MURTEL, F, W, 31, Dec 12, 1918, Warrick, Boon Twp., H-23, 6, 4308

HARGRAVE, ROBT, M, W, --, Apr 4, 1891, Warrick, Boonville, H-18, 28, 4308

HARGRAVES, LAURA, F, W, 83, Jan 28, 1908, Warrick, Warrick, H-21, 4, 4308
BURIALS: Day Cemetery on Eskew Road

Hargrave, Luann
Jul 20,1837 - Jan 28,1877
w/o WJ

Hargrave, Albert
Aug 15,1860 - Mar 3,1862 2y 17d
s/o Wm. & Lua

Hargrave, John
Feb 28,1794 - Mar 19,1863
69y 21d

Hargrave, C.T.
Nov 24,1860 - Oct 1,1861
s/o Wm. & Lua 10m 7d
Center Cemetery aka DeForest Cemetery

Hargrave, Amy E. 1847-1931
Hargrave, Herbert Waldo
Sep 22, 1908 - Nov 21, 1908, s/o WH&ME
Hargrave, Jacob H. 1834-1905
Hargrave, James P. 1861-1943
Hargrave, Nancy A. 1873-1960
Hargrave, Ralph G. 1902-1955, Husband
Hargrave, William H. Nov 13, 1879 - May 28, 1922, WOW
FUNERAL HOME RECORDS: Billups Funeral Home

Hargrave, Dora (wife): b. Dec 24, 1883 d. Nov 20, 1913, 29 yrs 10 mo 26 days, Maple Grove Cem., tuberculosis -Jacob Hargrave

Hargrave, Laffayatt: Mar 22, 1922, 82 yrs 7 mo 12 days, Folsomville, Folsomville Cem., diabetic -William Hargrave

Hargrave, Mertel (Myrtle): Dec 13, 1918, 31 yrs 11 mo 22 days, Boonville RR, Maple Grove Cem., tuberculosis -Jacob Hargrave


none given
Heilman v Hargrave

State v Day, Day & Hargrave

Cox, Benj. v Hargrave

Boner, Matthew estate v Hargrave, heirs - Settlement

Hargrave, Dunigan, Day v Corwine, J. B. -debt

Hargrave, Dunigan, Day v Wakeland, S. S. & J. W. -debt

Hargrave, Dunigan, Day v West, Martin & Dimmett, Richmond

Adams, Hudspeth, Day, Hargrave v Eskew, John (State v)
935, FB 3&4

Adams, Hudspeth, Day, Hargrave v McKinsey, Cravens (State v)
935, FB 3&4

Adams, Hudspeth, Day, Hargrave v Walbert, Herald (State v)
935, FB 3&4

Adams, Hudspeth, Day, Hargrave v Monday, Jos, (State v)
935, FB 3&4

Adams, Hudspeth, Day, Hargrave v Massage, L. B. (State v)
935, FB 3&4

Adams, Hudspeth, Day, Hargrave v Hudson, Jas. L. (State v)
935, FB 3&4

Adams, Hudspeth, Day, Hargrave v Taylor, Jos. (State v)
931, FB 3&4

Adams, Hudspeth, Day, Hargrave v Simmons, Henry B. (State v)
933, FB 3&4

Adams, Hudspeth, Day, Hargrave v Thompson & Phillips (State v)
933, FB 3&4

Adams, Hudspeth, Day, Hargrave v Gentry, David (State v)
933, FB 3&4

Hargrave, Agent
Hargrave, Agent v Hall, Clark A.

Hargrave, E. C.
1892, 1894
Deputy Appt.

Hargrave E. C.
Dep. Clk.

Hargrave, E. G.
Estate - John B. & E. G. -appt.

Hargrave, Eldred G.
State v Hargrave, Eldred G. -A & B on Hartley, Uriah

Hargrave, F. M.
Cox, Ben v Hargrave, F. M., et al
FB 2006

Hargrave, Francis M.
Boner, Matthew v Hargrave, Francis M. - In chancery

Hargrave, G. W.
Brown, T. v Hargrave G. W. misc. ct. rec.

Hargrave, H. H.
Stray heifer

Hargrave, H. M.
Hargrave, H. M. v Stone, R. A. -bond -State v

Hargrave, Henry N.
State v Hargrave

Hargrave, Hezekiah
none given
Inv. sale bill

Hargrave, Hezekiah
1821, 1837
Cow & calf
921, 928

Hargrave, Hezekiah
Adm. bond

Hargrave, J.
State v Hargrave

Hargrave, J.
Hargrave, Elizabeth v J. -divorce

Hargrave, J. B.
none given
State v Hargrave -A & B

Hargrave, Jacob
Hudspeth, Geo. P. (Adm) v Shelton, John & Hargrave, Jacob

Hargrave, Jacob
DeForest, Daniel F. & State v Hargrave, Jacob

Hargrave, James
Stray cows

Hargrave, James H.
none given

Hargrave, James H.
Adm. bond

Hargrave, James H.
None given

Hargrave, James H.
Heir -sale of property

Hargrave, John
none given

Hargrave, John
Hargrave, John v Skidomore?

Hargrave, John
Hargrave, John v Hall, Clark A.

Hargrave, John
State v Hargrave

Hargrave, John
Cir. Ct.

Hargrave, John
Hargrave, Elizabeth Day v John -divorce

Hargrave, John
Hargrave, John v Harpole, Jacob
991, 848

Hargrave, John

Hargrave, John B.
Estate - John B. & E. G. -appt.

Hargrave, L. W.
Deputy Sheriff Appt.

Hargrave, L. W.
Deputy Appt.

Hargrave, L. W.
Absbear, John v Hargrave, L. W. et al

Hargrave, Lewis
State v Hargrave

Hargrave, Miles
Heirs -Gdn.

Hargrave, P.
Fuller, Benoni S. v Lander, Robt. & Hargrave, P.

Hargrave, Ratliff
none given
State v Hargrave -A & B

Hargrave, Robert
none given
Road Supt. Road neglect

Hargrave, Robert
Stray mare

Hargrave, Robert
Hargrave, Robert & Jones, Margeth -State v ??

Hargrave, Sarah
None given

Hargrave, Seth
none given
Gdn. -heirs of

Hargrave, Seth

Hargrave, Seth

Hargrave, Seth

Hargrave, W. J.
Clutter, S. M. v Williamson, Geo. E. & Hargrave, W. J.
FB 2297

Hargrave, William
Cox, Ben v Hargrave, Wm., et al

Hargrave, William
Estate App.

Hargrave, William
Riding horse on public highway

Hargrave, William
State v Hargrave -A & B

Hargrave, William
State v Hargrave

Hargrave, William
A & B

Hargrave, William
Dep. appt.

Hargrave, William
Hargrave, Wm. v Barnard, J. H.; Addington, Darius & Shrode, Ezekiel

Hargrave, William J.
Hargrave, Wm. J.; Dunnigan, Grant & Day, Wm. v Cherry, John

Hargrave, William J.
Hargrave, Wm. J. v Page, Wm. D. & wife -sale order

Cox, Ben v Hargraves & Gray

Bonn, Nathan (son, Matthew) & State v Hargraves (Bonn, Wm. - Gdn.)

Hargrove, John
Hargrove, John v Powers & Barker -debt

Hargrove, William
State v Hargrove, Wm. & Dolly, Geo.

William J. Hargrave Clerk of the Court of Common Pleas of Warrick County in the State of Indiana.

HARGRAVE, ELDRED G IN 09/05/1838 16679 IN2160__.068

HARGRAVE, JAMES IN 02/01/1839 15884 IN2140__.281

HARGRAVE, JAMES IN 03/18/1837 7916 IN0160__.354

HARGRAVE, JAMES H IN 08/01/1842 30929 IN2440__.435

HARGRAVE, WILLIAM IN 10/01/1840 24626 IN2320__.140

Hargrave, Middleton Hart Twp.,
8th Batt., Artificer

Hargrave, William Jasper Boone Twp.,
136 IN Inf., co. I, 2nd Lt.,
Feb 10, 1835-Jul 22, 1907
Oct 26, 2005 · Reply
05/16/41 02/15/67

04/28/47 04/01/67

06-Dec-47 25-Mar-68

29-Oct-50 12-Sep-69


Oct 27, 2005 · Reply

Built in 1834-38, on the top of high Hickory Hill, on highway 13, about 14 miles east of Harrisburg, near the town of Equality, Illinois, Hickory Hill Mansion overlooks the Saline River.
Address: The Old Slave House Museum, Highway 13, Junction, Illinois 62954. Harrisburg is located at the most southernmost tip of Illinois.
Crenshaw, John Hart 1797‑1871
wife Sina (Taylor) 1799‑1881
Alexander 1829‑1834 son of J.& S. Crenshaw
Nancy 1824-1826 dau of J.& S. Crenshaw
Mary M. 1844‑1847 dau of William J. & A.L. Crenshaw
Crenshaw, William 1774-1814 wife Mary 1767‑1824 (dau of John Hart, Rev. soldier & a signer of Declaration of Independence.)
HICKORY HILL Cemetery located 3/8 mile SW of crossroads of State Routes #13 and #1.
In Equality Twp. Section 14, T9S R8E. in the lower SE part of the section. On a hill overlooking State Route #1. This is near the old "Slave House" owned by the Crenshaws during the 1800's. It is believed to be the oldest cemetery in the county that is recorded.
Hickory Hill Mansion was not only designed to be the dream home of John Crenshaw, his wife, Sinia Taylor and their five children, it was also built with an evil purpose in mind; to house an illegal slave trade and establish a breeding program. The outside of the mansion was designed in a "pseudo-Greek revival style," having both upper and lower verandahs, all which was supported by massive columns, spreading the width of the mansion. The first two floors had six rooms each, where the Crenshaw family enjoyed a life of privilege, and looked on as model citizens of their community. The attic, just above the family's living quarters had thickened walls, and consisted of 12 tiny rooms, not much bigger than horse stalls, and a hallway with two whipping posts.
John Hart Crenshaw got his start in running a salt refinery, started by his father, who died when John was in his teens. By 1834 he had made a small fortune. Because he now had money to invest, John was able to lease several salt springs from the government and also applied to be authorized to lease slaves from their owners, as it was an old, established, legal practice in Illinois. Back In 1817, because it was getting harder and harder to hire laborers, Illinois, a slave-free state, had given employers permission to lease slaves from their owners in slave territory, and bring them to Illinois to work in businesses suffering from labor shortages, such as salt mining.
But why spend money leasing slaves, when you could kidnap freed blacks in Illinois/
elsewhere? Why not "breed" your own slaves and sell them on the southern market? With these evil ideas in mind, John had a carriageway built that entered directly into his new mansion. By 1838, when the house was finished, Carriages full of slaves/ kidnap victims could be driven right into the mansion, and secretly hustled up the back stairway to the infamous attic; a place of imprisonment, suffering, rape, birth and death. It is said that at least 300 babies were produced from the efforts of one sire slave alone! Pregnant slaves, or a slave woman with a child brought a high price in the slave states. Crenshaw found the Saline River to be a very convenient way to transport his cargo to and from the slave states interested in his business. Slaves were shackled to the floor of their stall-like rooms. Ventilation was poor, and there was little light. They had to endure indignities, torture, bad treatment and a doomed existence.
In 1842, John was arrested, and accused of selling into slavery a family of freed blacks, who owed him services. Because of his financial and political standing in the community, he was found not guilty. His mill was burned, though, as public sentiment turned against him. No one found out what had gone on in the attic until after John and his wife died, in (1871 & 1881). John Crenshaw was considered the most evil man who ever lived in Illinois. What he did to make money was the largest scandal in Illinois' history.
In 1996, the Sisks closed the museum because they could no longer keep the mansion museum open. Thus began the long battle to get the state interested in buying the property as a part of Illinois history, though the place has an infamous history. Although the Illinois Historic Preservation Agency finally acquired the house in December 2000, the site remained closed to the public, due to lack of state funding to hire staff. On June 9, 2003, between 40 and 50 residents from more than seven counties met at Southeastern Illinois College and adopted a Plan of Action that could reopen the site.
Because of the great suffering and cruelty that went on in the attic, there are many angry, tormented entities hanging out in the attic, making it one of the "scariest spots in the country." They are not too fond of the living, and keep a guarded eye on the people down on the first two floors, as well as do their best to sometimes chase the living out of the attic.
1) During the day, tourists have felt a growing chill as they climb the steps to the attic. Some have heard shuffling feet, whimpering cries, and are filled with an uneasy feeling.
2) Over the years, out of at least 150 people trying to spend the night in the attic, only one, a reporter by the name of David, successfully spent the entire, rather long night in the attic, in 1978. Perhaps, because he only heard a lot of strange noises, and wasn't treated to the full treatment usually given to the living, who dare to trespass at night in the attic.
3) Others were not treated so leniently by the presences there. In the 1920's, an exorcist by the name of Hickman Whittington went up to the attic to try to rid it of its entities. Only after a short time, he ran from the mansion and died of fright a few hours later, perhaps having experienced what the marines did, described in #4 below.
4) In 1966, two veteran marines decided to try to spend the night in the infamous attic. The full treatment started at 1 o'clock in the morning, when their kerosene lamp started to flicker. Suddenly, a terrible moan reverberated and shook the attic's walls. A "cacophony of human voices," speaking "unintelligible words" assaulted their ears, while ghostly figures swirled and danced around them. Their only source of light, the kerosene lamp, then blew out. Blood-curdling screams rang out all around them, and they were filled with anxiety and panic, which inspired them to fly down the steep stairs and make a quick exit.
5) The Sisks, whose family had owned the mansion for 80 years, were the owners of the mansion and lived there while operating a museum there as well. They stayed on the first and second floor, and never went up to the attic, as they respected the entities there. They were interviewed by psychic investigators, Richard Winer and Nancy Osborne, for their book, "Haunted Heartland." Mrs. Sisk spoke of an icy chill that can hang in the rooms of the mansion, even on hot days, and how she had to stop taking baths, because a mischievous unseen presence would inevitably call out her first name in the hallway, to draw her out of the bathroom. No one was ever there. Both she and her husband felt like they were being constantly watched by unseen presences, but they had learned to live with their entities, and the entities tolerated their presence.

FROM: Gallatin County, Illinois &
A History of the County

Equality Road near the present L & N rail line. Facing east on this road, a short distance south of the railroad, was the 2-story log dwelling known as the old Crenshaw house. The frame house, which succeeded it, has been gone many years. John and Abraham Crenshaw in the 1830’s bought most of the land in this area from the U.S. Government. They were in the salt making business and about 1840, John built the large home on the hill now known as the old slave house and which is open to visitors for a fee. I have been told that cuts of first road, near the river, are still visible.
Nov 01, 2005 · Reply
Bev Gillihan Deed of Emancipation - William Hargrave's Slave 1796
(Deed Book I, page 32, Sussex Co.VA,)

I William Hargrave of Sussex County in Virginia being fully persuaded
that freedom is the natural right of all mankind and that it is my duty
to do unto others as I would desire to be done by in the like situation
and having under my care one Negro whom I have heretofore held as a
Slave of the followimg name and age viz. Rachael aged about twenty
Eight years I hereby Emancipate and sett free of the above named Slave.
And I do for myself my Heirs Executors & administrators relinquish all
my right Title Interest and claim or pretention of claim whatsoever
either to her person or to any estate she may acquire, without any
interruption from me or any person claiming for, by, from, or under me.
IN WITNESS whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal this sixteenth
day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand Seven hundred and
ninety Six.
William Hargrave (Seal)

Sealed and delivered
in the presence of}
Drury Lane
Richard Hargrave
Sally Hargrave

At a Court held for Sussex County the 2nd day of February 1797.
This deed of Emancipation was acknowledged by William Hargrave to be
his act and deed. and ordered to be recorded.
Teste Mich'l.Bailey Cl C.

Deed of Emancipation - Lottice Hargrave's Slaves 1785
(Deed Book F, page 468, Sussex Co.VA.)

I Lottice Hargrave of Sussex County Virginia being fully persuaded that
Freedom is the natural Right of all mankind and that it is my duty to
do unto others as I would desire to be done by in the like situation
and having under my care two Negroes whom I have heretofore held as
Slaves of the following names and ages viz't. Roger aged thirty Eight
years, Rachall aged nineteen years I hereby Emancipate and set free all
every of the above slaves, and I do for myself my Heirs Executors and
administrators relinquish all my right, Title, Interest and claim or
pretention of claim whatsoever either to their person or to any Estate
they may hereafter acquire without any Interruption from me or any
person claiming for, by, from or under me IN WITNESS whereof I have
hereunto set my hand & Seal this (Blank) day of August in the year of
our Lord one thousand seven hundred & Eighty five.
Lottice Hargrave (Seal)

Sealed and Delivered
In the presence of}
Micajah Moore

At a Court held for Sussex County the 17th day of November 1785.
This Deed of Emancipation was proved by the oaths of Micajah Moore &
Joseph Lane witnesses thereto & by the Court ordered to be recorded.
Teste A.Claiborne D.C.S.C.

Deed of Emancipation - Elizabeth Hargrave's Slave 1795
(Deed Book H, page 414, Sussex Co.VA.)

I Elizabeth Hargrave of Sussex County having in my possession one Negro
Woman named Lucy aged Thirty seven years and being willing that she may
enjoy the rights and liberties of mankind I do hereby emancipate and
set free the above named woman, and do for myself & my heirs relinquish
all my right title and claim to the said Negro or to any estate she may
acquire hereafter IN WITNESS whereof I have hereunto set my hand and
Seal this second day of December one thousand seven hundred and ninety
Elizabeth Hargrave (Seal)

Acknowledged in presence of}

At a Court held for Sussex County the 7th day of January 1796.
This Deed of emancipation from Elizabeth Hargrave to her slave Lucy was
proved to be the act and deed of said Elizabeth my the oath of Benj.B.
Rosser and the affirmation of Michael Bailey the witnesses thereto and
ordered to be recorded.
Teste Mich'l.Bailey C.S.C.

Deed of Emancipation - Jesse Hargrave's Slaves 1782
(Deed Book F, page 137, Sussex Co.VA.)

I Jesse Hargrave of Sussex County in Virginia being fully persuaded
that Freedom is the natural Right of all mankind and that it is my duty
to do unto others as I would desire to be done by the like situation
and having under my care three Negroes whom I have heretofore held as
Slaves of the following names and ages viz't. Simon aged about Twenty
five years,Tom aged about Twenty four,Rose aged about Twenty four years
I hereby emancipate and set free all and every of the above naimed
Slaves and I do for my self my Heirs Executors and Administrators
relinquish all my right title and claim or pretentions of claim
whatsoever either to their persons or to any Estate they may hereafter
acquire And having also three Negroes now in their minority of the
following names and ages viz't. Stuart aged about six years, Ellick
aged about three, Jeremiah aged about one year all and every one of
which I likewise emancipate and set free yet I believe it right for me
to reserve the prerogative of acting as Guardian over them untill the
males arrive to the age of twenty one and the females to the age of
eighteen years and I do for my self my Heirs Executors and
Administrators relinquish all my right title interest and claim or
pretention of claim whatsoever either to their persons or to any estate
they may acquire after they shall attain to the ages above said which
will be at the following times viz't. Stuart on the first day of the
first month 1797, Ellick on the first day of the first month 1801,
Jeremiah on the first day of the first month 1813 then to enjoy their
full Freedom without any Interruption from me or any person claiming
for by from or under me In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand
and seal this 15 day of the Eighth month in the year of our Lord one
thousand seven hundred and Eighty two.
Jesse Hargrave (Seal)

Edmund Bailey
James Brock

At a Court held for Sussex County the 17th day of October 1782.
This Deed of Emancipation was proved by the affirmations of Edmund
Bailey and James Brock the witnesses thereto and ordered to be
Teste Jno.Cocke Cl.Cur.
Nov 02, 2005 · Reply
Thomas Hargrave My Great Great Great Grandfather Samuel Hargrave was born in 1800 in the Broxton/Malpas area of Cheshire in the North West of England. He was born at a time when the Railways were in their infancy. The next three generations would contribute to the golden age of the building and running of the coal fired steam locomotives that transported people around the Cheshire area and beyond

He started as a labourer, probably preparing landscape moving earth mounds laying down the track ties. Back in those days everything was manual and the work would have been hard.

On 17th January 1826 he married Ann Smith, at Chester Saint John Cheshire England. Ann was born in Escord Flint in 1796.
The St. John’s marriage register shows the following:-

Page 162.

MARRIAGES Solemnized in the Parish of Saint John the Baptist
In the County of the City and Diocese of Chester in the Year 1826.
Samuel Hargrave, Labourer of this Parish
and Ann Smith of this Parish
Were married in this church by Banns
This seventeenth day of
January in the Year One thoufand eight hundred and Twenty six
By me W. Richardson Vicar.
This Marriage was Solemnized between us Mark of X Samuel Hargrave
Ann Smith

In the Prefence of Samuel dod
Benj. Linney
No. 485.

It is not clear where Samuel and Ann were living but it was not unusual for couples from rural parts of Cheshire to marry in Chester, which they could do just by residing in the city for a few weeks prior to the wedding.

Samuel and Ann had a son John christened 26th November 1826 and a daughter Elizabeth christened 13th December 1829. In 1834 their second son William Hargrave was born. All of them were christened at St. Oswald's Chester.

On 28th May 1836 Mary, daughter of Samuel & Ann Hargrave of Brook Street was christened at St. John's. Samuel worked as a Waggoner labourer for the Railway.

On 20th January 1839 Samuel, son of Samuel & Ann Hargrave of Brook Street was christened at St. John's. Sadly Samuel died in 1841.

In 1941 they were living at Tower Street Chester civil parish St. Oswald registration district Great Boughton and had a son William 7 years old, daughter Mary 5 years old. Also living with them are Samuel and Jane Jones 5 and 2 years old respectively, Samuel Hargrave was working as a labourer for the Railways still.

In the 1851 census Samuel and Ann Hargrave are still living at 118 Tower Street.
There son William who is now 17 years old is working as a Railway Porter, there daughter Mary is not living at home but Samuel Jones is visiting them and has an occupation as a book binder apprentice. Mary is fourteen and working as a servant for Charles and Sarah Price at Bretton, Flintshire, Wales.

The census of 1861 Samuel and Ann Hargrave are living at 91 Francis Street, still in the parish of St. John the Baptist, municipal ward of Boughton, Chester. There son William no longer lives with them. However there daughter Mary now 24 years old has returned and has a daughter of her own Mary Ann Hargrave born in 1851 at Bebbington, now 9 years old. Samuel and Ann have their first Grand Daughter.

In 1865 Samuel and Ann Hargrave daughter Mary married William H Hough at Chester St. John. William H. Hough was born in Chester and was an Iron Molder by trade. The 1871 census has them living in Rochdale and eventually they move to Bury.

William Hargrave continues to work for the Railways. On 2nd May 1858 he married Mary Fleet at St. Oswald Church, Great Boughton, Chester. Mary was born in 1841 Trench Shropshire. The marriage certificate has William’s Rank as a Railway Guard, both signed there own names however Hargrave was signed Hargraves and was signed in the presence of George Davies and the mark X of Mary Davies.

In the census of 1871 Samuel and Ann Hargrave are living at 14 Albert Street civil parish of St. John the Baptist, municipal ward of Boughton, Chester. His occupation is Labourer Railways, but he has added the word Stoker. A Stoker back then added coal to the fire box which then added heat to turn the water into steam to drive the steam locomotive engine. He usually worked for the train driver who drove the train. He was 71 years old at that time.

Ann hargrave died in 1872 at the age of 77 years old. Samuel Hargrave died in 1878 at the age of 77 years old as well. Both in the Chester area.

Samuel and Ann Hargrave son William Hargrave and his wife Mary are found in the 1861 census living at Christleton Terrace parish of St. Oswald Chester.
William and Mary have a son of 2 years old Thomas William Hargrave. William is 27 years old and his Occupation says he is a Coal Agent. He has worked his way up from being a Railway porter in 1851 to a Coal Agent in 1861. I’m not sure if he is a Coal Agent for the Railways or a Coal Agent supplying the local houses. That was the main source of heat for domestic fire places back then.

In 1864 my Great Grandfather Charles Hargrave was born, he had a sister Emily Hargrave, previously born in 1862, both born in the Chester area.

In 1871 presumably before the 1871 census William Hargrave died at the young age of 37 years old. He left behind his wife Mary widowed with their three children Thomas William, Emily and Charles, 12, 9, 6 years old respectively as shown in 1871 census living at 15 Black Diamond Street St. Oswald Chester.

In 1873 Mary Hargrave, William Hargrave wife remarried John Edwards a man 10 years her junior at Chester St. John. John Edwards was born in Flintshire and has an occupation as a Railway Engine Stoker.
In the 1881 census John and Mary Edwards are living at 64 Walter Street, St. Oswald, Chester, with their family including Thomas William Hargrave at age 21years old who is a Railway Engine Stoker as well, and Charles Hargrave whose occupation is a Labourer. Emily Hargrave is not reported as living with them.

To complete William and Mary Hargrave family, Thomas William Hargrave married Mary E Jones at St. Mary in Denbigh in 1882. They had a son William Hargrave who was born in 1884. In the 1891 Wales census Thomas William and Mary E Hargrave are living at 26 Mold Junction Saltney Flint with their son William 7 years old and a visitor Elizabeth Hough. Thomas William is now a Railway Engine Driver. Unfortunately in 1892 Mary E Hargrave died at a young age at approx. 36 years old. In the 1901 Wales census Thomas William Hargrave and his son William are living at 50 Ewart Street civil parish of Saltney, Flint. William Hargrave, Thomas William Hargrave son is 17 years old now and has an occupation as Railway Engine Cleaner, his dad is still an Engine Driver. They also have a servant living with them Chartlotte Jones. Thomas William Hargrave died at Hawarden in 1909.

Emily Hargrave married Henry Brown at Chester in 1887 at Chester St. John. Henry Brown was born in either Oxford or Buckinghamshire. The 1891 census says he was born in Story Stratford Buckinghamshire and the 1901 census says he was born in Banbury Oxfordshire. In the 1891 census Henry and Emily Brown are living at 1 Sunny Bank, Boughton Chester and have a one year old daughter Emily Brown. Henry Brown’s occupation is a Railway Engine Stoker. In the 1901 Henry and Emily Brown are still living at 1 Sunny Bank Chester, and now have a son born in 1992 Frank Brown, Henry Brown is now a Railway Engine Driver.

Getting back to my Great Grandfather Charles Hargrave he also worked for the Railways. On 2nd July 1885 Charles Hargrave married Kathleen Kelly at Chester Registry Office. Charles Hargrave spelling Hargraves Rank or Profession Railway labourer and Residence at time of Marriage is 30 Railway Terrace Chester. Kathleen Kelly’s residence at the time of marriage is 26 Fosbrook Street, Chester. Sadly Charles and Kathleen’s son Charles died in 1900 at the very young age of 11 years old.

In the 1891 England census Chas. and Kate Hargrave spelling Hargreaves are found living with Kathleen’s parents, Patrick and Cathrine Kelly both were born in Ireland, with their children William, Samuel, Charles and Lucy at 26 Fosbrook Street, Boughton Chester, Ecclesiastical parish St. Pauls. Charles Hargrave has profession of Railway Labourer.

In the 1901 England census Charles and Kathleen Hargrave are living 9 Richmond View, Civil Parish of St. Paul, Boughton Chester. They have 9 living children William, Samuel, Thomas (who was my Grandfather), John Henry, Ester, Winifred, Lilian, there ages are 15, 13, 8, 6, 5, 3, years old and 1 month old respectively. Lucy is not shown living with her parents, she is visiting and staying with her Grandmother now named Mary A Edwards, who is now living at 68 Ewart Street, Saltney, Flint, same Street were her uncle Thomas William Hargrave who is also residing there, except they live at number 50. Charles occupation is Railway Platelayer as stated on the 1901 England census.
In 1901 Lilian Hargrave died at one years old.

In 1908 Charles and Kathleen Hargrave lost another child, Lucy Hargrave died at the age of 17 years of age.

There is one more generation that gained full employment on the Railway’s, that was my Grandfather Thomas Hargrave. Although he had 3 living brothers I have not tracked there employment. They too could have been employed by the Railway during their working lives.

To complete Charles and Kathleen I have a copy of their Death Certificates from the Registration District of Chester.

Seventh March 1922 at 9 Garden Terrace Spital Walk, Boughton ChesterU.D. Kathleen Hargrave, female, 57 years age, wife of Charles Hargrave a Railway Platelayer died of the following causes:
1. Chronic Nephritis
2. Uraemic convulsions
Certified by J R Brodie Russell M.B
W Hargrave son present at the death and he lived at 16 Water Tower View Chester. Registered eighth March 19223. Signature of the registrar H T Thompson Deputy Registrar.

Seventeenth May 1941 at 20 Henley Road Buddicom Park, Chester U.D. Charles Hargrave, male, 76 years old, Retired Railway Platelayer. Cause of death:-

1. (a) Uraemia
(b) Myocarditis
(c) Branchitis
Certified by D R Owen F.R.C.S
S T Southall son in law present at the death and he lived at 20 Henley Road Buddicom Park, Chester. Registered on the nineteenth May 1941. Signature of the registrar H T Thompson.
Samuel Thomas Southall married Jessie Hargrave at Chester St. Paul in 1925. Jessie Hargrave parents were Charles and Kathleen Hargrave.

