Ahmad Shah Abdali (1726–1773) (aka Ahmad Shah Durrani whose birth name was Ahmad Khan) was the founder of the Durrani dynasty in Afghanistan. He was born in Kandahar of Afghanistan, the son of Sammaun-Khan, hereditary chief of the Abdali tribe. Shah favored Abdali above the rest because of Abdali’s young, handsome features. Abdali was then given the title of “Dur-Durran” (Pear of Pearls) by Shah and then Abdali changed the Abdali tribe name to the Durrani tribe. Shah gave Abdali the command over a cavalry of Abdali tribesmen.
He took the opportunity to seize the Persian treasures and invade Khorasan. He headed to Kandahar and persuaded the local tribes to join his “Kingdom of Doom.” He made his own crown with the “koh e noor” which he had stolen from the Persians.
And so Abdali’s reign of terror began. Abdali first crossed the Indus River in 1748, when he first took Lahore-which was in Hindustan at that time. In 1751, he invaded Lahore once more and looted the city from top to bottom, leaving nothing left. To this day, the Sikhs, Hindus, and Muslims of that region call him the Devil of Afghanistan. He and his tribesmen tortured, killed, looted, and raped the people of the region. He and his tribesmen took back their booty to Kandahar to enjoy their stolen goods. In the course of his life, he raided India nine times.
In 1750, Abdali took Nishapur and in 1752, he attacked Kashmir. In 1756, he invaded Dehli and looted every corner. He stole the valuable treasures of the Moghul Empire and everything else he could get his hands on.
In the meantime, Abdali made another addition to his collection of wives; a princess from the Imperial family. He treated her the same way he treated his other wives and his daughters. He made her strip and dance in a “mordagow khana.”
When the Maratha chiefs declared a traditional Sikh holy war on Abdali, he took this as an opportunity to cross the Indus again and attack them, setting their villages on fire. In 1758, the Marathas gained possession of Punjab, but the victory was short-lived. On January 6, 1761, they lost to Abdali in the great battle of Panipat.
In a later raid, Abdali inflected a severe defeat upon the Sikhs but had to immediately head westward back to Kandahar to quell a rising insurrection. Meanwhile, the Sikhs rose again in power and Abdali was forced to abandon his hopes of retaining the command over the Punjab.
It is because of Abdali that the Moghul Dynasty, as well as Afghanistan, was colonized by the British. Over the course of 25 years, he weakened India and its Raj and local government. He adventured into India numerous times and each time, he returned with gold, camels, women, etc. He left a great number of people dead, destroyed cities and lives and families. All of this seemed like fun to him and his people. Therefore, when he died in 1773, his sons began fighting over the throne. The British took this moment of weakness to step in and create more division. Abdali’s sons were busy fighting against and killing each other. The British aided the brothers in staying enemies and gradually they weakened the state and took over.
This led to the creation of modern-day Afghanistan. Since then, the non-Pashtuns of Afghanistan have had to deal with these treacherous and corrupt Pashtuns who have occupied our land. The Pashtuns call Abdali the Father of the Nation. But why should we, the Tajiks, Hazaras, Uzbeks, etc. accept that title and claim? Abdali is not the Father of our Nation. He was an untrustworthy opportunist, an invader who raided and destroyed our land. We are still left to deal with the remaining savage Pashtuns. The Father of our Nation is Saman Khuda, the man who wrestled our land back from the Arabs and established a civilized and prosperous land. Ahmad Shah Abdali was the enemy of our nation, the destroyer of our nation. For non-Pashtuns to celebrate and honor Abdali would be treason.
Introduction with Nayeb Aminullah Khan Foundation: Description:
Nayeb Aminullah Khan was born in 1785 in an enlightened family of Tousofzai Tribe in Baraki Rajan district in Logar province in Afghanistan.
He learnt Pashto, Dari and Arabic languages in Logar province, but he obtained higher education in Kabul. He lived in the Baghe- Nawab near Ashuqan and Arifan of Kabul city. His father Mirzaee Khan was very famous man during the Timorsha Abdali Kingdom, he was governor of Kashmir. Nayeb Aminullah Khan was very Kind and brave man. He was very well aware of the Political situation of his country. When his father Mirzaee Khan died, King Timor shah Abdali had issued of decree title of Aminullo- doula (secretary of State) of the Afghan Empire .village
During the Kingdom of Zaman Shah, Nayeb Aminullah Khan appointed as the governor of Kabul and Logar provinces, and King of Afghan Empire also granted him Logar and Kabul`s state revenue for his livelihood and during his government in Kabul and Logar Nayeb Aminullah Khan did a lot of social services in these provinces. Such as construction of the Mosques, palace, bridges, roads, digging of subterraneous and irrigation canals, hospital and high schools which are hold his mane, he also brought a lot of day and barren lands under cultivation building irrigation canals. He spent all of state revenue for construction and development projects that people wanted and for recover all of these projects in 1830 he decided to establish a local foundation, which have had recovered all these projects, spicily the Mosques, palace,The Naib Amenullah Khan Logari hospital reconstructed in 1956 had 15 beds at that time which was damaged during the Soviet invasion, and a high schools in Logar province.
Nayeb Aminullah Khan always did his best to make compromise between Abdali and Saduzaee Kingdom`s families,but it was impossible, because the had fought each others.
After the establishment of the Nayeb Aminullah Khan Foundation in 1839 this foundation had useful rules for protection of Afghan civilians during the first long war between Afghan Empire and Great Britten from the occupier of Great Britten in Afghanistan. This Foundation had statute and Principe and participants were from very high level such as from Royal family and from the Nayeb Aminullah khan and others Tribe family members who were involved to the Afghan Empire. They paid money to make the health care and others projects.
We would like to inform you about the Nayeb Aminullah Khan Hospital in Logar province: