Jawarharlal Nehru (1889 - 1964)



Jawarharlal Nehru’s biography is built and maintained by people like you. Create an online profile of Jawarharlal so that his life is remembered forever. If any factual information is incorrect, please edit Jawarharlal’s biography.

Born: 14 November 1889
Place of Birth: Allahabad
Parents: Motilal Nehru (father) and Swaruprani Thussu (mother)
Spouse: Kamala Nehru
Children: Indira Gandhi
Education: Harrow School, London; Trinity College, Cambridge; Inns of Court School of Law, London
Associations: Indian National Congress
Political Ideology: Nationalism; Socialism; Democracy
Religious Beliefs: Hinduism
Publications: The Discovery of India, Glimpses of World History, Toward Freedom, Letters from a Father to His Daughter
Passed Away: 27 May 1964
Memorial: Shantivan, New Delhi

Jawarharlal Nehru Biography & Family History

This genealogy profile is dedicated to the life and ancestry of Jawarharlal Nehru and his immediate Nehru family. Add to Jawarharlal Nehru's genealogy page to share your memories & historical research with his family and other genealogy hobbyists.


Prayagraj, Prayagraj County, Uttar Pradesh India


New Delhi, Delhi India
Cause of death: Heart Attack

Cause of death

Heart Attack

Burial / Funeral

Do you know the final resting place - gravesite in a cemetery or location of cremation - of Jawarharlal Nehru? Add burial and funeral information.


Last Known Residence

Did Jawarharlal move a lot? Did he emigrate from another country? Add Jawarharlal's last known location.

Average Age


Add family members


Did Jawarharlal finish grade school, get a GED, go to high school, get a college degree or masters? What schools or universities did Jawarharlal attend? Add education.


Share what Jawarharlal did for a living or if he had a career or profession. Add Profession.


Add organizations, groups and memberships.

Military Service

It is unknown if Jawarharlal Nehru is a military veteran.

Middle name

Unknown. Add middle name



Unknown. Add Jawarharlal's ethnicity.


Unknown. Add Jawarharlal's nationality.


Unknown. Was Jawarharlal a religious man? Add Jawarharlal’s religion




1889 - In the year that Jawarharlal Nehru was born, on February 22nd, President Cleveland signed a bill allowing North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana and Washington to become states. North and South Dakota became the 39th and 40th states on November 2nd, Montana became the 41st state on November 8th, and Washington became the 42nd state on November 11th.

1912 - Jawarharlal was 23 years old when the RMS Titanic sank in April. The RMS Titanic was a British built and run passenger liner that was billed as "unsinkable." On its maiden voyage from Southampton England to New York City, carrying about 2,224 passengers and crew - from the wealthiest people in the world to poor emigrants from Europe, the Titanic hit an iceberg. Five of her watertight compartments failed but she was designed to survive only 4 being flooded. She began to sink. There were only enough lifeboats for about half of the passengers so over 1,000 remained behind while "women and children first" were loaded. Over 1500 died, making it the largest maritime disaster in modern history.

1924 - At the age of 35 years old, Jawarharlal was alive when in May, wealthy college students Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb kidnapped and killed 14 year old Robert Franks "in the interest of science". Leopold and Loeb thought that they were intellectually superior and that they could commit the perfect crime and not be caught. They were brought in for questioning within 8 days and quickly confessed. Clarence Darrow was hired as their defense lawyer, getting them life imprisonment instead of a death sentence. Loeb was eventually killed in prison - Leopold was released after 33 years, dying of a heart attack at age 66.

1942 - By the time he was 53 years old, on June 17th, Roosevelt approved the Manhattan Project, which lead to the development of the first atomic bomb. With the support of Canada and the United Kingdom, the Project came to employ more than 130,000 people and cost nearly $2 billion. Julius Robert Oppenheimer, a nuclear physicist born in New York, led the Los Alamos Laboratory that developed the actual bomb. The first artificial nuclear explosion took place near Alamogordo New Mexico on July 16, 1945.

1964 - In the year of Jawarharlal Nehru's passing, in June, three young civil rights workers - Andrew Goodman and Mickey Schwerner from New York City, and James Chaney from Meridian, Mississippi - were kidnapped and murdered in Mississippi. Working with "Freedom Summer", they were registering African-Americans to vote in the Southern states. Their bodies were found two months later. Although it was discovered that the White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, the Neshoba County Sheriff's Office and the Philadelphia, Mississippi Police Department were involved, only 7 men were convicted and served less than six years.

