Chief Joseph Quanah Parker of the Nez Perce, Wallowa Band as a young man. He succeeded his father as chief in 1871 and lead the Nez Perce when the U.S. government was trying to force the Nez Perce onto reservation land in Idaho. The struggle between Chief Joseph and the U.S. government lasted many years. He died in 1904 and is buried in the state of Washington.
Since he was born between 1840 and 1845 and he looks about 25 or so here, this photo was probably taken sometime around 1870.