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Browse the history of Air Force through vintage photographs.

A photo of Carl W Tepe receiving his wings
People in this photo:
Carl W Tepe
May 26, 1923 - Feb 20, 2008
Fort Worth, TX, United States
A photo of Brig. General Al Schinz in His Fighter Jet. It's always interesting seeing a one star general flying a fighter jet solo!
People in this photo:
Albert Schinz
Feb 27, 1919 - Jan 18, 1985
Destin, Florida
A photo of Fred B. Brink Jr, taken 1944 at RAF Mount Farm, UK, when Captain Brink was a pilot in the 7th Photographic Reconnaissance Group, USAAF.
People in this photo:
Fred Bernard Brink Jr.
May 21, 1921 - Oct 26, 1944
Oklahoma, United States
My Grandfather, M/Sgt Anthony Costanza's promotion from Sergeant to Staff Sergeant on June 1, 1942 at Blytheville Army Air Field in Arkansas or else it is his USAAF promotion from Staff Sergeant to Technical Sergeant on Dec. 1, 1942 at Blytheville Army Air Field in Arkansas.
People in this photo:
Anthony Costanza
Jan 19, 1905 - Jul 22, 1963
Long Beach, CA, United States
A photo of Edward Francis Hughes
People in this photo:
Edward Francis Hughes
1923 - Aug 3, 1945
A photo of Edward Francis Hughes - My Uncle who died 03/08/1945
People in this photo:
Edward Francis Hughes
1923 - Aug 3, 1945
A photo of Jesse Morales Military official photo
People in this photo:
Jesse Morales
Sep 11, 1907 - May 1, 2008
West Covina, California
A photo of Craig Philip Pitt, Air force 1984
People in this photo:
A photo of Frances Theresa Laarveld (Lestonga), wife, & John Walter Lestonga, husband & "foster son" of Inez Subaba. August 2008 photo - parrot is "The General".
People in this photo:
A photo of WASP Ola Mildred Rexroat, of the Ogala Sioux (August 28, 1917 – June 28, 2017), who was the only Native American woman to serve in the Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASP). Ola Mildred "Rexy" Rexroat was looking for a way to do her part in the war effort in the 1940s. Being a riveter seemed too dangerous, she said, so she opted for a different path: being a military pilot, one who towed targets for other pilots to shoot at. One day a superior flipped her the keys to a jeep to retrieve a training target in a field after she landed one day. "This was a big problem for me, because I didn't know how to drive," Rexroat said. "I had never learned how to drive a car. I don't think anybody trusted me with a car, but I could fly a plane. "Asked if she ever worried about the dangers of flying or getting shot, Rexroat shrugged. "I never gave it a thought. You couldn't worry about things like that. ... You can't live forever," she said. "They checked the target after we came down, and of course, it was to our credit if it had lots of holes in it; that meant we had been maintaining our altitude and heading."
People in this photo:
Ola Mildred (Rexroat) McDonald
Aug 28, 1917 - 2017
A photo of the Jet flown by Lt. Jeans that was landed, on the belly, at Manston RAF in 1956. The gear would not descend, that is, until the cherry picker came by to pick up the aircraft. Then the gear dropped. - Landing without wheels down
A photo of Anthony Costanza
People in this photo:
Anthony Costanza
Jan 19, 1905 - Jul 22, 1963
Long Beach, CA, United States
A photo of "Jook" Girl - B-29 nose art
People in this photo:
Walter E Decoux
Sep 21, 1922 - Aug 14, 2006
San Jose, CA
A photo of Clyde Allan Fechser
People in this photo:
Clyde Allan Fechser
Apr 2, 1932 - Jul 10, 2015
A photo of Clyde Allan Fechser
People in this photo:
Clyde Allan Fechser
Apr 2, 1932 - Jul 10, 2015
A photo of Clyde Allan Fechser standing in uniform
People in this photo:
Clyde Allan Fechser
Apr 2, 1932 - Jul 10, 2015
A photo of Clyde Allan Fechser
People in this photo:
Clyde Allan Fechser
Apr 2, 1932 - Jul 10, 2015
A photo of Clyde Allan Fechser
People in this photo:
Clyde Allan Fechser
Apr 2, 1932 - Jul 10, 2015
A photo of Clyde Allan Fechser
People in this photo:
Clyde Allan Fechser
Apr 2, 1932 - Jul 10, 2015
A photo of Clyde Allan Fechser
People in this photo:
Clyde Allan Fechser
Apr 2, 1932 - Jul 10, 2015
A photo of Clyde Allan Fechser
People in this photo:
Clyde Allan Fechser
Apr 2, 1932 - Jul 10, 2015
A photo of Clyde Allan Fechser
People in this photo:
Clyde Allan Fechser
Apr 2, 1932 - Jul 10, 2015
A photo of Clyde Allan Fechser
People in this photo:
Clyde Allan Fechser
Apr 2, 1932 - Jul 10, 2015
A photo of Robert Victor Curtis in the military. United States Air Force
People in this photo:
Robert Victor Curtis
Sep 21, 1947 - Jul 22, 2012
A photo of Ian Milne Hossack
People in this photo:
Ian Milne Hossack
around 1921 - Jul 11, 1940
A photo of Gordon W. Kirchener and the ship my Dad (Gordon) worked on.
