Kenny Shackleford Conrad Nichols "The Legend" When evidence of one's existence can't be found, but stories of him abound, that person becomes a legend. So it is with Conrad Nichols. Through exhaustive research in census reports and other various records, I have found no conclusive evidence to confirm the existence of this man. However, the stories that have been passed down from generation to generation leads to one fact; that being that the descendants came from someone of considerable character. Thomas Heflin Compton, descendant and researcher of the Nichols family compiled his research in the 1970s. His base was from research of the Nichols family by Joe Russell Nichols in 1932. He stated, as quoted by Thomas, "The oldest relative by the name of Nichols about which we are certain is Conrad Gunrod Nichols". I wish I could be as certain. One should consider this; much of the information that Joe compiled actually came from close descendants of Conrad. According to legend, Conrad was born about 1770 in North Carolina, moving at a young age with his parents to South Carolina. They settled in what was then known as "District 96". In the first census of 1790, there are eighteen Nichols listed as "Head of Household" in the state of South Carolina. Of these Nichols, nine were in the 96th District. They were; Ambrose, Charter, James, John, Joseph, Solomon, and two by the name of William. There is no mention of a Conrad, but these were listed as heads of household. Conrad would have been about twenty at the time and may still have been living at home. Conrad's first son was named John, and as was the custom to name first born sons after their grandfathers, its possible Conrad's father may have been John Nichols. Rumored to have been somewhat adventurous and a Indian fighter, lore has it that Conrad was at one time captured by the Indians but managed to make good on his escape. Though possible, I'm certain there may be a bit of exaggeration to this story. Conrad had a total of seven children and died in 1816. This would have left little time for such adventure. There were the Indian Wars of South Carolina but they occurred in the 1750s, twenty years or so before Conrad was born. It is fact however, that there were a few skirmishes between some settlers and the Cherokee. Joe Russell Nichols stated that Conrad died from some disease and was buried at "Old Fort 96", located in Greenwood County, South Carolina. Knowing a little on the history of this site, one could draw some conclusions on the loyalties of Conrad's parents if they lived within this area. The British occupied "Old Fort" in 1780 to squash a civil war that had been raging between the Patriots and Loyalist since the signing of the Declaration of Independence in 1776. Little love was lost between the groups and the British offered the Loyalist some protection within the walls of the fort. From May 22, 1781 through June 18, 1781, the Southern Colonial Army under the command of General Nathaniel Green laid siege upon Old Fort. He failed in his attempt to capture the fort. However, within a few weeks after the siege, the British abandoned Old Fort, burning all that remained. A few years later the citizens who remained rebuilt it. It is my assumption that Conrad's parents were loyal to the Crown and not Patriots. Maybe Conrad didn't exist, or maybe Conrad wasn't a given name, but a nickname. Whoever this man was, there is no doubt about the descendants. There has been plenty of documentation to verify them. Point given that there was a man with the surname of Nichols living in the 96th District of South Carolina who was married and had seven children.
Kenny Shackleford KINCHEN ELLIS NICHOLS 1815 - 1877 Kinchen Ellis Nichols, last child of Conrad Nichols, was born in Greenwood County, South Carolina, September 21, 1815. His parents died before his first birthday leaving him orphaned and placed in the care of a widowed cousin by the name of Mrs. Timmons. Shortly after his adoption, he was moved to Alabama, to an area then called the "Dander Community". This community was located in what is now Pike County. Pike became a county in 1821, being formed from Montgomery and Henry County. It is not known if they moved prior to this time. Kinchen's brother William, as well as several relatives, moved through Pike County in the first half of the nineteenth century.. Kinchen spent most of his life in this area, being raised totally uneducated. Kinchen married January 05, 1840 in Pike County to Hannah S. Carr , the daughter of Issac Carr. When or where Hannah was born is unknown. Eleven children were born from this union. When the Civil War began in 1861, Kinchen was forty-five and not considered eligible for military service. However, the situation had changed for the South by 1862 and the eligibility and age requirement had changed. Kinchen enlisted in the Confederate Army August 18, 1862 in Troy, Alabama. His first duty assignment was with the 1st Regiment of the Alabama Calvary, Company E. What action he may have seen with the 1st Alabama Calvary is unknown. On April 30, 1863, he was reassigned to the 2nd Battalion of the Georgia Sharpshooters, Company D. Serving with this unit; Kinchen was involved with many engagements with Union Forces, being wounded at "Pickett's Mill" in Dallas, Georgia during the Battle of Atlanta May 27, 1864. After medical release September 29, 1864, he was transferred to the "Invalid Corps" of the Confederate Provisional Army in Montgomery, Alabama. On the 17th of June 1865, he was pardoned by The United States Government and released to return home. The following is taken from the research of Joe Russell Nichols in the 1930s and tells the story of Kinchen when he was wounded. The two sides were camped near to each other and he was on picket duty. He saw a Yankee step from behind a tree and aim deliberately at him. Nichols at once raised his gun and was in the act of "drawing a bead" when the Yankee fired. The Yankee's bullet hit the end of grandfather's gun barrel and thus saved his head from getting the full effect of the deadly "Mini Ball". The bullet divided and lost it's force, some of it striking his forehead and portions of hot lead passing under the gun and striking his hands. His left hand was permanently injured, having the two middle fingers drawn to the palm while the little finger stood out strait, leaving him the use of only the thumb and forefinger on the left had. When grandfather was shot he dropped his gun and a companion said to their sergeant, "Shoot that man that shot Nichols!" The sergeant replied, "Shoot him yourself, dam it, you have a gun there." It is not mentioned in this story what fate fell on the Union soldier. Hopefully he too survived. Disaster, always a close companion with Kinchen, never gave up its chase. Three days after his release from service, his wife, Hannah, died. What the cause of death was is unknown. It can be noted, however; that there was an epidemic of Small Pox in this area after the war, brought home by the returning troops of the South. This is merely speculation and not a proven fact. Where Hannah is buried is unknown but I believe that she may be buried at the Good hope Cemetery in Pike County. After her death a very close bond was forged between Kinchen and his surviving children. In December 1866, Kinchen married Martha Margaret - Reeves, a widow with five children. They were Cisero, Jim, Anna, Sam, and Nettie. Her former husband, Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Reeves, saw in action during the war at the "Battle of Port Houston". He is listed in the 1866 Pike County Populatioh Schedule as death by sickness. Sam Reeves, one of her sons, left home and went to Texas after she married Kinchen and did not return until after his death. The rest remained with her and Kinchen. Six children were born to the union of Kinchen and Martha. Though Kinchen owned his own farm in the "Jaquin Community" northeast of Luverne, Alabama, he worked with Thomas Meadows, a son-in-law at "The Murphree Plantation" near Luverne as an Overseer. It is my believe that Margaret must have managed his farm and her children must have worked it. During this early period of "Reconstruction", life must have been very difficult, with every possible avenue of work being sought. Disaster finally caught up with Kinchen on Sunday, July 01, 1877. The following story, taken from a Troy, Alabama newspaper paints a sad picture of Kinchen's last day. A SAD AFFAIR A Father and his Son go to a Watery Death in Conecuh A very sad occurrence took place about five miles from town on Sunday morning last. Mr. Ellis Nichols and an old respected citizen of this county, who lives on the plantation of Mr. Joel D. Murpree, on the conecuh river, accompanied by his son-in-law, Mr. Thomas Meadows and three of his sons went to the river to bathe after a week's work in the dusty farm. The place selected was a shallow sand bar adjoining a whole of some ten feet in depth/ Neither Mr. Nichols or Meadows were expert swimmers, and the boys could not swim at all. He instructed them to stay where the water was shallow while he and his son-in-law ventured where it was deeper. By the force of the current or other means one of the little boys, Oscar Nichols, got beyond his depth and was drowning when discovered by his father. Mr. Meadows immediately came to the rescue and was clinched by the drowning boy in such a manner as to be unable to swim out. At this crises, Mr. Nichols swam up to assist and was grasped by his son who released Mr. Meadows who in turn made his way to shallow water in a thoroughly exhausted condition Upon reaching a foot hold he turned to see the old man and his child, clasped in a deaths embrace, rise for the last time. He procured a pole and hurried out a log near where they sank with the vain hope that they might rise again, but they were gone forever. Neighbors were notified and after an hour or more the bodies were recovered and carried home to the heartbroken family who saw them go away a few hours before in perfect health. On Monday they were buried at Good Hope where Mr. Nichols had held membership. After Kinchen's death Martha sold their farm and moved to the "Hephzibah Community" near Troy, Alabama where she bought another farm. Sam, her son from her marriage to Carrol Reeves, returned home to help her with the daily farm chores. What became of Martha is unknown but I believe that she too may be buried at the Good Hope Church Cemetery. This cemetery is located somewhere southwest of Troy, Alabama, in Pike County. Note: The 1st AL CAL was formed at Montgomery, Alabama 12 November 1861 with companies recruited from Autauga, Butler, Calhoun, Dale, Mobile, Montgomery, Monroe, Morgan, Pike, and Tallapoosa counties. The Nichols who were mustered into service at that time were; Arthur, Benjamin (a cousin to Kinchen), Jasper, Alfred, David, Edward, General Morgan, Issac (Kinchen's son), Jacob, James, Larry, and Stephen Nichols. This muster was in 1861; Kinchen didn't enlist until 1862. Crenshaw County, a reconstruction county, was formed in 1866 from parts of Pike and Butler County. Kinchen was a resident of both though he never actually moved.