Jawarharlal Nehru Family Tree

Who was Jawarharlal’s parents? Did he get married and did they have children? Share Jawarharlal’s family tree to share his legacy and genealogy pedigree.

Jawarharlal's Family
Add a parent
Add a parent
Jawarharlal Nehru
Add a partner
Add a child
Add a sibling

You can add or remove people from Jawarharlal's family tree by clicking here.


This obit of Jawarharlal Nehru is updated by the community. Edit this biography to contribute to his obituary. Include details such as cemetery, burial, newspaper obituary and grave or marker inscription if available.

India Mourning Nehru, 74, Dead of a Heart Attack; World Leaders Honor Him

New Delhi, May 27 -- Jawaharlal Nehru, maker of modern India and her Prime Minister for the 17 years since independence, died today at the age of 74.
Death was caused by coronary thrombosis, the formation of a clot in a coronary artery of the heart.
Twelve days of mourning have been ordered throughout the country. Late today thousands of Indians of all levels, including peasants on foot from distant areas, were arriving for the funeral tomorrow.
[Messages paying tribute to the Indian Prime Minister and his efforts to achieve peace were issued by U Thant, President Johnson, Premier Khrushchev, President de Gaulle and other world leaders.]
Mr. Nehru woke at 6 A.M. (8:30 P.M. Eastern daylight time, Tuesday) and complained of pain in his shoulders. Before his physicians were called in, he had a heart attack and fell unconscious. He died in a coma eight hours later.
Home Minister Gulzarilal Nanda was later sworn in as caretaker Prime Minister to await the Congress party's election of a leader. Mr. Nanda, 64, who is given little chance of election, owes his caretaker position to the seniority of his post in the Cabinet. The parliamentary members of the Congress party will meet Friday to elect a successor to Mr. Nehru, a high party source said tonight. Mr. Nehru suffered a paralytic stroke in January when he went to a Congress party meeting. This caused a weakening of his left limbs. There were reports that the Prime Minister had suffered another stroke today, but physicians refused to confirm this. He returned last night from a six-day holiday in Dehra Dun, a Himalayan health resort.
Although Mr. Nehru resumed his full responsibilities as Prime Minister in recent weeks, he was not the same. In Parliament he rose with an effort to answer questions. When he walked he dragged his left foot.
Most of his routine duties were delegated to Lal Bahadur Shastri, who was taken into the Cabinet as Minister without Portfolio after Mr. Nehru's stroke.
As soon as Parliament assembled this morning to begin a 10-day special session to vote a land bill, the members were told that Mr. Nehru had been "suddenly taken seriously ill" and that his condition was "causing anxiety." Home Minister Nanda and Finance Minister T. T. Krishnamachari conveyed the news to both houses of Parliament.
At noon, the Prime Minister was reported to have been placed in an oxygen tent.
An hour later Mr. Nehru's condition was described as "grave and desperate."
At 2 P.M., Steel Minister Coimbatore Subramaniam walked into Parliament to announce Mr. Nehru's death. He said:
"The light is out."
Several members wept. They recalled the death of the revered Indian leader, Mohandas K. Gandhi, in 1948. Then Mr. Nehru, when announcing Gandhi's death, used the expression Mr. Subramaniam used.
Parliament adjourned immediately and members and ministers went to the Prime Minster's residence. They filed past Mr. Nehru's body, which was in a first-floor study. Mr. Nehru's daughter, Mrs. Indira Gandhi, sat on the floor by his side, her head covered. Mrs. Gandhi, the widow of Feroze Gandhi, who was not related to Mohandas Gandhi, is the only child of Mr. Nehru. His wife, Kamala, whom he married in 1916, died in 1936.
Mr. Nehru also had two sisters, Mrs. Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, the elder, and Mrs. Khrishna Hutheesing. Mrs. Pandit, the widow of Ranjit Pandit, has served in major diplomatic posts for India and was President of the United Nations General Assembly. Mrs. Hutheesing is the wife of G. P. Hutheesing, a politician, journalist and industrialist.
As news of Mr. Nehru's death spread, several thousand people gathered at the gates of his residence. Men, women and children stood in mile-long queues in the hot sun, through the late evening and then a drizzle to see their dead leader, whom they affectionately called "Chacha [Uncle] Nehru."