A photo of cadet James L. Berry - taken shortly after enlisting as an Aviation Cadet in 1954.
People in this photo:
A photo of the Medals of Flight Lieutenant Bernard Stephen Lyons
People in this photo:
Bernard Stephen Lyons
Died: Feb 2, 1945
A photo of Bernard Stephen Lyons
People in this photo:
Bernard Stephen Lyons
Died: Feb 2, 1945
A photo of Gevo J Desimone
People in this photo:
Gevo J Desimone
Oct 8, 1936 - 1998
Staten Island, NY
A photo of Jack Hardy Taylor
People in this photo:
Jack Hardy Taylor
Jun 6, 1924 - Feb 28, 1945
A photo of Thomas E Otey. AF 1948-1952
People in this photo:
Thomas E Otey
Sep 3, 1931 - Jan 31, 1991
Denver, CO
A photo of Robert Francis Mcintyre. It was very busy at the briefing on Friday, October 2, 1942 at air base RAF Lakenheath in the county of Suffolk in South East England. After all, there was another night operation on the program. A bombing flight on the German city of Krefeld. The Short Stirling R9167 with call sign OJ-N of 149 Bomber Squadron would also be part of the fleet of planes that would make the crossing to the European mainland. Squadron leader and pilot Roy Greenslade commanded six NCO’s, each with their specific task. Everyone being ready for departure, they chose the airspace at 7.06 pm in the evening. First it was important to form the fleet of bombers. As many as 188 aircraft would eventually take part in the action. 95 Wellingtons, 39 Halifaxes, 31 Lancasters and 23 Stirlings. The Pathfinders (scouts) reported dense fog veils that night above the city of Krefeld when they made the crossing over the North Sea. As a result, the bombs fell on the outskirts of Krefeld and were not concentrated in the center. The Germans did not give the attack the qualification of "Grossangriff". Nevertheless, the loss percentage for the British was three percent. Of the seven aircraft that were lost, one ended up in Kronenberg in the south east of The Netherlands. It was the Short Stirling R9167 from Roy Greenslade and his crew. In the beginning of 1941, the Germans set up combat posts in a line from Denmark over The Netherlands, south to Belgium and France of which three combat posts in The Netherlands in Nachtjagdraum 5. One of them was combat post 5B in Veulen, a small village near the Venray municipality. These combat posts would play a key role in the air war until the autumn of 1944. The German night fighters who were led from fighter post 5B in Veulen were from I / NJG-1 Nachtjagdgeschwader, which was stationed at Fliegerhorst Venlo, the largest German airfield outside Germany during the Second World War with an occupation of approximately 2000 troops. The radar equipment that belonged to such combat posts stood as far as possible in the front field in a westerly direction. For Veulen this radar station was located about 3.5 km south of De Rips in Noord Brabant. Here a Frya detection radar and two Würzburg Riese tracking radar installations were installed. This combined radar station was called BAZI. The Germans often used animal names and BAZI is the abbreviation for Bazille (baccil). As soon as the Allied bombers were detected by the radar station, this was passed on to the combat post in Veulen. The position of the own planes and the enemy planes was displayed on a so-called plot table and kept constantly up-to-date by means of red and green lights. (Red for the Allied aircraft and green for their own German aircraft.) Through a short-wave connection, the Jägerleitoffizier passed on the position of the approaching aircraft to his night fighters in encoded messages. The cumbersome bombers were an easy prey for the fast German Messerschmitts who prefered to shoot these bombers from the bottom up with their board guns. And so it happened, that Oberleutnant Flieger Hans Dieter Frank and marconist Gefreiter Erich Gotter were ordered in the evening of October 2, 1942, around 09:15 pm to launch an attack on British bombers on their way to Krefeld in a flight of 188 aircraft. The Short Stirling R9167 - OJ-N, belonging to a group of three aircraft from 149 Squadron, received its first direct hits at 21.31 hours above the municipality of Horst. Just after that, the aircraft started to burn. In a last desperate attempt to stay in the air, the Short Stirling opened the bomb shutters, bringing the load of hundreds of phosphorus bombs down and falling in Swolgen and the municipality of Horst, fortunately without causing any significant damage. However, it did not help anymore. Over Horst, Oberleutnant Frank once again hit the plane hard and a moment later at 21.34 hours the burning bomber crashed in a plot of land of the Pijpers family in Kronenberg, shifted the road and stopped at the edge of the forest. There it has been burning for days. Local residents rushed to the burning wreck immediately and found the half-burned bodies of several crew members in the area and near the wreckage. A moment later it was discovered that one of the occupants of the aircraft was still alive. He layed heavily wounded in the field and pointed constantly to the ring on his left ring finger, which had already been swollen. One