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Munia Englender (1939 - 1943)

A photo of Munia Englender
Munia Englender
1939 - 1943
Born
May 1939
Będzin, Będzin County, Silesian Voivodeship Poland
Death
1943
Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau 20 Więźniów Oświęcimia, in Oświęcim, oświęcimski County, Małopolskie Poland 32-603
Summary
Munia Englender was born in May 1939 in Będzin, Silesian Voivodeship Poland. She died in 1943 at Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau, Oświęcim, Małopolskie Poland at 3 years of age.
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Updated: March 12, 2017
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Munia Englender
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Munia Englender
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Munia Englender was born in in Będzin, Będzin County, Silesian Voivodeship Poland
Birth
Munia Englender died in at Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau 20 Więźniów Oświęcimia, in Oświęcim, oświęcimski County, Małopolskie Poland 32-603
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Obituary

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Munia Englender died in 1943 at Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau, Oświęcim, Małopolskie Poland at 3 years of age. She was born in May 1939 in Będzin, Silesian Voivodeship Poland. We are unaware of information about Munia's family.
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1939 - 1943 World Events

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In 1939, in the year that Munia Englender was born, on the 1st of September, Nazi Germany invaded Poland. On September 17th, the Soviet Union invaded Poland as well. Poland expected help from France and the United Kingdom, since they had a pact with both. But no help came. By October 6th, the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany held full control of the previously Polish lands. Eventually, the invasion of Poland lead to World War II.

In 1941, she was only 2 years old when on June 25th, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 8802, prohibiting racial discrimination in the defense industry. EO 8802 was the first federal action to prohibit employment discrimination - without prejudice as to "race, creed, color, or national origin" - in the U.S. Civil Rights groups had planned a march on Washington D.C. to protest for equal rights but with the signing of the Order, they canceled the March.

In 1942, she was merely 3 years old when on February 19th, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066. This authorized the Secretary of War to "prescribe certain areas as military zones." On March 21st, he signed Public Law 503 which was approved after an hour discussion in the Senate and 30 minutes in the House. The Law provided for enforcement of his Executive Order. This cleared the way for approximately 120,000 men, women, and children of Japanese ancestry to be evicted from the West Coast and to be held in concentration camps and other confinement sites across the country. In Hawaii, a few thousand were detained. German and Italian Americans in the U.S. were also confined.

In 1943, in the year of Munia Englender's passing, on June 20th through June 22nd, the Detroit Race Riot erupted at Belle Isle Park. The rioting spread throughout the city (made worse by false rumors of attacks on blacks and whites) and resulted in the deployment of 6,000 Federal troops. 34 people were killed, (25 of them black) - mostly by white police or National Guardsmen, 433 were wounded (75 percent of them black) and an estimated $2 million of property was destroyed. The same summer, there were riots in Beaumont, Texas and Harlem, New York.

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