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Gertrude Elizabe Matthews (1889 - 1968)

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Gertrude Elizabe Matthews
1889 - 1968
Born
1889
Death
1968
Sale, Australia
Last Known Residence
Sale, Australia
Summary
Gertrude Elizabe Matthews was born in 1889. She is the child of Thomas John He Matthews and Grace Isab Merson Matthews. She died in 1968 in Sale, Australia at 79 years old.
Updated: September 4, 2013
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Gertrude Elizabe Matthews
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Sale, Australia
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Gertrude Elizabe Matthews died in 1968 in Sale, Australia at age 79. She was born in 1889. She is the child of Thomas John He Matthews and Grace Isab Merson Matthews.
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Refresh this page to see various historical events that occurred during Gertrude's lifetime.

In 1889, in the year that Gertrude Elizabe Matthews was born, on April 20th, Adolf Hitler was born in Austria-Hungary - now Austria. In his early 30's, he began his rise to power in German politics, eventually becoming the leader of the Nazi Party and FΓΌhrer of Nazi Germany. He presided over the death of millions of civilians as well as leading Germany through World War II.

In 1918, at the age of 29 years old, Gertrude was alive when in January, President Wilson presented his Fourteen Points, which assured citizens that World War I was being fought for a moral cause and outlined a plan for postwar peace in Europe. The only leader of the Allies to present such a plan, the Europeans thought Wilson was being too idealistic. The points included free trade, open agreements, democracy and self-determination. They were based on the research and suggestions of 150 advisors.

In 1946, she was 57 years old when on July 4th, the Philippines gained independence from the United States. In 1964, Independence Day in the Philippines was moved from July 4th to June 12th at the insistence of nationalists and historians.

In 1954, at the age of 65 years old, Gertrude was alive when from April 22 through June 17th, the Army v. McCarthy hearings were held. The U.S. Army accused Roy Cohn (chief counsel to Senator McCarthy and later trusted mentor of Donald Trump) of blackmail. McCarthy and Cohn accused the U.S. Army of harboring communists. The Army allegations were found to be true. The U.S. Senate later censured McCarthy.

In 1968, in the year of Gertrude Elizabe Matthews's passing, on January 31st, the North Vietnamese launched the Tet Offensive, a turning point in the Vietnam War. 70,000 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces swarmed into South Vietnam. The South Vietnamese and US troops held off the offensive but it was such fierce fighting that the U.S. public began to turn against the war.

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