of the bystanders understood what the man meant and managed to get the ring off the finger. Just after that a patrol of the Feldgendarmerie (German Military Police) appeared and the people were pushed back. The unknown crew member died on the spot before he could be transported to the hospital in Venlo. After the war it was determined which aircraft had crashed that night in Kronenberg. They also found out the names of the crew members. The only one still alive after the crash of the Short Stirling turned out to be Sergeant Ernest.Leslie Moore, Air Gunner. The ring was sent to his parents shortly after the liberation. All seven crew members were killed in the crash. Crew Short Stirling R9167 (Code OJ-N) 149 Squadron A.F.C. R.A.F. 1 Squadron Leader Pilot: William Roy Greenslade, R.A.F. (DFC-AFC-MiD) (Youngstown Alberta, Canada) Age 25. Jonkerbos War Cemetery 20.D.3 Nijmegen – The Netherlands 2 Flight Sergeant Air Gunner: William Orange, R.A.F. (Bedlington Morpeth-UK) Age 27. Jonkerbos War Cemetery 20.D.8 Nijmegen – The Netherlands 3 Sergeant Flight Engineer: Marshal Kenneth Smith R.A.F. (Cambridge-UK) Age 21. Jonkerbos War Cemetery 20.D.6 Nijmegen – The Netherlands 4 Sergeant Wireless Op./Air Gunner: Frederick Leonard Hughes R.A.F. (Shoreditch, London-UK) Age 21. Jonkerbos War Cemetery 20.D.7 Nijmegen – The Netherlands 5 Sergeant Wireless Op./Air Gunner: Ernest Leslie Moore R.A.F. (Leicester-UK) Age 20. Jonkerbos War Cemetery 20.D.4 Nijmegen – The Netherlands 6 Sergeant Air Gunner: Benjamin Frederick Goldsmith R.A.F. (Prestwick Lancashire-UK) Age 22. Jonkerbos War Cemetery 20.D.5 Nijmegen – The Netherlands 7 Flight Sergeant Air Observer Robert Francis McIntyre R.C.A.F. (Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada) Age 25. Jonkersbos War Cemetery 20.D.9 Nijmegen – The Netherlands Lest we forget
People in this photo:
Robert Francis Mcintyre
Died: Oct 2, 1942
A photo of Frederick Leonard Hughes. It was very busy at the briefing on Friday, October 2, 1942 at air base RAF Lakenheath in the county of Suffolk in South East England. After all, there was another night operation on the program. A bombing flight on the German city of Krefeld. The Short Stirling R9167 with call sign OJ-N of 149 Bomber Squadron would also be part of the fleet of planes that would make the crossing to the European mainland. Squadron leader and pilot Roy Greenslade commanded six NCO’s, each with their specific task. Everyone being ready for departure, they chose the airspace at 7.06 pm in the evening. First it was important to form the fleet of bombers. As many as 188 aircraft would eventually take part in the action. 95 Wellingtons, 39 Halifaxes, 31 Lancasters and 23 Stirlings. The Pathfinders (scouts) reported dense fog veils that night above the city of Krefeld when they made the crossing over the North Sea. As a result, the bombs fell on the outskirts of Krefeld and were not concentrated in the center. The Germans did not give the attack the qualification of "Grossangriff". Nevertheless, the loss percentage for the British was three percent. Of the seven aircraft that were lost, one ended up in Kronenberg in the south east of The Netherlands. It was the Short Stirling R9167 from Roy Greenslade and his crew. In the beginning of 1941, the Germans set up combat posts in a line from Denmark over The Netherlands, south to Belgium and France of which three combat posts in The Netherlands in Nachtjagdraum 5. One of them was combat post 5B in Veulen, a small village near the Venray municipality. These combat posts would play a key role in the air war until the autumn of 1944. The German night fighters who were led from fighter post 5B in Veulen were from I / NJG-1 Nachtjagdgeschwader, which was stationed at Fliegerhorst Venlo, the largest German airfield outside Germany during the Second World War with an occupation of approximately 2000 troops. The radar equipment that belonged to such combat posts stood as far as possible in the front field in a westerly direction. For Veulen this radar station was located about 3.5 km south of De Rips in Noord Brabant. Here a Frya detection radar and two Würzburg Riese tracking radar installations were installed. This combined radar station was called BAZI. The Germans often used animal names and BAZI is the abbreviation for Bazille (baccil). As soon as the Allied bombers were detected by the radar station, this was passed on to the combat post in Veulen. The position of the own planes and the enemy planes was displayed on a so-called plot table and kept constantly up-to-date by means of red and green lights. (Red for the Allied aircraft and green for their own German aircraft.) Through a short-wave connection, the Jägerleitoffizier passed on the position of the approaching aircraft to his night fighters in encoded messages. The cumbersome bombers were an easy prey for the fast German Messerschmitts who prefered to shoot these bombers from the bottom up with their board guns. And so it happened, that Oberleutnant Flieger Hans Dieter Frank and marconist Gefreiter Erich Gotter were ordered in the evening of October 2, 