Now my Grandfather Thomas Hargrave was born at Chester in 1893. In the 1901 England census he was 7 years old living at 9 Richmond View Boughton Chester.
On the First of July 1916 he married Margaret Ryan at St. Werberghs Roman Catholic Church, Grovenor Park Road Chester. His Rank or Profession is Railway Fireman and his residence at the time of Marriage was 10 Garden Terrace, Spital Walk, Chester. Margaret Ryan’s residence was 21 Seaville Street Chester, her father William Ryan was (deceased). The Certificate was signed by Thomas Hargrave and Margaret Ryan in the Presence of George Griffiths and Maggie Gibbons. The Ceremonies was conducted by Joseph Canon Chambers.

Thomas and Margaret Hargrave had five children, Catherine born in 1917.
Margaret Mary born in 1919.
Mary born 1927.
Thomas Joseph born in 1929.
Joan born in 1931.

Thomas Hargrave worked for the Railway as an Engine Stoker until he died in 1952, he was 59 years old at the time. That is where my direct family association ends with the Railways. My father Thomas Joseph Hargrave started work as a plumber for the Chester Gas Works and eventually became a Pipe Fitter for Shell Stanlow and retired from Shell in 1983.

I can remember seeing and traveling on the old coal fired Train Engines in the late fifties and early sixties, however eventually they were replaced by diesel and electric trains. That’s my story about the Railway and the Hargrave Family connection.

Written by Thomas James Hargrave
Nov 09, 2008 · Reply
Thomas Hargrave Plant Process Operator

I started in summer of 1969 at the Bowater paper mill Ellesmere Port, Cheshire England. My first factory job on # 6 machine making paper sheeting for newspaper print, if the paper broke going through the calendars’, my job was to push the paper down a conveyer to return the paper to the front end to be mixed with the wet end.
The charge hand sat at the front of the machine where the paper pulp water and chemicals were mixed before going onto the rollers to be squeezed into paper sheeting. Another job was making the tea for the charge hand; the kettle was cylindrical vessel, which used a steam coil to heat up the domestic water used make the tea. If you did not heat the kettle properly the tealeaves would float on the top of the teapot and you would get the evil eye and were told off.
At the dry end the paper was rolled on to very large spools, the finished product. Crane hoists moved the spools around ready for distributing.
I had already been accepted to start as Junior Trainee Process Operator at the Shell Stanlow oil refinery and petroleum chemicals complex, problem was I did not start until September.
After leaving school I needed a summer job to make some money for a trip my friends and I had planned all winter to go down to the south coast and stay in a caravan at Stoke beach near Plymouth Devon.
I pushed biked down to Bowater’s, talked to the personnel officer, filled out an application form and started the following Monday. After a week training I started on shift, eight hour shifts in the week but weekends it was twelve hours. The place was very noisy, hours and hours I sat waiting for the paper to break. Meal breaks were spent in the works cafeteria, you signaled with your hands when you were going. Some shifts the paper would break all shift, so you were busy pushing the paper down the shoot, if you did not get to it in time the paper would build up and jam and keep getting tighter and tighter, so the crew would come up and help move the clogged up mess until you had control of it.
I worked at Bowaters paper mill for about 12 weeks I even worked through the annual works shutdown which was the time most people took there summer holidays. Durring the shutdown maintenance crews took the equipment apart overhauled equipment repaired defective parts, I spent a few shifts in some kind of ceramic tiled rooms or vat cleaning the walls and floor with acid cleaners, I suspect it was where the pulp, water and chemicals are mixed before they go onto the wet conveyers prior to pressing and drying.
I left Bowaters after questions from a manager who wanted to know why I was leaving, he asked if I didn’t feel important etc. Had my holiday near Plymouth and a great time, even though the caravan was four miles to the nearest village and bus stop, although the caravan was near the beach
In September 1969 I started at Shell Stanlow Ellesmere Port UK as a Junior Trainee Process Operator. Two weeks in the training centre with different training instructors being lectured to about heat exchangers, valves, pumps, compressors. Looking at films about platformers, distillation towers and all kinds of hydrocarbons. Going around, looking at different plants. The movie medium back then was projectors and film in cans. Training instructors at that time were senior operators, after there time in training became shift foreman a first line manager.
I remember each training officer had his office somewhere in the plant complex, wether it be the Bitumen plant, Micro-wax, Distillation Cat Cracker or Chemicals Units. At that time it was quite fashionable for the trainers to wear shirt, tie, Tweed jacket trousers and boots.
Toward the end of the two weeks the Junior Trainee Process Operators were joined up Trade Apprentices for larger type presentations from Managers and Supervisors. As part of the initiation process every person had to do a presentation in front of the new hired class, mine was only chemical valency. The winner received a large expensive slide rule. The winner was an apprentice who talked all about Morris Minor and to drive it carefully and economically. The rest of us were still using push bikes and public transport.
During my presentation I remember being question about wether water was ionic or covalent. Other people’s presentations were about appardtite in South Africa; unfortunately there presentation was based on participation from the audience having views on the subject and not a formal lecture.
The next seven months will be spent at Carlett Park College in Eastham taking Ordinary level chemical plant operations
At that time going to Carlett Park College full time meant you got your midday meal paid for, just as well it was hard to survive on seven pounds a week. By time the bus fare was paid I paid my mum. Evan worse pay was deposited into the bank monthly. The company had come with a new contract deal. The deal was all overtime was compensated by taking the equivalent time off, and pay was deposited into the bank monthly. A new operator and maintenance category structure was instituted.
Arriving on the bus to the college, the bus stopped on the A41 Chester to Birkenhead road, a busy road the main artery through the Wirral. You walked down the entrance road leading to a building which had several stories and looked quite a tall building for the area. The road seemed quite long. In the basement of the building was a large cafeteria, with a separate room for mature students.
Once we registered and were admitted to the course, we found out were our home class room was. Not in the large building but in a portable room on the outskirts of the college grounds, near a lane which swung around and backed onto the A41 road about two miles nearer to Bromborough from the original entrance.
Between the main building and the portable classroom we were housed was an old chapel next to that was the chemistry and applied labs were we would be spending a lot of time. There was a pure chemistry lab, a physics lab and two applied labs with things like distillation columns, chemistry and petroleum equipment and apparatuses.
So that was our life for the next seven months, two separate classes from Shell and a handful from Burma Oil. About twelve in a class all from different parts of the Wirral, Chester, Ellesmere Port, Birkenhead, Neston and all different Schools.
We had several lecturers for the different subjects:-
Chemistry, Physics, Petroleum technology, Chemical processes, Mathematics, English, Liberal studies. We had both formal lectures in the classroom, practical experiments in the laboratory and even a Physical Exercise period.
Lectures at that time involved dictation and blackboard work. Most lecturers would explain principles on the blackboard then dictate notes to us and we would write down in our note books as verbatim.
There was also tour days, we went Bibbies soap factory in Liverpool, Levers in the Port Sunlight and Brombough area, we even went to a Coal Collier in Wales somewhere.
All through the winter arrived at our classroom, on Friday the Training superviser came to visit us and receive what was known as the hearts and flowers notes for absenteeism during the week. Gradually you could see the modes of transport changing. First people used the buses, then motor bikes and scooters stat to appear. I had a Vespa 90; I added side mirrors, a back seat rest, a fancy sat cover, some kind of fir material, and a front wind shied cover and other accessories. Because it so cold in the winter I bought a wool RAF overcoat from the Army and Navy store.
Sometime during that year my Vespa 90 was stolen.
Eventually during the two years we were at college most people bought there first car. Mine was a 1963 Ford Anglia blue, other people managed to buy brand new cars from Vauxhall Motors.
During Christmas periods when the college was closed we would go into the refinery to the trainers and look around plants and watch more training films.
During the Easter period the first year apprentices and Junior Trainee Process Operators were sent to an Outward Bound course in the Lake District.
Eventually we finished the first year and June of 1970 we had to write are exams
We returned to the refinery and were assigned a plant department and placed on crew. My dad was on shift in the refinery at that time as pipe fitter and had been become what they called an integrated craftsman on C crew. What an integrated craftsman meant was he was on shift as an operator after being trained and could be used as a pipe fitter as needed, he was based in the Utilities department.
As I still lived at home I asked to go the same C crew and I was assigned to train on the Distillation department.
At that time the Distillation department consisted of an old unit 1 on one side of the control room and a new unit 3 on the other side of the control room and a feed prep unit which had its own old panel and staff separate to units 1 and 2. West of the feed prep was another unit Distillation 2 built between the time unit 1 and 3 was built. Although it was part of the same department it had its own operating staff and the staff never covered for each other, however there was only one foreman for both.
I was assigned to work on units 1 and 3; the operating staff consisted of a chief operator, a panel man in the control room looking after both units 1 and 3. A fireman that looked after both unit furnaces and each unit had a pump man. There was also a grade in between panel man and the chief operator for vacation coverage etc..
At that time there was an operators uniform, each operator was assigned seven pairs of Sketchley green overalls, and non-slip boots. The boots were white or cream soles and a white or cream top that covered the toe protection part, the rest of the boot was black leather. Used overalls were sent in for cleaning to sketchleys and clean ones were kept in your locker. You wore your own cloths underneath. Some people still wore shirts and ties under there overalls.
The building which housed the control room, I noticed every wall and panel and even the tiles were light green in colour, it had a back part consisting of a mess room for operator breaks and meals, change facilities and a lab testing room where the distillation streams were checked for quality control, if the streams were out of spec. the control operator would make adjustments to his refluxes and temperatures and other parameters.
I spent time following the different operators on there routines, starting with the unit 1 pump man. Checking pump bearing temperatures, looking around for leaks, testing heat exchanger cooling water for oil which signified tube leaks. Taking distillation stream samples such as light tops, Naphtha, kerosene, diesel, and lube oil in sample bottles and then we would take them to the lab testing room and do tests such as specific gravity, distillation tests, and flash point tests. For tests that needed to be done by the laboratory there was a sample pick up cabinet by the road and the transport section pick them at certain times of the shift. Every so often we check with the control room in case he needed any field adjustments doing.
I also spent time following the unit 3 operator around, the tasks were very similar to the unit 1 pump man except the unit was twice it size, these units were originally designed and built to process Middle East crude. In fact the whole south part of the refinery was referred to as the M.E.C, and included all the down stream processes for the original crude. There was a planning board in the control room that informed the operators when they were processing crudes from the specific areas, such as Quatar, Kuwait. This was important because as the crude oil feed changed the distilling parameters would also change, the control room operator needed to be on his toes. Unit 3 had an interceptor pit which meant all water from the drains on the units had to pass through this channel and if there was oil on top, a skimmer would draw off the oil on the of the water to separate it and send it to recovery pit. The lower water level passed through to the refinery utilities department.
I also spent time following the fire man around; his job was looking after all the furnaces for the two units and a small old furnace that processed the oily drains system which recovered the oil that was skimmed off from the interceptor pits. The small old furnace and Crude Distillation Unit 1 furnaces had the burner guns fed from the side horizontally. The newer furnaces on Crude Distillation Unit 3 had the burner guns fed from underneath the furnaces. You could walk under those furnaces, well you had to, and it was how you pulled the guns in and out to change the tip and plugs on the end of the guns. At different feed rates you had change the size of the tip and plugs to get the correct firing pattern. Biggest part of the fire mans job was chipping the coking on the ends of the burner guns. Another important job making sure the skin temperatures where the oil tube ran through were not too hot, this was called tube impinging. This could cause coking up of the tube walls.

We worked an eight hour shift system back then seven morning shifts 7:00 am to 02:00 pm, seven afternoon shift 2:00 pm to 10:00 pm and seven night shift 10:00 pm to 07:00 am. Other parts of the refinery and chemical plants were still working the same shift system but started and finished at 6:00 am.
Early in the shift a mobile canteen would come around the plants with frozen meals in silver foil prepared by the main canteen kitchen. Wayne the guy delivering the meals was as nutty as a fruit cake. He was never serious, and would throw things at people and called everybody shag. A term which quickly spread around the M.E.C. with everybody calling each other shag. Ah shag can you go and check this out?
The price of the meals was very cheap and heavily subsidized by the company. On morning shifts we would breakfast such as bacon eggs black pudding sausage tomatoes beans in different combinations. Afternoon and nights steak fries and peas, fish and chips, in the summer salads and of course deserts, my favorite was Peach Melba. Every mess room had a small oven to heat the meal up. No microwaves then. The meals had to be ordered on the previous shift.
Each shift ended up with a mop and bucket to clean up the floor, all operators participated in that activity, which usually meant it, was routine shift, if the floor was not mopped it was a sign that plant was in a mess and a busy shift was ahead for the incoming shift.
During the summer of 1970 Crude Distillation Unit 3 had a big outage, the place is very busy during outages scaffolding everywhere columns opened up furnaces opened up, heat exchangers pulled apart lots of maintenance activities, but a good chance to look inside vessels pumps compressors. I remember at that time it was not mandatory to wear a safety hard hat, everyone had one but it was not rigor sly enforced. My dad came into Unit 3 and found me without a hard on and insisted that during an outage hard hats should be worn due to lots of people working above and below.
September 1970 came around and it was time to go back to Carlett Pack College for the second year Advanced Chemical Plant Operations course. The second year was on block release, six weeks at college, three or four times and block periods in different operating departments in the plant. There was a problem with that needed to be sorted out; I had managed to fail the first year exams.
So I carried on training in the Distillation department and eventually I was called down to the training department and had to talk to the Training Manager. He informed me that they had made a decision about my predicament.
The decision was that would carry on into the second year course and take both the first year examinations and the second year examinations the following June. The alternative could have been to retake the first year again, but that was never discussed.
So I started back at Carlett Park for the second year but had to endure some negative comments from the chemistry department head calling the situation a fix.
During the second year people started coming to class in cars. I was still saving for my first car at that time.
After my first block release I was assigned to the Additive and Intermediates department (A&I) in the chemicals part of the refinery. The A&I department at that time made toluene products, lube oil additives for motor oils and had an old Sulphur recovery plant and were expanding with a new larger Sulphur recovery plant along with a very large stack to distribute the emissions higher in the atmosphere.
I trained on the old Sulphur recovery plant, which took hydrogen sulphide as a bye product from Cat Cracking process added air and burnt the hydrogen off and liquid sulphur was recovered. At that time there was a world shortage of sulphur.As part of the job there was a small lab with a centrifuge for sampling Additives plant streams for particles. Why the plant did it for them I’m not sure, may be for independent testing. This plant was run by two people a senior operator who had a little panel for monitoring the plant with old equipment big large Foxboro instruments about 10 inch by 10 inch square and an operator who assisted him. Once a shift the foreman comes down from his office and visits them to see how things are going.
I also spent time where they processed and made additives, there was a mixture of batch processes and continuous plants in this area and some nasty chemicals such as acids, phenols. The operators wore black acid resistant overalls and plastic boots. I remember the floors were all red tiled; again the operators would mop and clean the floors only this time with toluene and water.
I had another spell at Carlett Park College for six weeks or so, and then returned to the refinery. This time I was assigned to the Solvents department, again on the chemical side of the refinery. My first plant there was the Keytone plants, Methyl Ethyl Keytone (MEK) excellent for cleaning hardened paint brushes and some other Keytone plant. They were basically furnaces with a metal catalyst in them, and some distillation columns to separate the streams. Every two hours there were a sheet of readings to take. Some other plants in the solvents department I worked on was a polyproponol plant again a lot of these plants had acids and caustics , eye safety was the big thing always wear eye gogles and rubber gloves and know where the eye wash stations where. In this complex there were lots of small processes that were interrelated and basically changed the shape of the molecules to form a desired product.
After the solvents units back to Carlett Park again for another six weeks, and then I found my self on the old north side of the refinery. A road called Oil site road runs through the refinery separating the north side from the south side of the refinery. The road is owned by Shell but the public are allowed to use the road. There was even a train track that runs through the refinery and a train stop platform.
The north side of the refinery which is closest to the Manchester Ship Canal, which was also parallel to the River Mersey, at that time had all the older plants, such as the Bitumen plant, Micro wax plant an old Boiler house, Shipping, Tank farm, with some old storage tanks that were hidden and camouflaged during world war two to stop Hitler bombing the place.
Anyway I was assigned to the low viscosity index lube oil complex. The complex was split into two. It had a vacuum Distillation unit, a sulphur dioxide extraction plant, and a de-waxing unit. I remember a lot of emphasis was based on adding an alkaline product to the feed tank for the distillation unit. The second part of the complex was for treating downstream products.
First thing I noticed about this older complex was the operator where much older than some of the other plants I trained on. The seniority level was quite high except for a few exceptions. They also had the refinery Operators chief union steward Ernie Twigg, who was a big unionist. Again all the control panels, walls and floor were green. The control room had been updated as well as the mess and changing facilities. The floors were mopped with kerosene and water, but the new mops had to soaked in water first other wise kerosene was more easily absorbed by the mop. The plant down the road was an old acid/clay treating units that had the paper and press type filters.
After the LVI lube oil plant I returned to Carlett Park College for another block. This was probably spring of 1971, sometime during this period I had purchased a grey Morris Minor from Ellesmere Motors at the top of Rosslan Road and the A41 in Little Sutton, I traded in my blue ford Anglia. Other people were arriving in fancy American cars, which looked huge compared to British cars. Some had bought small sports cars and others had bought new Vauxhall cars.