After six hours, Mr. Nehru's body was taken to the front porch to lie in state. Draped in national tricolor flags, the body lay on an elevated platform. A red mark, made with a dab of sandalwood paste, on Mr. Nehru's forehead contrasted with the pallor of his face.
People wept as they filed past. Hundreds chanted holy verses. Thousands kept a vigil outside throughout the night.
The body will lie in state until tomorrow afternoon. The funeral procession is scheduled to begin at 1 P.M. (3:30 A. M. Eastern daylight time). After four hours of winding through the main streets, the body will be cremated in Rajghat on the banks of the Jamuna River.
Traditional Hindu rites will take place 300 yards north of the spot where Gandhi was cremated. Rajghat has been a place for pilgrimages by Indians and foreigners who come to pay homage to Gandhi.
Offices and businesses will be closed tomorrow. A 12-day state of mourning has been ordered.
Secretary of State Dean Rusk will fly into New Delhi tomorrow. The British Prime Minister, Sir Alec Douglas-Home, and Admiral of the Fleet Earl Mountbatten will arrive from London. Lord Mountbatten will represent Queen Elizabeth II.
The Ceylonese Prime Minister, Mrs. Sirimavo Bandaranaike, will also attend.
Mr. Nehru's sisters flew from Bombay, and state Chief Ministers and prominent Congress Party leaders have also arrived.
Defense Minister Y. B. Chavan, who is in the United States, has cut short his visit and is returning tomorrow.
Ambassador I. A. Bendiktov of the Soviet Union wept as he filed past Mr. Nehru's body.
A wreath was placed at Mr. Nehru's foot on behalf of the Chinese Communist Embassy.
Prime Minister Nehru, the uncontested leader of the Congress party, refused to name a successor.
At a news conference last Friday he was asked whether in the interest of democracy, he should not name a successor during his lifetime. He answered:
"My lifetime is not ending so very soon."
The death will have a immediate effect on the Congress party. It is full of schisms, with forces of the right, left and center pulling in different directions.
The leftists, led by V. K. Krishna Menon, are expected to back Mr. Nehru's daughter, Mrs. Gandhi, who has a sympathetic ear to the deposed Defense Minister and who was her father's confidante.
The rightists are already trying to bring back the former Finance Minister, Morarji R. Desai, who with another strong rightist, S. K. Patil, was squeezed out in a Cabinet shuffle last October.
A logical choice, according to observers, would be Mr. Shastri, who is a centrist, has virtually a five-year mandate until 1967 and, under India's parliamentary system, its leader could presumably serve as Prime Minister at least until elections that year.
It is thought that Mr. Nehru's absence will be felt gravely in India's disputes with Pakistan and Communist China.
Mr. Nehru was not considered to be a dogmatist and was open to persuasion. In the Kashmir issue, which has produced bitterness between India and Pakistan, the Prime Minister had recently shown greater flexibility in seeking a solution.
Sheik Mohammed Abdullah, the Kashmiri leader who was recently released after 10 years in prison, was able to impress upon the Prime Minister the need for an early solution with Pakistan.
With Mr. Nehru's blessing, he embarked on a mission of persuasion to Pakistan. He was reported to have obtained the consent of President Mohammad Ayub Khan for a meeting with the Indian leader.
Prime Minister Nehru recently eased his position on opening talks with Communist China for a settlement of the border dispute. About 15,000 square miles of Indian territory went under Chinese control after the invasion of India late in 1962. Mr. Nehru said he was willing to begin talks if Communist China pulled back the troops in the disputed area and initiated the approach for talks.
Observers unanimously agree that dealings with the two neighboring countries will be more difficult now. When Mr. Nehru was alive, he had authority to decide on his own and prevail upon his party to accept his decisions.
Observers doubt that any individual can lead the country in the same way. They feel rather that decisions will be made by a collective leadership in a more complicated manner. And most Indian leaders are less liberal than Mr. Nehru was.
Mr. Nanda, in a broadcast to the country tonight, emphasized that he had just "stepped in to fill a breach."
He added that the void created by Prime Minister's death was great, and asked:
"Is there a man in the whole country who can take the place of Nehru?"