1942, around 09:15 pm to launch an attack on British bombers on their way to Krefeld in a flight of 188 aircraft. The Short Stirling R9167 - OJ-N, belonging to a group of three aircraft from 149 Squadron, received its first direct hits at 21.31 hours above the municipality of Horst. Just after that, the aircraft started to burn. In a last desperate attempt to stay in the air, the Short Stirling opened the bomb shutters, bringing the load of hundreds of phosphorus bombs down and falling in Swolgen and the municipality of Horst, fortunately without causing any significant damage. However, it did not help anymore. Over Horst, Oberleutnant Frank once again hit the plane hard and a moment later at 21.34 hours the burning bomber crashed in a plot of land of the Pijpers family in Kronenberg, shifted the road and stopped at the edge of the forest. There it has been burning for days. Local residents rushed to the burning wreck immediately and found the half-burned bodies of several crew members in the area and near the wreckage. A moment later it was discovered that one of the occupants of the aircraft was still alive. He layed heavily wounded in the field and pointed constantly to the ring on his left ring finger, which had already been swollen. One of the bystanders understood what the man meant and managed to get the ring off the finger. Just after that a patrol of the Feldgendarmerie (German Military Police) appeared and the people were pushed back. The unknown crew member died on the spot before he could be transported to the hospital in Venlo. After the war it was determined which aircraft had crashed that night in Kronenberg. They also found out the names of the crew members. The only one still alive after the crash of the Short Stirling turned out to be Sergeant Ernest.Leslie Moore, Air Gunner. The ring was sent to his parents shortly after the liberation. All seven crew members were killed in the crash. Crew Short Stirling R9167 (Code OJ-N) 149 Squadron A.F.C. R.A.F. 1 Squadron Leader Pilot: William Roy Greenslade, R.A.F. (DFC-AFC-MiD) (Youngstown Alberta, Canada) Age 25. Jonkerbos War Cemetery 20.D.3 Nijmegen – The Netherlands 2 Flight Sergeant Air Gunner: William Orange, R.A.F. (Bedlington Morpeth-UK) Age 27. Jonkerbos War Cemetery 20.D.8 Nijmegen – The Netherlands 3 Sergeant Flight Engineer: Marshal Kenneth Smith R.A.F. (Cambridge-UK) Age 21. Jonkerbos War Cemetery 20.D.6 Nijmegen – The Netherlands 4 Sergeant Wireless Op./Air Gunner: Frederick Leonard Hughes R.A.F. (Shoreditch, London-UK) Age 21. Jonkerbos War Cemetery 20.D.7 Nijmegen – The Netherlands 5 Sergeant Wireless Op./Air Gunner: Ernest Leslie Moore R.A.F. (Leicester-UK) Age 20. Jonkerbos War Cemetery 20.D.4 Nijmegen – The Netherlands 6 Sergeant Air Gunner: Benjamin Frederick Goldsmith R.A.F. (Prestwick Lancashire-UK) Age 22. Jonkerbos War Cemetery 20.D.5 Nijmegen – The Netherlands 7 Flight Sergeant Air Observer Robert Francis McIntyre R.C.A.F. (Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada) Age 25. Jonkersbos War Cemetery 20.D.9 Nijmegen – The Netherlands Lest we forget
People in this photo:
Frederick Leonard Hughes
around 1921 - Oct 2, 1942
A photo of William Orange. It was very busy at the briefing on Friday, October 2, 1942 at air base RAF Lakenheath in the county of Suffolk in South East England. After all, there was another night operation on the program. A bombing flight on the German city of Krefeld. The Short Stirling R9167 with call sign OJ-N of 149 Bomber Squadron would also be part of the fleet of planes that would make the crossing to the European mainland. Squadron leader and pilot Roy Greenslade commanded six NCO’s, each with their specific task. Everyone being ready for departure, they chose the airspace at 7.06 pm in the evening. First it was important to form the fleet of bombers. As many as 188 aircraft would eventually take part in the action. 95 Wellingtons, 39 Halifaxes, 31 Lancasters and 23 Stirlings. The Pathfinders (scouts) reported dense fog veils that night above the city of Krefeld when they made the crossing over the North Sea. As a result, the bombs fell on the outskirts of Krefeld and were not concentrated in the center. The Germans did not give the attack the qualification of "Grossangriff". Nevertheless, the loss percentage for the British was three percent. Of the seven aircraft that were lost, one ended up in Kronenberg in the south east of The Netherlands. It was the Short Stirling R9167 from Roy Greenslade and his crew. In the beginning of 1941, the Germans set up combat posts in a line from Denmark over The Netherlands, south to Belgium and France of which three combat posts in The Netherlands in Nachtjagdraum 5. One of them was combat post 5B in Veulen, a small village near the Venray municipality. These combat posts would play a key role in the air war until the autumn of 1944. The German night fighters who were led from fighter post 5B in Veulen were from I / NJG-1 Nachtjagdgeschwader, which was stationed at Fliegerhorst Venlo, the largest German airfield outside Germany during the Second World War with an occupation of