After I had finished the second year of college I was assigned again on “C” crew to the refinery Utilities department .It was a night shift .I had to report to the north boiler house which was located down the road where I was before the lube plant, past the Amine plant, past the micro-wax plant, at the end of the road next to the Manchester ship canal was a brick built building which housed eight Thompson boilers and all the auxiliaries that go along with the boiler units. There were stairs that led you up to the main floor of the building and you looked down a big open space, on either side were the boiler faces which reached high several stories high and down the middle were the panels for each boiler opposite the boiler faces. The floor was shinning silver metallic twelve inch square tiles. At the top of the stairs towards your right in an alcove was a mess room with table and chairs, a small sink, a small oven and some lockers. From the mess room you looked down past the four boilers on your right and you could see a small panel that had the controls for the fuel systems. Above this panel was a very large pressure gauge which showed the steam pressure of the ring main which all eight boilers could feed into. The pressure gauge read two hundred and fifty five pounds per square inch. Just in front of the boiler face was a baileys damper mechanism about three feet high by a foot. On top of this mechanism was a brass wheel and handle shinning very clean.
There were two fuels for the boilers Asphalt fed from a tank at the back through a reciprocating pump, and slightly lighter oil fed from another source. The fuel pressure was controlled by the main steam pressure and was common to all boilers.
Water control level and air registers were controlled at the local panel. To go up to the top of the boilers you entered through the side of the boilers. The feed water pumps and fuel pumps were all on the ground floor. There was a chemical mixing station down there as well.
I met the Operator in charge who was a Senior Operator Two at that time, he had a fire man who between them looked after the firing floor, and there was an outside pump man looking after other auxiliaries outside the boiler house. They had a fourth person who could cover for vacation, training sick calls etc..
I was paired up with John Clifford to learn and train on the outside pumps. There was an old water treatment plant outside but was not used, the water for the boilers was supplied by the newer water treatment plants on the south side.
On the east side of the boiler house again next to the Manchester ship canal was a cooling water pump house. The largest pumps were used for the north side refinery cooling system. In the middle of the north side of the refinery was a large cooling tower that held a large body of water, the water was supplied by the cooling water pumps in the pump house, cooling water was fed from this tower to the refinery users in different plants, some used the pressure head generated by the tower, some had in line pumps to boost their plant cooling water pressure. I remember there was a small tank farm, tanks of fuel oil and water; we dipped the tanks using dipping tapes. Although some of the boilers were being used when I first got there, the plan was close down the north side boiler house down. In 1969 the Utilities department had commissioned a new power house on the south side; there were also eight newer Babcock and Wilcox boilers fully in use on the south side across from the new power house.
In the meantime June had rolled around and it was time to write two years worth of examinations at carlett Park College.
I carried on working and training on the north boiler house, I learned how to suit-blow using an old chain for each boiler. How the economizers worked, the Induced drafts fans which were steam driven as was all the water and fuel pumps and fans. Depending on the steam load we would have to change the tips and plugs on the burners so that the fuel pressure controllers could operate in the correct range.
On the outside routines the Utilities department also looked after sewage pumping stations and the ground water drainage run off. Although each plant had its own individual process oily water interceptors the outlet water flowed to the main interceptor bays next to the Manchester ship canal. These interceptor bays were huge, an operator on days took care of them but after day hours the shifts looked after them.
I was still getting paid at the trainee level, but I was trained and started taking over operator coverage I was compensated at the going operator grade, which was called upgrade at that time. The deal with Junior Trainee Process Operators was once you passed the two years of traineeship they received the Operator 1 level of pay. There were five grades of Operator, lowest grade was Operator 5 highest was Operator 1, at that time there were lots of Operator 3 jobs. Then there were Senior Operator grades, a Senior Operator 4 to Senior Operator 1, the larger and more involved with others plants the higher the grade.
There was another part of the north side which either took water from the Manchester ship canal or had suction pipes go under the canal to the River Mersey that was based up at Ince a mile or two east of the north boiler house. It had its own entrance way inside a low underground building were the MEC cooling water pump-house. Six very large and noisy diesel or electrical pumps supplied the South side Middle East Crude cooling tower with water. Inside the building was a large pump room and in one area was a small control room. Once inside the small control room you shut the door and the noise was reduced dramatically. This was a one man operation, but the spare man on the north boiler house would cover for vacation and sickness.
Some time during that summer I received my results from my exams. I had passed both years. I had passed “O” and “A” level in chemical plant operations from the Union of Cheshire and Lancashire Institute. There was also an added bonus of payment for passing the exams, some thing like fifty pounds, which was a lot of money to me back then.
Eventually the guy I was training with was keen to move over to the south side where things were happening and where the future lay ahead. I was given the job of full time Pump man on the North side. I saw thing over the next year gradually run down as the north boiler reduced one by one the number of boilers required to be needed in service.
When I first got there, it was a four man shift operation with a full time supervisor on days and a full staff of mechanics, pipe fitters, handy men, and planners. The shift supervisor was located on the South Power house and would visit once a shift on nights.
Having been successful with my exams I decided to carry on going to college on day release to get my post Advance in chemical plant operations, this time it was run by City and Guilds of London Institute. Day release involved spending one day week from eight in the morning until seven or eight at night. It was a long day. Especially during the period of working night shifts, which at that time was ten pm until seven am? The company did give us the time off; it was covered in the union contract. The Transport and General Union. Mornings and afternoon shifts were straight forward one shift off. Depending on which day of the week nights were tougher, either the night before or the night after you would be tired. Not every body carried on to the day release, the classes went down to one full class. There were a few people from earlier years that decided to return to day release, so there were a few new faces.
I carried on working on the north side and continued day release and eventually the job went down to a one man job as the operators moved over to the south side, towards the very end I was moved over to the south side and a small pick up truck was used to go over to the north side to check the sewage pump stations and cooling water pumps.
I was re-assigned to work on the south side Utilities department. There the department was split into two, the new power house Thompson boilers which produced 1500 psi steam that could either feed six 10 MW generators or could feed six de-super-heaters, either of them would exhaust 250 pounds per square inch steam to the refinery steam main. Most plants used medium pressure 250 psi steam for turbine pumps or heat exchange purposes or there was a 50 psi low pressure steam line, exhausted medium pressure steam went to low pressure. The lower the pressure of the steam, the larger the circumference of the pipe.
The other side was the older medium pressure boilers; there were eight Babcock and Wilcox three hundred pounds an hour steam was produced from each boiler. There was a small old control room next to a pump house and change room facilities four boilers at the east door and four boilers at the west door, just outside.
There was also an outside pump man job on the south side that covered a large area; you walked over a bridge above pipes to the refinery Instrument air compressor building. Inside this very noisy building was about six large air compressors and outside were very large humidifiers about ten to twelve feet high. Purpose of the humidifiers was to remove moisture from the instrument air which contained silica gel which allowed moisture to be taken out of the instrument air to reduce the dew point in the air to less than -40’C. When the gel was saturated with moisture it could be regenerated and heated up to dry the silica gel, then allow it to be put back in service. It was a manual operation at that time. In another room was a number cooling water pumps that took suction from the bottom of the cooling tower and pumped water to the refinery cooling water system, a slip stream was fed through filters to help clean up the debris in the water. Readings of these pumps and compressors were taken every two hours.
As you left the cooling water pumps you walked down a road that had various tanks either side, one was a domestic water tank with a chlorine system to treat the potted water system. A large fuel tank of Britoleum, medium dense oil for burning in the boilers, it was lighter than bunker C fuel which was very heavy.
A little bit further down the road was another small pump house which I think is where the domestic water pumps were housed. The water supply came from underground bore holes.
At the end of the road just before the main road going down to the MEC section was the fire water pump house which was below the ground to enter you had to go down some steep metal stairs. Once inside the building you saw very large piston diesel pumps that had high pressure air cylinders to quick start the diesel pumps when they were required. West of this area was the huge MEC cooling water tower and a smaller tower used for cooling water for the Chemicals departments.
The outside pump man was based inside the medium pressure control room, so when he was not busy he would help out on boiler start ups but usually had his tea breaks there.
To the west of the medium pressure boiler house was an old water treatment plant, originally used for the medium pressure boiler house it had been shutdown for a few years. Since the new power house was built it also came along with a brand new demineralization water treatment plant. Some one came up with the idea of supplying the medium pressure boiler plant with de-mineralized water.
This worked good for a while until it was discovered that the de-mineralized water was eating away at pump impellers and other mechanical parts which were designed for the original water treatment plant.
In the mean time it was decided to run to the old water treatment plant to feed the medium boilers, this was my next assignment training in the water treatment plant.
The water was pumped in from the river Dee was mixed with coagulants and flocculation chemicals in flocculation sump an agitator helped mix it, the particles in the water would come together and would sink to the bottom at timely intervals the sludge was drained off to a separator sump. The treated water rose up to the top and flowed into an open sediment basin. The flock settled to the bottom removing impurities from the water, the water then proceeded to the filters. A lot of the plant was indoors, on the ground floor was a small control panel, below the floors was sumps and the main pumps were in the same room. A small lab testing area was to the right of the panel. Down past the panel were stairs which lead down to the water softeners these were softeners that used salt brine to regenerate the resin that was inside. You carried on down the hallway and you could see the bottom of the filter and vacuum pump that dried and separated sludge that was caught in a skip container which faced on to the road opposite the chemical complexes.
Things would run smooth most of the time unless the flock in the sediment basin started rising to the top it would then go into the filters and prematurely block the filter beds. To help stop this you could two things throw powered copper salt in to help settle the bed down or slow the flow through the plant down. The filter beds were air blown and back washed to clear the dirt out of the sand.
At that time people used to rotate through all the operator 1 jobs and only spent a couple of weeks in different positions, so a decision was made to stay in a position for six months. I spent the next six months in the water treatment plant. I enjoyed my time in the water treatment plant there was always things to do and on days the day operators would cook sausages and give me a sausage butty.
After six months I was trained in the new demineralization plants across the road south of the new power house. The original design of the demineralization plant was it would run fully automatic and would only need an operator to pop in once a shift to make a few batches of coagulant aid and a flocculation batch.
By the time I was being trained the demin. plant was a two man plant.
There were six streams, three were fixed bed units with a cat-ion tank an anion tank and a mixed bed tank, these tanks run continuously until the resin was spent and the conductivity of the water started to increase, then using telephone technology of the early seventies would automatically regen the bed with acid, caustic to restore the regen to a position to start treating the water again.
The other three units were different instead of having static fixed bed they used an absorber column that mixed the cation and anion resins and would continuously feed in regened resin and discharge spent resin on a timed bases. The spent resin was discharged to a column that separated the anion and cation resins by density and sent them to other columns were they were regenerated eventually the regened resin circulated back to the absorber column. A mixed bed was used as a polisher.
The front end of the plant had large circulator flocculation beds where feed water and coagulant were mixed again the particles formed a large flock that stayed on the bottom with the clean water overflowing to a sump tank. From the sump tank the water was pumped through sand filters into another sump tank ready to go through the anion bed the cation bed and the mixed bed, eventually the clean water was sent to either the boiler feed system or to storage tanks.
Some time around this period I was shift changed from C crew to D crew.
I still worked in the demin plant, until this point I had been working on the static bed streams. On D crew I was trained to run the fluid bed demin streams, they were busier units to run and other people had burned out running up and down the stairs of this plant. The fluid beds had a lot of height to them and the sampling area was at the top floor of the unit.
The fluid bed demin streams ran great when there was lots of resin and the absorber was tightly packed, however over time the resin would be lost and this allowed the absorber resin to move around loosely. This affected the efficiency of ability to remove impurities from the water. If the water left the demin plant impure it would deposit silicon onto the turbine blades. Other problems with the fluid bed streams was there were a lot of pneumatically operated ball or plug valves which over a period of time would wear and start sticking If the fluidized resin in the streams was stopped or slow down again it affected how tight the absorber was.
I had quite a few screw ups in that plant. One time I left a vent open on a filter after it had been cleaned, the control panels were in the middle of the plant, the water then poured on top of the panel and soaked the timer controls inside the control cabinet.
Another time I managed to lose the entire resin bed from the polisher bed. Turns out no resin no water clean up and the bed shuts down. Some how a valve had been left open resulting in a back flush which washed the resin out of the bed.
Each stream had it own control panel and inside were timers that could be adjusted manually. These timers controlled when the absorber bed anion and cation beds cycled through the regeneration modes. Some times you could adjust these timers to help improve how tight the beds got packed, and ultimately improve the conductivity of the water.
Nothing was written down back then so the original setting were lost and a guy who had been working there quite a while had to come back in to set the correct settings.
Every operator on the four different crews had there own way of the fluid bed streams. I definitely recommend static bed demineralization plants.
Eventually I started training on the power plant, the outside pumps old water treatment plant and demin plants were Senior four Operator grade. In the power house the fire man / pump man were Senior Three grade, the Panel man was Senior Two and there was a Chief Operator who was responsible for the whole of the utilities department, they were all union positions and there was a management line Shift Supervisor with overall responsibility. The shift Supervisor was the highest management grade on shift in the refinery. All the other refinery plants had foremen as the management line. In the past on loss of steam plants had refused to shut down to accommodate the lack of steam production, this led to giving more power to the Utilities shift Supervisor. Steam production affects all plants in the refinery.
The power plant covered a lot of ground, there were six very large Thompson boilers with two forced draft and two Induced draft fans per boiler and they were steam driven. The pumps that fed the deaerator, the Boiler feed Water Pumps, and as well the fuel oil pumps were all steam driven. All the above equipment also had lube oil reservoirs which had to be checked and if water was found it was drained off. Most of the pump mans time was spent walking around all the pumps, fans checking the integrity of the equipment; a lube oil leak could cause bearing failure then fires. One man looked after all the pumps and fans on the six boiler units.
The Fire man looked after all the upper part of the boilers the firing platform, which was in front of the boiler the firing gun, went into the boilers horizontally, the boiler drum levels, very important that the sight glasses matched the instrumented level transmitters. In a power house running at fifteen hundred pounds per square inch you can always hear the leaks but you can’t see the leaks. One thing about a boiler or power house there is always one boiler on an outage, very rare is all six boilers in service.
At about this time in 1974 I decided I wanted to make a home of my own. A guy I worked with new people who lived in a mobile home park in Elton near Chester. So we went and looked at the place. The Park was in Elton but the showroom and sales offices were in Delamere Forest in mid Cheshire. After looking at a 35 foot Caravan or mobile home that had all the furnishings including heater stove shower I bought one and had it delivered to Orchard Park Elton. The Park was owned by the Caravan sales people and you paid a modest amount for the rent. The Electricity was extra and Calor gas bottles were used for the stove and heating the shower.
On my twenty first birthday I moved into 52 Orchard Park Elton near Chester Cheshire UK. I had good neighbors on one side but on the other side was a family with lots of kids and toys were all over there site.
Across the road were Elton and Ince Train Station which I used quite a lot for going to Ellesmere Port. The train schedule came from Ellesmere Port and stopped at Elton at 20 minutes past the hour, I had time to shower and change and I could be back on the train going back to Ellesmere Port as the train schedule was ten to the hour. On the other side of the Train Station was Ince power station my new neighbor worked there.
The Refinery was very close to Elton I used to walk to the Power house, in the fall I had took a short cut through potato fields, guess what I used to pick up. I was very popular with the shift supplying potatoes for baking. The Shifty would come around to pick up potatoes for the lads.
There were a lot of new building projects Bovis Homes was one, only problem they looked straight on at the Alcohols and Phenols complexes, some days when the wind was going the wrong way the smell was so sickly, and the washing that hung out to dry would also smell when it was brought in. Eventually the village of Elton became the town that should never have been built.
It was also during that summer that I first met the love of my life, Susan King at that time she was a hairdresser working at Co-operative salon in Little Sutton opposite the Train Station, we met at a discothèque called Images in Chester on Watergate Street she was there with her sister Caroline. My friend Kevin and the two girls and I got in a taxi and we went back to my Caravan.
That’s how I met my wife. She was born in Chester in a hospital, her mother was Northern Irish an Orange women and her dad was a Yorkshire man, ex Navy that’s how he met his wife when ship docked in Belfast or some where around there. Arthur King got a job in Vauxhall Motors and originally lived in Enfield Road Ellesmere Port, but spent the majority of time living in Eccleston Avenue Ellesmere Port. When I met Susan King her parents had bought a house in Little Sutton on Starbeck Drive on the Wimpey estate.
I carried on working in the Refinery Utilities Department by this time I could cover all the shift Senior four Operator jobs the old water treatment plant, the medium pressure boiler house outside routines, the Demin. Plant both static bed and fluid bed and could cover over on the north side. I would also cover on the Power house working as fire man/Pump man and looking after the turbines. The control room Electrical side was operated by an electrician, called Electrical Technician.
The Utilities department also had shift electricians that were based in the power house and were available to trouble shoot and fix any electrical problems that occurred in any part of the refinery.
In 1975 the Shell Stanlow refinery had an operator promotion system that was a computerized program and went as follows: every year your management foreman or supervisor did an appraisal or assessment and covered several areas, including time keeping job performance etc.. towards the bottom of the assessment form was an area for the supervisor to either recommend promotion immediately
or promotion with in the next twelve months
or promotion not recommended.
Appraisals were then placed in the computer system and when a vacancy became available in a grade above your own present grade within the refinery you would get a letter informing you were being considered for the vacancy in which ever department the vacancy was open. An interview could follow if you wanted to transfer to that department.
I had been for a few interviews in different parts of the Refinery, the previous year I had one at the High Viscosity Index (HVI) lube oil plant but was unsuccessful, however it was good experience.
The manning levels in the Utilities department at that time was very stable; it was full of younger people who had been around for only five to six years, the Supervisors and Chief Operators on the all the shifts were in there forties, which seemed quite old to me, at the time. During that time period working in the Utilities department was considered a dead end job, basically looking after sewage and boiling kettles. No one out side the Utilities department was given a promotion above internal applicants.
On April 19 1975 I was married at Saint Paul’s church in Hooton Ellesmere Port; my banns were read in Saint Thomas’s church Ellesmere Port.

