Lodwick Daniel Underwood (1846 - 1923)



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Lodwick Daniel Underwood Biography & Family History

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at House, in Jamaica, Windham County, Vermont United States


at Congregational Church, Main Street, in Jamaica, Windham County, Vermont US


on at Home, Church Street, in East Wallingford, Rutland County, Vermont United States
Cause of death: Pneumonia

Cause of death


Burial / Funeral

at Green Hill Cemetery, S. Main Street, in Wallingford, Rutland County, Vermont United States


Last Known Residence

Home, Church Street, in East Wallingford, Rutland County, Vermont United States

Average Age

Life Expectancy


Father: Joshua A. Underwood
Mother: Hannah Thompson
Siblings: Joseph Daniel Underwood, Abigail Underwood, Lorenzo Daniel Underwood, and Elias Daniel Underwood

Wife: Sophronia A. Horton
Children with Sophronia: Edgar Elias Uunderwood, Martha "Mattie" (Underwood) Buffum, Elwin Underwood, Jerusha (Underwood) Smith, William Henry Underwood, Henrietta Underwood, Emmett Harrison Underwood, Mary (Underwood) Farr, and Franklin Leroy Underwood, Sr.


Primary & Secondary




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Military Service

Armies of the Potomac & of the Shenandoah, IV & VI Corps, 2nd Division, 2nd Brigade, 1st Vermont Brigade, 4th Vermont Volunteer Infantry Regiment (VVI), Companies I & F

Middle name








Christian: Congregationalist



Family Photos

Historically notable or family photographs that show the life of Lodwick Daniel Underwood and his immediate Underwood family.


1846 - In the year that Lodwick Daniel Underwood was born, on February 26th, the Liberty Bell was rung for George Washington's birthday. It is said that when it was rung, a previous crack was worsened, leading to the crack seen today. A paper of the time said that at "around noon, it was discovered that the ringing had caused the crack to be greatly extended, and that the old Independence Bell...now hangs in the great city steeple irreparably cracked and forever dumb".

1850 - He was only 4 years old when on April 4th, the city of Los Angeles - now the 2nd most populous city in the US - was incorporated. On April 15th, the city of San Francisco - now the 15h most populous city in the US - was incorporated. Both cities were incorporated before California became a state.

1885 - Lodwick was 39 years old when on February 16th, the first Dow Jones Industrial Average was published by Charles Dow, who also founded the Wall Street Journal. The index was 62.76. It represented 12 stocks - American Cotton Oil, American Sugar, American Tobacco, Chicago Gas, Distilling & Cattle Feeding, General Electric, Laclede Gas, National Lead, North American, Tennessee Coal and Iron, U.S. Leather pfd. and U.S. Rubber.

1919 - When he was 73 years old, in June, the Treaty of Versailles - officially ending World War I - was signed. The European Allies demanded "compensation by Germany for all damage done to the civilian population of the Allies and their property by the aggression of Germany by land, by sea and from the air.” The requirement of compensation is seen by most as the reason for the collapse of the German economy and gave rise to the rule of Hitler.

1923 - In the year of Lodwick Daniel Underwood's passing, the A.C. Nielsen Company was founded in Chicago. It provided an audience measurement system that could provide radio station owners with information on their listeners and the popularity of their shows. Later, the Nielsen company became the basis for the fate of television programs.


This obit of Lodwick Daniel Underwood is updated by the community. Edit this biography to contribute to his obituary. Include details such as cemetery, burial, newspaper obituary and grave or marker inscription if available.

Newspaper: Rutland Daily Herald, Tuesday, October 1, 1923
Death: Saturday, September 28, 1923; Wallingford, Rutland County, Vermont, United States
Wallingford—Lodwick “Ludwig” D. Underwood died at his home on Church Street Saturday morning at 8 o'clock after a week's illness, at the age of 77 years. Mr. Underwood was a Civil War veteran, having served as corporal in Co. F., 4th Vermont. He is survived by four children, Mrs. Mary Farr of Perkinsville, Edgar of Peterboro, N.H., Mrs. Mattie Buffum of this place and Emmett of Springfield, and several grandchildren. The funeral will be held this afternoon in the Congregational Church at 2:30 o'clock. Members of Kearney W.R.C.* will meet at the church at 2:15 to attend the service.