approximately 2000 troops. The radar equipment that belonged to such combat posts stood as far as possible in the front field in a westerly direction. For Veulen this radar station was located about 3.5 km south of De Rips in Noord Brabant. Here a Frya detection radar and two Würzburg Riese tracking radar installations were installed. This combined radar station was called BAZI. The Germans often used animal names and BAZI is the abbreviation for Bazille (baccil). As soon as the Allied bombers were detected by the radar station, this was passed on to the combat post in Veulen. The position of the own planes and the enemy planes was displayed on a so-called plot table and kept constantly up-to-date by means of red and green lights. (Red for the Allied aircraft and green for their own German aircraft.) Through a short-wave connection, the Jägerleitoffizier passed on the position of the approaching aircraft to his night fighters in encoded messages. The cumbersome bombers were an easy prey for the fast German Messerschmitts who prefered to shoot these bombers from the bottom up with their board guns. And so it happened, that Oberleutnant Flieger Hans Dieter Frank and marconist Gefreiter Erich Gotter were ordered in the evening of October 2, 1942, around 09:15 pm to launch an attack on British bombers on their way to Krefeld in a flight of 188 aircraft. The Short Stirling R9167 - OJ-N, belonging to a group of three aircraft from 149 Squadron, received its first direct hits at 21.31 hours above the municipality of Horst. Just after that, the aircraft started to burn. In a last desperate attempt to stay in the air, the Short Stirling opened the bomb shutters, bringing the load of hundreds of phosphorus bombs down and falling in Swolgen and the municipality of Horst, fortunately without causing any significant damage. However, it did not help anymore. Over Horst, Oberleutnant Frank once again hit the plane hard and a moment later at 21.34 hours the burning bomber crashed in a plot of land of the Pijpers family in Kronenberg, shifted the road and stopped at the edge of the forest. There it has been burning for days. Local residents rushed to the burning wreck immediately and found the half-burned bodies of several crew members in the area and near the wreckage. A moment later it was discovered that one of the occupants of the aircraft was still alive. He layed heavily wounded in the field and pointed constantly to the ring on his left ring finger, which had already been swollen. One of the bystanders understood what the man meant and managed to get the ring off the finger. Just after that a patrol of the Feldgendarmerie (German Military Police) appeared and the people were pushed back. The unknown crew member died on the spot before he could be transported to the hospital in Venlo. After the war it was determined which aircraft had crashed that night in Kronenberg. They also found out the names of the crew members. The only one still alive after the crash of the Short Stirling turned out to be Sergeant Ernest.Leslie Moore, Air Gunner. The ring was sent to his parents shortly after the liberation. All seven crew members were killed in the crash. Crew Short Stirling R9167 (Code OJ-N) 149 Squadron A.F.C. R.A.F. 1 Squadron Leader Pilot: William Roy Greenslade, R.A.F. (DFC-AFC-MiD) (Youngstown Alberta, Canada) Age 25. Jonkerbos War Cemetery 20.D.3 Nijmegen – The Netherlands 2 Flight Sergeant Air Gunner: William Orange, R.A.F. (Bedlington Morpeth-UK) Age 27. Jonkerbos War Cemetery 20.D.8 Nijmegen – The Netherlands 3 Sergeant Flight Engineer: Marshal Kenneth Smith R.A.F. (Cambridge-UK) Age 21. Jonkerbos War Cemetery 20.D.6 Nijmegen – The Netherlands 4 Sergeant Wireless Op./Air Gunner: Frederick Leonard Hughes R.A.F. (Shoreditch, London-UK) Age 21. Jonkerbos War Cemetery 20.D.7 Nijmegen – The Netherlands 5 Sergeant Wireless Op./Air Gunner: Ernest Leslie Moore R.A.F. (Leicester-UK) Age 20. Jonkerbos War Cemetery 20.D.4 Nijmegen – The Netherlands 6 Sergeant Air Gunner: Benjamin Frederick Goldsmith R.A.F. (Prestwick Lancashire-UK) Age 22. Jonkerbos War Cemetery 20.D.5 Nijmegen – The Netherlands 7 Flight Sergeant Air Observer Robert Francis McIntyre R.C.A.F. (Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada) Age 25. Jonkersbos War Cemetery 20.D.9 Nijmegen – The Netherlands Lest we forget
People in this photo:
William Orange
Died: Oct 2, 1942
