Jack G Nichols (born 1921)

ADVERTISEMENT BY ANCESTRY.COM

Summary

Jack G Nichols’s biography is built and maintained by people like you. Create an online profile of Jack so that his life is remembered forever. If any factual information is incorrect, please edit Jack’s biography.

Jack G Nichols Biography & Family History

This genealogy profile is dedicated to the life and ancestry of Jack G Nichols and his immediate Nichols family. Add to Jack G Nichols's genealogy page to share your memories & historical research with his family and other genealogy hobbyists.

Birth

Death

We don't have a death date or location. Is Jack still alive? Add death date or mark Jack as alive.

Cause of death

There is no cause of death listed for Jack.

Burial / Funeral

Do you know the final resting place - gravesite in a cemetery or location of cremation - of Jack G Nichols? Add burial and funeral information.

Obituary

Last Known Residence

Ottawa County, Oklahoma

Average Age

Life Expectancy

Family

Add family members

Education

4 Years Of High School

Professions

Semiskilled Miners, And Miningmachine Operators

Military Service

Military serial#: 38190281
Enlisted: August 21, 1942 in Tulsa Oklahoma
Military branch: Branch Immaterial Warrant Officers, Usa
Rank: Private, Selectees (enlisted Men)
Terms of enlistment: Enlistment For The Duration Of The War Or Other Emergency, Plus Six Months, Subject To The Discretion Of The President Or Otherwise According To Law

Middle name

G

Surnames

Ethnicity

White, Citizen

Nationality

Unknown. Add Jack's nationality.

Religion

Unknown. Was Jack a religious man? Add Jack’s religion

Gender

Male

Family Photos

Pictures really do say a thousand words. Add photos of Jack during various points of his life.

Timeline

Want to know what happened during Jack G Nichols's life? Enter his date of birth or date of death and you can see a timeline of events during his lifetime.

In 1926, on November 15th, NBC was founded. It was the U.S.'s first major broadcast network. Ownership of the network was split between RCA (a majority partner at 50%), its founding corporate parent General Electric (which owned 30%), and Westinghouse (which owned the remaining 20%).

In 1938, on October 30th, a Sunday, The Mercury Theatre on the Air broadcast Orson Welles' special Halloween show The War of the World's. A clever take on H.G. Wells' novel, the show began with simulated "breaking news" of an invasion by Martians. Because of the realistic nature of the "news," there was a public outcry the next day, calling for regulation by the FCC. Although the current story is that many were fooled and panicked, in reality very few people were fooled. But the show made Orson Welles' career.

In 1943, on June 20th through June 22nd, the Detroit Race Riot erupted at Belle Isle Park. The rioting spread throughout the city (made worse by false rumors of attacks on blacks and whites) and resulted in the deployment of 6,000 Federal troops. 34 people were killed, (25 of them black) - mostly by white police or National Guardsmen, 433 were wounded (75 percent of them black) and an estimated $2 million of property was destroyed. The same summer, there were riots in Beaumont, Texas and Harlem, New York.

In 1960, on May 1st, an American CIA U-2 spy plane, piloted by Francis Gary Powers, was shot down by a surface-to-air missile over the Soviet Union. Powers ejected and survived but was captured. The U.S. claimed that the U-2 was a "weather plane" but Powers was convicted in the Soviet Union of espionage. He was released in 1962 after 1 year, 9 months and 10 days in prison.

In 1982, on June 30th, time ran out on the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA). The Amendment had only received 35 of the necessary 38 state ratifications. First sent to the states in 1972, the Amendment stated that "Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex".

Jack G Nichols Family Tree

Who was Jack’s parents? Did he get married and did they have children? Share Jack’s family tree to share his legacy and genealogy pedigree.

Jack's Family
Add a parent
Add a parent
Jack G Nichols
Add a partner
Add a child
Add a sibling

You can add or remove people from Jack's family tree by clicking here.

Obituary

We do not have a death date according to our records. This person may be alive. If this is not the case, edit this biography to contribute.

There is no listed cause of death. Jack G Nichols was born around 1921. There is no information about Jack's surviving family. We know that Jack G Nichols had been residing in Ottawa County, Oklahoma.

Memories

What do you remember about Jack G Nichols? Share your memories of special moments and stories you have heard about him. Or just leave a comment to show the world that Jack is remembered.

Write a comment

Other Records of Jack G Nichols

ADVERTISEMENT BY ANCESTRY.COM

Other Biographies

Sources

Session

View session

Bot? yes
Not logged in. (Login modal)
IP 54.162.118.107 United States (US) change

User Agent: CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/)

Mobile device? No

Environment

Environment: Production (live data)
Server: web5-1
Site: us
Cache default: memcache

Clear typeahead

$_COOKIE · $_SERVER

Active Splits

You can change your experiment groups as an admin/developer, and they will persist even if you switch to a regular user account.

Ancestry/MyHeritage: Mobile
split
Ancestry/MyHeritage: Surname
split
Affiliates
split
Archives/Ancestry
split
Requests 0.212685 s
4,654.3125 kB
Benchmark Min Max Average Total
"person/jack-g-nichols/157955467" (1)
0.133392 s
0.133392 s
0.133392 s
0.133392 s
3,228.4375 kB
3,228.4375 kB
3,228.4375 kB
3,228.4375 kB
"api/person/157955467" « "person/jack-g-nichols/157955467" (1)
0.005893 s
0.005893 s
0.005893 s
0.005893 s
467.6328 kB
467.6328 kB
467.6328 kB
467.6328 kB
"api/surname/nichols" « "person/jack-g-nichols/157955467" (1)
0.004852 s
0.004852 s
0.004852 s
0.004852 s
217.7500 kB
217.7500 kB
217.7500 kB
217.7500 kB
"api/photo/350225" « "api/surname/nichols" (1)
0.001409 s
0.001409 s
0.001409 s
0.001409 s
92.0938 kB
92.0938 kB
92.0938 kB
92.0938 kB
"api/person/157955467/photos" « "person/jack-g-nichols/157955467" (1)
0.002436 s
0.002436 s
0.002436 s
0.002436 s
39.2578 kB
39.2578 kB
39.2578 kB
39.2578 kB
"api/photos" « "api/person/157955467/photos" (1)
0.001219 s
0.001219 s
0.001219 s
0.001219 s
34.0859 kB
34.0859 kB
34.0859 kB
34.0859 kB
"api/discussion/person/157955467" « "person/jack-g-nichols/157955467" (1)
0.001251 s
0.001251 s
0.001251 s
0.001251 s
40.9063 kB
40.9063 kB
40.9063 kB
40.9063 kB
"api/users" « "api/discussion/person/157955467" (1)
0.000235 s
0.000235 s
0.000235 s
0.000235 s
20.6094 kB
20.6094 kB
20.6094 kB
20.6094 kB
"api/person/157955467/surnames" « "person/jack-g-nichols/157955467" (1)
0.003186 s
0.003186 s
0.003186 s
0.003186 s
35.8828 kB
35.8828 kB
35.8828 kB
35.8828 kB
"api/people" « "person/jack-g-nichols/157955467" (1)
0.055107 s
0.055107 s
0.055107 s
0.055107 s
424.0781 kB
424.0781 kB
424.0781 kB
424.0781 kB
"api/historicalevents" « "person/jack-g-nichols/157955467" (5)
0.000787 s
0.000989 s
0.000896 s
0.004478 s
12.9375 kB
25.5547 kB
16.2406 kB
81.2031 kB
Afapi 0.077123 s
1,207.9375 kB
Benchmark Min Max Average Total
GET person/157955467 (1)
0.005489 s
0.005489 s
0.005489 s
0.005489 s
408.3906 kB
408.3906 kB
408.3906 kB
408.3906 kB
GET surname/nichols (1)
0.004640 s
0.004640 s
