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Rachele Capelluto (1935 - 1944)

A photo of Rachele Capelluto
Rachele Capelluto
1935 - 1944
Born
March 2, 1935
Rodi, Provincia di Foggia County, Puglia Italy
Death
August 16, 1944
Auschwitz II-Birkenau Ofiar Faszyzmu, in Oświęcim-Brzezinka, oświęcimski County, Małopolskie Poland 32-600
Summary
Rachele Capelluto was born on March 2, 1935 in Rodi, Puglia Italy. She died on August 16, 1944 at Auschwitz II-Birkenau, Oświęcim-Brzezinka, Małopolskie Poland at 9 years old.
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Updated: March 8, 2019
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Rachele Capelluto
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Rachele Capelluto
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Rachele Capelluto was born on in Rodi, Provincia di Foggia County, Puglia Italy
Birth
Rachele Capelluto died on at Auschwitz II-Birkenau Ofiar Faszyzmu, in Oświęcim-Brzezinka, oświęcimski County, Małopolskie Poland 32-600
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Obituary

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Rachele Capelluto passed away on August 16, 1944 at Auschwitz II-Birkenau, Oświęcim-Brzezinka, Małopolskie Poland at age 9. She was born on March 2, 1935 in Rodi, Puglia Italy. There is no information about Rachele's family.
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1935 - 1944 World Events

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In 1935, in the year that Rachele Capelluto was born, on August 14, the Social Security Act was signed into law. The purpose was to "provide federal assistance to those unable to work". The law established the Social Security Administration whose primary focus was to "provide aid for the elderly, the unemployed, and children". The Act survived many Supreme Court challenges and the Administration continues until today.

In 1940, Rachele was only 5 years old when on September 16th, the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, was enacted - the first peacetime draft in U.S. history. Men between 21 and 36 were required to register with their draft boards. When World War II began, men between 18 and 45 were subject to service and men up to 65 were required to register.

In 1943, by the time she was only 8 years old, on June 20th through June 22nd, the Detroit Race Riot erupted at Belle Isle Park. The rioting spread throughout the city (made worse by false rumors of attacks on blacks and whites) and resulted in the deployment of 6,000 Federal troops. 34 people were killed, (25 of them black) - mostly by white police or National Guardsmen, 433 were wounded (75 percent of them black) and an estimated $2 million of property was destroyed. The same summer, there were riots in Beaumont, Texas and Harlem, New York.

In 1944, in the year of Rachele Capelluto's passing, on June 22nd, the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944, called the G.I. Bill, was signed into law, pushed through by the veteran's organizations. Benefits provided for veterans to return to school (high school, vocational school, or college), obtain low interest home mortgages and low interest business loans, and (if needed) one year of unemployment insurance. Since most returning vets immediately found work, less than 20% of the unemployment benefits were distributed.

In 1949, by the time she was just 14 years old, on April 4th, NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization) was established. Twelve nations originally signed the North Atlantic Treaty - the United States, Great Britain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark, Italy, Luxembourg, Norway, Iceland, Canada, and Portugal. Greece, Turkey, and West Germany later joined. Today, there are 26 nations in NATO.

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