A photo of William Roy Greenslade. It was very busy at the briefing on Friday, October 2, 1942 at air base RAF Lakenheath in the county of Suffolk in South East England. After all, there was another night operation on the program. A bombing flight on the German city of Krefeld. The Short Stirling R9167 with call sign OJ-N of 149 Bomber Squadron would also be part of the fleet of planes that would make the crossing to the European mainland. Squadron leader and pilot Roy Greenslade commanded six NCO’s, each with their specific task. Everyone being ready for departure, they chose the airspace at 7.06 pm in the evening. First it was important to form the fleet of bombers. As many as 188 aircraft would eventually take part in the action. 95 Wellingtons, 39 Halifaxes, 31 Lancasters and 23 Stirlings. The Pathfinders (scouts) reported dense fog veils that night above the city of Krefeld when they made the crossing over the North Sea. As a result, the bombs fell on the outskirts of Krefeld and were not concentrated in the center. The Germans did not give the attack the qualification of "Grossangriff". Nevertheless, the loss percentage for the British was three percent. Of the seven aircraft that were lost, one ended up in Kronenberg in the south east of The Netherlands. It was the Short Stirling R9167 from Roy Greenslade and his crew. In the beginning of 1941, the Germans set up combat posts in a line from Denmark over The Netherlands, south to Belgium and France of which three combat posts in The Netherlands in Nachtjagdraum 5. One of them was combat post 5B in Veulen, a small village near the Venray municipality. These combat posts would play a key role in the air war until the autumn of 1944. The German night fighters who were led from fighter post 5B in Veulen were from I / NJG-1 Nachtjagdgeschwader, which was stationed at Fliegerhorst Venlo, the largest German airfield outside Germany during the Second World War with an occupation of approximately 2000 troops. The radar equipment that belonged to such combat posts stood as far as possible in the front field in a westerly direction. For Veulen this radar station was located about 3.5 km south of De Rips in Noord Brabant. Here a Frya detection radar and two Würzburg Riese tracking radar installations were installed. This combined radar station was called BAZI. The Germans often used animal names and BAZI is the abbreviation for Bazille (baccil). As soon as the Allied bombers were detected by the radar station, this was passed on to the combat post in Veulen. The position of the own planes and the enemy planes was displayed on a so-called plot table and kept constantly up-to-date by means of red and green lights. (Red for the Allied aircraft and green for their own German aircraft.) Through a short-wave connection, the Jägerleitoffizier passed on the position of the approaching aircraft to his night fighters in encoded messages. The cumbersome bombers were an easy prey for the fast German Messerschmitts who prefered to shoot these bombers from the bottom up with their board guns. And so it happened, that Oberleutnant Flieger Hans Dieter Frank and marconist Gefreiter Erich Gotter were ordered in the evening of October 2, 1942, around 09:15 pm to launch an attack on British bombers on their way to Krefeld in a flight of 188 aircraft. The Short Stirling R9167 - OJ-N, belonging to a group of three aircraft from 149 Squadron, received its first direct hits at 21.31 hours above the municipality of Horst. Just after that, the aircraft started to burn. In a last desperate attempt to stay in the air, the Short Stirling opened the bomb shutters, bringing the load of hundreds of phosphorus bombs down and falling in Swolgen and the municipality of Horst, fortunately without causing any significant damage. However, it did not help anymore. Over Horst, Oberleutnant Frank once again hit the plane hard and a moment later at 21.34 hours the burning bomber crashed in a plot of land of the Pijpers family in Kronenberg, shifted the road and stopped at the edge of the forest. There it has been burning for days. Local residents rushed to the burning wreck immediately and found the half-burned bodies of several crew members in the area and near the wreckage. A moment later it was discovered that one of the occupants of the aircraft was still alive. He layed heavily wounded in the field and pointed constantly to the ring on his left ring finger, which had already been swollen. One of the bystanders understood what the man meant and managed to get the ring off the finger. Just after that a patrol of the Feldgendarmerie (German Military Police) appeared and the people were pushed back. The unknown crew member died on the spot before he could be transported to the hospital in Venlo. After the war it was determined which aircraft had crashed that night in Kronenberg. They also found out the names of the crew members. The only one still alive after the crash of the Short Stirling turned out to be Sergeant Ernest.Leslie Moore, Air Gunner. The ring was sent to his parents shortly after the liberation. All seven crew members were killed in the crash. Crew Short Stirling R9167 (Code OJ-N) 149 Squadron A.F.C. R.A.F. 1 Squadron Leader Pilot: William Roy Greenslade, R.A.F. (DFC-AFC-MiD) (Youngstown Alberta, Canada) Age 25. Jonkerbos War Cemetery 20.D.3 Nijmegen – The Netherlands 2 Flight Sergeant Air Gunner: William Orange, R.A.F. (Bedlington Morpeth-UK) Age 27. Jonkerbos War Cemetery 20.D.8 Nijmegen – The Netherlands 3 Sergeant Flight Engineer: Marshal Kenneth Smith R.A.F. (Cambridge-UK) Age 21. Jonkerbos War Cemetery 20.D.6 Nijmegen – The Netherlands 4 Sergeant Wireless Op./Air Gunner: Frederick Leonard Hughes R.A.F. (Shoreditch, London-UK) Age 21. Jonkerbos War Cemetery 20.D.7 Nijmegen – The Netherlands 5 Sergeant Wireless Op./Air Gunner: Ernest Leslie Moore R.A.F. (Leicester-UK) Age 20. Jonkerbos War Cemetery 20.D.4 Nijmegen – The Netherlands 6 Sergeant Air Gunner: Benjamin Frederick Goldsmith R.A.F. (Prestwick Lancashire-UK) Age 22. Jonkerbos War Cemetery 20.D.5 Nijmegen – The Netherlands 7 Flight Sergeant Air Observer Robert Francis McIntyre R.C.A.F. (Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada) Age 25. Jonkersbos War Cemetery 20.D.9 Nijmegen – The Netherlands Lest we forget