This also coincided with a promotion to a Senior Three Operator, but I had to move to the HVI lube oil plant on the Middle East Crude (MEC) part of the refinery.
The department was the Secondary Processes Department; it was mish mash of several processes. All the processes had been placed in a centralized control room, and there were three areas of responsibility or three separate operating groups. One group had the Propane De-asphalting Unit, (PDU) Furfural Extracting Unit (FRF) and the Methyl Ethyl Keytone De-waxing (MDU) Unit. One Senior Operator three looked after the PDU and FRF units, one Senior Operator three looked after the MDU, and he had an Operator three that looked after regenerating the six large de-waxing filters, there was also a Senior Operator one to oversee and act as a union charge hand those were compliment jobs and the group carried a Senior Operator three as a spare man to cover for sickness, vacation, training.
On the other side of the control room were the Plat formers. There was an old Plat former unit that was run up and down as demand dictated and a new Plat former that was a larger unit with modern furnaces and newer seiman hydrogen compressors, The Plat former took straight chain hydrocarbons and changed the shape of the molecules into ring chain hydrocarbons using a platinum catalyst which gave the gasoline product a higher octane for cars. The plant made hydrogen as a side product. The plat formers also had a group of operators, three Senior Operator Three’s, a Senior Operator One in charge of the units and a spare man again for coverage.

The third group in the middle of the control room was a of mixture plants, the High Vacuum lube oil distillation unit that originally was part of the HVI complex, was one man job, it also had a furnace circuit that heated up oil and circulated it through the PDU,FRF and MEK de-waxing Unit as a heat medium. Another plant was the cryogenic Nitrogen production unit that took fresh air as its feed and separated nitrogen and oxygen using cryogenic distillation, attached to that unit was an interceptor pit. Another plant was the old Hydrodesulphurization plant which had its control room centralized, the plant was manned when I first arrived there but I never saw it run. Senior Operator Three operators ran these plants as well, but for this group the lead operator was a Senior Operator Two. This was the group I started in.

Just off centre behind the Nitrogen panel was an office where the Foreman sat. He had overall responsibility and was a management representative, a ratio of fifteen to one on shift. Up stairs in the offices there was other staff on days, day supervisors, department managers and technologists. The department also had it own maintenance sections, in the surrounding buildings were various trade groups, pipe fitters, mechanical fitters, and instrument technicians.
The job vacancy I had taken was on “C” crew, so I Reported to “C” crew who were on nights.
Once I was introduced to my lead hand and the other members of the crew I was told I would be training on the High Vacuum Distillation Unit. One thing I quickly learned about working in Secondary Processes was no matter where you came from, the type plant or your years of service, you were considered a novice at operating these plants.
So began my journey in learning about high vacuum distillation, pumps under vacuum, a different type of furnace, refluxes, accumulators, and much more.
The job was both outside and inside, every two hours you walked around the pumps checking for leaks, and looked at the furnaces for impingement and coke build up. The feed pumps were farthest away. Back to the control room and check how the panel was doing. On these units once an adjustment on the tower was made such as a change in reflux flow it was best to wait several hours before the next move was made.
The use of computers was just starting and the plant had computers that monitored the process and gave an alarm on a basic monitoring schematic above the panel. The controls were still on the panel using process variables measured in the field and transmitted through pneumatic signals. Along a back wall was a set of type writers and every hour they would print out a set of process parameters, if they were in specification it would be in the black, if they were out of spec it would write in red. Every night shift some one had to go into the basement and collect punch cards from a room in the basement. An observation about this room was it was the room that an air conditioning unit to keep it cool. The rest of the plant including the control room was not air conditioned; they were kept slightly above atmospheric pressure to prevent gases from coming inside the control room from the plant.

Experiencing plant outages was something new for me, actually shutting the plant down was a lot work. First you start reducing the feed slowly, then place all the rundown streams on recirculation, trip the fuel oil to the furnaces and steam out the furnace guns, shut down stripping steam to the distillation column, stopped the steam to the vacuum ejectors, pump as much out of the distillation columns as you could, it seemed like you were going in and out of the control room all shift, well you were. Eventually you would steam out the column to the battery limits which were all the lines came in and out the unit. Once all the columns and accumulators were evacuated, the pipe fitters could start inserting blinds into all the lines at the battery limits to make sure no steam condensate oil feeds and products were isolated from the plant. Once this was done the plant was handed over to maintenance and they work on repairing, inspecting the plant under a permit system, at that time it was called a clearance certificate. For welding and hot work you needed hot work permit, usually signed by the plant manager. During the outage period heat exchangers would be opened up and bundles removed out of them, pumps, compressors stripped down and overhauled, valves repaired and repacked, all vessels and columns cleaned and inspected. Column internals such as bubble trays or packing trays needed to be repaired.
When ever you have steam going into a column under a vacuum it has to be very dry, otherwise the slightest bit of condensate or water entering into the column will expand causing high pressure surges and will damage trays nozzles and packing

Being the junior member on the shift once I had been trained on the high vacuum distillation unit I ran the unit for quite a while. I spent time on the Nitrogen unit but from I can remember the Nitrogen plant was shut down more than it ran, they had lots of problems with compressor parts.

Eventually it was decided the hydrodesulphurization plant was never going to run again and that led to management proposing a new operator structure in Secondary Processes. Basically the control room was split into two groups of operators and two operator jobs would disappear, a unit operator and the lead hand job. To encourage the union to vote on this it was proposed to increase the grades of the two charge hand jobs from Senior Operator One to Chief Operators and the MEK De-wax filter job to Senior Operator four. After much arguing and discussion it was passed. The HVI lube oil complex reverted back to when it was first built in 1969 and the compliment went down to thirteen operators per shift.

The good thing about a department like that there are lots of plants to train on and learn. I spent the rest of my term there working on the lube oil side of the control room. However I did spend time over on the plat formers and learnt the process.

In the fall of 1975 our first born son Daniel was born, we were still living in the caravan and we had itchy feet and we wanted to buy our own house. At that time shell had a person who looked after that sort of thing. First I wanted to buy a Georgian style house which was on church leased land and actually we put a deposit down. Fortunately they changed the plot plans so we backed out of that deal and got our deposit back, the house price was about thirteen thousand pounds. We eventually ended up buying a house built by Thomas Warrington for ten thousand pounds, the land was freehold and it had many extras In the mean time we had to sell our caravan, the problem was although the land the caravan was resided on was fairly reasonable, you could not sell the caravan on the site, In the early part of 1976 we sold it to a company who shipped it to some where in Ireland. So for a while we stayed with my sister and her husband that did not work out, so we stayed at Starbeck Drive, my wife’s dad’s house. Unfortunately my mother in law died the previous December.

In June of 1976 we moved into our first brand new house it was a small subdivision in an established area of Whitby Ellemere Port. We were one of the last people to move in but it was nice because most people were new the neighbors were very friendly, in fact my second cousin had also moved into the street.

It seemed like we lived in Warrington Avenue for a long time inflation was rampant and the mortgage interest rates were increasing every month, luckily I was working lots of overtime and we gradually got furniture in the house. In January 1977 we had our daughter Emma Rachael; from the tax refund we bought a carpet for the front room. We would only live there for eighteen months, by December we were on our way to Canada.
Many people were going abroad at that period, there were lots of jobs in the middle east especially in Saudi Arabia, the north sea was just getting going and in Canada Ontario Hydro were recruiting chemical operator for there heavy water plants.

During the spring and summer of 1977 I had applied for a job with Ontario Hydro, I had the interview in London some where around Piccadilly Circus, and was offered the position of Chemical Operator. As a family we had to go through medicals for both Ontario Hydro and the Canadian government, and interviews in Manchester.
On 14 November 1977 the final papers came through, we decided to go a month later and booked the flights for 14 December 1977and put the house on the market. The house had been sold when we left but the contracts had not been exchanged.

1977 Ontario Hydro

December 14th 1977 we take off from Manchester Airport on a British Airways Boeing 707 to Toronto. The plane did stop at Prestwick Airport Glasgow Scotland. About forty five minute delay and we were off again. Emma was only ten months old. Although we had booked four seats, the cabin crew moved us up to the front of the plane where a cot was hung on the wall in front of us. The cabin crew made special food for her such as soup but all she ate was milk from her bottle. The configuration of the plane was three seats an ayle and three seats. Daniel he was two years old had brought a box of dinky cars to play with, but because the ayleway was always full of either people lining up for the toilet , food being delivered, duty free, in the end quite a few of those dinky cars rolled down the plane floor never to be seen again.

We landed at as it was called then Malton International Airport Toronto. We had to get our luggage and then go through Immigration and show our pink landed immigration documents. As we came through the doors at terminal 1 we were met by two company representatives. We were taken to a hotel bus to the Holiday Inn opposite the Airport and we checked into a room. In the mean time the two gentlemen had to go back to the airport to meet another person on a flight coming from London.