0.004640 s
0.004640 s
195.7109 kB
195.7109 kB
195.7109 kB
195.7109 kB
GET photo/350225 (1)
0.001125 s
0.001125 s
0.001125 s
0.001125 s
66.7109 kB
66.7109 kB
66.7109 kB
66.7109 kB
GET person/157955467/photos (1)
0.002280 s
0.002280 s
0.002280 s
0.002280 s
32.7656 kB
32.7656 kB
32.7656 kB
32.7656 kB
GET photos (1)
0.000998 s
0.000998 s
0.000998 s
0.000998 s
8.1797 kB
8.1797 kB
8.1797 kB
8.1797 kB
GET discussion/person/157955467 (1)
0.001052 s
0.001052 s
0.001052 s
0.001052 s
22.2578 kB
22.2578 kB
22.2578 kB
22.2578 kB
GET users (1)
0.000019 s
0.000019 s
0.000019 s
0.000019 s
2.2656 kB
2.2656 kB
2.2656 kB
2.2656 kB
GET person/157955467/surnames (1)
0.003025 s
0.003025 s
0.003025 s
0.003025 s
29.3828 kB
29.3828 kB
29.3828 kB
29.3828 kB
GET people (1)
0.054896 s
0.054896 s
0.054896 s
0.054896 s
404.4844 kB
404.4844 kB
404.4844 kB
404.4844 kB
GET historicalevents (5)
0.000639 s
0.000768 s
0.000720 s
0.003599 s
6.4531 kB
9.7578 kB
7.5578 kB
37.7891 kB
Database (connect) 0.000579 s
0.8125 kB
Benchmark Min Max Average Total
Set "" (1)
0.000579 s
0.000579 s
0.000579 s
0.000579 s
0.8125 kB
0.8125 kB
0.8125 kB
0.8125 kB
Database (default) 0.072928 s
17.5625 kB
Benchmark Min Max Average Total
SELECT * FROM "person" WHERE "id" = '157955467' -- simplemodel person (3)
0.000569 s
0.003095 s
0.001446 s
0.004339 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
2.1094 kB
SELECT "id" FROM "surname" WHERE "safename" = 'nichols' -- simplemodel::_pkey_lookup surname (2)
0.000529 s
0.000558 s
0.000544 s
0.001087 s
0.7031 kB
0.7656 kB
0.7344 kB
1.4688 kB
SELECT "photo"."id" FROM "photo_surname" INNER JOIN "photo" ON ("photo_surname"."photo_id" = "photo"."id") WHERE "photo_surname"."surname_id" = '1763' AND "photo"."status_id" = 1 ORDER BY "photo"."id" ASC LIMIT 1 (1)
0.000923 s
0.000923 s
0.000923 s
0.000923 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT * FROM "photo" WHERE "id" = '350225' -- simplemodel photo (1)
0.000618 s
0.000618 s
0.000618 s
0.000618 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT * FROM "name" WHERE "id" = '625518' -- simplemodel name (2)
0.000478 s
0.001820 s
0.001149 s
0.002298 s
0.7031 kB
0.8281 kB
0.7656 kB
1.5313 kB
SELECT "photo".* FROM "photo" JOIN "photo_person" AS "p" ON ("photo"."id" = "p"."photo_id") WHERE "photo"."status_id" = 1 AND "p"."person_id" = '157955467' ORDER BY "photo"."id" DESC LIMIT 15 (1)
0.000793 s
0.000793 s
0.000793 s
0.000793 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT * FROM "discussion_post" WHERE "thread_id" = 'person/157955467' AND "status_id" = 1 (1)
0.000599 s
0.000599 s
0.000599 s
0.000599 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT "relationship".* FROM "relationship_person" JOIN "relationship" ON ("relationship_person"."relationship_id" = "relationship"."id") WHERE "relationship_person"."person_id" = '157955467' (1)
0.000646 s
0.000646 s
0.000646 s
0.000646 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT "source_id", "ref_key" FROM "person_source" WHERE "person_id" = '157955467' -- Source::person() (1)
