Frederick Kruschke (1853 - 1899)

Frederick Kruschke
1853 - 1899
updated June 21, 2019
Frederick Kruschke, father to 7 children, was born in 1853 at Prussia, Prussia. He was born to Johanna "Jane Louisa" Clocke Kruschke and Christian Kruschke, with siblings Christopher, Fennit, Wilhelm, Augusta, Charles, Wilhelmina, Miene, and Louisa. He married Fanny Fry and Fanny died. They gave birth to Albert Krushka, William Henry Krushka, Emy Krushka, and Frederick Krushka. Frederick also married Jessie Clarke and Frederick died. They gave birth to Laurence Fennard Krushka, Horace Meryn Krushka, and Ralph Krushka. He died in 1899 in Rigarooma, Australia at 46 years of age.

Re attached death Certificate:
Van Deimens Land have issued this certificate (birth date) based on Kushka surname issue date because of no previous family records

1875 With 1 pack horse Charles 24, Frederick 22 and Christopher 16 set out along the banks of the Dorset River prospecting. On April 22 1875 with the young Christopher leading & his two elder brothers following with the pack horse he turns right at a sharp bend in the Dorset and follows a tributary uphill with the intention of getting a better view of the surroundings from higher ground.Christopher notices a glint in quartz rock on a sharp escarpment and calls his brother. On the information gleaned from George Renison Bell they realised they have discovered quartz bearing tin. They staked it out and named it Black Boy

1875 In October Charles, Frederick & Christopher were prospecting along the banks of a small creek east of Derby (Main Creek) which runs into the Ringarooma River in the Cascade Valley. Here they discovered and stake a mining claims on a rich load of alluvial tin which they named Brothers Home Mine etc. Realising the alluvial tin was washing from a rich vein further up the river they moved up the river and found the main lead at the junction of Brothers Creek and the Ringarooma River. Wilhelm had decided to prospect on his own and he found tin in the same area and established the Lone Brother claims. Sam Diprose is appointed Mine Manager of their numerous mines as they were established. Sam later marries Louisa Krushka with George Renison Bell as best man.
When the Krushka brothers discovered the alluvial tin they contacted their now lifelong friend George Renison Bell (Little Bell) who along with other friends stake out further claims along the creek.

1876 The Krushka brother cut a cart track from the mine to the original town of Ringarooma on Ringarooma Bay (Boobyalla) as it was faster & cheaper to ship the ore to Launceston from there than out of Bridport. They build a bridge across the Ringarooma River for the track and name it Krushkas Bridge (renamed Moorina)

1876 Frederick purchases a large track of land in Upper Ringarooma stretching south to New River. He calls it Mineral Banks.
In the same period they purchase other parcels of land near the mine & at Upper Ringarooma.

Note:
1882 In January the Governor Sir George C Strahan in the town of Krushka with the intention of naming it Strahan. He stays in the largest house in town (North View) and after a night of merriment departs without proclaiming it Strahan.

The discovery of tin in and around the Cascade River Valley in the 1800's by George Renison Bell, the Krushka Brothers and others leads to the rapid development of farms & logging in the North East and the towns of Brothers Home (renamed Derby) Krushka Town (renamed Ringarooma) & Krushkas Bridge (renamed Moorina.
The original port town of Ringarooma at the mouth of the Ringarooma River was renamed Boobyalla. Mining, dredging, logging and land clearing along the length of the Ringarooma River created major siltting at it’s mouth resulting in the loss of the town and port.

Derby:
The area had been surveyed in 1855, but was not settled until 1874, Krushka brothers discovered a large lode of tin, and set up a mine (named The Brothers Mine) in the area, assuring the town's economic future. The town was originally known as Brother's Home until renamed Derby (believed to be after Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom).

Brother's Home Post Office opened on 1 August 1882 and was renamed Derby in 1885.