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In Memory of Cpl. Lodwick Daniel Underwood’s Military Service in Co. I, 4th Vermont Volunteer Infantry (VVI) Regiment, 1st Vermont Brigade; during the War of the Rebellion (Friday, April 12, 1861-Sunday, April 9, 1865)


Birth: Sunday, February 22, 1846, Jamaica, Windham County, Vermont, USA
Father: Joshua Underwood s. of Daniel K. and Mary Polly (Mason) Underwood
Mother: Hannah M. Thompson d. of Unknown Parents
Siblings (Order of Birth): (1) Joseph Daniel Underwood (b. 1836), (2) Abigail Underwood (b. 1838), (3) Lorenzo Daniel Underwood (b. April 6, 1845-d. March 16, 1864), (5) Elias Daniel Underwood (b. 1849)
Religious Faith: Congregationalist Church
Marriage: Saturday, January 18, 1873, Wallingford, Rutland County, Vermont, United States (NOTE: This was Sophronia (Horton) Rhode's 2nd marriage, as her first husband had died, one James Rhodes, III. They had one child together that was about 4yrs old, one Albert T. Rhodes (b. 1869), who would become a machinist. Lodwick would raise this boy as his own. The Marriage was conducted by Hon. G.E. Johnson, a Justice-of-the-Peace, in Wallingford, VT. Both Lodwick and Sophronia would enjoy a good life together on the farm, and raise good respectable children, until their deaths.)
Wife: Sophronia A. (Horton) Rhodes (July 27, 1852-May 10, 1917), Wallingford, Rutland County, Vermont, USA
Children (In Order of Birth): (1) Edgar Elias Underwood (b. 1873), (2) Franklin Leroy Underwood, Sr. (b. 1875-d. 1922), (3) Mary (Underwood) Farr (b. 1878), (4) Martha “Mattie” Jane (Underwood) Buffum (b. 1880-d. 1943), (5) Elwin Underwood (b. 1881), (6) William Henry Underwood (b. 1884-d. 1884), (7) Henrietta Underwood (b. 1885-d. 1885), (8) Emmett Harrison Underwood (b. 1888-d. 1974), (9) Jerusha Underwood (b. 1889).

Skills & Miscellaneous: Won countless national marksmanship competitions, awarded a Sharps rifle by his Regiment inscribed, "In honor of your service and skill, during the War (1875)." This rifle remained in excellent working condition, and was passed-down to my grandfather, Raymond Author Underwood, Sr., (1910-1994); and is still (to the best of my knowledge) in the family, today. Additionally, he was an active and "Good Standing" member of the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR), right up until his death. He was always thoughtful, kind, considerate, and considered a "Good Man," by [all] who knew him.


[NOTICE: The information contained herein is based upon various sources. It is an extrapolation of said sources, and is as I know it to be at this time. The information is subject to change as more accurate sources become available to me.]

Unit: Cos. I & F, 4th Vermont Volunteer Infantry Regiment, 1st Vermont Brigade (aka The Old Brigade), 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, IV & VI Corps, Army of the Potomac and Army of the Shenandoah, Department of the Potomac, Union Army.

Promoted: Corporal on Thursday, January 19, 1865
Transfers: Co. F, on Saturday, February 25, 1865