0.005570 s
0.005570 s
0.005570 s
0.005570 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT "id" FROM "person" WHERE "name_id" = '625518' AND "id" > '157955467' AND "status_id" = 1 ORDER BY "id" DESC LIMIT 20 -- bio: other people by name (1)
0.008888 s
0.008888 s
0.008888 s
0.008888 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT "person_id" FROM "surname_person" WHERE "surname_id" = '1763' AND "person_id" > '157955467' ORDER BY "person_id" ASC LIMIT 20 -- bio: other people by surname (1)
0.001143 s
0.001143 s
0.001143 s
0.001143 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT "id" FROM "person" WHERE "id" > '157955467' AND "status_id" = 1 ORDER BY "id" ASC LIMIT 20 -- bio: other people by id (1)
0.011673 s
0.011673 s
0.011673 s
0.011673 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT "id", "name", "date_birth", "date_death", "location_birth", "location_current", "location_death", "status_id" FROM "person" WHERE "id" IN ('159383845', '158981300', '158906247', '158758918', '158539481', '158479910', '158297219', '158292143', '158225847', '157989860', '157956002', '157956148', '157956195', '157956594', '157957584', '157958125', '157958989', '157965357', '157965972', '157967114', '157967267', '157968913', '157969608', '157969639', '157971704', '157972604', '157974952', '157975262', '157975842', '157976296', '157955468', '157955469', '157955470', '157955472', '157955474', '157955475', '157955476', '157955477', '157955478', '157955480', '157955481', '157955482', '157955484', '157955485', '157955486', '157955487', '157955489', '157955490', '157955491', '157955492') (1)
0.029353 s
0.029353 s
0.029353 s
0.029353 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT "year" FROM "historical_event" ORDER BY "year" ASC LIMIT 1 (1)
0.001122 s
0.001122 s
0.001122 s
0.001122 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT "year" FROM "historical_event" ORDER BY "year" DESC LIMIT 1 (1)
0.000748 s
0.000748 s
0.000748 s
0.000748 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT * FROM "historical_event" WHERE "year" IN ('1960') ORDER BY "year" ASC (1)
0.000675 s
0.000675 s
0.000675 s
0.000675 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT * FROM "historical_event" WHERE "year" IN ('1943') ORDER BY "year" ASC (1)
0.000667 s
0.000667 s
0.000667 s
0.000667 s
1.2031 kB
1.2031 kB
1.2031 kB
1.2031 kB
SELECT * FROM "historical_event" WHERE "year" IN ('1926') ORDER BY "year" ASC (1)
0.000548 s
0.000548 s
0.000548 s
0.000548 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT * FROM "historical_event" WHERE "year" IN ('1938') ORDER BY "year" ASC (1)
0.000597 s
0.000597 s
0.000597 s
0.000597 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
SELECT * FROM "historical_event" WHERE "year" IN ('1982') ORDER BY "year" ASC (1)
0.000641 s
0.000641 s
0.000641 s
0.000641 s
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
0.7031 kB
Afapi::after 0.000335 s
37.3984 kB
Benchmark Min Max Average Total
GET person/157955467 (1)
0.000076 s
0.000076 s