What do you remember about Jawarharlal Nehru? Share your memories of special moments and stories you have heard about him. Or just leave a comment to show the world that Jawarharlal is remembered.

I went over to his limousine near The New School for Social Research. I motioned for him to roll down his window. "I must have your autograph I said. He responded, "I don't give autographs." In order to be really funny and to make him laugh, I said in Hindi (The only phrase I knew) "Thumara nom kya hai?" Which was, "WHAT IS YOUR NAME?" He laughed heartily and gave me his autograph!
Mar 19 · Reply
Why was he totally alone without the Secret Service or a bodyguard?
Mar 19 · Reply
Write a comment

Other Records of Jawarharlal Nehru



Success Stories from Biographies like Jawarharlal Nehru

I have to tell you a VERY special story about how AncientFaces helped to reunite our family. For 13 years, I have been searching for my grandmother's missing sister. She just disappeared from the family in the 1930s without a trace. No one ever knew where or when she died or where she was buried. My years of searching have just run into dead ends, so I had given up. Today, out-of-the-blue, a young lady called me and said that she had seen a photograph on AncientFaces and one of the women in the photo was her grandmother! Little did I know that she had left a small child behind when she died so young of TB. You can imagine our shock and excitement at finding each other and a whole new family that we never knew existed. We only live one state away from each other and very soon plan to have all family members meet to share our sides of "the story" and of course, many, many more picturesl AncientFaces...... without you, this family may never have been complete and Aunt Grace would have been lost to us forever. I hope you realize what a valuable service you provide and how grateful we are to have found you. Thank you!!!! -Lynda B.
I never knew my biological family. My family is my mother and father who raised me. But, as I got older I got curious about my heritage. It took me years of investigation to finally discover my parents’ names. Well, I get goosebumps just writing this, I have found my biological family because of AncientFaces. Yes!! I did a search for my [parents' names] and was shocked to find a photo of them on AncientFaces! I cannot tell you the feeling that came over me when I saw this photo - to see the faces of my biological parents…JUST LIKE THAT. I left a comment on the photo and you won’t believe this - the owner of the photo is MY SISTER!!! Yes, I have a LITTLE sister! It turns out my parents were too young when they had me and had to give me up. My little sister knew I existed and wanted to find me but had no way of doing it. Thanks to you I am meeting my little sister for the first time next month. GOD BLESS YOU ANCIENTFACES. -Anonymous
We have found our missing relative entirely thanks to AncientFaces. We have received a much clearer photo of Captain Grant from his Son. The picture we on AncientFaces is an old yellowed newspaper photo. I am attaching the new photo and ask that you take the old one out and put the new clear picture in its place. With our Canadian Remembrance Day here in 2 days - the timing could not be better. Thank You, AncientFaces. My long lost Aunt is now 86 years old and her Son and I are talking by phone and e-mails. Captain Grant was his Father and died in France in 1944 and is buried there. By posting pictures of the visit to his gravesite - we connected through one of his brothers. Amazing that our prayers have been answered. Thank you -Beth B.
I came home for lunch yesterday and decided to look at my email before going back to work. The weekly newsletter that I subscribe to from the Logan Family History Center had this message in it about AncientFaces. I clicked on the link and the first search I did was for Woodruff, and Mamie was the first picture that came up. I could hardly stand it. I was late getting back to work. I had to add comments and write to you. Thank you for noticing her in the store and for the website. I can't help but wonder how many other family pictures may have ended up in that store and why. I also can't help but feel that it was meant to be and that there is a purpose that this picture is coming home as you say. What are the chances of this all just happening? It's amazing that you even picked it up at the store and then went to all the extra effort to post it. It makes me feel as though you have been my friend forever. It certainly has given me a connection to you, and I have a love for what you do. I just can't tell you how excited I am. I can't even hold it in. -Cathy K., Utah
I have previously submitted several pictures of my grandfather August Zemidat. I have tried for many years to find anyone with that name, and I have searched many genealogy web sites to no avail. Recently I was contacted by someone who saw my pictures on AncientFaces who may well be a cousin. She also provided me with information that seems to indicate her grandparents were my grandfather’s siblings. Considering the many years I have been searching for the name Zemidat, I find this is absolutely amazing that I have finally found a family member. Thank you AncientFaces -Ron D.
I love AncientFaces, a while back I saw that you had labeled Garcia surname pictures. At the time I didn’t have all my family facts for my research. Anyway, I wandered into your site just to check it out AND NOW 1 YEAR LATER I received a picture from an 87 year old aunt and guess what you had this very same picture on your site!! (They were my great aunts and my great-grandmother!). Thank you… -Angela M.
I have loved AncientFaces since I first found it, it's the first thing I check when I turn on the computer. There was a time when even in the most modest households there were three cherished possessions, a family Bible. a family album and a fancy lamp. It was usual for the family to gather in the parlour, generally on Sunday and talk, tell stories of family and friends with the photos in the albums as illustration. Sadly in our modern electronic age we have fallen away from the oral tradition and interest in history has waned. I was quite shocked on the anniversary of the sinking of the Titanic to see so many comments from younger people who were surprised to learn that the Titanic wasn't just a movie. This is why AncientFaces is so important, to me it's the electronic age version of the oral tradition on a global scale and the sheer volume of people who follow, comment and contribute seems to prove the point. We are all grateful to you all for providing us with this wonderful site. - Arba M.