Thomas Angus Lyall Paton

(1905 - 1999)

A photo of Thomas Angus Lyall Paton
Thomas Angus Lyall Paton
1905 - 1999
Born
May 10, 1905
Death
April 7, 1999
St. Helier Jersey
Summary
Thomas Angus Lyall Paton was born on May 10, 1905. He died on April 7, 1999 in St Brelade at age 93.
Updated: February 06, 2019
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At the time of his death, Sir Thomas Angus Lyall Paton had four children, twelve grandchildren and four great-grandchildren.
Children: Janet, Anne, Alan and John
Grandchildren: Dan, Angus, Alastair, Lucy, Stephen, Janet, Eleanor, Alison, Annette, Ian, Thomas and Robert.
Great- grandchildren: Hannah, Benjamin, George and Samuel.
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Biography
Thomas Angus Lyall Paton
Most commonly known name
Thomas Angus Lyall Paton
Full name
Nickname(s) or aliases
Male
Gender
Thomas Paton was born on
Birth
Thomas Paton died on in St. Helier Jersey
Death
Thomas Paton was born on
Thomas Paton died on in St. Helier Jersey
Birth
Death
Heritage

Ethnicity & Lineage

Caucasian

Nationality & Locations

British
Childhood

Education

Brunswick preparatory school in Haywards Heath, Sussex
Cheltenham College
University College London (UCL)

Religion

Church of England
Adulthood

Professions

Founder of the Civil Engineers
Paton was born into a family which had founded the civil engineering firms of Easton, Gibb & Son and Sir Alexander Gibb & Partners and would spend his entire professional career working for the latter. Following his graduation from University College London one of his first jobs was the construction of a dam in Maentwrog in Wales. Paton later became an expert on dams and much of his career was devoted to their construction. In 1931 he undertook an economic survey of Canada which recommended a programme of works for its port system, this report was still being used into the 1970s. During the Second World War Paton was involved with the construction of gun emplacements in the Dardanelles, Turkey and of caissons for the Mulberry Harbours used after the Invasion of Normandy.
After the war Paton undertook an economic survey of Syria which made recommendations for port, water infrastructure, irrigation and hydroelectric improvements. This was followed by a similar report on Lebanon and one on the possibility of extending railroads from Northern Rhodesia to neighbouring countries. From 1946 Paton worked almost exclusively on hydroelectric projects, beginning with the Owen Falls Hydroelectric Scheme in Uganda. He also worked on the Kariba Dam in Zambia and Zimbabwe, which was the largest dam in the world when built and for which he was made a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George. He was also involved with the Indus Basin Project, the Aswan High Dam, the Hendrik Verwoerd Dam, the P.K. Le Roux Dam, the Spioenkop Dam and the Tarbela Dam. Paton was knighted in 1973 and retired in 1977, remaining a senior consultant to Gibb and Partners. He spent his retirement in Jersey, where he died at St Helier on 7 April 1999. Paton was dedicated to his professional career and served as president of both the Institution of Civil Engineers and the Smeatonian Society of Civil Engineers.
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NGUS PATON was one of the most able civil engineers of the modern era, and largely responsible for leading the trend of exporting British technical expertise around the world.
During his 22 years as senior partner at Sir Alexander Gibb & Partners, the distinguished British consulting firm founded by his uncle, he transformed the business from a largely home-based firm with 400 staff to an international organisation with over 1,500 engineers working in 63 different counties.

The pinnacle of Paton's global construction career was the construction of the vast Kariba dam and hydroelectric power station on the River Zambesi in southern Africa. Described by Paton as the "highlight of my professional career", the difficult Kariba project was completed in 1960, on time and within its pounds 75m budget, and he was appointed CMG.

It was this project and the reputation Paton and his team gained during its execution that led to the firm's involvement in many of the biggest dam construction projects around the world over the next two decades. These included schemes in the Sudan, Argentina, South Africa and two large dams, the Mangla and Tarbela, in Pakistan.

Born in the Channel Island of Jersey in 1905, Paton spent the first two years of his school life, until the age of seven and a half, in France. He then transferred to the mainland to complete his education at Cheltenham College. It was at Cheltenham that his love for mathematics and engineering was developed. The combination of a excellent mathematics teacher, a good memory and being "not much good at games" meant that he excelled at school and at 17 won a scholarship to University College London. He graduated with a first class BSc honours degree in civil engineering three years later.

Civil engineering was in his blood, through his uncle Sir Alexander Gibb. Paton spent the first three years of his career, from 1925, under Gibb's pupillage at his firm of consulting engineers. He went on to work on a variety of projects on site in the UK and abroad, notably maritime ones in Burma and Canada.

In 1934, two years after his marriage, Paton took on his biggest task thus far, acting as Resident Engineer in charge of the construction of the new Guinness brewery in Park Royal, north-west London. This pounds 2m project included seven large steel-framed buildings, a power station, storage silo, roads and railway sidings. Beer still flows from these premises today. The success of his work on the Guinness plant led to Paton's becoming a partner of the firm in 1938.

