Joseph Thomas Macdonald (1886 - 1946)

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Summary

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Joseph Thomas Macdonald Biography & Family History

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Birth

Death


South Melbourne, Australia

Cause of death

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Burial / Funeral

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Obituary

Last Known Residence

South Melbourne, Australia

Average Age

Life Expectancy

Family

Father: Macdonald Thomas J Macdonald
Mother: Margaret J Gemmie Macdonald

Education

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Professions

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Military Service

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Middle name

Thomas

Surnames

Ethnicity

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Nationality

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Religion

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Gender

Male

Family Photos

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Timeline

1886 - In the year that Joseph Thomas Macdonald was born, on May 4th, a general strike began in Chicago. Workers were striking for an 8 hour workday and in protest of the killing - by police - of several workers the day before. When an unknown person threw a dynamite bomb, the strike became violent. Seven policemen were killed as well as 4 civilians. It became known as the Haymarket Riot and eventually resulted in an 8 hourwork day as well as commemorations on May 1st for worker's rights.

1905 - When he was 19 years old, the first movie theater opened in the United States in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It was the first theater to show nothing but movies - silent films. Two men, John P. Harris and his brother-in-law Harry Davis, opened the Nickelodeon on Smithfield Street - charging 5 cents for admission. The first day, 450 people watched movies at the new theater - on the second day, more than 1500 people stood in line to get in.

1938 - He was 52 years old when on June 25th (a Saturday) the Fair Labor Standards Act was signed into law by President Roosevelt (along with 120 other bills). The Act banned oppressive child labor, set the minimum hourly wage at 25 cents, and established the maximum workweek at 44 hours. It faced a lot of opposition and in fighting for it, Roosevelt said "Do not let any calamity-howling executive with an income of $1,000 a day, ...tell you...that a wage of $11 a week is going to have a disastrous effect on all American industry."

1941 - Joseph was 55 years old when in his State of the Union address on January 6th, President Roosevelt detailed the "four freedoms" that everyone in the world should have: Freedom of speech, Freedom of worship, Freedom from want, and Freedom from fear. In the same speech, he outlined the benefits of democracy which he said were economic opportunity, employment, social security, and the promise of "adequate health care".

1946 - In the year of Joseph Thomas Macdonald's passing, pediatrician Dr. Benjamin Spock's book "The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care" was published. It sold half a million copies in the first six months. Aside from the Bible, it became the best selling book of the 20th century. A generation of Baby Boomers were raised by the advice of Dr. Spock.

Joseph Thomas Macdonald Family Tree

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Obituary

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Joseph Thomas Macdonald died in 1946 in South Melbourne, Australia at 60 years of age. No cause of death has been entered. He was born in 1886. He was born to Macdonald Thomas J Macdonald and Margaret J Gemmie Macdonald, and we currently have no other siblings in his family tree.

Memories

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