Reconnaissance of Young's Mill, near Newport News, VA (Friday, April 4, 1862)
Siege of Yorktown, Yorktown, VA (Saturday, April 5-Sunday, May 4, 1862)
Reconnaissance of Lee's Mill and Dam No.1, Lee's Mill, VA (Saturday, April 5, 1862)
Battle of Lee's Mills, Lee's Mill, VA (This was the first assault of the war on a fortified position, and the 4th Vermont Infantry attacked and demonstrated at Dam No.1, under fire.) (Friday, April 16, 1862)
Battle of Williamsburg, Williamsburg, VA (Monday, May 5, 1862)
Battles at Garnett's Farm, VA (Friday, June 27, 1862)
Battle at Golding's Farms, VA (Saturday, June 28, 1862)
Battle at Savage's Station, Savage's Station, VA (Sunday, June 29, 1862)
Battle at White Oak Bridge, White Oak Swamp, VA (Monday, June 30, 1862)
Battle of South Mountain, at Crampton's Gap, Burkittsville, MD (Sunday, September 14, 1862)
Battle at Antietam Creek, Sharpsburg, MD (Wednesday, September 17, 1862)
1st Battle of Fredericksburg, Fredericksburg, VA (Thursday, December 11–Monday, December 15, 1862)
Battle of Chancellorsville, Chancellorsville, VA (Thursday, April 30-Wednesday, May 6, 1863)
Battle of Marye’s Heights, Fredericksburg, VA (Sunday, May 3, 1863)
Battle of Salem Church at Bank’s Ford, Fredericksburg, VA (Monday, May 4, 1863)
2nd Battle of Fredericksburg, Fredericksburg, VA (Friday, June 5, 1863)
Battle of Gettysburg, Gettysburg, PA (The Vermont Brigade arrived on the battlefield, at the head of the VI Corps' column, at 5:02pm, Thursday, July 2, 1863; much to Maj.Gen. George Gordon Meade’s relief. With a deep sigh of relief Meade exclaimed, “Thank God it’s the Sixth Corps.” Pvt. Lodwick Underwood was taken prisoner along with a Sgt. Leblin Green, Co. H, 1st Vermont Cavalry around the southwestern base of Big Round Top, by skirmishers of the 1st Texas Infantry Regiment of Gen. Robertson's Texas Brigade, of Maj.Gen. John Bell Hood's Corps. Both men were among POWs, at Camp Parole, Annapolis, MD; where they were “Paroled and Exchanged” Sunday, July 26, 1863. According to then Colonel Lewis Addison Grant's "After Action Report," dated in August of 1863; the 4th Vermont Volunteer Infantry (VVI) Regiment was posted as skirmishers and pickets, during Farnsworth’s Raid of Friday, July 3-Saturday, July 4, 1863.)
Battle of Funkstown, Funkstown, MD (Friday, July 10, 1863) [NOTE: Lodwick was in captivity, at the time.]
New York City Draft Riots, New York, NY (Monday, July 13-Thursday, July 16, 1863) [NOTE: Lodwick was in captivity, at the time.]
Battle at Rappahannock Station, Rappahannock Station, VA (Saturday, November 7, 1863)
Battle of the Wilderness, Wilderness, VA (Thursday, May 5–Tuesday, May 10, 1864)
Battle of Spottsylvania, Spottsylvania, VA (Tuesday, May 10–Wednesday, May 18, 1864) (The 4th Vermont Infantry Regiment was heavily engaged at a place called, "The 'Mule Shoe' Salient," on Saturday, May 14, 1864, after fighting extensively in the engagements of the previous days, and would continue to provide essential manpower during the remaining engagements, until Wednesday the 18th of May.)
Battle of Cold Harbor, Cold Harbor, VA (Wednesday, June 1–Sunday, June 12, 1864)
1st Battle of Petersburg, Petersburg, VA (Saturday, June 18, 1864)
Battle at Weldon Railroad, Petersburg, VA (Tuesday, June 21–Thursday, June 23, 1864)
Battle of Fort Stevens, Silver Spring, MD (Monday, July 11-Tuesday, July 12, 1864)
Battle of Charles Town, Charles Town, WV (Sunday, August 21, 1864)
Battle of the Opequan, at Gilbert’s Ford, Winchester, VA (Tuesday, September 13, 1864)
Battle of Winchester, Winchester, VA (Monday, September 19, 1864)
Battle of Fisher's Hill, Fisher's Hill, VA (Wednesday, September 21, 1864)
Battle of Mt. Jackson, Mt. Jackson, VA (Saturday, September 24, 1864)
Battle of Cedar Creek, Middletown, VA (Wednesday, October 19, 1864)
2nd Battle of Petersburg, Petersburg, VA (Saturday, March 25, 1865)
3rd Battle of Petersburg (aka "The Breakthrough"), Petersburg, VA (Sunday, April 2, 1865) (NOTE: Lodwick lost his left leg, as a result of an exploding cannon shell in the trench where he was sniping at the enemy Artillery Batteries. He was taken, by ambulance when it was safe to remove him from the battlefield, after the city surrendered, and was transported to City Point, VA. From there, he was placed on a steamer bound for Washington, DC, and admitted into the Armory Square Hospital, on Friday, April 7, 1865; to recuperate from the amputation of his left leg on about Tuesday, April 4th. By April 30th, he was transported by steamer to a Sanitary Commission Station in New York City for 2-weeks as he was observed for infection and awaited transport by train to Sloan US Army General Hospital, at Montpelier, VT. He would later be discharged from that place, on about Friday, August 11, 1865; and sent to Mount Tabor, VT to complete his recovery from the amputation in the home of relatives--never to leave Vermont again.)
Battle of Little Saylors Creek, Saylors Creek, VA (Thursday, April 6, 1865)
Battle of Appomattox Court House, Appomattox, VA (Sunday, April 9, 1865)
Lee's Surrender at the McLean House, Appomattox, VA (4:00pm, Sunday, April 9, 1865)