The kids were tired so we ordered some food to the room and the kids went to sleep.
We had super with the one of the gentlemen; the flight from London was still delayed then the other guy came back from the airport and we had a few drinks in the hotel bar where a Japanese pop group was playing some Beatles songs. I would go back to the room periodically to check on the kids. Eventually we went to our room for the night and at about midnight we noticed the guy from London arrived and was staying in the room next to us. The three of them went off to the bar.

The next day after paying we checked out of the room loaded up a small minibus that had been rented for the trip and new only the location we were going and nothing about the remoteness of the place. We stopped about halfway at a small restaurant for a coffee and break and carried on to Port Elgin, we were booked in at the Coach and Four Motel opposite Zehers supermarket. I was told anther person in the Motel would talk to us and make sure I got on the bus to work on Monday morning.

Later on that day we were shown around some new houses in Kincardine and had super there. We went back to the Motel room in Port Elgin and put the kids to bed.
Later that night a guy I used to work with at Shell who had arrived a month earlier and his wife came around to see how we were doing. We were very tired but it was nice to see familiar faces and be educated about the place.

The next day was Sunday and I remember some real estate people coming around to show us some houses in the Port Elgin area. Later in the day guy called Denis came around to talk to us. He was concerned that we don’t buy a house that would leave us money strapped
In the meantime I needed to rent a car, unfortunately at the time I twenty four and the dealers in the local area would only rent cars to people older than twenty five, also most places were closed on a Sunday.
I had to rent a car from a Toyota dealer in Walkerton which was quite a distance away from Port Elgin.

Monday morning arrives I had not heard or seen a guy called Barry who was going to get me to work. A knock on the door is heard, I was not quite ready and the guy seemed to be in a hurry and expected to me know what was going on. We hurried over to the bus pickup and caught the bus to the Bruce Nuclear Power Development. Turns out he worked for Shell Stanlow and lived in Heswall. We turned to be good friends in the end he played soccer; unfortunately he had a bad car accident several years later and ended up with a pin in his thigh.

We arrive at the Heavy Water Plant in offices for the commissioning of BHWP “B” starting filling in all kinds of forms. This was my official starting date December 16th 1977 even though I had been traveling since the 14th. I met a lot of the other operators I will be working with. There were lots of complaints about people not getting time off to settle the families in and get set up.

One of the first things I was shown was how to fill out an expense form and to claim for the hotel bill and meals, but also we could claim for the expenses for traveling to medicals, immigration medicals and interviews.
I remember walking outside in the cold and snow, while outside you had to carry a canister and mask with you in case there was a Hydrogen Sulphide (H2S) release from BHWP “A” which had been running for several years. The canister and mask gave you protection from low levels of H2S until you could up wind of the leak.

One thing I noticed straight away was the amount of copper piping being used for steam tracing. Most plants I had worked used carbon steel piping. I also noticed lots of people wearing ska doo suites something else new, they did warmer in them. Other things at work I noticed there were no cafeterias just lunch room with stoves, sinks and something new at the time microwaves. Most people had lunch pales with sandwiches and thermos flasks in them, the walls housed shelving to store the lunch pales until break time. There were coffee, pop and vending machines that took coins.

During the first week at work it was mostly reporting to the commissioning offices and having a look around the construction site. We had a day of listening to lectures from the department heads, departments such as Operations, Technical, Planning, Training all giving their spin on how the place functioned and of course from the Plant Manager himself Bob Iceley at the time. Main theme was safety was highest priority, some places talk about it but here we really mean it.

Sue and the kids were stuck in the Coach and Four Motel and with snow every where could not go far. We had a twin buggy but it was no use in the ice and snow. So when I came home we would go out in the rented Toyota and have dinner out in the different restaurants in Port Elgin and look at cars. We once test road a Pacer. Took it down highway 21 into Southampton and the thing went dead on us. We hitched a ride back to the dealership and gave him back the keys. All he cared about was if we lock it up or not. It was not very nice getting stuck in a strange place in a snow storm.

During that period we had looked around Port Elgin and around Kincardine and had decided we preferred Kincardine, it had a more traditional main street with brick buildings and shops and restaurants and a nice harbor. We looked at renting which was about $200 to$250 a month at the time; we picked a place on the edge of town at a farm house that had a rental apartment above and to the side of it. We wanted to get into a place before Christmas.

We had arranged a bank loan to cover buying a car, beds furniture and covers etc, which we bought locally in Kincardine at a place called Linikers. We moved in on Christmas eve and the furniture arrived as well. I went to a dealership opposite the town hall by the lake. I looked at the cars for sale, I saw a yellow Datsun on the lot. Walked into the sow room and offered the salesman who I think owned the lot $1500. He got his calculator out which was also new back then, started keying in some numbers and after a while agreed, and the deal was done.

Biggest problem then was getting car insurance. I walked into a place called Miller McKenzie and a guy came in and told me they were having an office celebrating for Christmas but was kind enough cover me and filled out the relevant forms, but did keep mentioning how lucky I was.

We had a quiet Christmas and spent some of the day at our friend’s apartment which over looked the harbor.

As the New Year started in 1978 at work a training program for about six weeks was scheduled. Ontario Hydro had just revamped a new work protection code that was to cover all the divisions of Hydro, the Grid, Hydraulic, Thermal and Nuclear. Bruce Heavy Water Plants was considered part of Nuclear, so we had to follow the nuclear section of the code. I was used to a permit system at Shell but this system was very formal. More enfaces seemed to be was placed on the paper work and tagging system.
The other courses were a mixture of safety first aid, fundamentals such as Electrical, Heat and Thermodynamics, Instrumentation.

At the end of the training program we are given our shift assignments, I will be on the old Heavy water plant “A” which has Enriching Units 1 and 2 and Finishing Unit 1, on “A” crew.
Myself and a guy from Wales called Wayne meet the shift supervisor in the lunch room after an introduction talk we are then taken upstairs to meet the Shift Operating Supervisor, we are taken to the field office.

The field office is new concept to me; I was used to interacting in control rooms. The “A” plant control room was quite a distance from the field office. You entered the plant through the change room facilities which also housed the lunch room change locker room and upstairs were offices and the control room; you would also tag in for accounting purposes and for emergency response purposes. There was an open space between the control room and the Enriching plant and you walk around the plant down a road to the field office or you could get a ride in the back of the pick up truck. Shift turnovers were done in the field office.

In the field office there was an office for the two Senior Chemical Operators, who were considered union supervisors, an office with high bulky counter tops for trades men to sign on to work authorization forms, and could be used to look at large flow sheets. In the back room was a lunch room with microwaves stove, shift cupboards pop machine and table and chairs for break time. At the side of the lunch room was another room full of safety equipment such as Scott air packs, stretchers, oxygen resuscitators. At the time we were on eight hour shifts and the chemical operator’s life revolved around the field office.

I was introduced to the crew and started following the two guys on Enriching unit 1, doing routine readings. Because there was so much H2S in the plant the operators used a buddy system. Two operators had to walk around the plant ten feet apart observing each other in case one of them picked up a dose of H2S and could fall down overcome from the gas. Each person also carried with them a small air bottle and mask with seven minutes supply of air ready to use at any moment. Around the plant were stationed Scott air bottles packs with resuscitation masks that lasted thirty minutes for rescuing a person who was gassed and an emergency button for pressing that alarmed in the control room. Upon receipt of the alarm emergency tones would be set off to the public address system, the location would also be announced, rescue teams would don Scott air packs and advance to the announced area location. The victim would be rescued and sent of to hospital. The emergency team would then isolate the equipment that was leaking, or secure the area.

In order to keep everybody sharp drills on the above events were conducted regularly and you new your partner would go down on your first couple of shifts to acclimatize you to the system. At the end of the drills there would critique of the performances during the drill.

At the time there were lots of young Operators in Training (OIT’s) and Assistant Chemical Operators. OIT’s were in training for two years, after that they needed a further two years as Assistant Chemical Operators to qualify as a Chemical Operator. This led to a lot of bad feeling when they saw people coming over from the UK as Chemical Operators and in some cases Senior Chemical Operators; there was a lot of resentment in people. So there was lots of step up pay and training on the units was not rushed at that time.

I was allowed to train and follow people around without any pressure they had hired for the new plants and manpower shortages never seemed to be a problem. From time to time the Senior Chemical Operator would check your progress in learning the plant.
The plant itself had a front end were treated water and hydrogen sulphide was mixed, it was pumped forward to three first stage towers, four hundred feet tall where it was pumped through a heater at the bottom and pumped through a cooler in the middle. A large thirteen kilovolt blower took gas from the top of the tower and blew back into the bottom of the tower circulating the gas. The change in temperature help concentrate the Deuterium molecule in the centre of the tower, at this point a stream was forwarded to the second stage tower.
The second stage tower was smaller that the first stage towers had the same pump and heater at the bottom and the same pump and cooler in the middle of the tower and again circulated gas from the top of the tower to the bottom. The concentration of deuterium molecules in the middle of the tower were in the seven to eight percent range. Again it was forwarded to the third stage tower.
The third stage needed to be twice as tall as the other towers, so it had two towers, one a cold tower and another a hot tower. Joining the top of the hot tower to the bottom of cold tower gave the same affect as the other stages. In the third stage the concentration of deuterium had built up to thirty percent and was sent to the finishing unit. H2S gas was then sent back to the front end where the H2S was recovered to reuse.
The above process took one hundred and forty nine parts per million of naturally occurring deuterium in Lake Huron and using enrichment made thirty percent heavy water

Mean while we were still living in the apartment on highway 9 outside Kincardine Daniel was driving the people below nuts, we were right above there kitchen he had a small push around car that he sat on and pushed it from the front room into the kitchen and back around to the front room. The people below complained about the noise and made us feel uncomfortable. So we started looking for a place of our own. In the April we bought a good starter house not far from the town on Queens Street within walking distance of the town and three houses away from the Hospital. It was bungalow thirty years old with white painted wood on the outside. The garage was attached and was an extension of the house stairs went downstairs to a basement and a door led into the kitchen. The back garden had quite a hill and led to another part even higher up. The heating was forced air oil furnace. The bedroom windows were different there was two windows in a corner of the room. In the main room which was the front room looking at Lake Huron was a huge window that was shaded on the outside by a canopy.

I worked on Enriching Unit 1 training and learning the process for about six months during that time I shared a ride with Wayne the Welshman, you could get the bus for a dollar a day but it was more convenient to use your own car. One day Wayne was taking me home in his car and all of a sudden it felt like the car was put in reverse. The low oil light had been on but he ignored it and the engine seized up. Some how his engine oil ended up on the parking lot floor at Hydro. He had a hard time living that down.

After six months the FSOS informed me that I was going over to the new plants BHWP”B” apparently they needed me yesterday. By this time they were commissioning Enriching Unit 4. However I was going to be working in Finishing Unit 2.

Finishing Unit 2 or F2 as it was known had been commissioned and was up and running and was using feed from the old “A” plant, a temporary line had been installed.

The Finishing Unit is the final step in heavy water production it takes the water that contains thirty percent of deuterium oxide and by use of high vacuum distillation separates the light water from heavy water using the fact at high vacuum the temperature difference between light and heavy water increases. Separation of the two fractions is relatively easy; the hard part is cleaning up the water before it enters the column. From the enriching process substances such as oil and silicones is entrained. Removing oils and impurities involved adding potassium permanganate in kettles, separating the mixtures and dropping batches with a mud like consistency into plastic catch containment. That was back in the seventies now they use membrane devices to separate the impurities.

All the vessels in the finishing unit had weigh scales on the tanks, when the tanks were nearly full an alarm came in you changed over to an empty tank. Circulate the tank sample pump to storage if the lab OKS them. F2 had a drumming area and a gantry station for loading trucks. As part of F2 duties they looked after the Atlas air compressors and dryers for both the enriching units and finishing unit’s instrument air system and had a breathing air compressor as well.

Part of the duties of the field operator was to cover the control panel operator’s breaks, so you got to learn the panel mans job. When I first got there the F2 panel operator was the only person in the control room. The Enriching Unit’s were still in the commissioning stage. Gradually as E4 was closer to going on line more and more activity was seen in the control room. Eventually I was stepped up continually to Senior Chemical Operator on the panel and had trainees in the field. It was a good experience working in the control room I saw E4 started up and running from the control room and had a good handle on the control room activities, after all the process was controlled from the panel.

In the early summer of 1979 I was sent out into the field of E4 to work as a chemical operator. I began doing the routines taking the pump and blower readings every two hours. Topping up the fresh seal oil for the blowers and pumping out the sour used seal oil. The differential seal oil pressure was very important for making sure the hydrogen sulphide stayed inside the blowers. A separate lube oil tank was used for lubrication of the bearings. All the circulating pumps had seal water arrangement again to prevent H2S from being released to the atmosphere. This was an improvement on the “A” plant pumps that used seal oil on the mechanical seals; oil entering the process makes it hard to clean up in the finishing unit. There always seem to be nitrogen bottles to change out; they were used for back pressure for the pump and blower seals. The heat exchangers had to be monitored closely, the tube side had floating heads that extended out the middle of the head and used a packed gland to seal them. Often the packing would wear lose and H2S could escape out to the atmosphere. Mechanical maintenance would have to tighten the packing. On night shift we would go around with water squirt bottles to make sure all the steam traps were working.
When maintenance had to work on equipment it was very important to get a good tight isolation and pressure purge it out to guarantee all the H2S was gone, lead acetate paper was the main indication, and a dragger tube test could also be used.

For large line gas isolations the heavy water plants had an unusual type of valve, it was a wedge type of valve that was hollow inside with an inlet water valve at the base of the valve and an outlet valve at the top. When the valve was closed water was pumped into the bottom into the hollow space, vented out the top and pressurized to make sure the valve would not pass. That ensured the equipment in this case the blower was completely isolated from the rest of the plant.

Outages were straight forward all the H2S was evacuated from the plant to storage vessels, blind flanges installed where all the line came in and out of the plant. Towers were steam purged and when clear of H2S opened up for inspection.

Several technical problems were encountered with the BHWP.
They found that the insulation contained chlorine which led to the following.
Stress corrosion cracking (SCC) is the cracking induced from the combined influence of tensile stress and a corrosive environment. The impact of SCC on a material usually falls between dry cracking and the fatigue threshold of that material.

During the stat up of E4 one of the Blowers seals failed and H2S was released in to the atmosphere a modification was done on the seals to correct the problem.
The problem that developed from the seal blowing was caused by the isolation.

During the outage water had passed into the sixty inch line that led up to the top of the tower and filled it up, and over stressed the connection at the top of the vessel, and on Blower suctions. The plant was then shutdown structures were built at the top of the towers while stress relieving was taken place.
Design changes were then needed to help overcome this problem incase it ever happened again. Suggestions on expansions bellows were made, in the end they installed an extra loop in the pipe work to compensate for pipe movement.

Another technical problem they found was because hydrogen is such a small molecule it can pass through metal walls. If there are imperfections in the metal the hydrogen can form gas bubbles in the metal wall of vessels which could lead cracking and wall failure. This problem caused a year shutdown.

The problems were all fixed and I also worked on the sister unit E3 which was also commissioned.
During this period the BHWP became the first plant in Nuclear to go to twelve hour shifts. The shift system also incorporated ten day breaks as part of the schedule.

In the September of 1980 Daniel was five years old and started Kindergarten at W.E. Thompson Public school on Princes Street opposite the town hall, he was bused from Queen Street. Mean while I had decided I was going to be leaving Ontario Hydro. I was unhappy working there; I had got my fourth Class Stationary Engineers certificate and was applying to the thermal stations for jobs. However the plant superintendent was blocking my applications. The union contract back then stated you had to be at top step in your job classification for three years or more before you take a lateral or demotion in pay. The Thermal Auxiliary Operator was a five cents an hour drop in pay, therefore I was blocked.

In the spring of 1981 we sold our house on Queen Street to some one who worked in the nuclear plant, however they did not want to assume our mortgage which was fixed at ten percent interest rate for five years, which was really low for that time so we had to pay a penalty mortgage fee of three months to Victoria and Grey

In the meantime we rented a town house in Karcardine 11b Phillip Place

During the summer I had a job offer in Toronto with a subsidiary of Shell Canada and needed to move into the area. We spent several weekends and ten day breaks looking around the area, at first we wanted to rent. The rental market was hot at that time because the mortgage rates were out of control inflation was high annual pay raises at that time was twelve to thirteen percent a year.

This one weekend we were looking around and decided to look at buying, we got off Highway 401 at Liverpool Road Pickering, there was not much there in 1981 except a Shell garage and opposite was a small temporary office with a Century 21 sign on it. We decided to go in and met a lady sales representative, told her the story of what we wanted and she took us straight away to look at some town houses. We looked one in Pickering looking at the 401, and then she took us to one in Ajax, not far from the lake. There were no houses north of the 401 in Ajax back then.
I think we decided we decided there and then to make an offer on the house, so we then went back to the office to fill out some paper work. We made a few more trips down to sort out lawyers and things, that’s how we bought 64 Parker Crescent Ajax and we moved in August 1981.

Canadian Oil Company Limited

The interview for Canadian Oil Company Limited was held at the Best Western Sarnia. Originally Shell Canada and Esso were going to have a joint venture in the re-refining of used motor oils. The increase in the mid seventies of crude oil prices made it practical to start thinking of collecting used car oils for recycle. A system had been set up in participating garages to collect used motor oil. Some garages had underground tanks and some had above ground storage tanks.

A place to receive and store the used oil was set on Cherry Street Toronto. The property was originally owned by White Rose.

This White Rose map was issued by the National Refining Company in 1941. The Canadian White Rose operation remained until its acquisition by Shell Canada in 1964.

The site had large storage tanks already, a temporary unloading skid was used to transfer used oil from the trucks to the storage tanks.

When I arrived there a bank building on the corner of Cherry Street and Commissioners Street had been converted to office space. Behind the bank building was an alley and gate with room for large vehicles to drive in and out of the yard. Behind that was ware house that ran along Cherry Street itself and at the end of the ware house was a high building with tanks and valves. Obviously it was used for mixing batches of different motor products. There was a large piece of empty land and toward the lake was a tank farm enclosed by dykes to catch a spill or a tank failure.

Canadian Oil Company Limited which was being run by the retail of Shell Canada and the people in charge had lots of experience designing and building gas outlet stations; were negotiating with Phillips Petroleum of Oklahoma. A large portion of the plant was being built on skids and would be delivered by train. Some other parts of the plant were being designed by a contractor in Mississauga. For building and maintenance a company called Sterns Catalytic would be the management contractor.

So we moved into our Town house in Ajax, got Daniel enrolled in Southwood Park Public school for his grade one year, Emma was still under school age. We enrolled the kids in all kinds of events. Indoor soccer, swimming, figure skating, and I were involved playing for a soccer team sponsored by Apco paving. The guy in charge of running the team worked as a fire man for Ajax town.

For the next eighteen months I spent on days while the company negotiated to build a re-refinery for used motor oils. The four Team Leaders were hired and given different parts of the plant to be responsible for. I was given the steam boilers, interceptor drains because I had a Fourth Class steam ticket. A representative from Sternes Catalytic was also on site.

The guy who ran the shipping side of the plant was an ex-driver from Shell distributing depot at Keele and Shephard, in Toronto. There were a couple of drivers that drove the trucks and picked up the used oil.

In the main office there were people three who worked for Shell and a Shell retiree, the retired gentleman was a manager from Shell distribution and was experienced in the retail side of the business. Only thing was they were now buying and distributing used oil instead of selling refined oil products. Another guy was the accountant, another guy looking after the new production or re-refinery and the head guy who started the dream he had of cleaning up used motor oils. For creditability the company hired an ex-Shell supervisor from the Montreal plant.

In the past somehow some PCP’s had managed to be dumped into the system and a large tank full of used oil was quarantined. To prevent this from happening again in the future a chemist was hired to analyze every truck of used oil that arrived and wanted unloads in to tanks. It was not only their tanks that picked up used oil, other company’s dropped it off as well. Canadian Oil would pay ten cent a litre for used motor oil back then, but it had to have a low percentage of water in it. Hence more reason for a chemist.

The guy who ran the shipping side of the plant was also a carpenter, during the weekends and after hours he would do construction work on site such as dry walling the ware house ceilings, constructing additional offices. I worked a lot of overtime painting the walls and ceilings in the offices. We used paint by the five gallon pail at a time. Offices were built lunch rooms, laboratories and a control room.

The boilers were the first part of the plant to arrive, they were two U coiled steam generators that used natural gas to produce the steam and were fully automatic. The boiler coils surrounded the firing chamber and the boiler drum was outside of the chamber. The boiler chemicals were supplied by Betz.

Eventually the skids starting arriving from Oklahoma and things started happening in the process world. On the skids were the De-metallization Unit that had three mixing tanks with agitators in them, using these tanks in series to gradually increase the temperature and pressure a phosphate additive was added at the start and solids were separated from the liquid, then with the addition of a filter aid the mixture passed through a filter and separated the solids from the oil. One problem this unit had was three steam heat exchanger was used to heat up each de-metallization stage, after a while the oil side tube would foul up and loss in efficiency lead to loss of temperature and the Unit would have to be shut down to steam/water lance the tubes to make them efficient again.

Another skid had the Hydro-treater on it which was a number of vessels with catalyst in them that removed the sulphur molecules from the oil and replaced it with hydrogen molecules. To help this process we had hydrogen trailers supplying hydrogen to the process.

The process from Phillips Oklahoma separated the dirt from the oil but there were two more processes needed to separate the oil fractions, these were Distillation processes. One atmospheric distillation column to separate higher velocity fractions from the heavier lube oil, and a second high vacuum distillation column to separate the different lube oil fractions, such as heavy machine oils and light machine oils. There was a very heavy bottoms fraction that was a problem and often led to plugging lines.

Once the distillation fractions were separated they could then be processed in batches through the Hydo-treater Unit one at a time having unloaded the heavier dirtier particles which helps keep the Unit clean.

In 1983 after eighteen months of preparing the Cherry Street Re-refinery was started up, in the mean time things had taken a turn for the worst for Shell Canada, in particular they had decided to close down the Shell Oakville refinery in Ontario and start a new refinery in Edmonton Alberta to take advantage of the Tar sands projects in Fort McMurray.

This was good for hiring operators for the re-refinery; several people did not want to go to Edmonton, even though all the people were guaranteed jobs there. Several good people were hired who would rather leave Shell Canada and work for Canadian oil Co. Ltd

At about the same time in a few strange things were happening in the Montreal refineries. Texaco had gone through a refinery outage at the end of it called all the employees into the cafeteria and told them the refinery was closing down and they were all being laid off. From that plant I met a new friend Larry, and we worked together on shift until I left Canadian Oil.

Another plant in Montreal British Petroleum was being taken over by Petro-Canada and several people were fearful about losing their jobs, so a few people were hired from that plant.

So with some fairly experienced staff the plant was started up. Four crew systems were started on a continental shift schedule and eight hours 3 morning shifts followed by 2 afternoon shifts then 2 night shifts and 2 days off. Most people had come from a twelve shift schedule and the continental schedule did not go well.

Each shift had four operators on it, a Team Leader and three operators; it was the Team system that had been proposed from Shell head office everybody was equal and shared in the work. Team Leader was a working supervisor and was responsible for everything from security to issuing work permits you name it he did it.

Some problems encountered along the way:-
The suction from to the bottoms pumps would regularly plug up, so bad the Distillation Unit had to be shut down.
Large amounts of Hydrogen sulphide were produced in the process water draining, to try and fix that the manager ordered a steam distillation tower to be built on overtime at the week end to process the water and strip off the H2S to an atmospheric vent. Only problem was it is illegal to vent H2S to the atmosphere.
Hydrogen peroxide was then used instead.
Oil drained went to an interceptor pit, eventually the ministry of labour found Canadian Oil Co. Ltd. Sending oil product to the Toronto drainage system.
There were caustic scrubbers to scrub out H2S from hydro-treater gases before venting to atmosphere. The caustic got spent so quickly several times the consumer’s gas people thought they had a gas leak.
The bottom of the de-metalizers vessels would build up with large amounts of solids and needed digging out.
The light ends distillation column and equipment would regularly leak due to the corrosive nature of the material in the system.
The internals of the main distillation column were damaged by wet steam to the vacuum column. It took a long time to realize that’s why the correct fractions were not being separated in the column.
There was a reverse flow in the hydro-treater unit that damaged the screens that secure the catalyst.
The ultimate that never got answered was when the filter leaves were deformed and unusable and had to be replaced.

Eventually as the Shell Oakville refinery was nearing the Shell people from the refinery started showing up. First we got a shift supervisor who had taken retirement. Then there was a manager who took over the plant who was an Oakville Shell manager, and then an engineer came to improve the plant. From that point on the plant was being run by the Shell manufacturing side of the business. The original manager looked after the used oil collection and transporting side of the business and the manager who hired me was sent back to head office or some where else.

In 1985 on a Saturday day shift I had bought a Toronto Star newspaper and in the careers section Syncrude Canada were advertising for Process Technicians for there Fort McMurray synthetic oil plant and I applied in writing. We had the interview in a hotel west of Toronto. In February 1985 I started at Syncrude Canada.

To complete the story about Canadian Oil, Shell sold the plant, I guess they did not want to be associated with the used oil industry or they found there were too many technical problems. In about 1989 the plant was closed I heard the people that owned it went bankrupt. In 1991 I called in at the plant and the head manager was still there in the bank building, he had retired from Shell and was hoping for some one to take over the plant.

Syncrude Canada Limited

In February 1985 I flew out of Toronto airport on Air Canada to Edmonton’s Municipal Airport on my own. There I connected to a Boeing 707 flying into Fort McMurray, the plane landed and you walked off onto the frozen tarmac and you could notice the sub zero artic conditions and feel the cold. You walked into a small white building that was the airport terminal and waited for your luggage. Once I had my luggage I had to find a taxi to my living accommodations at a site next to the Syncrude Upgrading plant.

A fairly large man with a beard helped me load my luggage and when I told him I needed to go to the Syncrude camp site he was very pleased. It was a fairly long journey and he knew I would claim the trip on expenses, and he seemed very knowledgeable about the claims procedure. It was a forty five dollar fare and he asked if I didn’t mind stopping off at A&W’s for some chicken. I said yes I was not in any real hurry. He new my father in law who lived in Fort McMurray but he did not own a car. The taxi driver dropped me off outside the Syncrude gate, he was not allowed in. I had to report to security with a letter I had been sent by post.

I booked in at the site and was given a room. The room was basic; it had a single bed wardrobe and draws for clothes and a desk and chair, no phone and the shower and bathroom facilities were shared. There was a bar lounge in one area gym facilities and a large cafeteria with chefs that served as much food as you wanted. There was no charge and the room was private.

I phoned up my father in law who was living in a bed sit apartment; down town Fort McMurray his girl friend was over in Wales so he was on his own. He was working as a Power Engineer at the hospital and talked to him and I did not realize I could get a ride to the town.

Syncrude at that time had buses taking shifts in and out of work from the town of Fort McMurray. The morning buses picked up people from seven o’clock in the morning took them into work and then just after eight o’clock would take the night shift back to town. Depending on what part of town you lived in there was a bus route in different areas.

I reported to work the next day at the training centre and met the trainers, filled out the paper work for wages, benefits and other forms. I had some days of safety training, introduction lectures and was quite quickly put on shift.

Syncrude had several departments the mining operation actually digging the tar sand out of the ground with huge buckets then it sent using conveyors to the extraction department where the sand and oil are separated using solvents and then to the upgrading department which had two sections, the Coker units and secondary processing.

The Coker Units is where I worked for eighteen months, after the oil and sand was separated in the Extraction department it arrived at the Coker Units diluted with a naphtha solvent. The first section separated the naphtha solvent from the heavy tar oil, returning the naphtha solvent back to the Extraction. The tar oil is then fed into the Coker section which is a very large reactor vessel with circulating hot coke, once the tar oil hits the red hot coke it splits or cracks the long chain hydrocarbon into smaller molecules that rise up the vessel while coke is falling down the vessel, atomizing steam and differential pressures also help. The coke falling to the bottom of the vessel is then sent to the regenerator vessel where air is added and the coke is allowed to burn and heat up and fed back to the top of the reactor vessel.

The lighter cracked molecules rise up the reactor vessel and pass through centrifuges into the next stage of the process, the high vacuum distillation process. This process separates the different fractions such as gas oil, gasoline, light ends and long residue.

The long residue is fed back into the Coker to crack it again; light ends are drawn off the top of the distillation column using a very large compressor and then are fed to other distillation towers to separate lighter hydrocarbons such as ethane, propane and butane.

After about three weeks I was due a week off, the shift schedule then was four twelve hour nights a few days off the three twelve hour days a day off and then three twelve hour nights a couple off days off and four twelve hour days to complete a cycle and a week off.

I wanted to fly back to Ontario to pick up my wife and children, arrange the removal during the week I was off. If I had to stay in camp in Fort McMurray for a week I did not know what I was going to do.

In order to go back to Ontario I needed to find a place to live in Fort McMurray, at that time Syncrude was getting out of the property business and concentrate on core business the production of synthetic crude oil.