In the office Paton was renowned for his problem-solving ability. His colleagues were aware - and often in awe of the fact - that he was capable of doing "any job, quicker and better than anyone else". His depth of knowledge across disciplines allowed him to become involved with all aspects of contracts from design and construction to financial and legal. His vast knowledge, combined with a direct manner and piercing gaze, could put those around him from office junior to senior clients on their guard.

As a partner he took charge of many large UK-based industrial and trading estate developments in Wales, West Cumberland and London. At the outbreak of the Second World War he became a central figure in the British engineering war effort designing and constructing ordnance factories, underground aircraft assembly plants and a new turbine factory for British Thomson- Houston Co.

During the war, Sir Alexander Gibb & Partners secured a huge number of government contracts, causing their work force to leap by over 2,000 in a couple of weeks in September 1939. Paton was a key member of the team and his work included supervising construction of some of the massive concrete sections of the Mulberry Harbour scheme in the London Docks.

After the war Paton continued to work for the company, now with Sir Alexander Gibb's son Alastair at the helm. He spent the next 10 years developing the business overseas and upon Alastair Gibb's sudden death in a polo accident, took over as senior partner in 1955.

The appointment coincided with Paton taking charge of the Kariba dam and hydroelectric power scheme on the Zambia-Zimbabwe border. This difficult project would see the construction of a 420ft-high double curvature arch dam - the biggest ever constructed - and a 600MW underground power station in a remote location 175 miles downstream from the Victoria Falls.

Working in partnership with the French dam-design expert Andre Coyne, Paton led the overall design of the project and the supervision of construction work by the Italian main contractor Impresit. Despite suffering some of the worst flooding on record halfway through the job it was completed on time and to budget.

The project acted as a springboard for Sir Alexander Gibb & Partners to win some of the biggest civil engineering contracts around the world. Paton continued to encourage the firm's expansion overseas and as the flow of work continued the size of the business grew. One of the biggest of these projects was to advise the World Bank during the construction of the massive and highly complex Tarbela dam in Pakistan.

In addition to his engineering responsibilities, Paton took an active interest in the profession as a whole - perhaps more so following the untimely death of his wife in 1964. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1969 and was President of the Institution of Civil Engineers in 1970-71. He continually pressed engineers around him to open their minds to other disciplines.

He published many learned papers on a variety of civil engineering issues and a book entitled Power from Water (1960), and he put much effort into pressing the industry and its clients to spend more money on valuable research and development; he was also central to the formation of the government-backed Construction Industry Research and Information Association.

In 1973 he was knighted for services to the construction profession and in 1976 was a founding Fellow of the Fellowship of Engineering - later renamed the Royal Academy of Engineering. In 1977 and 1978 he was one of the few practising engineers to be appointed vice-president of the Royal Society. He retired from Sir Alexander Gibb & Partners in 1977, though remaining a consultant.

His last two decades were spent in Jersey but he remained, until recently, in close contact with the profession and his former colleagues, retaining the sharp analytical mind and clear process of thought for which he was known throughout a distinguished career.

Thomas Angus Lyall Paton, civil engineer: born Grouville, Jersey 10 May 1905; partner, Sir Alexander Gibb & Partners 1938-55, senior partner 1955-77, senior consultant 1977-84; CMG 1960; FRS 1969; Kt 1973; married 1932 Joan Delme-Murray (died 1964; two sons, two daughters); died St Helier, Jersey 7 April 1999.

Refresh this page to see various historical events that occurred during Thomas' lifetime.

In 1905, in the year that Thomas Angus Lyall Paton was born, acclaimed dancer Isadora Duncan established the first school of modern dance in Berlin Germany. Isadora Duncan, born in San Francisco California, dedicated herself to the creation of beauty - through dance. Her focus on the movement of the human body rather than formal kinds of dance helped to give rise to the modern dance movement.

In 1917, when he was just 12 years old, Dutch exotic dancer Mata Hari was convicted and executed as a German spy. Since Mata Hari, born Margaretha Geertruida "Margreet" MacLeod, was a citizen of the Netherlands (which remained neutral in World War 1), she could travel freely in Europe. Her travels (and her romantic entanglements) raised suspicion and she was arrested by the French and found guilty. There is still controversy about her guilt although her name has become synonymous with a seductive female spy.

In 1947, he was 42 years old when on April 15th, Jackie Robinson joined the Brooklyn Dodgers, playing first base. He was the first black man to play in the Major Leagues. Since the 1880's, professional baseball had been segregated and blacks played in the "Negro leagues". He went on to play for 10 years.

In 1968, at the age of 63 years old, Thomas was alive when on April 4th, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., the civil rights leader, was shot and killed by an assassin in Memphis. James Earl Ray was apprehended and plead guilty to shooting Dr. King. Ray died in jail in 1998.

In 1973, he was 68 years old when in October, Vice President Spiro Agnew resigned - President Nixon nominated Gerald Ford for Vice President. Nixon's tax returns came under investigation. Nixon offered the recently discovered Oval Office tapes be heard by one person and summarized - his offer was rejected by the Special Prosecutor. Nixon ordered the Attorney General, then the assistant Attorney General, to fire the Special Prosecutor. Both refused and were fired. The Solicitor General became the acting Attorney General and fired the Special Prosecutor (the Saturday Night Massacre). Nixon releases some of the tapes, under extreme pressure because of the firings.

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