0.000076 s
0.000076 s
11.6563 kB
11.6563 kB
11.6563 kB
11.6563 kB
GET photo/350225 (1)
0.000020 s
0.000020 s
0.000020 s
0.000020 s
1.9609 kB
1.9609 kB
1.9609 kB
1.9609 kB
GET surname/nichols (1)
0.000019 s
0.000019 s
0.000019 s
0.000019 s
1.9609 kB
1.9609 kB
1.9609 kB
1.9609 kB
GET photos (1)
0.000021 s
0.000021 s
0.000021 s
0.000021 s
1.9688 kB
1.9688 kB
1.9688 kB
1.9688 kB
GET person/157955467/photos (1)
0.000017 s
0.000017 s
0.000017 s
0.000017 s
1.9531 kB
1.9531 kB
1.9531 kB
1.9531 kB
GET users (1)
0.000020 s
0.000020 s
0.000020 s
0.000020 s
2.2188 kB
2.2188 kB
2.2188 kB
2.2188 kB
GET discussion/person/157955467 (1)
0.000018 s
0.000018 s
0.000018 s
0.000018 s
1.9531 kB
1.9531 kB
1.9531 kB
1.9531 kB
GET person/157955467/surnames (1)
0.000020 s
0.000020 s
0.000020 s
0.000020 s
1.9531 kB
1.9531 kB
1.9531 kB
1.9531 kB
GET people (1)
0.000022 s
0.000022 s
0.000022 s
0.000022 s
1.9688 kB
1.9688 kB
1.9688 kB
1.9688 kB
GET historicalevents (5)
0.000019 s
0.000022 s
0.000020 s
0.000102 s
1.9609 kB
1.9609 kB
1.9609 kB
9.8047 kB
Cache (memcache) 0.005038 s
292.0625 kB
Benchmark Min Max Average Total
Get "surname_1763 v18-1" (2)
0.000324 s
0.000981 s
0.000652 s
0.001305 s
4.8594 kB
40.3047 kB
22.5820 kB
45.1641 kB
Get "AFAPI_Controller_Person::related_surnames(157955467) surname_list 2013-09-25 13:02:27" (1)
0.000322 s
0.000322 s
0.000322 s
0.000322 s
0.5313 kB
0.5313 kB
0.5313 kB
0.5313 kB
Set "AFAPI_Controller_Person::related_surnames(157955467) surname_list 2013-09-25 13:02:27" for 86400s (1)
0.000335 s
0.000335 s
0.000335 s
0.000335 s
1.5469 kB
1.5469 kB
1.5469 kB
1.5469 kB
Get "source::person(157955467)" (1)
0.000289 s
0.000289 s
0.000289 s
0.000289 s
0.4453 kB
0.4453 kB
0.4453 kB
0.4453 kB
Set "source::person(157955467)" for 3600s (1)
0.000320 s
0.000320 s
0.000320 s
0.000320 s
0.4297 kB
0.4297 kB
0.4297 kB
0.4297 kB
Get "Source::_sources_from_cache v3" (1)
0.000385 s
0.000385 s
0.000385 s
0.000385 s
41.5625 kB
41.5625 kB
41.5625 kB
41.5625 kB
Get "surname_stats_1763 v3-1" (1)
0.000372 s
0.000372 s
0.000372 s
0.000372 s
6.7656 kB
6.7656 kB
6.7656 kB
6.7656 kB
Get "assets_manifest" (1)
0.000994 s
0.000994 s
0.000994 s
0.000994 s
172.9141 kB
172.9141 kB
172.9141 kB
172.9141 kB
Get "geolocator.lookup.54.162.118.107" (1)
0.000351 s
0.000351 s
0.000351 s
0.000351 s
1.3438 kB
1.3438 kB
1.3438 kB
1.3438 kB
Get "experiments.10" (1)
0.000365 s
0.000365 s
0.000365 s
0.000365 s
21.3594 kB
21.3594 kB
21.3594 kB
21.3594 kB
Get api/photos 0.000893 s
2.3750 kB
Benchmark Min Max Average Total
db query (1)
0.000887 s
0.000887 s
0.000887 s
0.000887 s
1.9453 kB
1.9453 kB
1.9453 kB
1.9453 kB
to reps (1)
0.000006 s
0.000006 s
0.000006 s
0.000006 s
0.4297 kB
0.4297 kB
0.4297 kB
0.4297 kB
Autorender 0.013980 s
1,193.6641 kB
Benchmark Min Max Average Total
site/person/index (1)
0.016057 s
0.016057 s
0.016057 s
0.016057 s
1,259.8672 kB
1,259.8672 kB
1,259.8672 kB
1,259.8672 kB
View::render 0.011051 s
438.4375 kB
Benchmark Min Max Average Total
private/application/views/templates/shared/google_analytics.php (1)