Newspaper: Rutland Daily Herald, Tuesday, October 1, 1923
Death: Saturday, September 28, 1923; Wallingford, Rutland County, Vermont, United States

Wallingford—Lodwick “Ludwig” D. Underwood died at his home on Church Street Saturday morning at 8 o'clock after a week's illness, at the age of 77 years. Mr. Underwood was a Civil War veteran, having served as corporal in Co. F., 4th Vermont. He is survived by four children, Mrs. Mary Farr of Perkinsville, Edgar of Peterboro, N.H., Mrs. Mattie Buffum of this place and Emmett of Springfield, and several grandchildren. The funeral will be held this afternoon in the Congregational Church at 2:30 o'clock. Members of Kearney W.R.C.* will meet at the church at 2:15 to attend the service.

Burial: Green Hill Cemetery located on the east side of S. Main Street (US7), in Wallingford, Rutland County, Vermont, United States. The grave-site is physically located on Patriot's Hill, Plot #14. The grave site can also, be viewed on-line, through the Find-A-Grave Website: [external link]

*Kearney W.R.C.: Kearney is the Post Name of one of the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) Posts in Vermont that Lodwick was a member of. The initials W.R.C. stand for the “Women’s Relief Corps” of that particular GAR Post.
Nov 11, 2012 · Reply
Looking for the Spouse of Franklin Leroy Underwood, Sr. and children.
Please and thank you.
Feb 23, 2016 · Reply
Sorry for taking so, long in responding to your inquiry but Merrill, could you tell me how you may be related?
Mar 03, 2016 · Reply
Howard Underwood Jr Born Rutland VT,(my Uncle), his grandfather is Frank L. Underwood.
I was curious to see if by chance if Lodwick’s son Franklin Leroy Sr or if Franklin Leroy Jr. is the Frank L. Underwood in my branch.
The hand written notes that have been passed down to me are questionable and maybe this should be Franklin instead of Frank.
Everyone either has passed away or cannot remember, so this has been a brick wall for me. The time frame and general location seams Very close.
Mar 05, 2016 · Reply
Ok..."We Are Definitely Related, as I stem from Franklin Leroy's brother Emmett Harrison (my great-grandfather). If we could converse under more secure circumstances it would more advantagous for both of us. Please, let me know how you wish to proceed!
Mar 05, 2016 · Reply
Thank you Stacey. I can be reached at [contact link]
Mar 07, 2016 · Reply
"Merrill, [We] are definitely are related!" Both are the ones in your branch of the family. I stem from Franklin "Frank" Sr.'s brother Emmett Harrison's side of the family. We definitely need to converse under more secure circumstances--Not Here! Let me know how you wish to proceed by emailing me...then we can get better acquainted!
Mar 05, 2016 · Reply
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