Kenny Shackleford SUSAN (SUDIE) ELIZABETH NICHOLS 1870 - 1949 Susan Elizabeth Nichols, the eighth child of Joel Lafayette Nichols, Sr., and Susan Elizabeth Wellmaker, was born in the Mt. Ida Community in Crenshaw County, Alabama, July 13, 1870. She was known by her friends as "Aunt Sudie." She married in Crenshaw County, Alabama, January 18, 1903, to William J. Nichols, known as "Georgia Bill." The marriage of Susan to William raised a few eyebrows during its time and still to this day is mentioned in family circles. This is a twig in the family tree that grew back into itself. William was the first cousin, once removed, of Susan. William was the son of Newton Nichols, and grandson of William J. Nichols and Mary Crook. William was the brother of Joel Lafayette Nichols, Sr., father of Susan Elizabeth Nichols. William met Susan when he was visiting his Alabama relatives. He was born in Wilkes County, Georgia, May 15, 1873. When William and Susan married, Susan's parents had already passed away. Though it is unknown what William did as a profession, it is reasonable to assume that he lived his life as a farmer. He and Susan lived on the land that was owned by her father until their deaths. William died November 30, 1948. Susan died in 1949 on April 16. No children were born to this union. The Gravesites of Susan Elizabeth Nichols & William J (Georgia Bill) Nichols Susan, are located at the Mount Ida Church Cemetery in Crenshaw County, Alabama. Susan's epitaph reads "At Rest." William's reads, "Gone but not forgotten."
Kenny Shackleford "The Descendants of John Shackelford" by Donnie Shackleford Generation #14 YOUNG LEE SHACKELFORD FAMILY Young Lee Shackelford was the third child and the oldest son of John Harlin Shackelford and Jerusha Carrie Bonner. He was born January 23, 1882 in Carroll County, Georgia. Of the four children of John and Jerusha, Young Lee was the only one to leave the area that his ancestors had settled many years earlier. Young Lee's father passed away one month before his tenth birthday. This led to hard times for Young. His mother, two older sisters and his younger brother, John Gay Shackelford, who was only six years of age, and Young Lee were left to take care of the farm John Harlin Shackelford had left behind. Being the oldest son, the chores of the farm would become one of his primary responsibilities. Soon after the turn of the century, Young's mother, Jerusha, married Sebron W. Millican. This was the second marriage for Sebron. According to the 1880 census report for Carroll County, Georgia, he was married to Mary F. , last name unknown, with four children. What became of his first wife and children is unknown. Young Lee Shackelford and Sebron Millican had extreme difficulty in their relationship. Any reason for these misgivings is unknown. One day while working in the fields, Young Lee confronted Sebron and a violent argument ensued. This quickly evolved into a fight. Young Lee became very agitated and struck Sebron with a garden hoe, rendering him unconscious. Thinking that he had killed him, Young became frightened and ran away. Sebron quickly recovered and filed no charges. Jerusha, desperate to find her son, hired detectives to locate him. He was found several years later in Crenshaw County, Alabama, married and a father. Young Lee made two trips back to Georgia to see his mother, but only after he had learned of the death of Sebron. Jerusha made one trip to Alabama to see her son. After this last visit, they never saw each other again. Donnie Shackleford 1999 More on Young Lee Shackleford and Mary Alice Nichols-Shackelford Young Lee Shackelford came to Alabama in the early 1900s after a violent encounter with his stepfather, Sebron Millican. He became associated with the Nichols family of MT. Ida, Alabama, when he was employed to work in a logging camp. The Nichols family was noted for their timber holdings. Through this association, he met Mary Alice Nichols, daughter of George Marion and Mary Engram-Nichols. They were married December 22, 1905. Young Lee and Mary Alice relocated in Petrey, Alabama, in the north-eastern section of Crenshaw County. Young bought a farm and started to raise a family with Mary. Seven children were born over the next several years, but only two children survived infancy. During this period a devastating tornado struck and destroyed considerable of Young's property. Due to overwhelming hardships, Young lost his farm in 1915. He returned to the logging camps and brought his family with him. Two more children were born to Mary Alice but they too, died in infancy. In the summer of 1926, Young Lee became ill at work and was taken by train to Montgomery, Alabama, sixty miles away. There he was rushed into surgery for a ruptured appendix. He never fully recovered and died at home September 23, 1926. After her husband's death, Mary Alice, with her two surviving children, Zeddie and Ivera, moved to Carroll County, Georgia. They moved in with Young's mother, Jerusha Carrie Bonner-Shackelford. They attempted to help Jerusha with the farm but in 1929, they returned to Crenshaw County, Alabama. Zeddie moved away from home in 1930 when he was married. Ivera married in 1935 to Clarence Chance but Mary stayed with them until her death in 1953. She died in a diabetic coma.
Dec 01, 2002 · posted to the surname Shackelford