0.000019 s
0.000019 s
0.000019 s
0.000019 s
0.8516 kB
0.8516 kB
0.8516 kB
0.8516 kB
private/application/views/site/ads/dfp.php (9)
0.000021 s
0.000041 s
0.000028 s
0.000255 s
0.6563 kB
0.7969 kB
0.6771 kB
6.0938 kB
private/modules/clientmessage/views/clientmessage/html.php (1)
0.000016 s
0.000016 s
0.000016 s
0.000016 s
0.7656 kB
0.7656 kB
0.7656 kB
0.7656 kB
private/application/views/site/person/index/description-text.php (1)
0.000183 s
0.000183 s
0.000183 s
0.000183 s
3.5859 kB
3.5859 kB
3.5859 kB
3.5859 kB
private/application/views/site/ads/affiliates/person/records-list.php (2)
0.000183 s
0.000622 s
0.000403 s
0.000805 s
3.2813 kB
11.0547 kB
7.1680 kB
14.3359 kB
private/application/views/site/ads/affiliates/person/records-inline.php (2)
0.000015 s
0.000022 s
0.000018 s
0.000037 s
0.5703 kB
0.7344 kB
0.6523 kB
1.3047 kB
private/application/views/shared/familytree/relationships.php (1)
0.000335 s
0.000335 s
0.000335 s
0.000335 s
13.3906 kB
13.3906 kB
13.3906 kB
13.3906 kB
private/application/views/shared/familytree/parents.php (1)
0.000291 s
0.000291 s
0.000291 s
0.000291 s
12.0313 kB
12.0313 kB
12.0313 kB
12.0313 kB
private/application/views/shared/familytree/placeholder.php (5)
0.000011 s
0.000025 s
0.000017 s
0.000087 s
0.8672 kB
1.0234 kB
0.9047 kB
4.5234 kB
private/application/views/shared/familytree/person.php (1)
0.000039 s
0.000039 s
0.000039 s
0.000039 s
1.1875 kB
1.1875 kB
1.1875 kB
1.1875 kB
private/modules/afapi/views/afapi/discussion/form-row.php (1)
0.000370 s
0.000370 s
0.000370 s
0.000370 s
4.0391 kB
4.0391 kB
4.0391 kB
4.0391 kB
private/modules/afapi/views/afapi/discussion/form.php (1)
0.000016 s
0.000016 s
0.000016 s
0.000016 s
1.0625 kB
1.0625 kB
1.0625 kB
1.0625 kB
private/modules/afapi/views/afapi/discussion/posts.php (1)
0.000023 s
0.000023 s
0.000023 s
0.000023 s
0.7188 kB
0.7188 kB
0.7188 kB
0.7188 kB
private/application/views/site/ads/ancestry/surname-widget.php (1)
0.000048 s
0.000048 s
0.000048 s
0.000048 s
1.2031 kB
1.2031 kB
1.2031 kB
1.2031 kB
private/application/views/site/shared/social_links.php (1)
0.000015 s
0.000015 s
0.000015 s
0.000015 s
1.2109 kB
1.2109 kB
1.2109 kB
1.2109 kB
private/application/views/dev/panel.php (1)
0.006852 s
0.006852 s
0.006852 s
0.006852 s
300.5313 kB
300.5313 kB
300.5313 kB
300.5313 kB
private/application/views/dev/panel/session.php (1)
0.003357 s
0.003357 s
0.003357 s
0.003357 s
20.3828 kB
20.3828 kB
20.3828 kB
20.3828 kB
private/application/views/dev/panel/experiments.php (1)
0.000077 s
0.000077 s
0.000077 s
0.000077 s
4.6563 kB
4.6563 kB
4.6563 kB
4.6563 kB
private/system/views/profiler/stats.php (1)
0.002981 s
0.002981 s
0.002981 s
0.002981 s
219.9531 kB
219.9531 kB
219.9531 kB
219.9531 kB
Application Execution (595) 0.028387 s 2.947047 s 0.109496 s 0.138340 s
2,066.9219 kB 19,211.4531 kB 3,524.4454 kB 4,091.9453 kB

Refresh Hearts Stats

This refresh heart stats for the day

Registration Tracking

Referrer
Int. Referrer (auth):
People viewed (1): 157955467 clear
Surnames viewed (0): clear