People in this photo:
A photo of William Lloyd George Thompson Handley Page Halifax ll Serial HR692 Call code ZA-R Left from: Melbourne – Yorkshire UK Date: March 12th 1943 Time of departure 19.21h Destination: Essen Cause of crash: Shot down by: Oberleutnant Manfred Meurer 6NJG1 Time of the crash: 21.40h. Place of the crash: Horst (L) The Netherlands. The city of Essen and especially the factory complexes of steel company Krupp, one of the centers of the German war industry, was the target of a bomb attack that was to be carried out by 457 British bombers on the night of Friday 12 on Saturday 13 March 1943, of which 12 Halifax aircraft from the 10th Squadron that was stationed at RAF Melbourne. Shortly after 8.30 pm the forefront of this attack wave flew over Holland and from that moment on the crews had to deal with the German night fighters. On the outward and return route between the Dutch coast and the Ruhr area no less than 23 bombers would be lost this time. The Halifax II HR692 ZA-R with a seven-men crew was intercepted above Horst by Oberleutnant Meurer of 6 NJG1 at 21.12 hours. The aircraft caught fire, exploded in the air and ended up about 100 meters west of the provincial road Horst-Venray, near café "De Oude Lind". The entire crew died, including navigator R.J. Paul, a gifted pianist and composer. The seven were buried on 23 March 1943 in Venlo. In 1947, their remains were transferred to Jonkerbos War Cemetery in Nijmegen. During his fall, the bomber lost part of his load. One of the bombs fell down on a farm on the Gastendonkstraat in Horst and exploded there. Two children of the family, who were outside the house at the time of the explosion, were initially missed, but after the fire brigade and “Luchtbeschermingsdienst” arrived and had started an investigation on the terrain of the explosion, their remains were excavated and transferred to the morgue of the local hospital. The mother of both victims, was taken into in the sick ward of thehospital with wounds on her head. In the wider area of the crashed plane, so many unexploded explosives were found the next day that all roads in the area were closed by order of the Feldgendarmerie. Also seven houses were evacuated. All bombs were detonated on Saturday 20 March at 3 pm by a military expert from Fliegerhorst Venlo, after which the local residents could return to their homes Source: Book Vliegveld Venlo Part 2 by Jan Derix Crew: Flight Sergeant Leslie Barker Service nr. 968735, RAF Volunteer Reserve Age:26 Sergeant Air Gunner James Freel Service nr. 1126762, RAF Volunteer Reserve Age: 21 Sergeant Air Gunner George Albert Hyatt Service nr. 1318574, RAF Volunteer Reserve Age: Unknown Sergeant Navigator Kenneth Alfred Mills Service nr. 1440297, RAF Volunteer Reserve Age: 22 Flying Officer*Navigator Ronald James Paul Service nr. 125563, RAF Volunteer Reserve Age:21 Sergeant Wireless Operator/Air Gunner Leonard Evan Thomas Service nr. 1291773, RAF Volunteer Reserve Age: Unknown Sergeant Flight Engineer William Lloyd “George” Thompson Servicenr. R89257, Royal Canadian Air Force. Age: 21 LEST WE FORGET REST IN PEACE YOU BRAVE MEN. YOU GAVE YOUR LIVES FOR OUR FREEDOM
People in this photo:
William Lloyd George Thompson
Died: Mar 12, 1943
A photo of Leonard Evan Thomas Handley Page Halifax ll Serial HR692 Call code ZA-R Left from: Melbourne – Yorkshire UK Date: March 12th 1943 Time of departure 19.21h Destination: Essen Cause of crash: Shot down by: Oberleutnant Manfred Meurer 6NJG1 Time of the crash: 21.40h. Place of the crash: Horst (L) The Netherlands. The city of Essen and especially the factory complexes of steel company Krupp, one of the centers of the German war industry, was the target of a bomb attack that was to be carried out by 457 British bombers on the night of Friday 12 on Saturday 13 March 1943, of which 12 Halifax aircraft from the 10th Squadron that was stationed at RAF Melbourne. Shortly after 8.30 pm the forefront of this attack wave flew over Holland and from that moment on the crews had to deal with the German night fighters. On the outward and return route between the Dutch coast and the Ruhr area no less than 23 bombers would be lost this time. The Halifax II HR692 ZA-R with a seven-men crew was intercepted above Horst by Oberleutnant Meurer of 6 NJG1 at 21.12 hours. The aircraft caught fire, exploded in the air and ended up about 100 meters west of the provincial road Horst-Venray, near café "De Oude Lind". The entire crew died, including Sergeant Wireless Operator/Air Gunner Leonard Evan Thomas. The seven were buried on 23 March 1943 in Venlo. In 1947, their remains were transferred to Jonkerbos