I had to keep bugging a company that rented out apartments and houses, just in time they came through, I looked at a town house in Thickwood heights area, it was outside of town but close to stores and other amenities. 600 Signal Road is where we stayed for eighteen months. There was a parking lot underneath the complex, the front of the houses was court style area and the back looked out at a field opposite some stores and a Royal bank. The rent in 1985 was $600 a month, it does not sound like much now but back then it was more than the mortgage payments I made in Ontario.

I flew back to Toronto this time through Calgary airport and met my wife and kids who had driven to the airport in a snow storm; it was good to see them. When we got back to the house it looked bare and boxes were in a neat row. While I was away my wife had been busy packing. We were using a company called Campbell for the removal and transfer that included shipping the car. We had a brand new Chrysler Reliant estate car at the time. On the moving day a driver who had hired two guys from a pub the night before moved all our furniture and belongings into a very large removal truck and then set off for Fort McMurry. The next day we flew out by Air Canada dog and all and stopped over at Calgary airport.

When we were in Toronto airport I had a call on the PA, when I picked up the phone I was asked to go to the cargo section as they were having trouble with our viscous dog.
When I got there Sam the female mix of German shepherd, husky and Lab., was happy to see me. The guys said she was really nasty and growling at them. She settled down and was loaded into the plane. We settled down and had a nice flight to Calgary.

We arrived at Calgary airport and had a quick change over. Again I got a PA announcement but this time the dog had gotten lose and was running all around the airport grounds. A luggage handler pick me up on one of there luggage truck and we were chasing the dog; we finally caught her on the outskirts by a chain link fence. Put her back in the dog grate and we just about made the flight time.

We arrived in Fort McMurray and had to get a taxi van with all the luggage and dog grate, the taxi driver was a nufy short for Newfoundland. We arrived in our rental accommodation and had to sleep on the floor until the removal truck delivered our furniture and things. The transit period was going to be four days.

The next day we sorted out schools for the kids Emma carried on with French immersion and Daniel went to the local Public school that was within walking distance from the house. Eventually the removal truck arrived and unloaded our furniture and belongings; we unpacked and had beds and the car to get us around in.

At Syncrude I carried on working and continued to use the coaches for traveling to work. The crew I was on had the misfortune to have had a complete Coker Unit burn down on them two years previous. The plant was rebuilt and looked as good as new, although the crew seemed scared from the events, not surprisingly some of the crew were heading for the gate during the event and had to be talked back into staying. The cause of the fire was found to be a spool piece that some how never got picked up by quality control and the wrong type of material was used which eventually failed.

Some other problems I saw, one night about four in the morning I walked out to go to Coker 1 which was my unit and looked over to Coker 2 and I could see a black spray shooting up into the air, I called over the radio what is happening to Coker 2, next thing all the operators come running out of the field office and hoses are started to spray water over the area that oil was pouring out of, the unit was shut down and luckily there were no fires. Eventually we found out that a heavy oil centrifugal pump body plug had blown out or had worked it way lose and was pumping oil directly into the air.

Another time on start up following an annual maintenance outage the Coker reactor vessel was heated up to hot and the vessel turned into a solid mass of coke and tar oil. The plant was shut down and the mining section went inside to dig out the solid mess. A lot of people got in trouble over that incident; some were even demoted from line management to operators. Start up after that was handled very different. Other smaller incidents I remember standing over a valve leaking heavy oil out of its packing gland while I cooled and slowed it down with a water hose, the cooling effect slowed down the leak rate. Small fires were a regular occurrence.

Another time the system that gets rid of excess coke failed (the Elutriator) and trucks were brought in on site to remove the coke. This meant an operator had to stand at the bottom of the coker and open and close valves to let out the hot coke into the trucks which then took it away. Eventually they fixed the Elutriator, but what a dirty and messy way to operate.

Syncrude had great social events Christmas parties, in the summer baseball tournaments, beef and lobster festivals and curling events in the winter. I played indoor soccer during the winter, Daniel played hockey. Both Daniel and Emma played baseball in the summer.

In the summer of 1986 we had decided we had enough of Fort McMurray I had saved a fair amount of money I wanted to return back to England to live and work. The Kids finished school in the end of June so that was the time we would leave. Before that I had to dispose of the car I had brought out with me. It was still quite new and I had never used it for work. During the eighteen months in Fort McMurray we never left the City. I tried advertising locally but no one was interested. Alberta at that time was in a depression, the North Sea oil and Nigeria were selling oil for about fourteen dollars a barrel. Syncrude and Suncor were trying to produce oil for fifty dollars. Suncor had offered out packages, Bus routes were being reduced and people were leaving Fort McMurray in droves.

In order to get rid of the car I had to go down to Edmonton to find a dealer who would take the car off my hands. In June 1986 my father in law and I, who was staying with us at the time drove down to Edmonton and started looking for Chrysler dealership to sell the car to. Eventually I came across one that was interested, and they looked at the car, saw the low mileage and the good condition and we discussed price. All I wanted was to cover the loan that I still had about six thousand dollars, I think I paid eleven thousand for it, there was no GST then. They agreed, I left the car and we got the Greyhound bus back up to Fort McMurray. Not the greatest deal but at least I had unloaded the car and the loan.

Once the car was gone it was time to pack up and leave, again we used the same removal company Campbell, we had a garage sale to get rid of stuff we did want and packed up the rest of our belongings. It was then on its way to Tilsbury in London England.
We had arranged to fly home from Edmonton, so we stayed a few days at the Alberta suites in Edmonton, we had been recommended to use them because they were self catering, so we had a kitchen to make all our meals with and it had separate bedroom and living space.
I remember the feeling getting on the Greyhound bus leaving Fort McMurray, it felt great having control of my future, everything we planned went well. We thought we would be in Fort McMurray longer to save up the money we wanted, but it all came together in eighteen months.

We had several fair well get to gathers and we still have the pewter mug presented by the crew and a glass vase presented to us by friends.

The only thing we had to do was paint the house we rented to bring it up to pristine condition; otherwise we would loose some of our damage deposit.

We flew to Manchester Airport and arrived early in the morning, where my mum picked us up in her blue Austin Metro, we drove to Ellesmere Port, I then went down to unemployment office and signed on the dole.

I looked around for employment before I knew where I was, I had a couple of interviews and a company in Bromborough not far from Birkenhead called Lubrizol wanted me to go for a medical at a private clinic in the Wirral. I noticed they were very big on using a device that looked closely the back and spine area. In the August of 1986 I started at the Lubrizol Corporation.

In the mean time we had to get the kids sorted with a school, we were told by the Education offices that the schools in the area where my mum lived were not very good. We were in negotiations to buy a house in the Whitby area close to the infants catholic school where a lot of my brothers and sisters had gone and we knew they had a good reputation. So we went and talked to the school principal and he was happy to let the kids go there, only we had to get the OK from the parish priest. We went and talked to the priest but he was not convinced we were committed to the church and as my wife was Church of England and did not want to convert, it did help. So our next choice was to go to the local government school and talked to the head and he was accommodating, so the kids went to Whitby Heath school.

Lubrizol Corporation

August 1986 I started at Lubrizol in Bromborough Wirral, just off the A41 and was adjacent to waste land next to the river Mersey. The plant was split up into four buildings where batch vessels were housed with pumps filters heaters, coolers, and lime hoppers. The main floor where most the work was done was the second story, you entered the building on the ground floor and then you walked up metal stairs to the main floor. In the middle towards an outer wall you find the control room, which was basically an office with a small panel and some basic instrumentation. Each building was used for a different processes, one was even build either for or by Shell for some of there lube oil additives.

Outside behind dyke walls was a whole array of tanks, all kinds of shapes and sizes. If you walked between the buildings and the tank farm you ended up in the blending section of a structure that was used for storage and another section used for drumming.

The other part of the building was used for storing drums off product that the shipping department would load onto trucks. Closest to the Mersey was the steam plant that used pulverized coal to produce steam which was a separate department too. When you look at the site it looks like a large hockey arena.

The training department was small, a manager, a supervisor and a trainer. I had to listen to the safety lectures; they don’t change were ever you go. The trainer and supervisor seem to be looking for some kind of a response; it would not really be polite to tell them I heard it all before, I would have seemed quite arrogant.

I started off on shift in the Number 3 building, for the first year the shift schedule was two twelve hour night’s shifts, off for twenty four hours and swing back to two twelve hour days and then four days off. This was a great shift schedule for me you recovered from the nights between nights and days and you were refreshed for your fours off. This lasted for a year, and then management changed it to starting on two twelve hour day shifts twenty four hours off and two night shifts and then four days off and you recovered from night shifts during your four days off.
The other good thing was because it was batch work the plant shut down for holidays such as Christmas, Easter and other bank holidays, that was a novelty for me, most places the Units ran twenty four hours a day, seven days a week.

On the home front while I was working at Lubrizol my wife Sue had got a job at C and A in Chester, it was a contract for four hours a week to start with and was to cover the Christmas period. We had purchased a house on Chester Road Whitby Ellesmere Port from the parents of kids that my brothers and sister went to the catholic school with. I had also worked for the owner during my days at Bowaters paper mill, but he did not remember me, he was retired now.

The house we bought was a large old Victorian house built in 1906, so it was eighty years old when we bought it. Before we moved in we applied for a council grant to completely renovate the property. Back then you could get a council grant to cover a percentage of the total work as long as the house was fully rejuvenated

So I filled out the forms, got three quotes for estimates of work that needed doing, and we stayed at my mum’s house while the work got done.
The work included taking out the old wooden raised floor damp coursing and a new screened solid floor. All the windows were replaced, the roof was stripped and the old slate tiles were reused. The bedrooms had fire places that had been reworked to make things fit, but were in a dangerous condition. Most of the downstairs walls were stripped to the brick and needed re-plastering. The back of the house the kitchen and morning room had polystyrofoam ceilings and needed pulling down as well an old pantry was removed. New electrics through out the house. The plumbing was gutted and renewed. All in all we spent about fourteen thousand pounds to the contractor. Then it was time to work on the decorating, all the doors were sent out to be caustic dipped to remove all the paint. We throw out all the old radiators. We kept the gas fires and the old boiler; eventually I installed new radiators through out the house. We moved in March 1987.

In Lubrizol I started working in No 3 building, there was a foreman, a senior operator and two operators. There was no union the foreman were working foreman and I remember the coveralls were all fireman red colour.

The building contained large vessels made for multi-purpose use, there was usually an agitator motor on the top and the bottom of the vessel was enclosed with a jacket that usually covered three quarters of the vessel and could be used by adding either steam for heating or cooling water for cooling. Sometimes on the top was of the vessel was a loop that was connected to a heat exchanger for cooling or heating the vapour space. There was always a hatchway on the top for adding chemicals or filter aid. There were other vessels fully enclosed for adding dangerous chemicals such as Chlorine. Most vessels had a pump for either circulation or transferring out the vessels.
Very important was each vessel had an accurate manometer, not a sight glass; it had to be a monometer so that when filling the vessels with an intermediate product knowing the weight not the volume was needed most. The volume could change with a change in temperature.

Each batch had formulating procedure, filling a vessel for a batch meant going into the Tank Farm starting up a pump correctly valving in the tank to the building, taking the manometer reading and filling up the vessel to the correct point specified in the formulae sheet. The order of filling was very important too, the inter-mediate products had to mixed in the correct order. At some stages there was a hold to either increase or decrease the temperature, which in turn also affected the pressure.

At the end of a batch there was always filtration, hundred weights of filter aid was added to a batch through the top manhole, you wore a dust mask as you added the dry filter aid. The batch was then circulated through a filter, once the differential pressure across the filter stopped increasing; it was time to purge with nitrogen to remove all the oil.
Then using hydraulic levers the bottom of the filter would open and the filters were dropped below the filter housing above an empty skip were the filter cake was collected.
Another type of batch process appeared as I was there, adding tetraethyl lead and other such like anti knock compounds were being phased out at the motor pumps, so Lubrizol were making the new lead free compounds. They had a very similar smell to boot polish I noticed. The same equipment was used but lighter compounds, the chemicals came in two or three ton bags that had to lifted up using a crane over a manhole and we would untie the bottom of the bags to the vessels through the manholes.

There was another vessel that was normally closed where chlorine gas was added to the circulating; excess chlorine went to water circulating columns to make hydrogen chloride (HCL) a powerful acid. I think this process helped stabilize grease and long chain hydro carbons. At the end of the building were some small distillation columns mainly to separate water and alcohol,

After a year in number 3 building I moved to the blending building, which housed the drum filling facility and the finished blending tanks. The finished blending tanks were used for two things:
- Mixing up a specific additive or specialty chemical using a formulation book.
- Once the mix was ready the shippers would transfer the batch to tankers.
The batches could also be drummed and shipped that way

Blending the batches involved pumping in intermediates products from the tank farm and or using a small tank attached to the suction of a pump add drums using a small hoist. Precise measurement was needed to make sure the batch was on grade. While I was there management were taking about an automated computerized blending operation. Judging by the old antiquated equipment they used that was going to be a long way off. They were just getting into changing pumps over to mechanical seals.

No matter which area you worked in, on the basement or ground floor the floors had to be cleaned in the following way:
A bucket of kerosene was used to soak up any leaking oil and spread out, and then a bag of dresser dry was spread out to cover the floor with a squeegee. The dresser dry, kerosene and oil were then swept up and thrown into the skips. Leaving a very thin film of dust on the floor to prove to the bosses the next morning the building had been cleaned the night before.
I rocked the boat on my first night insisting it was better to clean up using a steam/water cleaner to clean the floor. My method was not accepted, so it was back to dresser dry, I assume they never had an oil separator on there drain system.

I spent a few shifts in number 4 building, which did not run very often, and I believe was built for Shell. The process in this building was more of a continuous process, but the odd thing about it was there was a device that added blocks of polystyrofoam to the process.

The last building I worked was number two building, it was an older building, it had these old, old brewery filters that were huge compared to building number 3 filters. In this building was a device for adding sulphur compounds to the additives. The vessels were similar and loads of bags of filter aid was added, only difference in the filters was after you purged and dried the filters, the belly of the filter was lowered on a hinge and allowed the filter cake to drop onto a bed below it with about one foot square hole and we used shovels to push the cake down the one foot square hole to a skip below it.

During my time at Lubrizol I attended Birkenhead Technical College and passed the first year of the Higher National Certificate in chemical engineering, that was a day release course.

In the summer of 1988 we decided to buy a Newsagent business on the high street in Ellesmere Port, it was a shop called Lloyds and had been in the area for along time before world war 2. The idea was my wife Sue was going to run it while I worked at Lubrizol.
I carried on working at Lubrizol until October 1988.
That more or less covers the first twenty years of my life as a Process Operator.
Jun 18, 2009 · Reply