Derby reached its peak in the late 19th century, when its population reached over 3,000, and the Brothers Mine (renamed the Briseis Mine after the winner of the 1876 Melbourne Cup) was producing upwards of 120 tonnes of tin per month.
On 4 April 1929, the Briseis Dam used by the mine burst after heavy rains and the Cascade River flooded the town, killing 14 people. The mine was closed, but re-opened five years later although it never reached the same level of output as it had in the last century and closed in 1948
The Briseis Dam Disaster resulted from the bursting of a dam constructed on the Cascade River above Derby to supply water for hydraulic tin mining operations. Following unprecedented rainfall of 450 millimetres during the previous two days, on 4 April 1929 a deluge of 125 millimetres fell in one and a half hours on the catchment area above the Briseis Dam.
The resultant flood broke the dam, and a huge wall of water surged down the river valley towards the town, engulfing several houses and other buildings and pouring into the workings of the Briseis Mine. Fourteen lives were lost, including one family of five who were sitting down to a meal when their home was carried away. Senior Constable William Taylor was awarded the Royal Humane Society Medal and the King George Medal for bravery in saving eight stranded miners.
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Frederick Kruschke Biography

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Frederick Kruschke
Most commonly known name
Male
Gender
Frederick
First name
Unknown
Middle name
Kruschke
Last name(s)
Unknown
Nickname(s) or aliases
Unknown. Did Frederick move a lot? Where was his last known location?
Last known residence
Frederick Kruschke was born in at Prussia, in Prussia
Birth
Frederick Kruschke died in in Rigarooma, Tasmania County, Australia
Death
Frederick Kruschke was born in at Prussia, in Prussia
Frederick Kruschke died in in Rigarooma, Tasmania County, Australia
Birth
Death
There is no cause of death listed for Frederick.
Cause of death
in Ringarooma, Tasmania County
Burial / Funeral
Unknown
Obituary

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Unknown

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Professions

Miner & Farmer

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Frederick Kruschke Family Tree

Frederick's immediate relatives including parents, siblings, partnerships and children in the Kruschke family tree.

Parents:

1818 - 1907

Siblings:

1858 - Unknown
1844 - 1867
1855 - 1858
Apr 25, 1857 - Apr 25, 1857

Relationships:

Spouse:

Unknown - Unknown

Children:

Unknown - Unknown
May 5, 1881 - Jun 8, 1917
Unknown - Unknown
Unknown - Unknown
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Frederick Kruschke & Jessie Clarke

Frederick Kruschke

Spouse:

Unknown - Unknown

Children:

Unknown - 1979
Unknown - Unknown
Unknown - Unknown

Friends:

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Frederick's Family Photos

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Frederick Kruschke Obituary

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Frederick Kruschke, father to 7 children, passed away in 1899 in Rigarooma, Australia at 46 years of age. He was buried in Ringarooma. He was born in 1853 at Prussia, Prussia. He was born to Johanna "Jane Louisa" Clocke Kruschke and Christian Kruschke, with siblings Christopher, Fennit, Wilhelm, Augusta, Charles, Wilhelmina, Miene, and Louisa. Frederick married Fanny Fry and Fanny died. They gave birth to Albert Krushka, William Henry Krushka, Emy Krushka, and Frederick Krushka. He married Jessie Clarke and Frederick died. They gave birth to Laurence Fennard Krushka, Horace Meryn Krushka, and Ralph Krushka.
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1853 - 1899 World Events

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In 1853, in the year that Frederick Kruschke was born, in October, the Crimean War began. Allies the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain and Sardinia fought the Russian Empire in a war that began as a religious conflict but ended up being an effort to curb the expansion of the Russian Empire. The war ended in 1856.

In 1869, he was 16 years old when on January 20th, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, speaking about women's rights - including the right to vote - was the first woman to testify before the US Congress. In May, she and Susan B. Anthony founded the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA).

In 1876, when he was 23 years old, on July 4th, the United States celebrated its centennial. There were parades, music, speeches and fireworks - even in Union Square in New York City. Suffragettes also marched for equal rights and the vote for women.

In 1884, when he was 31 years old, on August 5th, the cornerstone for the base of the Statue of Liberty - a gift from the people of France - was laid. 120,000 people - most donations were $1 - donated to the completion of the base. An 1883 poem by Emma Lazarus was also written to raise funds. That poem was included in the base of the statue and is well known today. The most famous phrase: "Keep, ancient lands, your storied pomp!" cries she
With silent lips. "Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.
Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me,
I lift my lamp beside the golden door!"

In 1899, in the year of Frederick Kruschke's passing, the meaning of Chinese "oracle bones" was rediscovered. Farmers in China had been turning up the bones in their fields for generations but most often they were ground up and sold as medicine. The chancellor of the Imperial Academy and a friend noticed, before they ground the bones, that they had writing. The bones had been used around the second millennium BC for divination.

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