War Cemetery in Nijmegen. During his fall, the bomber lost part of his load. One of the bombs fell down on a farm on the Gastendonkstraat in Horst and exploded there. Two children of the family, who were outside the house at the time of the explosion, were initially missed, but after the fire brigade and “Luchtbeschermingsdienst” arrived and had started an investigation on the terrain of the explosion, their remains were excavated and transferred to the morgue of the local hospital. The mother of both victims, was taken into in the sick ward of thehospital with wounds on her head. In the wider area of the crashed plane, so many unexploded explosives were found the next day that all roads in the area were closed by order of the Feldgendarmerie. Also seven houses were evacuated. All bombs were detonated on Saturday 20 March at 3 pm by a military expert from Fliegerhorst Venlo, after which the local residents could return to their homes Source: Book Vliegveld Venlo Part 2 by Jan Derix Crew: Flight Sergeant Leslie Barker Service nr. 968735, RAF Volunteer Reserve Age:26 Sergeant Air Gunner James Freel Service nr. 1126762, RAF Volunteer Reserve Age: 21 Sergeant Air Gunner George Albert Hyatt Service nr. 1318574, RAF Volunteer Reserve Age: Unknown Sergeant Navigator Kenneth Alfred Mills Service nr. 1440297, RAF Volunteer Reserve Age: 22 Flying Officer*Navigator Ronald James Paul Service nr. 125563, RAF Volunteer Reserve Age:21 Sergeant Wireless Operator/Air Gunner Leonard Evan Thomas Service nr. 1291773, RAF Volunteer Reserve Age: Unknown Sergeant Flight Engineer William Lloyd “George” Thompson Servicenr. R89257, Royal Canadian Air Force. Age: 21 LEST WE FORGET REST IN PEACE YOU BRAVE MEN. YOU GAVE YOUR LIVES FOR OUR FREEDOM
People in this photo:
Leonard Evan Thomas
Died: Mar 12, 1943
A photo of Ronald James Paul Handley Page Halifax ll Serial HR692 Call code ZA-Rhttps://www.ancientfaces.com/admin/photo/1318200 Left from: Melbourne – Yorkshire UK Date: March 12th 1943 Time of departure 19.21h Destination: Essen Cause of crash: Shot down by: Oberleutnant Manfred Meurer 6NJG1 Time of the crash: 21.40h. Place of the crash: Horst (L) The Netherlands. The city of Essen and especially the factory complexes of steel company Krupp, one of the centers of the German war industry, was the target of a bomb attack that was to be carried out by 457 British bombers on the night of Friday 12 on Saturday 13 March 1943, of which 12 Halifax aircraft from the 10th Squadron that was stationed at RAF Melbourne. Shortly after 8.30 pm the forefront of this attack wave flew over Holland and from that moment on the crews had to deal with the German night fighters. On the outward and return route between the Dutch coast and the Ruhr area no less than 23 bombers would be lost this time. The Halifax II HR692 ZA-R with a seven-men crew was intercepted above Horst by Oberleutnant Meurer of 6 NJG1 at 21.12 hours. The aircraft caught fire, exploded in the air and ended up about 100 meters west of the provincial road Horst-Venray, near café "De Oude Lind". The entire crew died, including navigator R.J. Paul, a gifted pianist and composer. The seven were buried on 23 March 1943 in Venlo. In 1947, their remains were transferred to Jonkerbos War Cemetery in Nijmegen. During his fall, the bomber lost part of his load. One of the bombs fell down on a farm on the Gastendonkstraat in Horst and exploded there. Two children of the family, who were outside the house at the time of the explosion, were initially missed, but after the fire brigade and “Luchtbeschermingsdienst” arrived and had started an investigation on the terrain of the explosion, their remains were excavated and transferred to the morgue of the local hospital. The mother of both victims, was taken into in the sick ward of thehospital with wounds on her head. In the wider area of the crashed plane, so many unexploded explosives were found the next day that all roads in the area were closed by order of the Feldgendarmerie. Also seven houses were evacuated. All bombs were detonated on Saturday 20 March at 3 pm by a military expert from Fliegerhorst Venlo, after which the local residents could return to their homes Source: Book Vliegveld Venlo Part 2 by Jan Derix Crew: Flight Sergeant Leslie Barker Service nr. 968735, RAF Volunteer Reserve Age:26 Sergeant Air Gunner James Freel Service nr. 1126762, RAF Volunteer Reserve Age: 21 Sergeant Air Gunner George Albert Hyatt Service nr. 1318574, RAF Volunteer Reserve Age: Unknown Sergeant Navigator Kenneth Alfred Mills Service nr. 1440297, RAF Volunteer Reserve Age: 22 Flying Officer*Navigator Ronald James Paul Service nr. 125563, RAF Volunteer Reserve Age:21 Sergeant Wireless Operator/Air Gunner Leonard Evan Thomas Service nr. 1291773, RAF Volunteer Reserve Age: Unknown Sergeant Flight Engineer William Lloyd “George” Thompson Servicenr. R89257, Royal Canadian Air Force. Age: 21 LEST WE FORGET REST IN PEACE YOU BRAVE MEN. YOU GAVE YOUR LIVES FOR OUR FREEDOM
People in this photo:
Ronald James Paul
around 1922 - Mar 12, 1943
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